Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
1A native of Castile.
- ‘The Cantigas d' Amigo are a subset of the larger body of some 1,680 songs first composed at the Castilian and Portuguese courts between 1200 and 1350.’
- ‘Five centuries ago, the Castilians took Granada from Boabdil.’
- ‘The Castilians, like the Spanish population in general, are overwhelmingly Roman Catholic.’
- ‘The conquering Castilians - warriors rather than farmers - let the extensive irrigation systems of the Moors deteriorate, turning the fertile farms into pastureland.’
- ‘The Castilians had no desire to admit foreigners to share in their public offices, particularly the lucrative posts and commercial rights in the empire.’
- ‘Philip II wanted to ‘Castilise’ Spain and all the most important government positions went to Castilians.’
- ‘The Castilians, who live in the central Meseta, are the nation's dominant group, and Castilian Spanish is Spain's national language.’
- ‘Maltese people celebrate the contributions to their culture of Phoenicians, Romans, Greeks, Normans, Sicilians, Swabians, Arogonese, Castilian, the Knights, and the British.’
- ‘Now they meet as honorary Castilian and adopted Catalan.’
- ‘The French benefited considerably from an alliance with the Castilians which gave them supremacy at sea, enabling them to harass the English coasts.’
- ‘The papers have been filled with excitable chatter at the return of the charismatic Castilian.’
- ‘A trade center since antiquity, this region has been periodically ruled by outsiders, including Spain's dominant Castilians, who excluded Barcelona from lucrative New World trade until 1778.’
2[mass noun] The language of Castile, being the standard spoken and literary Spanish.
- ‘The standard language of Spain and its empire was based on Castilian (the dialect of Castile), and for this reason continues to be referred to in Spanish as both castellano and español.’
- ‘The principal language spoken throughout Spain is Castilian, although Catalonia, Galicia, and the Basque country have their own regional tongues, which are now generally used within those regions in preference to Castilian.’
- ‘Even in the Catalan Pyrenees, where not much Castilian needs to be used, I was told that children create games in the vernacular based on Catalan TV, but will play in Castilian if modelling their play on Spanish children's TV.’
- ‘In fact, the earliest formal effort to teach Nahua children to speak Castilian and thereby indoctrinate them in Spanish and Catholic culture took place in Tetzcoco itself in 1523.’
- ‘Two of the main regional languages - Catalan and Gallego - are Romance languages that bear some degree of similarity to Castilian.’
- ‘Sue wanted the girls to learn classic Castilian - the most widely used form of Spanish - versus Catalan, Galician, or Basque.’
- ‘Argentines say that it is more appropriate to call their language Castilian, because this term expresses more clearly the region in Spain where it originated and from where it was imposed on other peoples.’
- ‘Road signs in Catalonia are printed in both Catalan and the national language, Castilian.’
- ‘Like Catalan and Castilian, Gallego is a Romance language (one with Latin roots).’
- ‘Subsequent efforts to enrich the production of literary, scientific, and philosophical works in Castilian, serve to further solidify the prestige of this language.’
- ‘Dominicans pride themselves on the purity of their Spanish and it is considered by some to be the most classical Castilian spoken in Latin America.’
- ‘The main language spoken in Andorra la Vella is Catalan, but many of its inhabitants also speak Castilian, French and Portuguese.’
- ‘Do be aware that there are various dialects of Spanish but if you can speak the most common, Castilian, then most of the country will understand you.’
Relating to Castile, Castilians, or the Castilian form of Spanish.
- ‘Spanish women under Castilian law inherit property equally with their brothers.’
- ‘The Castilian dialect imposed itself as the language of the Spanish state that was being built through conquest.’
- ‘Politically the stakes were also getting higher as the Portuguese, Castilian, and French empires all vied for supremacy.’
- ‘Leon turned out to be beautiful, with walkways and parks beside the Rio Bernesga, and a cathedral and public buildings in a more pompous but somehow much more Castilian style.’
- ‘His style does not draw from late 16th-century Castilian painting, and was probably formed in Valladolid in contact with the pictures in the royal collection.’
- ‘Here in the sober loneliness of the Castilian plateau, we welcome any entertainment we can get.’
- ‘In the 1490s the crown (possibly copying Castilian practice) began subsidizing the construction of ships over 100 tons.’
- ‘Everywhere in the Euskal Herria region has two names, one in Basque and one in Castilian Spanish.’
- ‘At the same time, through a series of deaths, Joan becomes the Queen of Castile and heir to the Crown of Aragon - which only serves to start an internal power struggle between Flemish and Castilian nobility.’
- ‘In contrast, the Castilian Spanish Easter bread, hornazo, is a large savoury loaf based on plain household bread dough, enriched with olive oil and bacon fat, and containing pieces of chorizo, other pork products, and hard-boiled eggs.’
- ‘Slowly, the sunburned hills of the Castilian plateau surrounded us, leaving the city behind.’
- ‘In some cases, the linguistic influence of Castilian Spanish upon a community of speakers of a different language has given rise to a new language variety.’
- ‘They are walking in the hills of Calabria, white-water rafting in the Pyrenees, cycling in Catalonia, visiting sherry bodegas in Jerez, or touring the beautiful Castilian cities of Toledo, Segovia and Avila.’
- ‘In 1512, however, Castilian forces conquered and occupied the kingdom.’
- ‘It brings to mind the story about why Castilian Spaniards pronounce gracias as ‘grathiath.’’
- ‘Colombia takes great care to preserve the linguistic ‘purity’ of Castilian Spanish.’
- ‘The countryside of Bresse in Burgundy is not the usual place to find a Spanish-style castle, an El Dorado in miniature, complete with Castilian campaniles, arches, and Spanish occupants, constructed lovingly out of concrete.’
- ‘Galicia is one of three autonomous regions in Spain that have their own official languages in addition to Castilian Spanish, the national language.’
- ‘In 1516, the Basques on the Spanish side of the Pyrenees Mountains agreed to Castilian rule but won the right to keep a degree of self-government.’
- ‘In the Middle Ages vineyards flourished on this bleak Castilian plateau and cellars were hollowed out of the limestone under the town, but after phylloxera ravaged the zone, Rueda went into rapid decline.’
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.
From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, discover surprising and intriguing language facts from around the globe.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.