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Relating to or denoting a family of South American languages scattered widely throughout Brazil, Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana, Venezuela, and Colombia. With the exception of Carib, they are all extinct or have few speakers.
- ‘Rouse suggests that Arawakan and Cariban are more useful designations for these linguistic stocks.’
- ‘The latter had two aboriginal stocks, Arawakan and Cariban, which are also found in South America.’
- ‘They don't seem to be either Arawakan or Cariban, and they don't seem to be related to Warao either.’
[mass noun] The Cariban family of languages.
- ‘This is a comprehensive descriptive grammar of Trio, a Cariban language, spoken in the remote rainforest of Suriname and along the border in Brazil.’
- ‘By comparing negation in kari'ña with that of other languages of the same family, it is clear that it works in a very similar way in the different Cariban languages.’
- ‘In the aboriginal period the Cariban languages were important in the West Indies, Brazil, Peru, the Guianas, Venezuela, and Colombia.’
- ‘Spanish is the official language, but more than 30 Amerindian languages still survive, predominantly belonging to the Arawak, Cariban and Chibcha ethnolinguistic categories.’
- ‘I have been working on the Amerindian languages of the Guianas (Cariban and Arawakan) since 1996.’
- ‘In other analyses of Cariban languages it has been claimed that the oblique (goal-case) marking of the agent of a transitive verb is indicative of ergative syntax.’
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