Definition of caleche in English:


(also calash)


  • 1A light low-wheeled carriage with a removable folding hood.

    • ‘Their role is taken by rusting blue and white taxis and elegant caleches: carriages drawn by horses that sometimes look as if they could win the Derby.’
    • ‘Visiting on a May day with the spring sun illuminating the pale sandstone, I watch a horse-drawn caleche clatter through the palace gates and glimpse a heavy chandelier through an upstairs window.’
    • ‘Swallow your ‘authentic traveller ‘pride and take a ride on a horse-drawn calash.’’
    • ‘The picture showed two young women seated in an ‘easy open calash’ (an open carriage), one of whom was reading a monthly part of Bleak House aloud to the other.’
  • 2Canadian A two-wheeled one-horse vehicle with a seat for the driver on the splashboard.

    • ‘‘I never saw so many caleches, cabs, charrettes, and similar vehicles collected before,’ he wrote.’
  • 3A woman's hooped silk hood.


Mid 17th century: from French calèche, via German from Polish kolasa, from kolo ‘wheel’.