Definition of camwood in English:



  • 1mass noun The hard red timber of an African tree.

    • ‘The main imports from outside Bamenda are camwood; a little tobacco from the French Cameroons and Nigeria; kamwa or rock salt from Nigeria; and Hausa cloth.’
    • ‘These examples were coated with sacrificial material, especially camwood.’
  • 2Either of two trees of the pea family which yield camwood timber.

    Baphia nitida and (now usually) Pterocarpus soyauxii (the African padouk), family Leguminosae

    • ‘Indigo plants are used for deep blue dyes, while reddish brown dyes are extracted from cola nuts, the camwood tree, and the redwood tree.’
    • ‘Many of Africa's rarest trees, such as mahogany, ironwood, camwood and mimosup, grow in this forest, that is connected to a larger forest area in neighbouring Cameroon.’


Late 17th century: probably from Temne k'am + wood.