Definition of capitalize in English:

capitalize

(also capitalise)

verb

  • 1capitalize on[no object] Take the chance to gain advantage from:

    ‘an attempt by the opposition to capitalize on the government's embarrassment’
    • ‘Jon intends to change all that by capitalizing on the momentum gained by groups such as MoveOn.’
    • ‘The hosts staged a revival, though, and some controversial refereeing gave them an advantage they capitalised on.’
    • ‘The new army, capitalizing on the advantage of France's vast population, would be made up largely of citizen conscripts.’
    • ‘Candidates are not the only ones to capitalize on the advantages mass e-mail provides.’
    • ‘Dundee were more alert and more athletic, and they sensed a chance to capitalise on that.’
    • ‘However, if several people gather their forces together to buy a better horse, than they have a good chance of capitalizing on the strong market.’
    • ‘Media Houses lost the edge when players failed to capitalize on some good scoring chances.’
    • ‘While capitalizing on nature's advantages, Resurgence Theatre will also address some of her disadvantages.’
    • ‘His new book capitalizes on the advantages - and suffers from the defects - of his previous effort.’
    • ‘In general play, Cork achieved a lot up to the point of capitalising on their chances and this weakness was to cost them dearly in the long run.’
    • ‘Additionally, local cable affiliates can gain exposure by capitalizing on local sponsorship components.’
    • ‘With Mars looming large in the morning sky, astronomers are capitalizing on a great chance to study our neighbouring planet.’
    • ‘Norwich capitalised on their numerical advantage by taking the lead after 56 minutes.’
    • ‘If a team can do that then it demonstrates its resolve and has a chance of capitalising on the baggage of Nemo's defeats in 2001 and 2002.’
    • ‘The Scots were also keen to capitalize on their chance to take over first place.’
    • ‘They couldn't capitalize on this last chance and the game moved on to penalty-strokes.’
    • ‘In many ways, women have always been pushing the envelope and creating ground-level gains that are capitalized on by male leaders.’
    • ‘Now their main fallibility is not being able to capitalise on chances.’
    • ‘Their emboldened foreign rivals will be working just as hard to capitalize on their gains.’
    • ‘With Boulevard not having capitalized on their earlier advantage, Fort Charlotte seemed desperate to break through the ranks.’
    take advantage of, profit from, turn to account, make capital out of, make the most of, exploit, benefit from, put to advantage
    maximize
    strike while the iron is hot, make hay while the sun shines
    cash in on
    View synonyms
  • 2[with object] Provide (a company) with capital:

    ‘a highly capitalized industry’
    • ‘If we are going to use medicine as a model for capitalizing the education business, for going to market, we want to bear these things in mind.’
    • ‘Many speculators were instantly wiped out, while the less capitalized insurers were left at or near insolvency.’
    • ‘It's likely that some of this ill-gotten gain has been used to capitalize businesses or endow universities.’
    • ‘Yesterday saw the shares in the bank jump from 125p to 169p, capitalising the business at £1.39 bn.’
    • ‘He discussed the concept of capitalizing the company by either debt or equity, and he used the whiteboard to illustrate the relationship between the trust and the corporation and the GSA.’
    • ‘And, we certainly do not expect this thinly capitalized industry to provide much protection to the bloated GSEs when the downturn commences in the U.S. housing market.’
    • ‘Webster's share price has slumped to as low as 59 cents recently which capitalises the company at approximately $35 million.’
    • ‘Vanguarde was considered the most highly capitalized black company in U.S. history, gaining roughly $60 million over four years.’
    • ‘Another disadvantage is that, of course, you have to adequately capitalize the business yourself.’
    • ‘He said he has no objection to a merger, adding his wish is for Fairfax to remain independent and any merger should be with a well capitalised blue-chip company.’
    • ‘But Microsoft is the most highly capitalized company in the software business and has a huge cash hoard.’
    • ‘How has it managed to do all that - when other, more capitalized businesses have withered away?’
    • ‘If you need to sell off a piece of land in order to better capitalize the business, indicate this in the plan.’
    • ‘But the fact remains that these entities providing credit insurance are not capitalized sufficiently to provide meaningful protection in the case of a serious downturn.’
    • ‘That results in their New Zealand business being thinly capitalised for tax purposes.’
    • ‘This followed rises in its share price - currently the company is capitalised at £20m - in April the company was valued at £6m.’
    • ‘Most small businesses are capitalized with a lot less than that, maybe $50,000.’
    • ‘Members of cooperatives at all levels - local and regional - need to remind themselves that it is their responsibility to properly capitalize their cooperative businesses.’
    • ‘Members have to invest a set percentage of their annual sales to capitalize this business.’
    • ‘With a billion shares in issue the company is capitalised at over £3b on today's share price of 305p.’
    finance, fund, underwrite, provide capital for, back, sponsor
    bankroll
    stake
    View synonyms
  • 3[with object] Realize (the present value of an income); convert into capital:

    ‘people should have the right to capitalize part of the value of these benefits’
    • ‘In this connection ‘fund’, I take it, ordinarily means money set aside and invested, the surplus income therefrom being capitalised.’
    • ‘When a man buys durable property he capitalizes its net yield or income at a rate which is lower when the general tax burden is high, and higher when the general tax burden is low.’
    • ‘Some may also remember the way in which so many people in my generation and earlier were only able to afford to buy their first home because they could capitalise the family benefit for a deposit.’
    • ‘On the other hand, it says that they are to be capitalised as preference shares carrying interest at the fixed rate of 6 per cent.’
    • ‘They all generate an income, which can be capitalised to increase the value of your investment.’
    • ‘The ‘expectation raised by material progress’ is fully capitalized in land prices from the beginning of time.’
    • ‘The reason for investing in such funds was to provide for a regular tax-free income that can be capitalised or used as well as the promise that their capital value remains intact.’
    • ‘In Boston, the Supreme Court of Canada held that it was unfair for a spouse to provide spousal support from pension income that had already been capitalized and equalized between the spouses.’
    • ‘Weersink et al. develop a PV model to examine the extent to which agricultural support programs have been capitalized into farmland prices.’
    • ‘To capitalize the income stream without considering the repayment of corporate debt, but then to assume that repayment when doing a residual value of the company, artificially increased the value of the income stream.’
    • ‘Without any land-value tax, even if there were no speculative premium on the price of land, the difference in productivity between the best land and marginal land would be capitalized into a nonzero price.’
    cash in, convert into cash
    View synonyms
    1. 3.1 Reckon (the value of an asset) by setting future benefits against the cost of maintenance:
      ‘a trader will want to capitalize repairs expenditure’
      • ‘During the pre-acquisition stage, only those costs that are directly identifiable to the asset are capitalized.’
      • ‘Under existing law, taxpayers can elect to treat certain eligible environmental remediation expenditures, that would otherwise be capitalized, as deductible in the year paid or incurred.’
      • ‘One adjustment is to capitalize R&D expenditures and amortize them over five years instead of expensing these investments in the year they are made.’
      • ‘Over the last nine-month period, €9 million of the €20 million reduction in operating cost was due to capitalising additional labour costs.’
      • ‘While the first route - expensing rather than capitalizing expenditures - is more straightforward, the savings it can produce aren't always obvious or easy to defend.’
      • ‘Holt Value Associates began capitalizing research and development costs and treating them as a depreciating asset in its cash flow ROI analyses earlier this year.’
      • ‘Might more intrinsic farm factors, less under the control of the current farm manager but perhaps not fully capitalized into asset values, be a more important determinant of profit differences among farms?’
      • ‘As I noted briefly, it generally is an accepted accounting practice to capitalize assets.’
      • ‘In 1994 and 1995, America Online capitalized some of its customer-acquisition costs - which means that it considered part of those costs assets.’
      • ‘In the case of AOL, marketing costs were capitalised for years - a highly liberal and unusual accounting practice.’
      • ‘If you're planning to go into a family firm, work for the government or as a solo practitioner, and/or are over forty, capitalizing the extra costs of a private school becomes more of a problem.’
      • ‘He complained that the Government had responded to attempts at an amicable settlement of the conflict with an attack, and had started capitalising Nova Plama assets.’
      • ‘While most companies write off marketing expenditure, for example, some capitalise this as an asset in the balance sheet for several years while they are building their business.’
      • ‘To what extent should advertising expenditure be capitalized and recognized as an asset in a company's balance sheet?’
      • ‘The ‘full cost’ method was more liberal in capitalizing and amortizing the costs of all drilling, thus typically yielding a smoother series of income numbers.’
      • ‘If the costs are to be capitalized, then the next issue is to determine the asset's determinable useful life, if any.’
      • ‘Wale reported that in the British companies that she had studied, capitalising original assets and charging all subsequent costs to expense was the dominant practice.’
      • ‘The write-downs were made all the greater because of the company's policy in previous years of treating start-up losses in these businesses as ‘assets’ and therefore capitalising them in the balance sheet.’
      • ‘At the end of the year depreciation on manufacturing fixed assets was treated as an overhead cost, capitalised and included in the carrying value of closing stock and carried forward to the next year.’
      • ‘When a liability is initially recorded, the entity capitalizes a cost by increasing the carrying amount of the related long-lived asset.’
  • 4[with object] Write or print (a word or letter) in capital letters:

    ‘the letter M, either capitalized or in lower case, is the abbreviation for mili-’
    • ‘Get in the habit when writing down URLs or e-mail address to underline the letters that may be capitalized.’
    • ‘Incidentally, the lettering where you capitalise the first letter of almost all the words can be called ‘title case’.’
    • ‘Instead of capitalizing the first letter, type it in lowercase, as most people type in all lowercase letters when searching.’
    • ‘Changing the shape very slightly - and silently - by capitalizing the initial letter, we turn it into something like God or Reason.’
    • ‘The convention to capitalize the first letter of a meaning-laden noun may therefore be particularly useful in aiding structural analysis, allowing easy assignment of some words to their proper grammatical class.’
    • ‘I also find it a bit odd that the first letter of a sentence isn't capitalised; why would this be?’
    • ‘You would prefer it if I capitalized the first letter after the colon?’
    • ‘There are those who decide to eschew this, though, and capitalize every other letter.’
    • ‘Proteins are denoted by roman letters and only the first letter is capitalized.’
    • ‘The present study examined the role of the convention in German to capitalize the initial letters of nouns.’
    • ‘However, The Coming Of Bill (the American version) is BIG (see, we capitalised those letters) in India.’
    • ‘And if I may ask, why are people so fascinated with capitalizing every other letter?’
    • ‘I hate my stupid Microsoft Word program… it always capitalizes the H in your name… it does that to my words after quotation marks in my story too!’
    • ‘The first letter is always capitalized, and the second is in lower case.’
    • ‘I also learned how to correctly identify the beginning of a sentence, target the first word, and capitalize the first letter (make the letter bigger than the rest).’
    • ‘Assuming that the missing-letter effect is diagnostic of the extraction of text structure, we exploited a special feature of German - the convention to capitalize the initial letter of nouns.’
    • ‘There are two ways to do this: the first is called camelCase, where the first word is lowercase and subsequent words have their first letter capitalized; the second way is by using underscores to separate the words.’
    • ‘If the letter you wish to capitalise is typed by your left hand, you press the right hand shift with your little finger.’
    • ‘And for GOD'S sakes, Hilary, capitalize every first letter of every proper noun, like the name of your title ‘Venus’.’
    • ‘She spoke as if the first letter of every word were capitalized.’
    1. 4.1 Begin (a word) with a capital letter.
      • ‘Words like Celsius are capitalized because they are names of people.’
      • ‘From now on, the computer news source will not capitalise the word Internet.’
      • ‘While any newspaper could set a style to capitalize the word ‘black,’ McIntyre said he doesn't know how much influence it would have outside the newspaper itself.’
      • ‘If Microsoft Word's spelling checker's autocorrection feature is switched on, it capitalises the word for you.’
      • ‘With a little sleight of hand, I capitalized the word Eclipse there.’
      • ‘Sek could mentally hear her capitalizing the last two words.’
      • ‘There is a certain market in English that refuses to capitalize words or use punctuation.’
      • ‘I don't capitalize the words because middle westerners don't call that much attention to themselves.’
      • ‘Note that some words derived from proper nouns have developed a special meaning; these words are no longer capitalized.’
      • ‘I capitalize the word because Miller, in speaking of Jane Austen, does so, calling her the epitome of Style or Austen Style or Absolute Style.’
      • ‘Recall that control words were always capitalized correctly regardless of whether they were embedded in normal or in distorted text passages.’
      • ‘Many of these same words are capitalized even though they are not proper nouns nor the beginning of the sentence.’
      • ‘We should capitalize the word, as this is how we are taught to refer to God.’
      • ‘The word pandemonium itself means a wild uproar, but as the word is capitalized, its meaning is instead directed at the region associated in Milton's Paradise Lost, where Pandemonium is the capital of Hell.’
      • ‘He also loves to capitalize words or put them in quotes for no real reason, as in this sentence from his legal disclaimer.’
      • ‘Since the authors have removed God from origins, humans and from all of nature, one cannot help but wonder if capitalizing the word nature has any religious significance.’
      • ‘His tone spoke of his importance, he seemed to capitalize every significant word.’
      • ‘In this chapter I have chosen to capitalize words designating a race or a people.’
      • ‘At that time, there was a typesetter at the American Atheist Center who refused to capitalize any religious words, and no religious words were capitalized in the book.’
      • ‘This is why most of the BAM artists capitalized the word Black when used in reference to African people.’

Pronunciation

capitalize

/ˈkapɪt(ə)lʌɪz/