Main definitions of cap in English

: cap1cap2CAP3

cap1

noun

  • 1A kind of soft, flat hat without a brim and typically with a peak.

    ‘a man wearing a raincoat and a flat cap’
    figurative ‘her cap of dark hair’
    • ‘I get back to Lancashire quite a bit - my family's still there - and I don't think I've seen anybody in a flat cap up there since about 1975.’
    • ‘Disillusioned dairy farmers in Yorkshire could soon be turning cowboys and switching their flat caps for Stetsons if they take up an offer to relocate to South Dakota.’
    • ‘Very few of them, no matter how poor, are bareheaded: the men wear flat caps, bowlers, straw boaters, trilbies, toppers, the women shawls or floral hats.’
    • ‘The ‘Venus of Willendorf’, for example, has a mere knob of a head, her face obscured by what has been interpreted as a cap of curls.’
    • ‘Virtually all the working men wear flat caps, while the managerial staff wear bowlers.’
    • ‘For the cricket lover, there is no sight to compare with that of two middle-aged men, wearing lab coats and flat caps, coming down the pavilion steps with measured tread.’
    • ‘The flat cap was a feature of British life through most of he last century.’
    • ‘The man was quite tall and he and the woman were both wearing jeans, wellington boots and flat caps.’
    • ‘He is the old bloke with the flat cap and the transistor radio, isn't he?’
    • ‘Women's bright caps were worn flat on the head and had flaps on either side.’
    • ‘Rochdale bobbies on the beat switched to flat caps four years ago but continued to wear helmets at ceremonies.’
    • ‘Most men covered their heads with flat wool caps or skullcaps or turbans in a variety of sizes and colours.’
    • ‘The technique was commonly used for different kinds of headgear, such as caps, hoods, bonnets, hairnets and snoods, as well as for stockings, mittens, collars and sashes.’
    • ‘He even turns a flat cap and Barbour into something of a fashion statement, the kind of thing that could well catch on in Shoreditch or Manchester.’
    • ‘Outside the grand clubhouse at the Legends course, at the heart of Château Elan, you almost expect chaps to be wandering around in plus-fours and flat caps.’
    • ‘He wore a flat cap, old woolen trousers, and a brown shirt that was several sizes too large for him.’
    • ‘This simple item could be opened and worn on the head, creating a three-dimensional cap out of flat strips alternating with empty spaces.’
    • ‘I stood there alone and watched as four men entered dressed in donkey jackets and flat caps.’
    • ‘Mr Binns said the style of dress worn by those photographed, particularly the flat caps and bow ties, would be in keeping with the late Victorian era when Whitby was well established as a resort.’
    1. 1.1with adjective or noun modifier A kind of soft, close-fitting head covering worn for a particular purpose.
      ‘a shower cap’
      ‘a bathing cap’
      • ‘I hugged both of my parents before securing my black back over my shoulder, pulling my newsboy cap lower over my face and hurrying to my gate.’
      • ‘Those early wheelmen didn't have bicycle helmets, but they did wear close-fitting long-visored caps.’
      • ‘Men often wear a long white robe called a jallabiyah, with either a small cap or a turban as a head covering.’
      • ‘The main beach, on the other hand, is a huge sweep of golden sand that attract hundreds of day trippers and is patrolled by lifesavers in distinctive red and yellow caps.’
      • ‘If you can get your hands on a vintage hair dryer - the kind you find in thrift stores that look like a shower cap stuffed into a round suitcase, you won't regret it.’
      • ‘If you think you can pull off any look, then I suggest you try on this chalk-stripe driving cap.’
      • ‘Protheroe, in padded dressing gown and tasseled cap, laughed and rose to greet his friend.’
      • ‘In the hallway outside, I was handed a mask and cap.’
      • ‘So I would sweat like crazy in a yellow rubber swim cap while Lee Ann Billings and Jamie Reader dipped their blonde hair in and out of the cool, chlorine tainted water.’
      • ‘More Americans were showing up every minute, bearing flags and ball caps and yellow bracelets, ready to howl and shout and taste history.’
      • ‘Opened in November 2001, it's run by two brothers with similar close-cut reddish beards, ethnic clothes and close-fitting caps.’
      • ‘Johnny is going to have to do a hell of a lot more than put on a ski cap in order to get you off, you know!’
      • ‘And if I have to sit wearing a swimming cap covered in electrodes to show willing, OK, so I will.’
      • ‘There is a nudist part of the beach at Playa de Inglis and what amused us as we walked along there was to see elderly ladies bathing in the sea in the nude yet still wearing caps or other headgear to protect their coiffures.’
      • ‘Keep long hair pulled back or placed in a cap for added protection.’
      • ‘Cover head in plastic cap or plastic wrap and cover with a warm towel.’
      • ‘Each year they moved to the next level getting different colour ribbons and swimming caps.’
      • ‘Then, in the 1950s, a traveller notices bay cat fur on two ceremonial caps being worn by Dayak tribespeople.’
      • ‘The clothing line will include running and cycling shorts, shimmels, caps and swimsuits in technical fabrics that breathe and wick away moisture.’
      • ‘They rode sturdy Mongolian ponies, wore distinctive fur caps, and carried sabers, pistols, and rifles.’
    2. 1.2British A cap awarded as a sign of membership of a particular sports team, especially a national team.
      ‘he has won three caps for Scotland’
      • ‘Although his career has been interrupted by various injuries he won five international caps and is an Australian tourist.’
      • ‘Former England coach Hoddle brought Le Tissier into the national side to win his eighth cap at home to Italy for a World Cup qualifier in February 1997 but he has never been picked since.’
      • ‘He won 55 caps and scored 30 goals (a national record he shares with Kenny Dalglish).’
      • ‘The former AC Milan star was a fixture on the Italian national team for nearly a decade, earning 64 caps and appearing in two World Cups.’
      • ‘Of the nine keepers to have had more than 20 national caps, four are known by their surnames and four by their first names.’
      • ‘Easily the most experienced of England's current players, the Yorkshire-born Seaman is 38 years old and was winning his 73rd cap yesterday.’
      • ‘There is plenty of experience, too - most of the team have over 50 caps.’
      • ‘Hughes earned 62 caps for the national team and led Liverpool to a string of honours while at the Anfield club.’
      • ‘Ian Botham won 103 Test caps for England, taking 383 wickets and scoring 5,200 runs with an average of 33.54.’
      • ‘In her career, Atkins won 249 caps for England and represented Great Britain in three Olympic Games, winning a European gold medal and an Olympic bronze at Barcelona.’
      • ‘Baggio completed a full 90 minutes and showed flashes of the ability that won him 60 caps for the Italian national side.’
      • ‘Bobic, who has 19 German caps, has signed a loan deal from Borussia Dortmund until the end of the season with a view to its becoming permanent.’
      • ‘Since bursting on to the scene with Ajax, Davids has played in four Champions League finals, winning with the Dutch team in 1995, and has won 73 caps for his country.’
      • ‘A former Leeds Met student, Mr McGeechan won 32 caps for Scotland before coaching the national team and the British Lions.’
      • ‘Head coach Gavin Walsh is a New Zealander who won an A team cap for Ireland, and now works for a stonemason in Glasgow.’
      • ‘He won his cap for the Portuguese national side at an early age.’
      • ‘The 6ft 6in lineout specialist, who won two caps in New Zealand last summer, had been under pressure to stay in Scotland.’
      • ‘The Cameroon midfielder, who joins international teammate Lucien Mettomo at Maine Road, has had an eventful career since winning his first cap at 17.’
      • ‘He won 76 caps and scored 30 goals, despite the disruption caused to the game by the 2nd world war.’
      • ‘Though not possessing as many national caps as their rivals, the Havies boast quite a bit of talent.’
    3. 1.3British A player to whom a cap is awarded.
      ‘a former naval officer and rugby cap’
      • ‘It gives them a motivation to become a national cap and an international Test cricketer.’
      • ‘Both new caps fullback Peter Gibson and lock Paul Barker admitted to being a little nervous before flying out with the team yesterday afternoon.’
      • ‘The current crop is short on caps and confidence, with many areas of weakness for the Irish to exploit.’
      • ‘Ben Addison, a Scotland under-21 cap last season, saw his powerful running and good angles earning him three tries.’
      • ‘The other Watsonians back to impress was full back Nash, a Scotland under-19 cap last season and a player with impressive speed.’
      • ‘Given that both these sides carry a full complement of potential Scottish caps this can't have been the most pleasant 90 minutes viewing for Vogts.’
      • ‘Dominic Matteo and Neil McCann are also established caps who have been short of chances to impress Vogts.’
      • ‘He and his dad Terry will be paired up as change bowlers, with the attack expected to be opened by two new caps, Paul Hart of Spring View and Steve Holt of Clifton.’
    4. 1.4 An academic mortar board.
      ‘school-leavers in cap and gown’
      • ‘Josephine English didn't rent a cap and gown when she heard she had graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree from a Dublin college.’
      • ‘The graduates were well attired for the occasion, with coloured convocation robes, inner suit and the flat cap completing the ensemble.’
      • ‘Success in that final exam ensures that their parents' dream, which by now should also be their own, of a cap and gown clad university graduate is within grasp.’
      • ‘Whether you're one of the lucky grads yourself, or some of your friends are throwing their grad caps in the air, grad season is upon us.’
      • ‘She brought with her the mortarboard cap that she had worn at her graduation.’
      • ‘The graduates look very scholarly in their caps and gowns.’
      • ‘A handful of teachers and several dozen graduating seniors, still in their caps and gowns from the formal graduation earlier in the day, attended the event.’
      • ‘But in field after field, paper journals are becoming like academic caps and gowns, a purely ceremonial relict of an obsolete culture.’
      • ‘The same percentage of MIT engineering graduates in their caps and gowns could not light a bulb with a battery and one wire.’
      • ‘The International School of Port-of-Spain 2005 graduates happily throw their caps in the air at the end of the commencement programme.’
      • ‘The caps, gowns, and diplomas may look the same, but the groves of academe have changed radically over the past quarter century.’
      • ‘Your proud high school graduate has gone from caps and gowns to the fast-paced, challenging world of summer jobs.’
      mortar board, academic cap
      View synonyms
    5. 1.5 The top of a bird's head when distinctively coloured.
      • ‘Females have gray caps and a slightly lighter rufous color on the undersides.’
      • ‘With their white cheeks and dark caps and throats, Chestnut-backed Chickadees look much like Black-capped Chickadees.’
      • ‘As he angled, we admired his teal plumage, chestnut neck, pine green cap, and white ventral stripe.’
      • ‘The adult in non-breeding plumage is similar, but with a white forehead that darkens to streaky black, as if the cap has receded.’
      • ‘Light morphs have brown upperparts with a blackish cap and white collar, white underparts, and yellowish sides of the neck.’
      • ‘Their heads are also relatively smaller and their gray caps less distinct than the Cooper's.’
      • ‘It is heavily barred brown-and-white above and below, with a white eye-line that separates a rufous cap and cheek.’
      • ‘The juvenile appears similar to the adult in breeding plumage, but lacks the reddish-brown cap and dark belly.’
      • ‘Males and females look the same, with white chins extending up just below the eyes and gray-brown caps.’
      • ‘Although drab in winter, males spend much of the year resplendent in bright lemon-yellow plumage set off by black and white wings, cap, and tail.’
      • ‘The crane has light to dark blue-gray plumage and a crimson cap at the back of its crown.’
  • 2A protective lid or cover for an object such as a bottle, the point of a pen, or a camera lens.

    ‘a glass bottle with a screw cap’
    ‘a lens cap from a camera’
    • ‘This includes bottle caps, tin covers or aluminum foil - these are some of the items service technicians commonly find in clogged or broken disposals.’
    • ‘I leave so the staff can have their turn: theirs are the empty plastic milk sachets, torn bits of paper from the waste-basket, cardboard boxes, bottle caps.’
    • ‘Removing the cap to the acid bottle, she gingerly covered it with eight layers of carefully folded foil, sticking the foil down with a piece of duct tape.’
    • ‘Very, very carefully pour a tiny bit of vermouth into the cap of the vermouth bottle.’
    • ‘Instead of tiles or concrete the shop's floors were covered with dirt and bottle caps.’
    • ‘Nic and I were only trying to use our side of the doorknob to get the caps off two bottles of Heineken.’
    • ‘First they collected bottle caps, beer mats and can rings.’
    • ‘Garbage had to be sorted out - plastic bags, lids, bottle caps, etc.’
    • ‘The plastic cap fits on the bottle and locks when a small ‘key’ is pulled from it.’
    • ‘I opened my notebook and picked up my favourite black pen, and tapped the cap against my teeth, thinking about what I wanted to write.’
    • ‘She pointedly puts the cap on her camera lens and walks with him.’
    • ‘In the rush of setting everything up for a shot you would be surprised at the number of people who set the camera recording with the lens cap still on.’
    • ‘Someone cleared their throat, and Artemesia straightened up, snapping the lens cap onto the camera.’
    • ‘Childproof caps on medicine bottles are a safety feature but they require some thought by adults in order to use them properly.’
    • ‘I couldn't unscrew the cap of those little bottles with one thumb if my life depended upon it.’
    • ‘I mean, if my cat can be happy batting around a bottle cap, surely I can find something to be happy about too.’
    • ‘Here consumers take caps off the plastic bottles, dump any liquid from the bottles into a bucket, and bag the bottles.’
    • ‘Plastic jugs and bottles can be placed in the bins marked for glass, and for both plastic and glass, it is good to rinse out the bottles and remove the caps.’
    • ‘The ingredients were on the bottle cap, which everyone tossed away.’
    • ‘A museum in its Shunde headquarters displays a few plastic bottle caps along with a small, rusting electric fan that looks like a relic from the bottom of the sea.’
    lid, top, stopper, cork, bung, spile
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1 An artificial protective covering for a tooth.
      • ‘While your dentist might still recommend an apple a day and be able to fit natural-looking caps, the latest orthodontic innovations concentrate on stopping decay before it has a chance to do any damage.’
      • ‘Then, Bodine suffered a concussion and a broken collarbone and needed eight caps for his teeth because of a practice crash at Michigan.’
      • ‘Her whole jaw was bruised, her cap for her tooth cost £404.’
  • 3An upper limit imposed on spending or borrowing.

    ‘he raised the cap on local authority spending’
    • ‘With a cap on spending during elections, ministers are using the extra perks to beef up their campaign without declaring them as expenses.’
    • ‘He has just called for a constitutional cap on state spending and made clear his distaste for new taxes.’
    • ‘Even putting a cap on the price spent on it makes more sense.’
    • ‘Tendring's share of this year's council tax bill has been set at a level which could lead to a Government cap on spending’
    • ‘To some extent, they conceded, both standards would impose a cap or ceiling of some sort.’
    • ‘He promises to impose spending caps and offset spending increases with mandatory spending cuts or tax increases.’
    • ‘The package here offers students no up-front fees, loan forgiveness at 25 years, no real rate of interest, a generous grant and bursary system and a cap on the fee itself.’
    • ‘Daly is also pushing for the Shannon board's borrowing cap to be raised from €20 million to €100 million in the legislation.’
    • ‘This time around, spending caps may not be enough.’
    • ‘Congress can show a commitment to this by raising or eliminating the cap on wages taxed for Social Security.’
    • ‘Failing to negotiate a cap on investors' legal fees could leave you with a huge bill.’
    • ‘While not the same as rigid price caps, bid caps place limits on the prices that energy suppliers can offer to municipalities and companies.’
    • ‘It also raised the cap on foreign direct investment in private banks to 74 per cent from 49 per cent.’
    • ‘The bonus money received from the performance pool would not count against teams' salary caps.’
    • ‘In the hope of ending speculation about the rising cost of the project Magahy proposed in May 2001 that a cap be imposed.’
    • ‘Disney agreed to raise the caps on pension benefits and put a limit on yearly hikes in health benefits that are deducted on a weekly basis from paychecks.’
    • ‘The best solution I can think of is the wage cap which operates in Rugby League.’
    • ‘To achieve this, the survey promised to raise caps on foreign direct investment and open up more sectors to global capital.’
    • ‘He was omitted because of the cap on team strengths in the competition, but will ride tomorrow in what looks a lost cause against the champions.’
    • ‘He was complaining about the absence of a cap in campaign spending before the formal election period, even though it was his party that exploited this loophole prior to the last election.’
    limit, upper limit, ceiling
    View synonyms
  • 4British informal A contraceptive diaphragm.

    • ‘Diaphragms and caps are barrier methods of contraception.’
    • ‘Because of cervical abnormalities, diaphragms and cervical caps may be difficult to fit.’
    • ‘Find out from this factsheet by the fpa how contraceptive diaphragms and caps work, how effective they are at preventing pregnancy and their advantages and disadvantages.’
    • ‘HIV positive women can use diaphragms and cervical caps for birth control, with spermicidal cream or jelly.’
    • ‘The cap or diaphragm had been developed in the 1880's but its availability had been very much limited as people were kept in the dark as to its very existence.’
    • ‘IUDs, diaphragms, and cervical caps are just plain disgusting.’
    • ‘Clean diaphragms and the caps of spermicide applicators after each use.’
    • ‘In the first instance the cap or diaphragm needs to be fitted by a doctor or family planning nurse, to make sure it's the right size and is positioned correctly.’
    • ‘Some couples find a diaphragm or cap to be an intrusive method of contraception, because fitting them can interrupt sex if you haven't inserted it beforehand.’
    • ‘There are also three types of cap: vault, cervical and vimule, although new varieties such as a silicone cap are becoming available.’
    • ‘The cervical cap is not recommended for use in parous women.’
    • ‘Barrier methods of contraception include diaphragms, condoms and cervical caps.’
  • 5The broad upper part of the fruiting body of most mushrooms and toadstools, at the top of a stem and bearing gills or pores.

    • ‘And at the base of the cerebrum, emerging like the stalk from a mushroom cap, is an elongated structure, the brain stem.’
    • ‘Although the colour of the cap is quite variable, the blackening should serve to distinguish it from other similar looking fungi.’
    • ‘The cap & stem that we commonly eat is just the fruiting body.’
    • ‘Spoon into pepper and tomato halves and over mushroom caps.’
    • ‘The mature cap is metallic green in color, but it varies from light yellow to greenish-brown.’
    • ‘Coral mushrooms do not have caps but instead have a fruiting body of branched clusters.’
    • ‘M. rachodes has white spores and white gills on specimens of all ages, and the stern stains orange to red when cut near the junction with the cap.’
    • ‘The C. deceptive should have pale pinkish spore print, adnate to decurrent gills about the same colour of the cap, which should be pale brown or greyish with incurved margins.’
    • ‘In the autumn, they came and gathered mushrooms from the few tree stumps she'd deigned to leave in her garden, mushrooms with caps of white, yellow, brown and even blue.’
    • ‘The surface of the cap of each fungiform structure is either tangential, or slightly inclined, to the surface of the carapace.’
    • ‘Count the gills under the cap - or in the case of a boletus, the holes.’
    • ‘A bird hippocampus sits on top of the brain, rather like a mushroom cap.’
    • ‘Enoki mushrooms are pale and fragile, with slender stems and tiny caps.’
    • ‘Five tall, slender mushrooms with yellow stems and glowing orange caps reach through the decaying foliage toward the sky as ants burrow underground.’
    • ‘If possible, please show the gills beneath the cap.’
    • ‘Larger mushroom caps of course are better and you can be creative with your stuffing choices.’
    • ‘When you're buying loose mushrooms, choose those with smooth, unblemished caps, firm gills, and a clean aroma.’
  • 6

    short for percussion cap
    • ‘Like many boys he had been fascinated with guns when a young child and had the usual cap guns and nerd guns.’
    • ‘So, before you buy that cap gun or bouncing ball for your child, take some precautions.’
    • ‘We started selling snap caps a little over a year ago.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Put a lid or cover on.

    ‘he capped his pen’
    • ‘Fill the bottle halfway with warm water, cap it and shake to mix.’
    • ‘For maximum battery life, it's suggested the gun be worn concealed, and the sight be capped with the provided cover when not in use.’
    • ‘The men placed toilet bowl cleanser and aluminum foil in a plastic bottle and then capped the bottle before leaving the Lakeland restaurant.’
    • ‘I capped the pen and put it down, considering whether or not I should just rip up this poem and forget I ever wrote it.’
    • ‘Philip poured the liquid from the cup into a bottle, capping it afterwards.’
    • ‘Merlin capped his pen and set his journal on the office desk in front of him.’
    • ‘Gabrielle carefully closed The Anthem, stood up as the bell rang, capped her pen and stuck it into her jean pocket.’
    • ‘Evander took another drink of water and capped the bottle.’
    • ‘He thanked me absently, capped his pen, and we all walked out into the quiet night, substantially calmer than last week.’
    • ‘Each bottle was then capped and ready for display.’
    • ‘Bottles are capped with an aluminum foil seal, which is sent through a chute that catches the lip of the bottle.’
    • ‘He said that there have been discussions to change the technology of capping the wine bottles but so far the cork has remained.’
    • ‘When I capped the pen and folded the paper R. asked with surprise, ‘You're done?’’
    • ‘The bottles are then capped and placed in the cool cellars of the winery for up to 2 years.’
    • ‘Cameron closed her Bible, shut the notebook, capped the pen, and then put everything away before leaving to go downstairs with me.’
    • ‘After capping it, the bottle should be shaken for 20 seconds.’
    • ‘She sighed and capped her pen, setting it on top of her notepad.’
    1. 1.1 Form a covering layer or topmost part of.
      ‘snow-capped mountains’
      • ‘The Lawrence County Courthouse, composed of stone and brick, has three stories surmounted by a massive tower in two stages capped by a segmental dome and cupola.’
      • ‘Reclamation dredging is nearing completion and all reclaimed land will then be capped with a layer of rock, imported from a nearby quarry.’
      • ‘The entire intricate construction covered more than one hectare of land, and the towers soared some 30 meters high, jauntily capped by Catalan flags and banners.’
      • ‘The plateau surface is mostly capped with resistant sandstone over less resistant shale and limestone layers intermixed with some sandstone layers.’
      • ‘They found the rare element iridium in the thin clay layer that caps the rocks of the Cretaceous era.’
      • ‘There would be a layer of soil that was capped with a layer of stones that was capped with a layer of soil and so on.’
      • ‘They built it not long ago, big and ugly, with a massive sloped roof rising up to the top of the bell tower, which is capped with a fat building-block cross.’
      • ‘A new jumbo monopitch supported by heavy steel trusses caps the building and introduces light through clerestory glazing.’
      • ‘She was a beautiful lilac colour and her tail was luxurious, although not so luxurious as my own, and her long face was capped with two perfectly shaped ears.’
      • ‘As a temporary repair measure, English Heritage had the crater in the centre of the hill packed with polystyrene and capped with a layer of chalk.’
      • ‘Mt Fuji has been on show for a month or so now, pollution notwithstanding, and so on the windy days it is standing proud and erect in the distance, capped with the usual white dome of snow.’
      • ‘The Earth has an iron core surrounded by a dense layer called the mantle, which is capped with a thin rind of rocky crust.’
      • ‘The one-story library headquarters platform caps the building.’
      • ‘It was a massive eight-sided chamber capped with a dome.’
      • ‘Almost perfectly intact, it was a circle of pillars capped with an ornate dome.’
      • ‘The controversial hole in the ground will be capped with a layer of clay when planning permission runs out in December and landfill operators begin what they call ‘restoration’ of the site.’
      • ‘The radiocarbon-dated feature that produced the wild rice was located at the bottom of an undisturbed Late Woodland midden that had been capped with a layer of sterile sand.’
      • ‘Pod and dome are linked to a glazed reception pavilion capped by an oversailing fabric roof.’
      • ‘Designed by Simpson & Ayrton, and built of reinforced concrete by Owen Williams, it was memorable for its twin towers, capped with exotic, New Delhi-like domes.’
      • ‘Designed by French architect Roger Taillibert, the stadium was one of the first sports stadiums in the world to be capped with a plastic dome roof.’
      top, crown
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 Put an artificial protective covering on (a tooth)
      ‘his smile revealed perfectly capped teeth’
      • ‘Four root treatments had been carried out and a damaged tooth had been capped.’
      • ‘He was short and fat and had next to no hair, several of his teeth were capped with gold.’
      • ‘You finally settle on the pleasant face on the screen - the big hair, bright power suit, capped teeth and colorful talons - blandly reading the news.’
      • ‘Take the dentist I went to when I needed to have my teeth capped a while ago.’
      • ‘It's in a tooth that's capped and had a recent root canal filling.’
      • ‘Behind the jowls the expertly capped teeth shimmer.’
      • ‘He's paid out good money to have his teeth capped and cauliflower ear sorted.’
      • ‘Coals flashed Marcus a grin, so full of perfectly capped teeth, so taut at the lips, so fleshy at the gum line that for a split second the image of a shark in an expensive wool suit was unavoidable.’
      • ‘He greeted his opponent's return to action with a snapping inside out kick on the end of a timely upward leap, thus snapping Johnson's head to one side and at last drawing blood from the pierced cavity of a crooked gold capped tooth.’
      • ‘My teeth have been capped and bleached to sparkle with a false warmth when I contort my features into what you call a smile.’
      • ‘The scenes that are presumably supposed to depict camaraderie are hilariously forced; three sets of perfectly capped teeth clenched into rictus grins of barely suppressed hatred.’
      • ‘As I rider, well, let's just say, I'm glad most of my teeth are already capped.’
      • ‘He showed his cupped hands to Bligh and they were full of engraved tinder boxes, rings, broken teeth capped with gold.’
      • ‘All but her front incisors are capped with some very red gold, it's either very red gold or it looks coppery.’
      • ‘In bearing the pain he ground his teeth so hard that 11 of them had to be capped or replaced after the race.’
      • ‘If they've got bad teeth, you'll cap the teeth, if they need a makeover, you give them a makeover.’
      • ‘Typically it's over $100 for a checkup, $444 to get my bottom teeth capped, and having all four of my wisdom teeth taken out is going to cost around $2000.’
      • ‘Miss Meters smiled, flashing her chipped teeth, revealing that the two front ones had been capped with bronze.’
  • 2Provide a fitting climax or conclusion to.

    ‘he capped a memorable season by becoming champion of champions’
    • ‘Record-breaking runner Paula Radcliffe has been awarded the prestigious Women of the Year Outstanding Achievement Award, capping a memorable weekend for her.’
    • ‘Michigan finished 10-2 and capped its season with an overtime victory over Alabama in the Orange Bowl.’
    • ‘It caps a disappointing 12 months for South Africa in which it also lost its grasp of second place in the ICC Test Championship.’
    • ‘Andrew Johnson was named the Crystal Palace Player of the Year for the second successive season last weekend to cap off a memorable campaign.’
    • ‘The colt's success capped a memorable Epsom meeting which also saw Casual Look win the Oaks, giving trainer Andrew Balding a Classic success in his first season as a trainer.’
    • ‘Staveley's Rob Jebb capped a magnificent season on the fells, fulfilling one of his dreams by winning Saturday's Ben Nevis race.’
    • ‘Instead, his victory capped a memorable night for the Buck family.’
    • ‘Dan Potter will cap a wonderful personal month tomorrow when he is crowned the Knights' Player of the Month for August, as voted for by Evening Press readers.’
    • ‘The Kiwi-born pop star caps a roller coaster 12 months with her first UK tour, which started on Tuesday.’
    • ‘Yesterday's closing activities capped the end of a week-long, jammed-packed schedule of events.’
    • ‘York got eight points to cap a fine qualifying season.’
    • ‘It capped a memorable first season in charge for Wetheriggs manager Andrew Ridley, his assistant Bob Norman and coach Paul Renwick.’
    • ‘It caps his 38-year ascent from a lowly clerk to the second leader of the former British colony since it returned to Chinese rule in 1997.’
    • ‘The Reds, however, were not finished and they capped a memorable afternoon with a fifth try in the final minute when Darren Treacy forced his way over from close range.’
    • ‘York and District Indoor Bowls club capped a fine season as their men completed a hat-trick of victories in the county leagues, writes Ian Clough.’
    • ‘While Rovers sweeper Luke McAnelly capped a fine season by winning the man of the match award, coach Al Duroux refused to single out any star performers.’
    • ‘Katie Heginbotham from Barrows Green triumphed at HOYS to cap a memorable season.’
    • ‘The team capped a great season by finishing seventh in the tournament.’
    • ‘This development caps a highly successful period for the Royal Armouries in Leeds which has seen a 66 per cent increase in visitor numbers in six months.’
    • ‘Keane capped a memorable 2004 by being named the best breakthrough act, as well as best British album for the brilliant Hopes and Fears.’
    round off, crown, be a fitting climax to, put the finishing touch to, put the finishing touches to, perfect, complete
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1 Follow or reply to (a story, remark, or joke) by producing a better one.
      ‘he prayed no wit would cap his remark with some repartee’
      • ‘It's effectively capped by Coral's response ‘Which one is cheaper?’’
      • ‘I can't say how many on-line discussions have been capped by a quotation from Rand's writing as if his having said something settled everything.’
      • ‘Mac McMurray capped this story by saying a townsman had a piece of petrified fence post with the drilled holes for wire with a piece of the wire attached.’
      • ‘Cave's not a lunatic on a killing spree; he's a lovelorn bombmaker, and he caps this cinematic story of devotion with a spirited sing-along.’
      • ‘Ruth would have felt the need to cap the comment in some way, or qualify it, or even dismiss it out of hand as arrant nonsense.’
      • ‘I would guess that volumes of his poetry are as frequently met with as Buildings of England, and a favourite party game between complete strangers is to cap a quote or say which of his poems you admire most.’
      • ‘This work was capped in 1939 with the publication of The Nature of the Chemical Bond, one of the most-cited texts in the history of science.’
      • ‘He caps it all off with the snide dismissal ‘it is not fair to take the children's food and throw it to the dogs.’’
      beat, better, surpass, outdo, outshine, trump, top, upstage
      View synonyms
  • 3Place a limit or restriction on (prices, expenditure, or borrowing)

    ‘council budgets will be capped’
    • ‘In July, the Competition Commissioner told mobile operators they were charging too much for connecting calls from other networks and recommended that prices be capped.’
    • ‘Those who make a voluntary disclosure to the Revenue before November 15 will have their privacy protected and interest and penalties will be capped at twice the amount of the tax owed.’
    • ‘He said he hoped the government's measure to cap fuel prices should not last too long because it could have repercussions in the long run.’
    • ‘One of the most controversial recommendations of the report calls for the government to endorse a package of measures to fundamentally reform the property market by capping the price of development land.’
    • ‘China agreed in June to cap its future spending on farm subsidies at 8.5 per cent of the value of domestic farm production.’
    • ‘What Mrs. Alexander is really saying is that trial attorneys won't make as much money if punitive damages are capped.’
    • ‘There was controversy at the time when the Minister, Michael Lowry, announced he was capping the licence fee at £15 million when commentators estimated it was worth up to £110 million.’
    • ‘Mr Lowry said at the time that Commission objections led him to extend the tender time fee and to cap the fee.’
    • ‘My experience from my other businesses is that you have to cap the price at the level where your competitors are.’
    • ‘The legislation, however, does not place a flat cap on the value of the homestead exemption that an individual can exempt in bankruptcy.’
    • ‘One solution might be to cap claimants' costs at, say, 10% of the compensation recovered unless a good reason was shown for a higher amount.’
    • ‘The Kyoto Protocol caps global emissions, but with two huge exceptions.’
    • ‘The potential damage is compounded by new proposals to cap tuition increases, at the very moment that both state support and endowments are plummeting.’
    • ‘If it caps the price of wonder drugs, pharmaceutical companies will fight it.’
    • ‘It also makes sense to cap the limit for exempting the inheritance tax at $5 million.’
    • ‘They will not be given a free hand to expend their facilities for treating fee paying patients: the percentage of income derived from this source is to be capped.’
    • ‘The public system caps spending at $45 million for the primary.’
    • ‘The aim is to cap prices on basic commodities such as eggs, vegetables, fruit, rice, canned foods, chicken and other meat products.’
    • ‘Earlier this year BT announced that it was capping the cost of phone calls for businesses as part of a move to overhaul call tariffs.’
    • ‘The amount that members can claim is not capped, although a cap is to be introduced eventually as part of an ongoing review by the compensation committee.’
    set a limit on, put a ceiling on, limit, restrict, keep within bounds
    View synonyms
  • 4be cappedBritish Be chosen as a member of a particular sports team, especially a national one.

    ‘he was capped ten times by England’
    • ‘The 29-year-old, who will be out of contract at Ewood Park at the end of the season, has been capped more than 20 times by Northern Ireland.’
    • ‘He has done everything he wanted to do - of course, he was capped by England at Rugby Union when he went back to that game.’
    • ‘‘Being capped was a pleasant surprise,’ said the Aussie.’
    • ‘The Scotland full-back was capped 57 times during two decades with Celtic.’
    • ‘The international defender, who has played in two World Cup finals and been capped 41 times, comes with plenty of baggage.’
    • ‘Juan Veron has been capped 36 times by his country, scoring six goals in the process.’
    • ‘He was capped after just 12 league games for Arsenal and scored a century on his Test debut.’
    • ‘Since being plucked from local football on his native Merseyside, Townson has made remarkable strides in the past 12 months and has been capped by England at under-17 level.’
    • ‘He was capped 67 times by his country and if he signs will become Keegan's eighth new face at the club since he took over the reins.’
    • ‘‘Not all those who qualified for the honours will be capped and we beg them not to be frustrated as this process will be an annual event from this year,’ he said.’
    • ‘Do we really have the heart to deprive him of the pride he takes in representing his country so that a supposedly better player who has failed to be capped elsewhere can take his place?’
    • ‘In the middle of last season he was capped twice by England Under-16s, making his debut in a 2-0 win over Turkey.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, SA A will be captained by Lions and Cats flanker Wikus van Heerden and includes 14 players who have been capped for the Springboks.’
    • ‘He was also noticed because he had been capped by England - though that is another story - but, at 21, he was a reluctant conscript.’
    • ‘The man who was extraordinarily never capped by England despite being one of the best central defenders in the country for many years, has built a strong squad at St Andrews which is brimming with quality and top level experience.’
    • ‘The trip to the Far East will be a new experience for the Bromborough lad, who won the MacGregor Trophy last year and was capped against Italy and Scotland.’
    • ‘Both teams will showcase players who are knocking at the door to Test honours or those who have been capped but are on the fringes of their respective Test teams.’
    • ‘‘The late, great Joe Baker was capped by England as a nineteen-year-old playing for Hibernian in 1960,’ says Ronnie Pont.’
    • ‘He said the idea of the trials was to give chance to players who were not capped at Under-17 or Under-20 levels.’
    • ‘He was capped 44 times and captained Scotland when they beat England at Wembley.’
    choose, select, pick, include
    View synonyms
  • 5Scottish NZ Confer a university degree on.

    • ‘To most people it conjures up pictures of a group of revellers calling at a series of pubs and having a drink in each, often after a sports match or in the capping festivities at a University.’
    • ‘The first ballet troupe I ever saw was the Selwyn Ballet at Otago University's annual capping concert, which summed it all up, really.’
    • ‘Kate Edger was appointed to teach at Christchurch Girls' High School and at the same time studied for a Master of Arts degree from Canterbury College and was capped in 1882.’
    • ‘Suspicions have been raised the letter bore a Manawatu postmark and may be linked to a capping stunt at Massey University.’

Phrases

  • cap in hand

    • Humbly asking for a favour.

      ‘we have to go cap in hand begging for funds’
      • ‘I went hat in hand and asked for your feedback on the hot young garage punk bands of 2003, and you, the readers, came out in force and told me.’
      • ‘The Government and European Space Agency are underwriting at least some of the cost, but fundraisers had to go cap in hand to potential sponsors.’
      • ‘Why, with our council tax running annually well above the rate of inflation, do we as a town need to go cap in hand to the National Lottery simply in order to maintain Corporation Park in the first place?’
      • ‘Tight new spending limits are set to be imposed on Britain's political parties to stop them going cap in hand to donors angling for peerages, knighthoods and other favours.’
      • ‘But rather than go cap in hand to the clubs I had rejected, I decided to eat a bit of humble pie and ask Motherwell to take me back.’
      • ‘With every voter putting no more than five dollars into the Clean Money pool, candidates won't have to go hat in hand to lobbyists and fat cats, instead spending their time talking to voters.’
      • ‘It seems very unfair to now ask them to come cap in hand to be told if what they have done is good enough to be given official approval.’
      • ‘Rather than going hat in hand to pharmaceutical executives, Canada uses single-payer's price controls to cap drug prices.’
      • ‘This is a conurbation of 2.5m people and we ought to be able to raise sufficient revenue for Metrolink without having to keep going cap in hand to government.’
      • ‘In September, a sterling crisis forced the government to go cap in hand to the International Monetary Fund, a desperate measure previously associated only with banana republics.’
  • cap of maintenance

    • A cap or hat worn as a symbol of official dignity or carried in front of a sovereign on ceremonial occasions.

      • ‘The King rewarded the city with gifts - the famous cap of maintenance and sword, brought back home by William who was knighted later in life.’
      • ‘Then comes the royal procession, with Baroness Amos carrying the cap of maintenance, a sort of scarlet bonnet with red trim.’
      • ‘The coat of arms of the city includes the ‘cap of maintenance’, giving the Sheriff the right to raise an army independently of the Crown.’
      • ‘A cannon of the 1490s, a sword dated 1462, and a ‘cap of maintenance’ from 1536 are just a few of the very ancient treasures on view.’
  • if the cap fits, wear it

    • Used as a way of suggesting that someone should accept a generalized remark or criticism as applying to themselves.

      • ‘It kills me to write things like that, but if the shoe fits, wear it.’
      • ‘So whether or not you have £1m to spare, if the shoe fits, wear it - if only while you're hoovering.’
      • ‘So (if the cap fits, wear it) I was also there for you, comrades, citizens and Guardian-readers.’
      • ‘The honourable member is obviously fairly thin-skinned, and I suppose one would be entitled to say if the cap fits, wear it.’
      • ‘‘It was not meant as such,’ she replied tartly, ‘but if the cap fits, wear it.’’
  • set one's cap at

    • dated (of a woman) try to attract (a particular man) as a suitor.

      ‘she should buy herself a new frock and set her cap at someone else’
      • ‘Into this mix Brooks introduces two young catalysts, journalist Eve, who immediately draws Dan's attentions, and easygoing Gord, who sets his cap for Gena.’
      • ‘She is also setting her cap at Adam, which is slightly odd.’
      • ‘She is all too besotted with Mr. Phineas… if I had known that boy would have set his cap for Clara, I never would have allowed him to be our guest… ‘she stopped then, for Clara had entered with David.’’
      • ‘Given the circumstances, of course, it is difficult to conceive of how she could have been anything other than devastated when her father first set his cap at Heather.’
      • ‘A brutalised war veteran, Harvey has begun a steamed - up adulterous affair with Signoret and finally found something like love, but sets his cap for a millionaire factory boss's daughter.’
      • ‘Although there were those who said that Elizabeth had set her cap at her husband's dashing older brother, it proved to be a happy enough marriage.’
      • ‘Had she picked a Lord, or a Viscount, or someone of standard to set her cap at then her father wouldn't have voiced a single complaint.’
      • ‘She looks for support to her cousin and legal adviser Frank Greystock, but when his engagement to the demure governess Lucy Morris proves too durable, she sets her cap at the stuffy Lord Fawn.’
      • ‘I just hope that Mariah knows what she's getting into inviting Hope who will no doubt be ready to set her cap at the first eligible man she meets this evening.’
      • ‘Rose, Cassandra's beautiful, impulsive older sister, sets her cap at the eldest.’
  • to cap it all

    • As the final unfortunate incident in a long series.

      ‘she was on edge, her nerves taut, and to cap it all, she could feel the beginnings of a headache’
      • ‘Two goals in the first seven minutes of the second half finished off their Champions League campaign and to cap it all, Alan Smith was sent off in stoppage time.’
      • ‘The hour hadn't been put forward on the station clocks, so they were out of kilter with the displayed arrival times - and to cap it all, we had to wait nearly an hour for our train to York.’
      • ‘For Michael, his trainers, his employers and, of course, his family, travelling to South Korea to represent his country was a real thrill - and to cap it all, he came back with a Diploma of Excellence.’
      • ‘And to cap it all, the winter of 1962-63 was one of the harshest in living memory.’
      • ‘There's more of everything, a plethora of competing versions vying for the user's attention and, to cap it all, the web is so jam-packed with information that it's getting harder by the day to sort the wheat from the chaff.’
      • ‘However, disillusionment with Livingstone's leadership set in, navigating the Zambezi proved impossible and, to cap it all, his wife died in April 1862.’
      • ‘And, to cap it all, an almighty savings and pension crisis is brewing.’
      • ‘And then, to cap it all, I set the video for the Billy Wilder double bill on BBC2, only to see that it's been cancelled on account of the golf from Augusta.’
      • ‘We have violence on the streets, violence on the roads, violence in schools, violence in homes, violence in fêtes and now, to cap it all, violence in the House.’
      • ‘And to cap it all, in spite of the CPS faxing the prison on Friday to say they had dropped the charges because of lack of evidence, he was not released until this Monday.’

Origin

Old English cæppe ‘hood’, from late Latin cappa, perhaps from Latin caput ‘head’.

Pronunciation

cap

/kap/

Main definitions of cap in English

: cap1cap2CAP3

cap2

noun

Finance
  • as modifier ‘mid-cap companies’
    short for capitalization
    ‘small-cap stocks’
    • ‘There is a positive impact on earnings per share, cash flow, market cap and share prices.’
    • ‘The small company stocks Ibbotson tracks are in the bottom 20% in terms of market cap.’
    • ‘The cap is short for capitalization, which is a measure by which we can classify a company's size.’
    • ‘In fact, the combined market cap of both companies is below that of Barnes & Noble Inc. alone before the IPO.’
    • ‘The company now has more than $2.4 billion in annual sales and a $17.4 billion market cap.’
    • ‘It used to be companies evaluated their size based on revenue and number of people; now it's market cap or market valuation.’
    • ‘With a $51.6 billion market cap, News Corp. would have made this top decile were it already a member of the index.’
    • ‘That's nowhere near its $120 billion market cap, but it still may have to take a write-down for some of those deals.’
    • ‘We aren't opening this fund because we think it's a good time to invest in large caps, although certainly valuations look more compelling.’
    • ‘On an individual basis, if you measure by market cap, Genentech is the world's largest biotech.’
    • ‘Hummingbird Value Fund's Paul Sonkin uses cap rates to separate potential investments from poor-returning companies.’
    • ‘Shareholders don't benefit from a higher market cap when it grew mostly because the company issued new shares used to acquire other companies.’
    • ‘That makes Genzyme Corp. the third-largest U.S. independent biotech company by market cap.’
    • ‘Since then it has patiently bided its time, even while it snapped up lenders in Latin America and built a $56 billion market cap.’
    • ‘True, eBay's price-earnings ratio is a lofty 90, with an $18 billion market cap.’
    • ‘Schwab was about the same size firm when I got there, about $3 billion to $3.5 billion in market cap.’

Pronunciation

cap

/kap/

Main definitions of cap in English

: cap1cap2CAP3

CAP3

  • 1Common Agricultural Policy.

  • 2Civil Air Patrol.

Pronunciation

CAP

/ˌsiːˌeɪˈpiː/