Main definitions of bush in English

: bush1bush2

bush1

noun

  • 1A shrub or clump of shrubs with stems of moderate length.

    ‘a rose bush’
    • ‘Trees, shrubs, bushes and flowering plants were being planted on the graves.’
    • ‘Planting prickly bushes or shrubs in borders and by fences will deter burglars thinking of climbing in your garden’
    • ‘They are more than just dense clumps of various kinds of trees, creepers, grasses, bushes, shrubs and twining creepers.’
    • ‘She inhaled deeply and then proceeded to go about picking other flowers from other bushes and shrubs.’
    • ‘He led Jessica around trees, bushes, shrubs, and an empty cement pool that was at least twelve feet deep.’
    • ‘This plant is one of the showiest dwarf evergreens, forming dense bushes of wiry stems.’
    • ‘The whole park was surrounded by tall green trees and shrubs, and flower bushes of many kinds.’
    • ‘They want to see the pretty pastel buildings contrast with flowering shrubs and bushes, and a pretty beach.’
    • ‘I follow the paths in the dense undergrowth leading into bushes or spaces under trees hidden from view, particularly in the heavy growth of summer.’
    • ‘Fruiting trees, bushes, and vines provide snacks for you and the birds and for your neighbors.’
    • ‘Mr Konemann planted bushes and shrubs to keep vandals and people with dogs out of the council-owned grounds.’
    • ‘It is okay applied to orchard crops, vines and berry bushes and non-food-bearing shrubs and trees.’
    • ‘It exhibits every aspect of Dutch horticulture, from vegetables and fruit, to bulbs, flowers and plants to trees, bushes and shrubs.’
    • ‘The occupants of a house with a large garden found the body of former nurse Mrs Paines hidden in bushes and dense undergrowth at the far end of their property.’
    • ‘The trees, bushes and shrubs are as green as anything.’
    • ‘Ralier turned and saw Nyowan picking her way through a dense clump of bushes.’
    • ‘These color treatments enhance landscaping and blend naturally with trees, shrubs and bushes.’
    • ‘He drove the party through the grounds, sometimes over clumps of bush and through shrubbery as he lost the way in his excitement.’
    • ‘Low shrubbery, especially berry bushes that also provide a food source, makes an effective shelter.’
    • ‘My anvil pruning shears will prune the bushes and shrubs only.’
    shrub, woody plant
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1historical A bunch of ivy as a vintner's sign.
      • ‘An ivy bush was at one time a vintner's sign.’
      • ‘So as I went to the University rather out of shame of abiding the cellar under his very house, wicker bottles dangling over even the chief entrance into the Palace, serving for a vintner's bush.’
      • ‘A branch of greenery tied to a pole and placed outside a building would identify it as a taberna and the sign was called an alestake or a bush - hence perhaps the oldest pub name, The Bush.’
  • 2the bush(especially in Australia and Africa) wild or uncultivated country.

    ‘they have to spend a night camping in the bush’
    • ‘Its popularity quickly spread, capturing the imagination of Australians both in the bush and throughout the colony.’
    • ‘They go and plant some trees outside, while meanwhile they rip out all the bush in Western Australia and leave behind devastation.’
    • ‘I started to run along the path, thinking that I'd not help matters if I sprained my ankle but not wanting to get stuck in the bush when darkness fell.’
    • ‘Two weeks on, Australia's bush blazes still show no sign of abating.’
    • ‘If we didn't the countryside and the bush wouldn't be so green and lush.’
    • ‘The mission is to keep the bush roads of Central Australia serviceable throughout the year.’
    • ‘In Australian literature, the bush is usually more than a backdrop.’
    • ‘The wilds of the Australian bush became a character in its own right, and it's hard to mess up such beautiful scenery.’
    • ‘Much easier to think of her sipping espressos in the cafes of Rome, than camping in the bush.’
    • ‘This vegetation, particularly on the continental islands, shares many similarities with the bush of the Australian mainland.’
    • ‘Like most country football clubs, deep in the sometimes foreboding bush of Australia, the combatants play hard on and off the field.’
    • ‘It is perfectly safe to camp in the bush but you should always ensure that your tent is properly closed when you go to sleep.’
    • ‘Then I'd like to go back to South Africa, to the bush, to shoot wildlife.’
    • ‘Much of it is still largely untouched bush, rivers and wild coasts.’
    • ‘They had reserves of food, they travelled huge distances in search of food, work or charity, and above all they gathered wild food from the bush.’
    • ‘It's quite exciting, that mix of the city life and not having to go very far to get into the real sort of wild bush.’
    • ‘On most indications that is a job description which wouldn't find many takers in the bush across northern Australia.’
    • ‘He worked in the bush on the same forestry crew as me.’
    • ‘Nobody in regional Australia or the bush will ever trust the Nationals again.’
    • ‘You can crank up the thrill factor by sleeping under canvas, with the wild sounds of the bush pressing in through the walls of your tent.’
    wilds, remote areas, wilderness
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1mass noun Vegetation growing in the bush.
      ‘the lowland country was covered in thick bush’
      • ‘Where these trees are growing in natural bush, the fleshy fruit is a favourite with both vervet monkeys and the rarer samango monkeys.’
      • ‘The Bush Firewise guide provides a useful checklist for preparing your property for bush and grass fires.’
      • ‘Failure of regular vegetation control caused Ocean Way to be partly covered by overgrowth of bush on the sea side of the road, causing a danger to road users.’
      • ‘Thousands of hectares of bush and vegetation were destroyed.’
      • ‘The highway then drops down to pass through the Glenhope district and through bush alongside the Hope River to Kawatiri Junction.’
      • ‘The greying greenery of the landscape shows that the past summer brought adequate rainfall, particularly for grass and small bush vegetation.’
      • ‘So are many of these bush foods difficult to grow?’
      • ‘You can walk down through the bush to the foreshore.’
      • ‘The mountain slopes that had been stripped were covered in bush and vines.’
      • ‘The day was a success because the bear stayed in the bush and timber, he said.’
      • ‘The country's vegetation varies with trees and thick bush in the south and near-desert conditions in the north.’
      • ‘It's quite stunning actually, a natural amphitheatre surrounded by hills and mountains covered in bush.’
      • ‘For day after day south of Marzuk we saw nothing but stony wastes and sand dunes with never a blade of grass or bush to relieve the aridity.’
      • ‘Today, it is largely covered in regenerated bush, with a thriving population of tuatara in hillside burrows.’
      • ‘They require thick bush cover, water for drinking and bathing, and short grass to eat.’
      • ‘Not requiring long grass or thick bush for cover, their methods are those of a courser, relying on speed and dogged endurance in the chase.’
      • ‘When I visited the remains of my family home a couple of years ago, I found only ruins amid grass and bush.’
    2. 2.2NZ Indigenous rainforest.
      • ‘Took a small class out today to the bush so they could collect data for doing some credits on zonation.’
      • ‘They said all the menfolk were away, up in the bush, and wouldn't be back for an hour.’
      • ‘Birdsong Gully, which has been running for the last month, is a set of posts in the bush where people can touch a screen and hear birds such as the little spotted kiwi and tui.’
      • ‘Given its freedom in the bush, it corners like a jet-powered train, and soon seems to be reading the road ahead.’
      • ‘Walking here in the bush is like stepping back in time and seeing New Zealand's wildlife as it once was’
      • ‘But it was beautiful, all that could be seen were bush covered ridges running off in all directions.’
      • ‘You could compile shopping lists of aroma and flavour for both, but let's just say I would like to dance with the Rippon and go hunting in the bush with Kupe.’
      • ‘Show our respect for the bush by keeping it in its original condition.’
      • ‘As part of the guided walk the party went out into the bush at night.’
      • ‘I did think they would show Helen out in the bush, which resonates with Kiwis and worked well last election.’
      • ‘They were equally happy living in steep scrub and grass areas as in the bush.’
      • ‘The hut is still there in the bush above Maori Flat, on the east side of Rough Creek.’
      • ‘My accommodation has all the delights of a tramping hut - it's peaceful, secluded, cosy and rustic, close to a stream and the bush.’
      • ‘In just 20 years of European settlement, 80 percent of the bush had been destroyed and the rest was in a poor state.’
      • ‘Yesterday, safe but cold and wet after a night in the bush, the trampers spoke about how they coped during an unscheduled winter's night outdoors.’
      • ‘This area will be delightful when the bush matures.’
      • ‘Not only do they add colour, but the plant food they thrive on benefits the bush as well.’
      • ‘The shady nature of the walk meant that we could not take photographs in the bush, so a description will have to suffice.’
      • ‘Visitors are recommended to take the walk through the bush on a track suitable for wheelchairs.’
      • ‘Visit the picnic ground and the cafe and view the bush setting from flat ground.’
    3. 2.3South African as modifier Uncivilized or primitive.
      ‘bush justice’
      • ‘During the war communities in Unita-controlled areas had been subjected to violence, bush justice and plundering, an Institute of Security Studies (ISS) report says.’
      • ‘We hope to persuade them to help serve and cook and wash up at the bush breakfast in return for free food.’
  • 3A luxuriant growth of thick hair or fur.

    ‘a childish face with a bush of bright hair’
    • ‘I peaked through the door and saw her bush of hair shake into a nervous nod, I saw that about two inches from her was Derek, holding an black gun right at her.’
    • ‘A pair of short tooth-like horns poked from a bush of curly hair that topped the faun's clever-looking face.’
    • ‘He has the sparse hairs of a soul patch below his lip and a tiny bush of a beard on his chin.’
    • ‘When the bus departed I saw that in the meantime, the old man had been joined by a little boy of very dark complexion, but with a bush of reddish hair.’
    • ‘As we finally entered the ward, the first person I saw was a tall girl topped with a bush of thick dyed black curls.’
    1. 3.1vulgar slang A woman's pubic hair.

verb

[NO OBJECT]
  • Spread out into a thick clump.

    ‘her hair bushed out like a halo’
    • ‘The more water it receives, the more it will grow and bush out.’
    • ‘She bushed up to almost twice her size, put her ears back flat against her skull, and hissed like an over-heated radiator.’
    • ‘At one point I had to adjust the crotch of her leotard very carefully because some pubic hair was bushing out.’
    • ‘She bushed a stray lock of long, coal-black hair behind one ear and extended her right hand.’
    • ‘The cherry tree bushed out so much that it produced very little fruit, but the foliage itself had a pleasing abundance to it.’
    • ‘Then, I pulled my hair into a knot without bushing it and went downstairs.’
    • ‘He looks like a damn pirate, with his hair and beard bushing around his face like that.’
    • ‘He ran his fingers through the gray bushing up from his scalp.’
    • ‘He stroked his beard, grinning to himself, his parents wouldn't recognise him with the fiery red beard already bushing aggressively from his jaw.’
    • ‘Their tousled hair bushes out at the nape in the manner of Perugino.’
    • ‘‘The silly thing is they have cut the crown of the trees so they won't grow tall but will bush out,’ Mr Kenzler said.’

Phrases

  • go bush

    • Leave one's usual surroundings; run wild.

      • ‘Inevitably some bees escaped the hives and went bush.’
      • ‘The unwilling native porters they had brought from Rabaul either went bush or dropped from exhaustion.’
      • ‘Coming up later, we travel to the Australian National University in Canberra, where artists go bush in search of inspiration and provoke heated debate while they're at it.’
      • ‘I visited and I used to spend all my school holidays out there jackarooing, working on properties in the Harden district, and that gave me the real urge to go bush.’
      • ‘‘To make big money in Australia you had to go bush,’ said John.’
      • ‘When the Japanese occupied Salamaua as a base for their bombers to attack Port Moresby, Vial simply went bush, kept watch on the enemy airstrip, and radioed to Port Moresby advance warning of impending air-raids.’
      • ‘She asked me to come home, so we can go bush and build a bunker.’
      • ‘And all year all he dreams about is his annual two-week holiday when he can escape and go bush.’
      • ‘In a similar vein, the 1987 oils by Trevor Moffitt create an epic legend around West Coast farmer Stanley Graham, who in 1941 went bush and became New Zealand's first mass murderer.’
      • ‘Tuesday brings a chance to go bush and enjoy a day on either of two cattle properties.’
  • out bush

    • In or into an area of back country.

      ‘men and women who worked out bush’
      • ‘I haven't spent a lot of time out bush.’
      • ‘The main initiative, about once a fortnight, is taking kids who want to come out bush for one or two days.’
      • ‘My brother asked if I'd like to join him on a little trip out bush.’
      • ‘One of the main reasons I didn't want to live out bush was because I always thought that the best education for your kids is at school.’
      • ‘One late evening I decided to camp out bush with the art co-ordinator.’
  • take to the bush

    • (originally of a convict) run away; go to live in the wild.

      ‘the start of the war saw him take to the bush’
      • ‘The women had been warned that rebels were coming to seize them and took to the bush.’
      • ‘I got among bad companions and took to the bush.’
      • ‘He was a keen bow-hunter and fisherman who would take to the bush for weeks on end.’
      • ‘He takes to the bush after attracting the hostility of polite society.’
      • ‘He escaped from them and took to the bush.’
      • ‘Many youths have taken to the bush to avoid forced recruitment.’
      • ‘Knowing himself outcast, he took to the bush.’
      • ‘I used to spend a lot of time trying to keep up with the boys, who would often take to the bush.’
      • ‘She took to the bush with the other Tasmanians.’
      • ‘He met the couple who took to the bush in an ageing van.’

Origin

Middle English: from Old French bos, bosc, variants of bois ‘wood’, reinforced by Old Norse buski, of Germanic origin and related to Dutch bos and German Busch. The sense ‘uncultivated country’ is probably directly from Dutch bos.

Pronunciation

bush

/bʊʃ/

Main definitions of bush in English

: bush1bush2

bush2

noun

British
  • 1A metal lining for a round hole, especially one in which an axle revolves.

    • ‘A very communicative one too thanks those urethane bushes and the back axle bouncing up and down just a few inches from your backside.’
    • ‘There was another machine which was used to orientate tiny metal bushes on a line so that they were all the same way up.’
    • ‘A bush of plastic material is provided which is intended to be embedded in the panel of semi-foamed or foamed synthetic resin.’
    • ‘Sporting rear bushes have been applied across the range, and variable electric power steering is now standard.’
    1. 1.1 A bearing for a revolving shaft.
      • ‘They have many, many parts and gears plus bearings and bushes.’
      • ‘I too have a slight creaking/squeaking coming from the rear of my car, and having read so many posts concerning bushes assumed that was the cause.’
      • ‘With the wheel removed we can see the items that need to be removed in order to replace the trailing arm bushes.’
      • ‘The alloy has many uses such as for bearings and bushes, pumps and pump fittings, valves, valve bodies and valve guides.’
      • ‘It is used for gears, bearings and bushes for heavy loads and high duty with adequate lubrication, and for duty with hard steel shafts.’
  • 2A sleeve that protects an electric cable where it passes through a panel.

    • ‘A little red lead and oil applied to the crankshaft shows up the parts in the bush which require the scraping.’
    • ‘The cord should enter either through a hole in insulating material or through a properly secured insulating bush.’

Origin

Late 15th century: from Middle Dutch busse.

Pronunciation

bush

/bʊʃ/