Definition of catarrhine in English:



  • Relating to primates of a group that comprises the Old World monkeys, gibbons, great apes, and humans. They are distinguished by having nostrils that are close together and directed downwards, and do not have a prehensile tail.

    Compare with platyrrhine
    • ‘To control for fundamental differences in the primate radiations, we restricted our analyses to catarrhine primates.’
    • ‘However, it may represent a peroneus digiti V superior or longus, such as seen in catarrhine monkeys.’
    • ‘Distal radii of catarrhine primates exhibiting different forms of locomotion and hand postures were examined.’
    • ‘With the exception of a few anomalous primate genomes, such as the hylobatids, most of the catarrhine primates appear to possess very large, conserved ancient linkage groups.’
    • ‘It has been independently lost or reduced in several amniote lineages, however, including crocodilians, birds, tuataras, iguanian lizards, cetaceans, and catarrhine primates.’


  • A catarrhine primate.

    Infraorder Catarrhini, order Primates: four families


Mid 19th century: from cata- ‘down’ + Greek rhis, rhin- ‘nose’.