Definition of carbamate in English:



  • A salt or ester containing the anion NH₂COO⁻ or the group —OOCNH₂, derived from the hypothetical compound carbamic acid.

    with modifier ‘ethyl carbamate’
    • ‘The formation of hemoglobin carbamate results in a reduced affinity of hemoglobin for O 2 thus favoring dissociation of bound oxygen in the tissues where the concentration of CO 2 is high.’
    • ‘The harmful effects of many pesticides, such as organochlorines, organophosphates and carbamates, have led to the use of pyrethroids as alternatives.’
    • ‘Five classes of pesticides were examined in the new study: phosphates, pyrethroids, halogenated hydrocarbons, carbamates, and endocrine disruptors.’
    • ‘Nevertheless, carbamates, organophosphates and pyrethroids were the most used families of pesticides (Table II).’
    • ‘Chemical studies of this plant led to the development of methyl carbamate insecticides.’


Mid 19th century: from carbamic (from carbo- + amide + -ic)+ -ate.