Definition of bumper in English:



  • 1A horizontal bar fixed across the front or back of a motor vehicle to reduce damage in a collision.

    ‘she started the car with a jerk and hit the bumper of the car in front’
    • ‘There was no inside release for it or the rear hatch, and the hood folded forward toward the front bumper, though it had an inside release.’
    • ‘He turned up ten minutes later with a smashed up car and his front bumper in the back seat.’
    • ‘The space between the front bumper and the rear edge of the engine undercover are designed to compress the airflow.’
    • ‘External changes include three air intakes and a lipped front air dam integrated into the front bumper with two circular front fog-lamps.’
    • ‘Because of the split in the front bumper, the car won't be able to sit as low and drag, or the front dam will be worn off, resulting in a massive loss of downforce.’
    • ‘In the future the system may also deploy external airbags on the front bumpers to protect pedestrians.’
    • ‘The sharp-eyed will notice slight changes to the front bumper, upgraded xenon headlights and a modified rear spoiler.’
    • ‘For example, the filter assembly is placed between the open area between the front bumper and wheel.’
    • ‘The sensual styling is complemented by body coloured bumpers, stylish front fog lamps and tinted glass.’
    • ‘The front corners are more chamfered, the headlights cut into the bumper, flanking a lower front grille.’
    • ‘Front end appeal is set off by new mesh radiator grilles, larger bumpers and tear-shaped front lamps.’
    • ‘But if you truly fear death by animal, pitch the car keys: Deer kill about 14 Americans per month, mostly through collisions with front bumpers.’
    • ‘There was a little damage to the front bumper on the right side and he did not bother getting it fixed.’
    • ‘After a year, the Ford Aspire had minor changes done in that included new front and rear bumpers, headlamps, turn signals, tail lamps, and wheel covers.’
    • ‘My friend did not move out of the way fast enough for the horn blowing couple and was actually ‘nudged’ by the front bumper of the car.’
    • ‘Side rock rails matched by a similar rail under the front bumper complete the exterior changes, designed to make the Renegade the rugged image leader in the Cherokee line up.’
    • ‘Usually such damages will weaken the bumper's ability to absorb the shock of collision.’
    • ‘Today's featured products include OEM-quality body and exterior auto parts like hood, bumpers, doors, fender, spoilers, wheels and headlights.’
    • ‘This airbag is deployed from just above the front bumper when a frontal collision is imminent.’
    • ‘Front and rear bumpers are executed with steel beams covered with energy absorbent foam.’
    1. 1.1North American A shock-absorbing piston projecting from a cross-beam at the end of a railway track or at the end of a railway vehicle.
  • 2Cricket

    another term for bouncer (sense 2)
    • ‘He's got a very good bumper, and his slower ball comes out really well.’
    • ‘He bowled the bumper sparingly but brilliantly.’
    • ‘Sometimes he would bowl bumpers just for this purpose - even at his old mate.’
  • 3Horse racing
    A flat race for inexperienced horses which are intended for future racing in hurdles or steeplechases.

    • ‘A bumper and a couple of hurdle races have already come his way, but Murphy always felt he had the scope to make up into a nice chaser and he can land his second victory over the bigger obstacles.’
    • ‘Already the winner of a bumper, Dix Bay is a promising horse over hurdles and this soft-looking race should be right up his street.’
    • ‘Unbeaten in three bumpers he is a novice hurdler to follow from one of the best trainers in the country.’
    • ‘The winner of two bumpers at Cork, this horse has to be followed wherever he goes next.’
    • ‘Anyone who thinks he is a ‘bridle’ horse should have a look at the Cheltenham bumper last year.’
    • ‘Mark Pitman's gelding has shown decent form in bumpers and also over hurdles, and has finished runner-up in both his races over the minor obstacles this term.’
    • ‘He rides them in national hunt flat races called bumpers but he lets a professional jockey take over for the hurdles.’
    • ‘He'll run in the bumper race before switching to hurdles, just to make sure that he's fully wound up for next time.’
    • ‘He won his first bumper at the fifth attempt and finally won over hurdles at the fifth time of asking: a divided, low-class maiden hurdle.’
    • ‘‘He won two bumpers and three over hurdles this terms, so everything is going well for the horse,’ said Lungo.’
    • ‘He has won two schooling bumpers at Fairyhouse but missed his intended debut at Naas last Saturday because of the soft ground.’
    • ‘Racing will commence at 4.30 and the mixed card will consist of three flat races, three chases and a bumper for five-, six- and seven-year-olds.’
    • ‘No prizes for guessing which sporting hero has a runner in Saturday's bumper.’
    • ‘On Tuesday of last week, Tipperary, more power to them, held a series of schooling events, bumpers and hurdles.’
    • ‘It was his 16th effort over hurdles after he won two bumper races, the first of them also at the same County Tipperary venue.’
    • ‘Winning trainer Jonjo O'Neill said the horse may have one more run in a bumper before going hurdling with the Supreme Novices Hurdle at the Festival one of the aims.’
    • ‘Also running that day was Dempsey who finished third in the bumper.’
    • ‘This horse was unlucky not to win a bumper but he loves this fast ground and he has always been a good jumper.’
    • ‘Abadair, who has run well in each of her three outings to date, has one more chance to land a bumper before she switches to hurdles.’
    • ‘In his first run, he was the easy winner of a bumper at Naas but looks destined for bigger and better things.’
  • 4archaic A generous glassful of an alcoholic drink, typically one drunk as a toast.

    • ‘He who drank a bumper on his knees to the health of his mistress, was dubbed a knight for the evening.’
    • ‘On my way home I stopped in at the tavern and drank a bumper of whiskey, something I had not indulged in for the last five or six years.’
    • ‘There are whole pages full of Masonic toasts from which the presiding officer could select, and after every one of which a bumper was drunk by the Brethren present.’


  • Exceptionally large, fine, or successful.

    ‘a bumper crop’
    ‘everyone in the business predicts a bumper year’
    • ‘In 1977 we had a bumper crop, enough for fresh eating and a pie!’
    • ‘Broad beans are positively bursting with health and promise a bumper crop any minute now.’
    • ‘The fine weather brought out bumper crowds to watch the outdoor theatre, music and parades.’
    • ‘We've had a bumper crop of Bramley cooking apples on our old tree, for the first time since we moved here nearly three years ago.’
    • ‘In many areas, this year's bumper crop means exceptionally high removal of nutrients.’
    • ‘At the age of 75, the brothers still work side-by-side on neighbouring allotments, cultivating a bumper crop of vegetables every year.’
    • ‘In just a few weeks, a bumper crop of one million kilos of strawberries will have been picked from Pole House Farm on the Harwich Road in Lawford.’
    • ‘Suddenly, within a year, he has me down to shoot my own film, turning script into bumper profit.’
    • ‘It comes on the back of another record, bumper profit result for Qantas.’
    • ‘India began exporting wheat and rice two years ago to cut bulging stocks built up after successive bumper harvests.’
    • ‘According to the Christian Science Monitor, this year also produced a bumper opium crop in addition to a good wheat harvest.’
    • ‘There were thousands of acres [of wheat] sown in our vicinity this fall and prospects for a bumper crop are fine so far this winter.’
    • ‘Although the banks' bumper profit growth dominated the figures, the rest of Scotland plc still managed to post gains of 9%.’
    • ‘Even thought the Eucalyptus trees look like they have a bumper crop of gum nuts, these are the first birds I've seen feeding on them.’
    • ‘Outdoor Soccer attracted bumper crowds and ran to a very successful conclusion at the KDL and Park grounds.’
    • ‘And another bumper crop is on the way thanks to abundant rain.’
    • ‘Earlier this year, the Zimbabwean government claimed it would be harvesting a bumper maize crop of 2.4 million tons.’
    • ‘Hopefully we will have a fine weekend and bumper crowds.’
    • ‘What does a bumper crop of acorns have to do with the deer tick population?’
    • ‘But hooray, my parsnips have germinated at a fantastic rate this year, and we're in for a bumper crop, something I've never managed before.’
    abundant, rich, heavy, healthy, bountiful, goodly, large, big, huge, immense, massive, exceptional, unusual, good, excellent, fine, magnificent, lovely, vintage, superabundant, prolific, profuse, copious, profitable
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Late 17th century (in bumper (sense 4 of the noun)): from bump + -er. bumper (sense 4 of the noun) derives from the earlier form bumping, meaning ‘very large, great’, and is the source of the adjective meaning ‘exceptionally large, fine, or successful’, as in a bumper year. bumper (sense 3 of the noun) is said to be from an earlier racing term meaning ‘amateur rider’.