Definition of carbonate in English:



  • A salt of the anion CO₃²⁻, typically formed by reaction of carbon dioxide with bases.

    • ‘The reaction with carbonates gives the nitrate salt, water, and carbon dioxide.’
    • ‘The minerals in the surrounding soil and water mix with the inorganic carbonates and phosphates that form the solid framework of the hard tissues, strengthening their structures and replacing their organic components.’
    • ‘Over the last century, antacids were developed based on the hydroxides and carbonates of the group II and III metals, as well as the bicarbonates of the alkali metals.’
    • ‘Pore waters also sensitively record the occurrence of other reactions, such as the dissolution, precipitation, and recrystallization of phosphates, carbonates, and sulphides, during early diagenesis.’
    • ‘In natural water systems, many common minerals are formed by anion substitution-precipitation reactions, among them carbonates, phosphates, and the sulfate-containing rocks.’


  • 1Dissolve carbon dioxide in (a liquid).

    • ‘On the other hand, carbonated soda water probably doesn't have anything that should be a problem for a bodybuilder.’
    • ‘I don't really drink beer much, either, because it's too carbonated, and because it hits me too hard.’
    • ‘Some bottled water is carbonated and is called sparkling water.’
    • ‘Delahaye says, however, that while carbonated water could have been used to mix with absinthe, as a rule only plain ‘flat’ water was employed.’
    • ‘Joseph Priestly, an English chemist and clergyman invented the first glass of artificially carbonated soda using carbon dioxide collected over vats of fermenting beer.’
    • ‘What are swimmers doing drinking carbonated beverages anyway?’
    • ‘If the pail of water is carbonated, should the subsequent loss of some of the vital health components of non-carbonated water be made clear by law to consumers on the pail itself?’
    • ‘Sip your favorite carbonated beverage or mineral water.’
    • ‘He's a particular fan of San Pellegrino, the naturally carbonated water from northern Italy.’
    • ‘Participants will also regulate when and how much they drink and avoid bladder irritants such as alcohol, acidic foods and carbonated or caffeinated drinks.’
    • ‘This study found that adolescent girls are failing to ingest the daily adequate intake level, as most adolescents are consuming more carbonated soft drinks than milk.’
    • ‘Do not drink anything that is carbonated or has caffeine in it.’
    • ‘Avoid anything that triggers indigestion, such as fatty and spicy foods, carbonated beverages, caffeine and alcohol.’
    • ‘I heard that carbonated drinks rob the bones of calcium.’
    • ‘Do not drink iced, carbonated or caffeinated beverages and avoid alcohol and milk with meals.’
    • ‘Cool beverages like juice can be soothing; avoid carbonated or citrus drinks, however, because carbonation and citric acid can be painful on raw areas.’
    • ‘To get rid of red wine stains on furnishings and carpets don't apply salt - use carbonated soda water instead.’
    • ‘The only difference is that the water has been carbonated at a plant in East London.’
    • ‘I drank the acidic, carbonated beverage and it compounded small gas bubbles in my throat that made me burp inside my mouth.’
    • ‘There are a lot more carbonated soft drinks on the market and consumption of tea and coffee has also increased.’
    effervescent, fizzy, carbonated, aerated, gassy, bubbly, bubbling, fizzing, foaming, frothy
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    1. 1.1Chemistry Convert into a carbonate, typically by reaction with carbon dioxide.
      • ‘The reaction is very slow: the surface will become carbonated within a few days.’
      • ‘Where the lime has become carbonated, there may be no immediately obvious change in appearance.’
      • ‘That allows atmospheric carbon dioxide to infiltrate the weak paste and deeply carbonate the calcium hydroxide and other cement hydrates present.’