Definition of cardiac in English:

cardiac

adjective

  • 1Relating to the heart.

    • ‘If you've had a heart attack, other heart condition or heart surgery, cardiac rehabilitation may help get you back to leading as active and productive a life as possible.’
    • ‘The decrease in cardiac output that accompanies heart failure also leads to significant reductions in renal blood flow.’
    • ‘The cardiac exam revealed distant heart sounds without murmurs or gallops.’
    • ‘In these patients, the heart rate, cardiac output, and blood pressure rise appropriately in response to exercise.’
    • ‘Two days after the cardiac injury, the hearts of all the rats were removed and examined.’
    • ‘We determined cardiac reactivity by averaging heart rate in the 20 seconds immediately after presentation of the stimulus.’
    • ‘New labeling information includes: post-marketing reports of heart attacks, sudden cardiac deaths, and hypertension.’
    • ‘A temporary pacemaker may be required in the short term for certain individuals after a heart attack, during cardiac surgery or general anaesthesia.’
    • ‘The evidence suggests that common antidepressants can safely reduce the risk of recurrent heart attacks in depressed cardiac patients.’
    • ‘These mice are characterized by polycythemia but have normal blood pressure, heart rate, and cardiac output.’
    • ‘Several cardiovascular problems may be caused by electrical injury, including vessel rupture, cardiac arrest and cardiac arrhythmias.’
    • ‘With the fall intravascular volume, there is diminished venous return to the right heart, low cardiac output, and a drop in systemic blood pressure.’
    • ‘For example, after a heart attack or cardiac surgery, minor muscular chest aches and pains may be misinterpreted as evidence of angina, leading to unnecessary worry and disability.’
    • ‘Fewer than half of the patients referred to emergency departments and cardiac outpatient clinics have heart disease.’
    • ‘He survived a near fatal heart attack and subsequent cardiac surgery, only to succumb to motor neurone disease.’
    • ‘When nurses went to his room, they found a ‘flat line’ on the cardiac monitor and no heart rate, the report said.’
    • ‘Once cardiac arrhythmias, structural heart disease, and non-cardiac causes of syncope have been ruled out, head up tilt testing is usually the first line of testing.’
    • ‘Patients then underwent a coronary angiogram and electromechanical mapping of the heart in a cardiac catheterization laboratory.’
    • ‘Heart palpitations and cardiac arrhythmias are common problems encountered by family physicians.’
    • ‘High output failure occurs when the cardiac output of the heart remains significantly elevated for a long period.’
  • 2Relating to the part of the stomach nearest the oesophagus.

    • ‘The sphincter between the esophagus and the stomach is the lower esophageal, or cardiac, sphincter.’
    • ‘The mouth leads to the cardiac stomach, which is what the sea star everts to digest its prey.’
    • ‘Compared to cancer of the distal stomach, cardiac cancer carries an even worse prognosis.’
    • ‘Sea stars feed by extruding their cardiac stomach over their prey, thus predation begins at the pinacocytic layer.’
    • ‘Proximal stomach tumors of the cardiac region have actually increased in incidence in recent years.’
    • ‘‘Piles’ of the cardiac orifice of the stomach from obstruction to the portal system may produce hemoptysis.’
    • ‘Patches of the mucous membrane of the upper part of the esophagus are frequently found whose structure resembles the cardiac part of the stomach.’
    • ‘The esophagus enters the stomach between the fundus and body of the stomach, commonly known as the cardiac portion of the stomach.’

noun

informal
  • A heart attack.

    • ‘He should know - he has suffered two cardiacs already.’
    • ‘My son has had two cardiacs, a stroke, and a heart transplant, which has all contributed to some brain damage.’
    • ‘So on a visit I stopped by and asked about it and they about had a cardiac.’

Origin

Late Middle English (as a noun denoting heart disease): from French cardiaque or Latin cardiacus, from Greek kardiakos, from kardia heart or upper opening of the stomach. The adjective dates from the early 17th century.

Pronunciation:

cardiac

/ˈkɑːdɪak/