One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A word or phrase that refers to or stands for a later word or phrase (e.g. in when they saw Ruth, the men looked slightly abashed, they is used as a cataphor for the men).
- ‘The word ‘them’ is a cataphor - a reference to a word that occurs later in the sentence.’
- ‘The twin problems of unresolved anaphors (such as pronouns, which refer back to words earlier in the text) and cataphors (ambiguous words signaling a term that shows up later in the text) are especially thorny.’
- ‘Here, we examine the processing of cataphors to resolve this issue.’
- ‘A common solution appears to be simply to delete the dangling references from the summary, or, failing that, to pick up the preceding or subsequent sentence from the source text and hope that the anaphor or cataphor is resolved.’
- ‘We focus on linguistic signals of discourse coherence, such as connectives (because, although) and referential expressions (anaphors, cataphors).’
1980s: back-formation from cataphora.
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