Definition of capitalize in English:

capitalize

(also capitalise)

verb

  • 1capitalize onno object Take the chance to gain advantage from.

    ‘an attempt by the opposition to capitalize on the government's embarrassment’
    • ‘In many ways, women have always been pushing the envelope and creating ground-level gains that are capitalized on by male leaders.’
    • ‘However, if several people gather their forces together to buy a better horse, than they have a good chance of capitalizing on the strong market.’
    • ‘Their emboldened foreign rivals will be working just as hard to capitalize on their gains.’
    • ‘While capitalizing on nature's advantages, Resurgence Theatre will also address some of her disadvantages.’
    • ‘Media Houses lost the edge when players failed to capitalize on some good scoring chances.’
    • ‘With Mars looming large in the morning sky, astronomers are capitalizing on a great chance to study our neighbouring planet.’
    • ‘Norwich capitalised on their numerical advantage by taking the lead after 56 minutes.’
    • ‘In general play, Cork achieved a lot up to the point of capitalising on their chances and this weakness was to cost them dearly in the long run.’
    • ‘If a team can do that then it demonstrates its resolve and has a chance of capitalising on the baggage of Nemo's defeats in 2001 and 2002.’
    • ‘Candidates are not the only ones to capitalize on the advantages mass e-mail provides.’
    • ‘The new army, capitalizing on the advantage of France's vast population, would be made up largely of citizen conscripts.’
    • ‘His new book capitalizes on the advantages - and suffers from the defects - of his previous effort.’
    • ‘They couldn't capitalize on this last chance and the game moved on to penalty-strokes.’
    • ‘The Scots were also keen to capitalize on their chance to take over first place.’
    • ‘Additionally, local cable affiliates can gain exposure by capitalizing on local sponsorship components.’
    • ‘The hosts staged a revival, though, and some controversial refereeing gave them an advantage they capitalised on.’
    • ‘With Boulevard not having capitalized on their earlier advantage, Fort Charlotte seemed desperate to break through the ranks.’
    • ‘Now their main fallibility is not being able to capitalise on chances.’
    • ‘Dundee were more alert and more athletic, and they sensed a chance to capitalise on that.’
    • ‘Jon intends to change all that by capitalizing on the momentum gained by groups such as MoveOn.’
    take advantage of, profit from, turn to account, make capital out of, make the most of, exploit, benefit from, put to advantage
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  • 2with object Provide (a company) with capital.

    ‘a highly capitalized industry’
    • ‘He discussed the concept of capitalizing the company by either debt or equity, and he used the whiteboard to illustrate the relationship between the trust and the corporation and the GSA.’
    • ‘And, we certainly do not expect this thinly capitalized industry to provide much protection to the bloated GSEs when the downturn commences in the U.S. housing market.’
    • ‘He said he has no objection to a merger, adding his wish is for Fairfax to remain independent and any merger should be with a well capitalised blue-chip company.’
    • ‘Another disadvantage is that, of course, you have to adequately capitalize the business yourself.’
    • ‘This followed rises in its share price - currently the company is capitalised at £20m - in April the company was valued at £6m.’
    • ‘Many speculators were instantly wiped out, while the less capitalized insurers were left at or near insolvency.’
    • ‘If you need to sell off a piece of land in order to better capitalize the business, indicate this in the plan.’
    • ‘With a billion shares in issue the company is capitalised at over £3b on today's share price of 305p.’
    • ‘Members of cooperatives at all levels - local and regional - need to remind themselves that it is their responsibility to properly capitalize their cooperative businesses.’
    • ‘Members have to invest a set percentage of their annual sales to capitalize this business.’
    • ‘But the fact remains that these entities providing credit insurance are not capitalized sufficiently to provide meaningful protection in the case of a serious downturn.’
    • ‘Most small businesses are capitalized with a lot less than that, maybe $50,000.’
    • ‘Yesterday saw the shares in the bank jump from 125p to 169p, capitalising the business at £1.39 bn.’
    • ‘That results in their New Zealand business being thinly capitalised for tax purposes.’
    • ‘How has it managed to do all that - when other, more capitalized businesses have withered away?’
    • ‘Webster's share price has slumped to as low as 59 cents recently which capitalises the company at approximately $35 million.’
    • ‘It's likely that some of this ill-gotten gain has been used to capitalize businesses or endow universities.’
    • ‘If we are going to use medicine as a model for capitalizing the education business, for going to market, we want to bear these things in mind.’
    • ‘But Microsoft is the most highly capitalized company in the software business and has a huge cash hoard.’
    • ‘Vanguarde was considered the most highly capitalized black company in U.S. history, gaining roughly $60 million over four years.’
    finance, fund, underwrite, provide capital for, back, sponsor
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  • 3with object Realize (the present value of an income); convert into capital.

    ‘people should have the right to capitalize part of the value of these benefits’
    • ‘In Boston, the Supreme Court of Canada held that it was unfair for a spouse to provide spousal support from pension income that had already been capitalized and equalized between the spouses.’
    • ‘Weersink et al. develop a PV model to examine the extent to which agricultural support programs have been capitalized into farmland prices.’
    • ‘In this connection ‘fund’, I take it, ordinarily means money set aside and invested, the surplus income therefrom being capitalised.’
    • ‘Without any land-value tax, even if there were no speculative premium on the price of land, the difference in productivity between the best land and marginal land would be capitalized into a nonzero price.’
    • ‘On the other hand, it says that they are to be capitalised as preference shares carrying interest at the fixed rate of 6 per cent.’
    • ‘The reason for investing in such funds was to provide for a regular tax-free income that can be capitalised or used as well as the promise that their capital value remains intact.’
    • ‘They all generate an income, which can be capitalised to increase the value of your investment.’
    • ‘The ‘expectation raised by material progress’ is fully capitalized in land prices from the beginning of time.’
    • ‘Some may also remember the way in which so many people in my generation and earlier were only able to afford to buy their first home because they could capitalise the family benefit for a deposit.’
    • ‘To capitalize the income stream without considering the repayment of corporate debt, but then to assume that repayment when doing a residual value of the company, artificially increased the value of the income stream.’
    • ‘When a man buys durable property he capitalizes its net yield or income at a rate which is lower when the general tax burden is high, and higher when the general tax burden is low.’
    cash in, convert into cash
    View synonyms
    1. 3.1 Reckon (the value of an asset) by setting future benefits against the cost of maintenance.
      ‘a trader will want to capitalize repairs expenditure’
      • ‘To what extent should advertising expenditure be capitalized and recognized as an asset in a company's balance sheet?’
      • ‘In 1994 and 1995, America Online capitalized some of its customer-acquisition costs - which means that it considered part of those costs assets.’
      • ‘While the first route - expensing rather than capitalizing expenditures - is more straightforward, the savings it can produce aren't always obvious or easy to defend.’
      • ‘Under existing law, taxpayers can elect to treat certain eligible environmental remediation expenditures, that would otherwise be capitalized, as deductible in the year paid or incurred.’
      • ‘Wale reported that in the British companies that she had studied, capitalising original assets and charging all subsequent costs to expense was the dominant practice.’
      • ‘If you're planning to go into a family firm, work for the government or as a solo practitioner, and/or are over forty, capitalizing the extra costs of a private school becomes more of a problem.’
      • ‘While most companies write off marketing expenditure, for example, some capitalise this as an asset in the balance sheet for several years while they are building their business.’
      • ‘At the end of the year depreciation on manufacturing fixed assets was treated as an overhead cost, capitalised and included in the carrying value of closing stock and carried forward to the next year.’
      • ‘Might more intrinsic farm factors, less under the control of the current farm manager but perhaps not fully capitalized into asset values, be a more important determinant of profit differences among farms?’
      • ‘If the costs are to be capitalized, then the next issue is to determine the asset's determinable useful life, if any.’
      • ‘In the case of AOL, marketing costs were capitalised for years - a highly liberal and unusual accounting practice.’
      • ‘During the pre-acquisition stage, only those costs that are directly identifiable to the asset are capitalized.’
      • ‘One adjustment is to capitalize R&D expenditures and amortize them over five years instead of expensing these investments in the year they are made.’
      • ‘When a liability is initially recorded, the entity capitalizes a cost by increasing the carrying amount of the related long-lived asset.’
      • ‘Holt Value Associates began capitalizing research and development costs and treating them as a depreciating asset in its cash flow ROI analyses earlier this year.’
      • ‘The write-downs were made all the greater because of the company's policy in previous years of treating start-up losses in these businesses as ‘assets’ and therefore capitalising them in the balance sheet.’
      • ‘Over the last nine-month period, €9 million of the €20 million reduction in operating cost was due to capitalising additional labour costs.’
      • ‘The ‘full cost’ method was more liberal in capitalizing and amortizing the costs of all drilling, thus typically yielding a smoother series of income numbers.’
      • ‘He complained that the Government had responded to attempts at an amicable settlement of the conflict with an attack, and had started capitalising Nova Plama assets.’
      • ‘As I noted briefly, it generally is an accepted accounting practice to capitalize assets.’
  • 4with object Write or print (a word or letter) in capital letters.

    ‘the letter M, either capitalized or in lower case, is the abbreviation for mili-’
    • ‘The convention to capitalize the first letter of a meaning-laden noun may therefore be particularly useful in aiding structural analysis, allowing easy assignment of some words to their proper grammatical class.’
    • ‘The first letter is always capitalized, and the second is in lower case.’
    • ‘If the letter you wish to capitalise is typed by your left hand, you press the right hand shift with your little finger.’
    • ‘And for GOD'S sakes, Hilary, capitalize every first letter of every proper noun, like the name of your title ‘Venus’.’
    • ‘Get in the habit when writing down URLs or e-mail address to underline the letters that may be capitalized.’
    • ‘Changing the shape very slightly - and silently - by capitalizing the initial letter, we turn it into something like God or Reason.’
    • ‘You would prefer it if I capitalized the first letter after the colon?’
    • ‘Assuming that the missing-letter effect is diagnostic of the extraction of text structure, we exploited a special feature of German - the convention to capitalize the initial letter of nouns.’
    • ‘There are those who decide to eschew this, though, and capitalize every other letter.’
    • ‘I also find it a bit odd that the first letter of a sentence isn't capitalised; why would this be?’
    • ‘The present study examined the role of the convention in German to capitalize the initial letters of nouns.’
    • ‘Proteins are denoted by roman letters and only the first letter is capitalized.’
    • ‘She spoke as if the first letter of every word were capitalized.’
    • ‘I hate my stupid Microsoft Word program… it always capitalizes the H in your name… it does that to my words after quotation marks in my story too!’
    • ‘And if I may ask, why are people so fascinated with capitalizing every other letter?’
    • ‘Incidentally, the lettering where you capitalise the first letter of almost all the words can be called ‘title case’.’
    • ‘There are two ways to do this: the first is called camelCase, where the first word is lowercase and subsequent words have their first letter capitalized; the second way is by using underscores to separate the words.’
    • ‘I also learned how to correctly identify the beginning of a sentence, target the first word, and capitalize the first letter (make the letter bigger than the rest).’
    • ‘However, The Coming Of Bill (the American version) is BIG (see, we capitalised those letters) in India.’
    • ‘Instead of capitalizing the first letter, type it in lowercase, as most people type in all lowercase letters when searching.’
    1. 4.1 Begin (a word) with a capital letter.
      • ‘The word pandemonium itself means a wild uproar, but as the word is capitalized, its meaning is instead directed at the region associated in Milton's Paradise Lost, where Pandemonium is the capital of Hell.’
      • ‘Since the authors have removed God from origins, humans and from all of nature, one cannot help but wonder if capitalizing the word nature has any religious significance.’
      • ‘This is why most of the BAM artists capitalized the word Black when used in reference to African people.’
      • ‘We should capitalize the word, as this is how we are taught to refer to God.’
      • ‘His tone spoke of his importance, he seemed to capitalize every significant word.’
      • ‘From now on, the computer news source will not capitalise the word Internet.’
      • ‘Note that some words derived from proper nouns have developed a special meaning; these words are no longer capitalized.’
      • ‘I capitalize the word because Miller, in speaking of Jane Austen, does so, calling her the epitome of Style or Austen Style or Absolute Style.’
      • ‘If Microsoft Word's spelling checker's autocorrection feature is switched on, it capitalises the word for you.’
      • ‘At that time, there was a typesetter at the American Atheist Center who refused to capitalize any religious words, and no religious words were capitalized in the book.’
      • ‘Sek could mentally hear her capitalizing the last two words.’
      • ‘Recall that control words were always capitalized correctly regardless of whether they were embedded in normal or in distorted text passages.’
      • ‘With a little sleight of hand, I capitalized the word Eclipse there.’
      • ‘There is a certain market in English that refuses to capitalize words or use punctuation.’
      • ‘In this chapter I have chosen to capitalize words designating a race or a people.’
      • ‘While any newspaper could set a style to capitalize the word ‘black,’ McIntyre said he doesn't know how much influence it would have outside the newspaper itself.’
      • ‘He also loves to capitalize words or put them in quotes for no real reason, as in this sentence from his legal disclaimer.’
      • ‘I don't capitalize the words because middle westerners don't call that much attention to themselves.’
      • ‘Many of these same words are capitalized even though they are not proper nouns nor the beginning of the sentence.’
      • ‘Words like Celsius are capitalized because they are names of people.’

Pronunciation

capitalize

/ˈkapɪt(ə)lʌɪz/