Definition of cacique in English:



  • 1(in Latin America or the Spanish-speaking Caribbean) a native chief.

    • ‘The Guarani caciques exchanged women to formalize their alliance with the Spanish against the hostile peoples of the Chaco.’
    • ‘By February the Indian caciques (leaders or chieftains) saw the Spaniards were at their mercy and refused to provide any more provisions.’
    • ‘In matters of traditional religion, which encompasses much of what white people associate with government, a cacique among the Pueblos and a kikmongwi among the Hopi have serious responsibilities to the people.’
    • ‘She is traditionally represented with two other figures, that of a black henchman, el Negro Felipe, and of an Indian cacique, Guaicapuro.’
    • ‘They lived under nine independent caciques or chiefs, and possessed a simple religion devoid of rites and ceremonies, but with a belief in a supreme being, and the immortality of the soul.’
    1. 1.1 (in Spain or Latin America) a local political boss.
      • ‘A share tenant system has made most farmers captives of landlords, or caciques.’
      • ‘Gifts of a pair of scissors or a looking glass were made to the caciques or village headmen from time to time to keep them friendly.’
      • ‘Many such communities are still ruled by caciques (local strongmen) according to ‘uses and customs,’ which may fly in the face of such constitutional rights as religious freedom.’
      • ‘As in Cuba, Jamaica's inhabitants divided their island into provinces, each ruled over by a cacique assisted by village headmen or sub-chiefs.’
      • ‘He said he had heard that nobody in the islands could stand up to the Admiral's power and so before he was deprived of his land and his authority as a cacique he wished to see the wonders of Spain.’
      • ‘Tlatoani (head honcho), cacique, and caudillo - these words glisten on the pages of the derisive gubernatorial lexicon.’
      • ‘Moreover, new caciques emerged in the wake of agrarian reform, as officials of the agrarian bank and ejidal bosses entrenched themselves locally.’
      • ‘Others, such as caciques, used the mission system itself to improve their material interests and cultural autonomy.’
      • ‘It was committed to class struggle in a country that had scarcely had a bourgeois revolution, and to political action in spite of the manipulation of elections by local landowners or caciques.’
  • 2A gregarious tropical American bird that has black plumage with patches of red or yellow.

    • ‘In contrast, all analyses strongly supported the monophyly of the oropendolas and caciques together.’
    • ‘Well over 100 notable species can be easily spotted in the Carara Reserve, including the great tinamou, red-lored parrot, crimson-fronted parakeet and scarlet-rumped cacique.’
    • ‘They included four oropendolas and four caciques in a molecular study of blackbird relationships using cytochrome-b sequence data.’
    • ‘He observed that both species construct nests similar to those of some caciques and, curiously, they often nest together in mixed-species colonies.’
    • ‘Near the Panama Canal, explore Pipeline Road, which passes through the rainforest of the Soberania National Park and is home to 380 species including trogons, caciques, woodpeckers, and many more.’


Mid 16th century: from Spanish or French, from Taino.