Definition of Buddhism in English:

Buddhism

noun

mass noun
  • A widespread Asian religion or philosophy, founded by Siddartha Gautama in north-eastern India in the 5th century BC.

    • ‘For about a millennium after the death of the Buddha, Buddhism flourished in India.’
    • ‘The practice of Dharma refers to following Buddhism's Eightfold Path to Enlightenment.’
    • ‘Zen is the common name for this branch of Buddhism in Japanese as well as in English.’
    • ‘Falun Gong is a mixture of Buddhism, Taoism and meditation and breathing exercises.’
    • ‘This seems to be the point of convergence between Christianity and Buddhism.’
    • ‘My own interest has been in the actual practice of Buddhism in Buddhist lands today.’
    • ‘The study of Buddhism over the past century or so has resembled the encounter of the blind men and the elephant in many ways.’
    • ‘Place this religious psychology alongside Buddhism, with its fleeing of the world.’
    • ‘Depending on the sect of Buddhism, the word bodhisattva has essentially two meanings.’
    • ‘The goal of Buddhism is nirvana, a transcendence of the confines of mind and body.’
    • ‘She wrote about her adventures and what she learned about Buddhism and the mysteries of Tibet.’
    • ‘The Qianlong Emperor surpassed his predecessors as a patron of Buddhism and Buddhist art.’
    • ‘So we were very eager to practice Buddhism in such a way that we could bring it into society.’
    • ‘This all changed when Hsiao gained a spiritual interest in Buddhism a decade ago.’
    • ‘Since its beginnings, the Hindu religion in Bali has been closely related to Buddhism.’
    • ‘Although Buddhism originated in India it now flourishes predominantly in other parts of Asia.’
    • ‘He sees this balance most clearly in the Eastern religions, particularly Buddhism and Hinduism.’
    • ‘Ergo, Buddhism would have a western flavour in the west while keeping to the teachings of the Buddha.’
    • ‘Much of Kendo's philosophy is drawn from Zen and from Buddhism and from Shintoism.’
    • ‘This awakening is the crucial watershed in the Buddha's life and the key reference point for Buddhism.’

Buddhism has no god, and gives a central role to the doctrine of karma. The ‘four noble truths’ of Buddhism state that all existence is suffering, that the cause of suffering is desire, that freedom from suffering is nirvana, and that this is attained through the ‘eightfold path’ of ethical conduct, wisdom, and mental discipline (including meditation). There are two major traditions, Theravada and Mahayana

Pronunciation

Buddhism

/ˈbʊdɪz(ə)m/