Definition of calamity in English:

calamity

noun

  • An event causing great and often sudden damage or distress; a disaster:

    ‘emergency measures may be necessary in order to avert a calamity’
    [mass noun] ‘the journey had led to calamity and ruin’
    • ‘Nearly every calamity and malady known to humankind has a saint to look after it.’
    • ‘To the extent that the pessimism is based on fears of an election day terrorist calamity, it's hard to argue with.’
    • ‘Speaking of the next step, for families who have lost someone in this calamity, what's the next step for them?’
    • ‘Before the oil well calamity, villagers there led a peaceful life, getting along with each other in harmony.’
    • ‘Plan for stress, say the experts, just like you plan ahead for any calamity you want to avoid.’
    • ‘After unloading, I decided it would be prudent to park in the lot rather than risk further calamity.’
    • ‘One morning's natural calamity has delivered tens of thousands of new victims.’
    • ‘It has shown its capacity to plan ahead and be ever ready for any calamity or disaster that may beset the country.’
    • ‘There were those indeed who believed this calamity marked the end of the world.’
    • ‘The skipper was experienced and had faced worse seas before and so sudden was the calamity which overwhelmed him that he was unable to send out a Mayday call.’
    • ‘Which devastating calamity is to come our way, hyperinflation or collapsing deflation?’
    • ‘Whenever any calamity, disaster or accident occurs, their team arrives there as volunteers for relief work.’
    • ‘What new calamity could be taking shape in the odd disasters of recent weeks?’
    • ‘Earth was among the many planets destroyed in this calamity, and many humans were lost also.’
    • ‘The worst economic calamity to befall a family, and especially women and children, is divorce.’
    • ‘Yes, this country could be devastated by terrorism, or a meteor strike, or some economic calamity.’
    • ‘In the face of this calamity, the puzzle remains why so many settlers moved to a place that turned out to be so inhospitable.’
    • ‘It wasn't long before an even greater calamity than sea sickness set upon them.’
    • ‘The liberation brought fresh calamity and distress for those Jews who had survived the Holocaust.’
    • ‘The areas that were most damaged by the calamity is certainly back on its feet.’
    disaster, catastrophe, tragedy, cataclysm, devastating blow, crisis, adversity, blight, tribulation, woe, affliction, evil
    misfortune, misadventure, accident, stroke of bad luck, reverse of fortune, setback, mischance, mishap
    car crash
    bale
    mishanter
    View synonyms

Origin

Late Middle English (in the sense ‘disaster and distress’): from Old French calamite, from Latin calamitas.

Pronunciation:

calamity

/kəˈlamɪti/