Definition of carbide in English:

carbide

noun

Chemistry
  • 1A binary compound of carbon with an element of lower or comparable electronegativity.

    ‘tungsten carbide’
    ‘a large number of carbides were noted’
    • ‘While nickel and copper do not affect hardenability nearly as much, they segregate to graphite nodule sites and do not form detrimental carbides.’
    • ‘The structure is martensitic on cooling in air but the carbides can be precipitated and the steel softened by very slow cooling from 840°C.’
    • ‘Titanium can reduce carbon in austenite by forming very stable carbides.’
    • ‘Borides, carbides, oxides, and nonmetallic particles in the melt are scavenged and then concentrated in localized regions within the cast structure.’
    • ‘How stable the carbides are depends on how the element is partitioned between the cementite and the matrix.’
    1. 1.1mass noun Calcium carbide (CaC₂), used to generate acetylene by reaction with water and formerly used in portable lamps.
      as modifier ‘a carbide lamp’
      • ‘The store stocks candles, flashlights, carbide and hurricane lamps, solar-powered attic fans and much more.’
      • ‘Now that was the new technology and they were just starting to use electric lights to project the magic lanterns instead of the carbide lamps.’
      • ‘The taste of fruit ripened using Ethyril gas in a ripening chamber is said to be much better than the fruit ripened with carbide.’
      • ‘By now our carbide lamps were providing only a pathetically small amount of illumination.’
      • ‘There was a narrow track from the road down to the farm and in the dark with only carbide lamps on the fire engine they went off the track and got stuck.’

Pronunciation

carbide

/ˈkɑːbʌɪd/