Definition of capitulate in English:



[no object]
  • Cease to resist an opponent or an unwelcome demand; yield.

    ‘the patriots had to capitulate to the enemy forces’
    • ‘Their intention is apparently to use the weather to force the region to capitulate to their demands for regime change.’
    • ‘Despite its effectiveness, the CWU has capitulated to management demands that originally provoked the strike.’
    • ‘An effort without ground action leaves the decision of when to capitulate with the enemy.’
    • ‘But, as hostilities begin, these non-military efforts to influence combine with military force until the regime capitulates.’
    • ‘On 29 May there was a bombshell - the Belgian army had capitulated, reducing further the perimeter around Dunkirk.’
    • ‘On Thursday morning, October 11, executives of the five networks issued a joint decision essentially capitulating to the government demand.’
    • ‘So great was the demoralization that formidable fortresses capitulated to mere cavalry units.’
    • ‘Rhonda stands by her demand, and Philip capitulates, reluctantly agreeing to a December wedding.’
    • ‘How many countries would capitulate to the overwhelming demands of the document?’
    • ‘Pilot association members sacked their union executive last November for capitulating to government demands for staff cuts and huge concessions on wages.’
    • ‘The Company refuses to capitulate on its demands for four separate enterprise agreements to cover the different sections at Joy.’
    • ‘However, there is never an excuse for capitulating and surrendering the public interest to the dictates of the market.’
    • ‘The fish yielded slowly, making powerful but short runs, eventually capitulating to the constant pressure of the line, rod and drag.’
    • ‘Of course it helps to have days like this, where one of Microsoft's most audacious business opponents finally capitulated.’
    • ‘Furthermore, they have resisted capitulating to the world at large and remained faithful to the community of believers in Sardis.’
    • ‘Guerin's family wanted her off the beat, but her editors capitulated to her demands.’
    • ‘He also implied the Russian Government of Vladimir Putin should now capitulate to Chechen demands for independence.’
    • ‘This alone had made it possible to seize ocean bases from which to launch the final attack and force her metropolitan Army to capitulate without striking a blow.’
    • ‘On 20 June it capitulated, the garrison of 23,000 men surrendering, with vast quantities of stores.’
    • ‘The various forces converged in April 1945, and the Berlin garrison commander capitulated on 2 May.’
    surrender, give in, yield, admit defeat, concede defeat, give up the struggle, submit, back down, climb down, give way, cave in, succumb, crumble, bow to someone, bow to something
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Mid 16th century (in the sense ‘parley, draw up terms’): from French capituler, from medieval Latin capitulare ‘draw up under headings’, from Latin capitulum, diminutive of caput ‘head’.