Definition of Buddhism in English:



mass noun
  • A widespread Asian religion or philosophy, founded by Siddartha Gautama in north-eastern India in the 5th century BC.

    • ‘The study of Buddhism over the past century or so has resembled the encounter of the blind men and the elephant in many ways.’
    • ‘He sees this balance most clearly in the Eastern religions, particularly Buddhism and Hinduism.’
    • ‘The practice of Dharma refers to following Buddhism's Eightfold Path to Enlightenment.’
    • ‘This seems to be the point of convergence between Christianity and Buddhism.’
    • ‘The Qianlong Emperor surpassed his predecessors as a patron of Buddhism and Buddhist art.’
    • ‘My own interest has been in the actual practice of Buddhism in Buddhist lands today.’
    • ‘Place this religious psychology alongside Buddhism, with its fleeing of the world.’
    • ‘Ergo, Buddhism would have a western flavour in the west while keeping to the teachings of the Buddha.’
    • ‘Depending on the sect of Buddhism, the word bodhisattva has essentially two meanings.’
    • ‘Since its beginnings, the Hindu religion in Bali has been closely related to Buddhism.’
    • ‘So we were very eager to practice Buddhism in such a way that we could bring it into society.’
    • ‘For about a millennium after the death of the Buddha, Buddhism flourished in India.’
    • ‘Falun Gong is a mixture of Buddhism, Taoism and meditation and breathing exercises.’
    • ‘This awakening is the crucial watershed in the Buddha's life and the key reference point for Buddhism.’
    • ‘She wrote about her adventures and what she learned about Buddhism and the mysteries of Tibet.’
    • ‘This all changed when Hsiao gained a spiritual interest in Buddhism a decade ago.’
    • ‘Although Buddhism originated in India it now flourishes predominantly in other parts of Asia.’
    • ‘Much of Kendo's philosophy is drawn from Zen and from Buddhism and from Shintoism.’
    • ‘Zen is the common name for this branch of Buddhism in Japanese as well as in English.’
    • ‘The goal of Buddhism is nirvana, a transcendence of the confines of mind and body.’

Buddhism has no god, and gives a central role to the doctrine of karma. The ‘four noble truths’ of Buddhism state that all existence is suffering, that the cause of suffering is desire, that freedom from suffering is nirvana, and that this is attained through the ‘eightfold path’ of ethical conduct, wisdom, and mental discipline (including meditation). There are two major traditions, Theravada and Mahayana