Definition of catalase in English:



mass nounBiochemistry
  • An enzyme that catalyses the reduction of hydrogen peroxide.

    • ‘In addition, the human body produces its own antioxidants that take the form of enzymes, including catalase, glutathione peroxidase, and superoxide dismutase.’
    • ‘In addition, normal cell growth could be restored by addition of catalase to the medium, breaking down the hydrogen peroxide to oxygen and water.’
    • ‘Many of these enzymes, such as catalase and glutathione peroxidase, are constitutively active and protect the lungs against everyday insults.’
    • ‘When the enzyme catalase is added to the hydrogen peroxide solution, the activation energy is lowered even further to 4 kJ / mol.’
    • ‘The most simple case of such a chemical reaction is the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide in the presence of the enzyme catalase inside the cell.’


Early 20th century: from catalysis + -ase.