One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1A tropical American plant of the nightshade family with fruits (peppers) containing many seeds. Many cultivated kinds have been developed.
Genus Capsicum, family Solanaceae: several species and varieties, in particular C. annuum variety annuum, the cultivated forms of which include the ‘grossum’ group (sweet peppers) and the ‘longum’ group (chilli peppers)
- ‘The plant is a member of the family Solanaceae and therefore a relation of the New World capsicum peppers and potato, and of the Old World aubergine.’
- ‘One day soon there may be multiple crops of chillies and capsicums growing on his fields.’
- ‘The incursion of fruit fly in Auckland some years ago was caused by someone bringing in a capsicum with fruit fly larvae.’
- ‘Don't rush the planting of sweet corn, melons, pumpkins and capsicums.’
- ‘The rather long drought in the district has taken a heavy toll on the cash crops like maize, tomato, capsicum, ginger and paddy.’
- ‘Spinach, tomatoes, capsicums and those sort of plants will wilt badly in summer if they have nematodes.’
- ‘Chrysanthemum, capsicum, salvia and petunia plants have higher stem elongation rates during the night than during the day.’
- ‘They discussed some tips for planting summer crops like tomatoes and capsicums.’
- 1.1 The fruit of any of the capsicum plants, varying in size, colour, and pungency.
- ‘Or stir-fry spinach with garlic, grated ginger and shredded capsicum for a wonderful side dish.’
- ‘Cool and mix with feta, thinly sliced capsicum, red onion, pumpkin seeds, and basil.’
- ‘Dice mango, kiwi fruit, avocado, Spanish onion and red capsicum in a mixing bowl and add coriander and season to taste.’
- ‘Cut the core, seeds and white membranes from the capsicum and cut into chunks.’
- ‘With these, I took the salad bar's lettuce, capsicum and onion with liberal vinaigrette, which was first class.’
- ‘For the main course, I had the sekuwa chatpate prawns with capsicum, chillies, lemon and chat masala.’
- ‘Otherwise known as bell peppers, capsicum and pimento, sweet peppers are natural partners to Provençal vegetables such as courgettes, aubergine and tomatoes.’
- ‘The king of the capsicums is poblano, an only mildly hot chilli - pepper as big as two morning rolls.’
- ‘After a week or so, they turn from the colours of capsicums - green, yellow or red - to the brown that we recognise.’
- ‘We began with the Cosmo chef's salad, complete with a hefty serving of beef, chicken, cheese, capsicum (bell pepper), tomato, cucumber, croutons and egg.’
- ‘Red capsicums mixed with white fish and yellow pickles rise to the top of the boiled soup.’
- ‘Their capsicums or bell peppers are merely our sweet peppers, scallions are our spring onions, shrimps are our prawns, and confectioner's sugar is our icing sugar.’
- ‘Decorate each square with diamond shaped pieces of capsicum and tomato.’
- ‘When it splutters, add onions, green chillies, capsicum and groundnuts and fry till the onions become light gold.’
- ‘Slice the capsicums lengthways into 3 or 4 pieces and the aubergine and zucchini into manageable chunks.’
- ‘On our evening there was quail eggs, capsicum (bell peppers), sweet corn, mixed vegetables, onions, tomatoes, cauliflower and snow peas.’
- ‘The capsicums are still forming and the chillis have formed but are yet to ripen.’
- ‘Add the sliced capsicum and crushed garlic to wok and continue to stir fry for 2 minutes.’
- ‘When it has melted add the green capsicum, onion and Chinese leaves and cook gently for 5 minutes.’
- ‘Leave this for a bit and cut the capsicum and celery into bite-sized pieces, placing them in a lovely simple white bowl.’
Late 16th century: modern Latin, perhaps from Latin capsa (see case).
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