Main definitions of C. difficile in English

: C. difficile1C. difficile2

C. difficile1

Pronunciation /ˌsiː ˈdɪfɪsɪl//ˌsiː dɪfɪˈsiːl/

noun

  • A toxin-producing bacterium which can infect the bowel, causing illness with diarrhoea and fever, especially in people who have been treated with antibiotics.

    Clostridium difficile, a Gram-positive, anaerobic bacterium (see clostridium)

Usage

Although the word difficile has four syllables in the original Latin, three-syllable pronunciations are more typically used in English by medical professionals and others

Origin

1960s: abbreviation of the Latin binomial Clostridium difficile, from clostridium + Latin difficile neuter singular of difficilis ‘difficult’.

Pronunciation

C. difficile

/ˌsiː ˈdɪfɪsɪl//ˌsiː dɪfɪˈsiːl/

Main definitions of C. difficile in English

: C. difficile1C. difficile2

C. difficile2

Pronunciation /ˌsiː ˈdɪfɪsɪl//ˌsiː dɪfɪˈsiːl/

noun

  • Frequently italicized. The Gram-positive, anaerobic, toxin-producing bacterium Clostridium difficile, which is a frequent cause of antibiotic-associated pseudomembranous colitis and hospital-acquired diarrhoeal illness.

Origin

1960s; earliest use found in Journal of Bacteriology. Shortened from scientific Latin Clostridium difficile, name of a species of bacterium from Clostridium + classical Latin difficile, neuter singular of difficilis, although the usual pronunciation apparently reflects an apprehension that the name shows French difficile.

Pronunciation

C. difficile

/ˌsiː ˈdɪfɪsɪl//ˌsiː dɪfɪˈsiːl/