Main definitions of camp in English

: camp1camp2

camp1

noun

  • 1A place with temporary accommodation of huts, tents, or other structures, typically used by soldiers, refugees, or travelling people.

    • ‘‘We are not going to seize scout camps and little pup tents,’ Ms Rydalch said.’
    • ‘Also, the conditions within refugee camps and other aid distribution centers are not conducive to methodical record-keeping.’
    • ‘In that misty dawn I rose from our tent in a crowded camp outside the town, with one of the worst hangovers I can recall.’
    • ‘Over four million are in refugee camps in neighbouring countries.’
    • ‘Regrouping in camps diminishes resistance, facilitates extermination and makes it possible to camouflage it, to give it the appearance of a natural death.’
    • ‘This is the first time a facility inside the camp was hit since Japanese troops were deployed there in January this year.’
    • ‘Some have taken up residence in private homes while others have gone to abandoned villages or refugee camps.’
    • ‘The writings of young teenage boys and girls in different refugee camps and occupied towns are the most moving part of the book.’
    • ‘There are reports of some voting in refugee camps outside the city.’
    • ‘Now, there's a 21st century twist on the Potemkin village: Potemkin refugee camps!’
    • ‘There were too few American troops on the ground and so police stations, ministries, army camps and government buildings were left wide open to the mobs.’
    • ‘Its reporters visited nearly 50 camps, ranging from major bases to relatively isolated outposts.’
    • ‘We are not a symbolic representation of war, of a refugee camp, or a shantytown.’
    • ‘The plan is still under discussion, but the idea is to move people temporarily to tent camps while workers clean and disinfect one neighbourhood at a time.’
    • ‘Those who managed to escape often turn to the refugee camps in neighboring Chad.’
    • ‘Thousands of local residents face serious health problems in overcrowded refugee camps and temporary shelters.’
    • ‘People are forced into overcrowded camps and public buildings, and spread of communicable diseases is facilitated.’
    • ‘For example, artillery crewmen could be asked to do a rotation at a POW camp or a refugee camp.’
    • ‘The people in the cities and surrounding refugee camps are desperate.’
    • ‘Many neighborhoods, towns, villages, and refugee camps were badly damaged or destroyed.’
    bivouac, encampment, cantonment, barracks, base
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A complex of buildings for holiday accommodation, with recreational facilities.
      • ‘She told me the camp was a vacation resort belonging to her family.’
      • ‘I personally think it sucks that they're building camps at some of the spots.’
      • ‘Church, youth and school groups use the camp for recreational, educational and church-related activities.’
      • ‘The reconstruction of the camp as a stone building rather than a more realistic wooden frame complex adds to the fairy-tale setting.’
      • ‘Opened in September 1928 the camp still provides holidays for 1,000 Salford children every year.’
      • ‘Facilities in the camp are still extremely basic and another 4 000 returnees live in the town itself.’
      • ‘On that hotter-than-hell summer afternoon, the camp was serving pizza for lunch.’
      • ‘Even as a child, during the holidays I would find a way to go on holiday, stay at camps and hotels.’
      • ‘The system works with youngsters in a variety of settings, including camps, schools, and residential treatment facilities.’
      • ‘I agreed that she could return to the camp for the holiday period.’
      • ‘As well as Warminster there are plans to upgrade buildings at camps across the county, including Tidworth, Durrington and Bulford.’
      • ‘Benefits have come in the form of facilities at camps.’
      • ‘Each camp typically includes a restaurant, store, and swimming pool.’
      • ‘Funding will permit the camp to install new washroom facilities and a ‘Challenge Ropes Course’.’
      • ‘These residents were reluctant to return to the estate but may have been prepared to move into one of the recreation camps that were eventually set aside for the purpose.’
      • ‘The camp offers classes in drama, arts and crafts and storytelling.’
      • ‘When Rielle woke up the next morning, the camp was bustling with activity.’
      • ‘The introduction to fencing often occurs in schools, recreation camps and fitness centres in the form of class instruction.’
      • ‘But the town centres were busy and most hotels, holiday parks and camps reported a good number of bookings.’
      bivouac, encampment, cantonment, barracks, base
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2North American A summer holiday programme for children, offering a range of activities.
      ‘he became the dramatic counselor at camp’
      • ‘Typically, the camps offer a daily programme of activities and events to keep children busy all day.’
      • ‘The Fun and Activity camps will be held from July 12 to 16 and from July 19 to 23.’
      • ‘The reconstruction of the camp as a stone building rather than a more realistic wooden frame complex adds to the fairy-tale setting.’
      • ‘The camp offers classes in drama, arts and crafts and storytelling.’
      • ‘Facilities in the camp are still extremely basic and another 4 000 returnees live in the town itself.’
      • ‘Work hard in school, sample lots of afterschool activities, and find out about summer courses or camps, as well as internship opportunities.’
      • ‘Besides the variety of activities the camps offer, there are friendships and memories to cherish for a lifetime.’
      • ‘Funding will permit the camp to install new washroom facilities and a ‘Challenge Ropes Course’.’
      • ‘The Leisure Centre will be running action-packed fun and activity camps again this summer.’
      • ‘Even as a child, during the holidays I would find a way to go on holiday, stay at camps and hotels.’
      • ‘One of the activities in the camp includes interactive sessions with the parents.’
      • ‘Activities like camps and trips cost extra and vary from group to group.’
      • ‘Benefits have come in the form of facilities at camps.’
      • ‘The group also says these fees are important to help fund its other activities, from writing camps for kids in the Berkshires to readings on Indian reservations.’
      • ‘He allowed himself to be lulled asleep by the Principal's ideas of science camps and summer math programs.’
      • ‘The camp will involve many activities including various sports, relay games, mini-games and an aqua splash session in the swimming pool.’
      • ‘I personally think it sucks that they're building camps at some of the spots.’
      • ‘The camps offer a myriad range of courses covering music, art, dance, karate and more.’
      • ‘Church, youth and school groups use the camp for recreational, educational and church-related activities.’
      • ‘As well as Warminster there are plans to upgrade buildings at camps across the county, including Tidworth, Durrington and Bulford.’
      • ‘Opened in September 1928 the camp still provides holidays for 1,000 Salford children every year.’
      • ‘Summer will be here before you know it, and now is the time to start making plans for camps and other activities that will keep your children entertained.’
      • ‘I agreed that she could return to the camp for the holiday period.’
      • ‘Each camp typically includes a restaurant, store, and swimming pool.’
      • ‘A number of summer camps and their own swim camps took place during the school holidays as well as swimming lessons and Aquafit sessions on Saturdays’
      • ‘The introduction to fencing often occurs in schools, recreation camps and fitness centres in the form of class instruction.’
      • ‘Parents are welcome to join their wards during weekends and see for themselves the activities at the camps.’
      • ‘Camps have opened their doors for fun and sun.’
      • ‘He has recently returned from a trip to America to help launch Camp Fiver, a recreational camp for underprivileged children in New York State.’
      • ‘But the town centres were busy and most hotels, holiday parks and camps reported a good number of bookings.’
      • ‘The system works with youngsters in a variety of settings, including camps, schools, and residential treatment facilities.’
      • ‘On that hotter-than-hell summer afternoon, the camp was serving pizza for lunch.’
      • ‘The activity camp is open to boys and girls from senior infants to sixth class.’
      • ‘The scouts continue with their activities during the summer and trips and camps are planned.’
      • ‘She told me the camp was a vacation resort belonging to her family.’
      • ‘When Rielle woke up the next morning, the camp was bustling with activity.’
      • ‘UP to 60 Brazilian soccer coaches will conduct more than sixty soccer camps in Ireland this summer, in an attempt to introduce something of the Latin game to our style.’
      • ‘The £900 raised on the day was used to maintain the boats and to help with camps and other activities run by the group.’
      • ‘These residents were reluctant to return to the estate but may have been prepared to move into one of the recreation camps that were eventually set aside for the purpose.’
    3. 1.3mass noun Temporary overnight lodging in tents.
      ‘we pitched camp at a fine spot’
      • ‘They pitched camp near a stream, where they caught fish for supper, and the horses could graze on fresh, moist grass.’
      • ‘We had ridden over 22 miles when we finally made camp near Taylorsville on the South Anna River.’
      • ‘They made camp and watched for more than a week but nothing came.’
      • ‘An acceptable site was eventually arrived at and we pitched camp.’
      • ‘As we rode into the forest and made camp, I promised myself to really tell her how I felt and what I really was.’
      • ‘I made camp and a fire and laid my soldier uniform out for her to lie on.’
      • ‘As we made camp well into our fourth night on the road, I curled up into a little ball, pretending to sleep until I was sure all the others were slumbering.’
      • ‘She was only a few nights from the monastery when she pitched camp in a desolate swamp.’
      • ‘Philip once commented that he pitched camp to suit the needs of his baggage animals.’
      • ‘Jahson had cleared up the camp, and no one would ever have known that humans had made camp there.’
      • ‘Late that night they made camp in a field by the river.’
      • ‘We pitched camp about two kilometers out from Mount Crean on the Lashly Glacier.’
      • ‘They hiked for the rest of the day and made camp just before sunset.’
      • ‘But as they found a quiet spot and pitched camp for the night, an ominous character appeared on horseback’
      • ‘We had her secured in a tent when we made camp last night.’
      • ‘We had pitched camp at dusk, raising the tents beside the ruins of an old rest house on a bluff of rock named Maggu Chatti.’
      • ‘They rode out of town quickly, avoiding all people and continued riding until they made camp in a dense forest.’
      • ‘I suppose memories of their last show was still fresh on the minds of everyone as they pitched camp.’
      • ‘In the thick of this, well away from the road, they made camp and waited for the light of dawn.’
      • ‘They pitched camp in backyards, in the woods or on the beach.’
    4. 1.4British Archaeology An enclosed or fortified prehistoric site, especially an Iron Age hill fort.
      • ‘Artefacts include Roman pottery, bones and flints which show the town was the site of a camp used by nomadic hunters nearly 7,000 years ago.’
      • ‘In A.D. 71, the Romans erected a camp at the site of modern day York, where the Foss flows into the Ouse.’
      • ‘The palace which was built over the site of the Roman camp is likely to have been erected by Cogidubnus, although he may not have lived to see it completed in the late 70s.’
      • ‘Bison and elks were actually expanding before and during human colonization, and their fossilized bones pop up in prehistoric hunter camps, he says.’
      • ‘This comprised an enclosure bounded by a single rampart and ditch on the eastern summit, more or less over the site of the Neolithic camp.’
  • 2The supporters of a particular party or doctrine regarded collectively.

    ‘both the liberal and conservative camps were annoyed by his high-handed manner’
    • ‘The protesters came from two different camps; one group supporting the minister's decision, the other opposing it.’
    • ‘While they will surely attempt to show a semblance of unity in the run-up to May's poll, there can be little doubt that tensions between the two camps and their supporters will hit the headlines again soon.’
    • ‘You have different camps in both parties, Kitty.’
    • ‘In this regard, the political camps ought to tackle the issue of changing the presidential election system only after they help state affairs run smoothly and efficiently.’
    • ‘In this regard the situation clearly favors the conservative camp.’
    • ‘Both camps regard nature as a world in which the human being cannot meaningfully participate.’
    • ‘The election fever is sweeping through Zambia and it is not a surprise there is pushing and pulling amongst politicians both in the ruling party and the opposition camps.’
    • ‘In this regard, the ruling camp should immediately stop interfering in the investigation in view of the law.’
    • ‘Many of the contributors explain how Reagan influenced their shift from liberal or moderate politics into the conservative camp.’
    • ‘The party hopes the pro-democracy camp will win at least half of the 60 seats.’
    • ‘Partisan research studies have been produced that support both camps.’
    • ‘Both camps ' business supporters claim to be advancing the best interests of corporate Sweden.’
    • ‘The inter-city rivalry between two large camps of supporters will add an edge to what promises to be an enthralling evening.’
    • ‘Scrappiness in both camps was keeping the supporters on the edge of their seats for all the wrong reasons.’
    • ‘Even the good news was marred by signs that the anti-agreement camp within his own party is growing.’
    • ‘The day even saw minor clashes among female supporters of the three camps.’
    • ‘Both camps hope that the party can examine itself, and respond to the public's expectation for morally upright officials and improved government efficiency.’
    • ‘Both the ruling and opposition camps should support it.’
    • ‘Supporters of all camps acknowledge the need to attract young people into the party.’
    • ‘Regardless of the camp, each party will basically put its self-development as its first priority.’
    faction, wing, side, group, party, lobby, caucus, bloc, clique, coterie, set, sect, cabal
    View synonyms
  • 3South African A fenced field or enclosed area for grazing.

    • ‘Fencing the boundaries of a farm, its camps and paddocks can cost as much as the land.’
    1. 3.1NZ, Australian A place where livestock regularly congregate or where a mustered herd is assembled.

verb

[NO OBJECT]
  • 1Live for a time in a tent, especially while on holiday.

    ‘holiday parks in which you can camp or stay in a chalet’
    • ‘The river bends inwards away from here, and they could have lit a fire and camped with their tents against the cliffs for protection against the winds.’
    • ‘I recommend this to anyone for your first day in any strange place, even if the rest of the week you plan on camping without a tent.’
    • ‘It is now a ghost town with only a few cottages still occupied, but there are interesting historic walks, a thirty bunk lodge, and plenty of space for tent camping.’
    • ‘I think it's fate that whenever you set up a tent when you go camping, there is always something missing.’
    • ‘Participants will still be welcome to arrive on Sunday, and those who camp may stay over Friday night if they wish.’
    • ‘Hunters can stay safe by not camping in dry waterways.’
    • ‘‘We've spent a few holidays camping out there with the girls,’ Frank Karreman says.’
    • ‘He added that his biggest concern was for people camping in the local caravan park and on the school fields.’
    • ‘I keep dreaming I'm camping with this gorgeous woman, sometimes in army tents, sometimes in mountain tents, sometimes in wigwams.’
    • ‘Since disappearing, they had been camping in a tent in a field at Eldwick and had been visiting Mark's house to pick up some further provisions when they were seen.’
    • ‘With the other soldiers he camped in tents at the racetrack.’
    • ‘All I really knew was that we would be camping in a tent.’
    • ‘It is also estimated that some one-in-three adults have been camping or taken a caravan holiday at some time.’
    • ‘The first leisure visitors did so under the guise of hunting and normally camped in lean-tos or tents.’
    • ‘If you're camping on tarmac, it helps to have a tent that will stay up with a minimum number of pegs’
    • ‘I would be camping at Kurow Holiday Park which sits right on the back door step of the mighty Waitaki River.’
    • ‘For most of our stay, we camped on the property of a man who hunts to provide meat a couple of times a week for his family.’
    • ‘We were living in the woods, camping out in tents.’
    • ‘Many had driven from across Germany, pitched tents on the grass and camped for the weekend.’
    • ‘Twenty years ago an enterprising Jack Jackson ran diving holidays from here, his visitors camping in the courtyard of the lighthouse.’
    pitch tents, set up camp, pitch camp, encamp, bivouac
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Lodge temporarily, especially in an inappropriate or uncomfortable place.
      ‘we camped out for the night in a mission schoolroom’
      • ‘If the cops camped out at the corner of Spadina and College, they could cover the costs of their salaries by ticketing bike-lane parkers.’
      • ‘Guards camped out all night at every entrance to the estate to send off would-be gatecrashers.’
      • ‘Scouts searched two buildings where insurgents have camped out.’
      • ‘The Waterboys camped out at Windmill Lane, the studio made famous by U2, and promptly began to make some elbow room for themselves.’
      • ‘On the first night, over 40 tents are set up and homeless and poor people spend the night camped out in the park.’
      • ‘Travellers who camped out at St Michael's Hospital claimed they were treated unfairly by residents, before they moved off the site.’
      • ‘To research the book, Waters camped out in the Imperial War Museum near her flat.’
      • ‘Thousands of drenched and mud-covered concert goers who had camped out at Fairyhouse slowly made their way back home yesterday after braving heavy downpours over the weekend.’
      • ‘They camped out at a local garage rock band's house and played noisy, careening rhythms to a small number of bemused punks at the old Multipurpose Rumpus Room.’
      • ‘We all camped out in the living room, but it was too hot to sleep well.’
      • ‘Picasso camped out in the spare bedroom, between the wall and the nearby wardrobe, atop some luggage.’
      • ‘An incident from the summer of 1997, when the miners camped out at Gorbatyi Bridge and demanded that the government pay back wages, could serve as an example of their apathy.’
      • ‘When the tickets went on sale last March they sold out in two hours, leaving an number of fans who had camped out overnight angry their efforts were in vain.’
      • ‘Reporters camped out in her mother's garden.’
      • ‘Wellwishers began gathering in force in the centre of Windsor shortly after dawn, adding to the small but hardy band that camped out on pavements overnight to ensure a good view of the Guildhall.’
      • ‘And of course, there are dozen of reporters camped out right here in front of the federal prison.’
      • ‘I backed my pickup up under a shade tree, camped out on the open tailgate, and drew flight patterns on a roughly sketched map of the area within my view.’
      • ‘Television crews from as far away as America and Japan camped out in Malmesbury and news helicopters circled over the town, looking for the outlaw pigs, which were soon nicknamed Butch and Sundance.’
      • ‘For more than three weeks, villagers have camped out in their village hall demanding the ouster of the mayor and new elections.’
      • ‘They camped out on York's pavements overnight to ensure the best view of the regal visitors.’
    2. 1.2 Remain persistently in one place.
      ‘the press will be camping on your doorstep once they get on to this story’
      • ‘Poor old Amelia Morris had the press camping round the clock on the front lawn of her suburban home.’
      • ‘When we were first starting up, we virtually camped on the doorstep of a business until they said yes to us.’
      • ‘For the remaining minutes Banbridge camped on the Naas line and tried everything they knew to breach the Naas defence.’
      • ‘Kain's men had camped outside the syndicate building, waiting for their boss to return.’
      • ‘The press camped outside his house.’
      • ‘Remaining silent, they camped in the bush until the other group had left.’
      • ‘He should have gone up to London and camped on the doorstep until he got the document.’
      • ‘The press camping on my parents doorstep was a bit of a novelty for them.’
  • 2NZ Australian (of livestock) assemble together for rest.

  • 3South African with object Divide (land) and enclose with fences.

Phrases

  • break camp

    • Take down a tent or the tents of an encampment ready to leave.

      • ‘I immediately broke camp and headed for the Cimarron River Valley, southwest of Gunnison, on a tip from a local farmer who said it was one of his favorite places in the world.’
      • ‘They broke camp, and then mounted their horses.’
      • ‘We were more than eager to be up early the next morning, and wordlessly broke camp, and trudged along after Matt, peering through the thick air for a rooftop, a sure sign of the next rest stop to come.’
      • ‘The couple broke camp at first light and continued their trek.’
      • ‘Finally, on the morning of July 18 the regiment broke camp and boarded the transport Pennsylvania to ship out for the Philippines.’
      • ‘They set up the camp, cook meals and break camp, leaving the traveler to enjoy the trek without the physical hardship of toting heavy packs.’
      • ‘After days of preparation, they were finally ready to break camp for good.’
      • ‘In the morning they broke camp and continued riding.’
      • ‘Afterwards we broke camp, and piled into the hummer again.’
      • ‘They were nearly silent for the rest of that afternoon, even after they broke camp and continued on their way for the remainder of the day.’

Origin

Early 16th century: from French camp, champ, from Italian campo, from Latin campus ‘level ground’, specifically applied to the Campus Martius in Rome, used for games, athletic practice, and military drill.

Pronunciation

camp

/kamp/

Main definitions of camp in English

: camp1camp2

camp2

adjective

informal
  • 1(of a man or his manner) ostentatiously and extravagantly effeminate.

    ‘a heavily made-up and highly camp actor’
    • ‘I don't if that the fact that all my gay friends are watching it says something about the demographic of the event's appeal or the fact that I just know a lot of camp gay men.’
    • ‘So far the woman has voted off four blokes - all of whom have been quite camp - and only one of them has turned out to be gay.’
    • ‘Rosenthal, for all his camp flamboyance at the Alternative Miss World, is married to a curator at the Prado museum in Madrid and has two daughters.’
    • ‘Nicholas, in his own effeminately camp style, made the waitress describe the contents of several of the desserts, and only chose something after much cogitation.’
    • ‘I have met, I believe, the two most affectedly camp people in the country, and I have the mental scars to prove it.’
    • ‘We are no strangers to men dressing as women, but they are generally either grossly exaggerated or come across as merely camp.’
    • ‘When I got there, the nurse, a slightly camp guy from the Philippines, shook his head with an expression somewhere between horror and sympathy.’
    • ‘This would make a sad camp man with a receding hairline the ultimate in coolness.’
    • ‘We went to Comptons and were joined by Scottish guy and camp bartender friend of Stephens.’
    • ‘I've known some very camp gay men through friends and they can be a real laugh to be with if you don't get strung up on your own sexuality when you are in their world.’
    effeminate, effete, foppish, affected, niminy-piminy, mincing, posturing
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Deliberately exaggerated and theatrical in style.
      ‘the movie seems more camp than shocking or gruesome’
      • ‘These shows are some distance from either the cheeky chappy style which made Paul Daniels a star, or the camp melodrama of American David Copperfield.’
      • ‘His camp, squeaking, self-absorbed, Irish puppydog charm worked its magic on the voting audience.’
      • ‘She covers this with deft skill and a versatile voice that can sweetly caress or swoop with camp theatrical grandeur.’
      • ‘It's hard to know where provocation ends and camp self-parody begins.’
      • ‘Before every number, Stipe ripped a sheet of paper from a pad with camp theatrical flourish.’
      • ‘He is the hyper-active dynamo in a very strong cast, giving a showy performance full of camp malice.’
      • ‘Featuring an ageing Las Vegas showgirl, brilliantly performed by Nadine Tyson, it mixed camp style and pathos with the glitz and energy of showbiz.’
      • ‘It's retro kitsch, wonderfully camp, gleefully perverse and exaggerated and utterly great fun throughout.’
      • ‘Mother Clap's Molly House is a camp spectacle reminiscent of music hall and it has some shockingly funny one liners.’
      • ‘The troupe is led by an extremely camp performer in the Stuart Wagstaff mould.’
      • ‘But the camp performer always knows that he is being sentimental and enjoys the indulgence.’
      • ‘Indeed, Olivier had a peculiar prose style, both camp and grandiose.’
      • ‘The mannerisms of the male troupers were too deliberately camp to capture the nuances of the Kern stories they were supposed to be illustrating.’
      exaggerated, theatrical, actorly, affected, mannered, flamboyant, extravagant, overripe
      View synonyms

noun

mass nouninformal
  • Deliberately exaggerated and theatrical behaviour or style.

    ‘Hollywood camp’
    • ‘What's amazing about director Leonard Kastle's style is his ability to leap between camp and genuine moments of terror during the murder scenes.’
    • ‘It is a dazzling performance layered with more than a hint of theatrical camp.’
    • ‘The film deliberately plays for camp and kitsch, and then suddenly it becomes quite gothic.’
    • ‘It wears its queerness like a flashy Dolce and Gabbana blouse, with style and humor and camp - but an intentional lack of tragedy.’
    • ‘With its abundant use of tiaras, leather boots, heavy makeup it was a romp that cleverly indulged in theatrical camp, yet steered clear of more obvious homosexual camp.’
    • ‘In the hands of less-assured actors, The Maids can slip into humourless camp.’
    • ‘This lends an air of deliberate camp to a play that needs no such favours, and which would amuse with more subtlety in their absence.’
    • ‘It's all a far cry from the formality and overblown camp of Sketch.’

verb

[NO OBJECT]informal
  • (of a man) behave in an ostentatiously effeminate way.

    ‘he camped it up a bit for the cameras’
    • ‘Some camped it up, some got sleazy, others sat very far back in their cushions paralysed with fear.’
    • ‘If he is camping it up for the cameras, he is almost as good an actor as he is a chef.’
    • ‘It was just wonderful, because he was camping it up, that's all.’
    posture, behave theatrically, behave affectedly, overact, overdo it, go overboard
    View synonyms

Origin

Early 20th century: of unknown origin.

Pronunciation

camp

/kamp/