Main definitions of bulgar in English

: bulgar1Bulgar2

bulgar1

(also bulgur, bulgar wheat)

noun

mass noun
  • A cereal food made from whole wheat partially boiled then dried, eaten especially in Turkey.

    as modifier ‘bulgar wheat’
    • ‘Combine cooked bulgur wheat with chopped parsley, scallions and olive oil, or add raisins, dried apricots and minced basil to brown rice.’
    • ‘Kubbeh are bulgar dumplings filled with lamb meat and spices.’
    • ‘Wheat and by-products of wheat can be included in almost any food, so cooks need to keep an eye open for key ingredient words such as bran, bulgar, germ, gluten, malt, starch, durum, farina, graham, semolina and even modified food starch.’
    • ‘The grain with it, farika, is akin to kasha or bulgar wheat.’
    • ‘You can buy bulgar wheat (also known as cracked wheat) at most supermarkets these days.’
    • ‘For example, if you like the chewiness and nutty flavor of brown rice, consider trying other grains, such as barley, quinoa, bulgur wheat or wild rice.’
    • ‘These include the glutens present in all forms of wheat, including durum, semolina, spelt, kamut, malt, couscous, bulgar, triticale, einkorn, and faro, as well as in related grains - rye and barley.’
    • ‘The Turks are practically alone among Asian pilaf-makers in using fish and shellfish in pilaf, and, like their immediate neighbours the Syrians and Armenians, often make pilaf using bulgur wheat instead of rice.’
    • ‘Combine the lamb with the bulgur wheat, onion and seasonings and form into patties by taking a piece of mixture the size of a golf ball and gently patting it into small, oval, sausage-like shapes around wooden skewers.’
    • ‘Add bulgur wheat, salt to taste and broth; bring to a boil.’
    • ‘A typical noon meal consists of vegetable and meat stew with a side dish of rice or bulgar pilaf and salad, with fruit for desert.’
    • ‘Grains and beans, such as barley, lentils, peas, beans, bulgur, whole wheat, etc., are great sources of complex carbohydrates.’
    • ‘Research also shows whole grains, like whole-wheat bread, brown rice and bulgur, make weight control easier when they're a regular part of your diet because they're high in fiber.’
    • ‘Eat whole grain crackers and side dishes such as bulgur wheat.’
    • ‘A few whole grains you should add to your diet include brown and wild rice, barley, oats, kasha, quinoa, bulgur and buckwheat.’
    • ‘Couscous (pronounced koos-koos) is processed wheat similar to bulgar but with a finer texture and flavor.’
    • ‘Experiment with brown rice, barley, whole-wheat pasta and bulgur.’
    • ‘These foods top the list (in order of magnesium content): bulgur wheat, sunflower seeds, tofu, almonds, hazelnuts, cashews, white beans, broccoli, artichokes, and milk.’
    • ‘The bulgur wheat and the chick pea-spice mixture are bagged separately, as are chili flakes and a leathery side of fruit chutney.’
    • ‘The Tabouleh salad is another favourite, made with totally fresh ingredients - bulgur wheat, tomatoes, onion, plenty of olive oil, lemon juice and parsley.’

Origin

1930s: from Turkish bulgur ‘bruised grain’.

Pronunciation

bulgar

/ˈbʌlɡə/

Main definitions of bulgar in English

: bulgar1Bulgar2

Bulgar2

noun

  • A member of a Slavic people who settled in what is now Bulgaria in the 7th century.

    as modifier ‘a Bulgar shepherd’
    • ‘Almost two centuries later, the Bulgars, a Turkic tribe from central Asia, began their conquest of the region.’
    • ‘In 568, the Lombards under their king, Alboin, raised an army in Pannonia that also included Gepids, Suebians, Sarmatians, Bulgars, Saxons, Roman provincials, and others.’
    • ‘February 1207, Henry marries Agnes, daughter of Boniface of Montferrat. Summer, Boniface is killed in a skirmish with Bulgars.’
    • ‘He preached a crusade against John Asen of Bulgaria, granting extensive privileges to King Bela IV of Hungary to get him to make war on the Bulgars, but the Mongols were arriving and the Hungarians had to fight them instead.’
    • ‘Moravians, Bulgars, Croato-Serbians, and Poles all sought to overthrow the Avars, but their power was not broken until Charlemagne appeared.’
    • ‘His cruelty won him the name of Bulgaroctonus, Slayer of the Bulgars.’
    • ‘In 922, the Tatars' predecessors, the Bulgars, converted to Islam, and the old Turkic script was replaced by the Arabic alphabet.’
    • ‘In command of most of the Balkans and northern Greece, John Asen now began to call himself Emperor of the Bulgars and the Greeks.’
    • ‘Some historical accounts indicate that in the ninth century, during the reign of Bulgar Tzar Boris I, Jews attempted to convert the Bulgars to Judaism, but the attempt failed as Christianity became more widespread.’
    • ‘In the ninth century, Orthodox missions from Constantinople converted the Bulgars, Serbs and Slavs, tribes who had invaded and settled the Balkan provinces some 200 years before.’
    • ‘A century later, Bulgars, a Turco-Ugrian people of remote Mongolian origin, invaded and were assimilated by the Slavs.’
    • ‘Thus, in his Commentary on Matthew's Gospel, Christian of Stablo shows awareness of the respective conversions of the Bulgars and the Khazars to Christianity and Judaism in the 860s.’
    • ‘It is the home of various people including Albanians, Vlachs, Greeks, Serbs, Bulgars, and Turks.’
    • ‘And thus Asparukh founded a state of Slavs and Bulgars, binding his tribe with the tribal alliance of the seven Slavic tribes and the Severians.’
    • ‘Some time after the middle of the seventh century, the Bulgars, a people of Hunnic and Finnic stock, who had been driven from their habitations on the Volga as far as the Lower Danube, began to make incursions into Moesia and Thrace.’
    • ‘The triple line of fortifications constructed on the land side in the fifth century had held off attacks by Goths, Persians, Avars, Bulgars, Russians, and especially Arabs.’
    • ‘Greeks, Romans, Huns, and Bulgars invaded the area, which in the 13 th century became part of the Mongol empire.’
    • ‘In this book Malcolm Todd covers an admirable range of peoples on the move, from the Celts around 500 BC to the nomadic Avars and Bulgars in eastern Europe in the 7th century AD.’
    • ‘In the seventh century, they joined with invading Bulgars to gain control of a sizable territory, which they defended against Byzantium in 681, gaining recognition as the first Bulgarian state.’
    • ‘When the Bulgars rebelled again, Alexius was unable to control them.’

Origin

From medieval Latin Bulgarus, from Old Church Slavonic Blŭgarinŭ.

Pronunciation

Bulgar

/ˈbʌlɡə/