One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1The rule or reign of a caliph or chief Muslim ruler.‘the Umayyad caliphate in Damascus was overthrown by the Abbasids’
- ‘It was during the caliphate of Hazrath Umar Farooq that Abu Sufyan died.’
- ‘In the eighth century, the Abassid caliphate established its capital at Baghdad.’
- ‘The caliphate was replaced by an independent local dynasty, the Aghlabids, in 800.’
- ‘In AD 656, after the assassination of Uthman, the third caliph, Ali ascended to the caliphate.’
- ‘As long as the Caliphate remained strong, Armenia continued to prosper, and a new Bagratid kingdom was established as a centre of manufacturing and trade.’
- 1.1 The area ruled by a caliph.‘Cordoba was the thriving capital of the Caliphate of Cordoba that governed almost all of the Iberian peninsula’
- ‘Al-Andalus became the Caliphate of Cordoba (929-1031).’
- ‘From the ninth century onwards the Turks began to enter the Caliphate, not in mass, but as slaves or adventurers serving as soldiers.’
- ‘Swedish Vikings were active in the Baltic area, and also ventured into Russia and the Arab caliphate of Baghdad.’
- ‘Their profits, partly from spices, sufficed to make Venice, Genoa, Florence, and other city-states almost as rich and powerful as the caliphate of Egypt.’
Early 17th century: from caliph + -ate.
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