Definition of caries in English:



mass noun
  • Decay and crumbling of a tooth or bone.

    • ‘Dental caries develop and may progress rapidly.’
    • ‘Fluoride hardens the tooth enamel, helping to ward off the most common childhood oral disease, dental caries, or cavities.’
    • ‘Plastic coatings placed by a dental professional in the pits and fissures of the permanent teeth can help reduce caries.’
    • ‘Untreated caries in primary teeth may lead to caries in permanent teeth and a possible loss of arch space.’
    • ‘Reversible pulpitis is mild inflammation of the tooth pulp caused by caries encroaching on the pulp.’
    • ‘The most common chronic disease of childhood is early childhood caries (dental caries in children younger than six years).’
    • ‘Institutionalised elderly people are more likely to have fewer teeth but more gross caries and root caries than other elderly groups.’
    • ‘Water fluoridation was associated with an increased proportion of children without caries and a reduction in the number of teeth affected by caries.’
    • ‘Since processed maize is highly cariogenic, dental caries and resulting tooth loss increase with the adoption of maize agriculture.’
    • ‘Any situational factors should be corrected, and dental malocclusion and caries should be treated.’
    • ‘Dental caries or tooth decay remains the single most common disease of childhood that is neither self-limiting nor amenable to short term medical treatment and yet is preventable.’
    • ‘For example the Dental School at the University of Queensland is a leader in elucidating the causes and solutions for dental decay, caries.’
    • ‘Teeth are damaged by caries, wear, failed restorations, trauma, and congenital and developmental defects.’
    • ‘No research assesses the effectiveness of a primary care physician-supplied parental counseling intervention in preventing dental caries.’
    • ‘Systemic fluoride is one of the most effective tools in the prevention of dental decay and has been shown to reduce caries in young children by 40 to 50 percent.’
    • ‘It increases the fluoride content of the enamel of newly erupted teeth, thereby increasing the resistance of these teeth to caries.’
    • ‘In other research, scientists will test the theory that there are natural antibodies in epithelial cells lining the mouth that protect against dental caries.’
    • ‘Dental caries or sugar-bacterial tooth decay is largely preventable.’
    • ‘There also will be worse staining of the teeth and some risk of tooth loss from caries because of the sugar in chewing tobacco.’
    • ‘There's quite a lot of literature that goes back even to the '40s on the association of the consumption of dairy products with low experience of tooth decay or dental caries.’
    rot, rotting, corrosion, corroding, decomposition
    View synonyms


Late 16th century: from Latin.