Definition of capsicum in English:



  • 1A tropical American plant of the nightshade family with fruits (peppers) containing many seeds. Many cultivated kinds have been developed.

    • ‘The rather long drought in the district has taken a heavy toll on the cash crops like maize, tomato, capsicum, ginger and paddy.’
    • ‘Chrysanthemum, capsicum, salvia and petunia plants have higher stem elongation rates during the night than during the day.’
    • ‘Don't rush the planting of sweet corn, melons, pumpkins and capsicums.’
    • ‘Spinach, tomatoes, capsicums and those sort of plants will wilt badly in summer if they have nematodes.’
    • ‘The incursion of fruit fly in Auckland some years ago was caused by someone bringing in a capsicum with fruit fly larvae.’
    • ‘They discussed some tips for planting summer crops like tomatoes and capsicums.’
    • ‘One day soon there may be multiple crops of chillies and capsicums growing on his fields.’
    • ‘The plant is a member of the family Solanaceae and therefore a relation of the New World capsicum peppers and potato, and of the Old World aubergine.’
    1. 1.1The fruit of any of the capsicum plants, varying in size, colour, and pungency.
      • ‘Add the sliced capsicum and crushed garlic to wok and continue to stir fry for 2 minutes.’
      • ‘We began with the Cosmo chef's salad, complete with a hefty serving of beef, chicken, cheese, capsicum (bell pepper), tomato, cucumber, croutons and egg.’
      • ‘The king of the capsicums is poblano, an only mildly hot chilli - pepper as big as two morning rolls.’
      • ‘Leave this for a bit and cut the capsicum and celery into bite-sized pieces, placing them in a lovely simple white bowl.’
      • ‘Otherwise known as bell peppers, capsicum and pimento, sweet peppers are natural partners to Provençal vegetables such as courgettes, aubergine and tomatoes.’
      • ‘On our evening there was quail eggs, capsicum (bell peppers), sweet corn, mixed vegetables, onions, tomatoes, cauliflower and snow peas.’
      • ‘After a week or so, they turn from the colours of capsicums - green, yellow or red - to the brown that we recognise.’
      • ‘With these, I took the salad bar's lettuce, capsicum and onion with liberal vinaigrette, which was first class.’
      • ‘Or stir-fry spinach with garlic, grated ginger and shredded capsicum for a wonderful side dish.’
      • ‘Red capsicums mixed with white fish and yellow pickles rise to the top of the boiled soup.’
      • ‘Dice mango, kiwi fruit, avocado, Spanish onion and red capsicum in a mixing bowl and add coriander and season to taste.’
      • ‘Cut the core, seeds and white membranes from the capsicum and cut into chunks.’
      • ‘For the main course, I had the sekuwa chatpate prawns with capsicum, chillies, lemon and chat masala.’
      • ‘Slice the capsicums lengthways into 3 or 4 pieces and the aubergine and zucchini into manageable chunks.’
      • ‘When it has melted add the green capsicum, onion and Chinese leaves and cook gently for 5 minutes.’
      • ‘The capsicums are still forming and the chillis have formed but are yet to ripen.’
      • ‘Cool and mix with feta, thinly sliced capsicum, red onion, pumpkin seeds, and basil.’
      • ‘Decorate each square with diamond shaped pieces of capsicum and tomato.’
      • ‘When it splutters, add onions, green chillies, capsicum and groundnuts and fry till the onions become light gold.’
      • ‘Their capsicums or bell peppers are merely our sweet peppers, scallions are our spring onions, shrimps are our prawns, and confectioner's sugar is our icing sugar.’


Late 16th century: modern Latin, perhaps from Latin capsa (see case).