Definition of cartilaginous in English:

cartilaginous

adjective

Anatomy
  • 1Made of cartilage.

    • ‘There are three types of joints, fibrous, cartilaginous, and synovial.’
    • ‘Although most of the nasal structures are cartilaginous, the nasal bones usually are fractured in an injury.’
    • ‘The human larynx is composed of cartilaginous tissue that early in adulthood progressively undergoes ossification.’
    • ‘It is formed by cartilaginous, bony and connective tissue structures.’
    • ‘Over the years, a 64-year-old man has had repeated bouts of tenderness of the cartilaginous part of both ears that typically last for one to two weeks.’
    chewy, leathery, gristly, stringy, fibrous, sinewy
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Zoology (of a vertebrate animal) having a skeleton of cartilage.
      • ‘These organisms had a cartilaginous internal skeleton and a bony exoskeleton.’
      • ‘This property (among others) allows the tail to be light and flexible, yet stiff enough to generate thrust in the absence of a bony or cartilaginous skeleton.’
      • ‘Like all sharks, dogfish have no true bones but make do with a cartilaginous skeleton.’
      • ‘The freshwater sawfish, a ray, is related to stingrays, skates, sharks, and other fishes with cartilaginous skeletons.’
      • ‘Since sturgeons and paddlefish have lost many traits of most bony fish - they lack scales and have a cartilaginous skeleton - their fossil records are very sparse.’

Origin

Late Middle English: from Old French, or from Latin cartilaginosus, from cartilago, cartilagin- ‘cartilage’.

Pronunciation

cartilaginous

/ˌkɑːtɪˈladʒɪnəs/