Main definitions of bud in English

: bud1bud2

bud1

noun

  • 1A compact knob-like growth on a plant which develops into a leaf, flower, or shoot.

    • ‘Take off side shoots and flower buds and cut large leaves in half to reduce water loss.’
    • ‘The newly emerged adults feed on young leaves and flower buds.’
    • ‘The leafy stems, bearing terminal preformed flower buds, sprout from the underground tuberous roots in early spring.’
    • ‘Aphids also tend to like tender shoots and flower buds as these organs have a lot of phloem transport; this causes bud loss and fewer new leaves.’
    • ‘In addition, they have four or five scaly leaves with lateral buds on their epicotyl.’
    • ‘New leaves and flower buds develop before Christmas and usually open in January and, depending on the severity of the winter, by February it has formed a clump of blooms and foliage.’
    • ‘Flower meristem, flower buds, and leaves from green and 2 d-etiolated plants were analysed for ATP and ADP contents.’
    • ‘The ratio between the number of leaf and flower primordia per bud varied with shoot type.’
    • ‘Quail typically hunt for seeds, grain, grasses, plant leaves and buds, acorns, and insects.’
    • ‘After a rain, its barren, gray-black stems change overnight to green as small leaves emerge from buds covering the plant.’
    • ‘Spent flower blooms and affected buds, leaves or stems should be removed when plants are dry.’
    • ‘When the plants flowered, buds of different developmental stages were removed from the main inflorescence and the petals were dissected from the flower bud under a binocular microscope.’
    • ‘Flower buds and leaves were collected from flowering plants in each population and stored in zipper sealed plastic bags on ice.’
    • ‘Leaf discs and the unpollinated pistils of unopened flower buds from both the control and HTS-treated plants were also collected for total RNA extraction.’
    • ‘Sampson is also looking at ways to control the blueberry gall midge, a fly that attacks the flower and leaf buds of blueberry plants.’
    • ‘In shoots, strong CHL1 expression is found in young leaves and developing flower buds.’
    • ‘Flower buds develop in leaf nodes in the upper part of the flowering shoot.’
    • ‘Burbank studied life at its fountain head - in the marvelous little buds and shoots and leaves that burgeon forth each spring to fill us anew with the awe for nature.’
    • ‘After 48 days of growth, the number of flowers, buds, and seed pods on each plant was counted as a measure of the total flower number.’
    • ‘The new winter flowering pansies seemed to be raring to go when we planted them on Sunday and are already showing signs of leaf growth and new flower buds.’
    sprout, shoot, flowerlet, floret
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Biology An outgrowth from an organism, e.g. a yeast cell, that separates to form a new individual without sexual reproduction taking place.
      • ‘Cells with a small bud or tiny projections were observed.’
      • ‘Moreover, in flocculent strains such as 1278b it is difficult to distinguish between two adherent cells and a cell with a large bud.’
      • ‘Careful examination of serial sections failed to ascertain the presence of true meristematic cells in these atrophied buds.’
      • ‘At this point, 60% of the cells had large buds that continued to elongate with prolonged incubation.’
      • ‘The next day 30-50 cells containing small buds were micromanipulated to isolated areas of the plate.’
    2. 1.2Zoology with modifier A rudimentary leg or other appendage of an animal which has not yet grown, or never will grow, to full size.
      ‘in certain limbless lizards and snakes a limb bud develops’
      • ‘Around the 8th week after conception, oval-shaped tooth buds consisting of cells form in the embryo.’
      • ‘At the time of tooth bud formation, each tooth begins a continuous movement outward in relation to the bone.’
      • ‘During the embryonic stage, the tonsils arise from the second pharyngeal pouch as buds of endodermal cells.’
      • ‘At this time the limb bud can undergo as much as a three-fold increase in size.’
      • ‘This probably reflects the presence of stem cells in the nail bud rather than cell dedifferentiation.’
  • 2US informal mass noun Cannabis.

    ‘I found him outside, smoking some bud’
    • ‘I eventually and begrudgingly passed it on, but only once the burning bud had been smoked to ash.’
    • ‘Contrary to what the media hype over "BC Bud" would have the public believe, the vast majority of marijuana imported into the U.S. comes from Mexico.’
    • ‘These drugs were alcohol, marijuana (including "regular" and high-potency marijuana or "bud"), and ecstasy (a recreational drug, the use of which peaked during the time of this study).’
    • ‘The Aussies were smoking high-quality B.C. bud and waxing their snowboards with hydrocarbon Swix and a clothes iron.’
    • ‘They must have some killer bud.’
    • ‘Very relaxing and ultra potent, the smoke from this legal bud is sure to impress ANY herbal toker.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, bud has been demonized, criminalized, and the drug war has been industrialized.’
    • ‘Unlike anything else legally available today, this bud is ultra potent.’

verb

[NO OBJECT]Biology
  • 1(of a plant or animal) form a bud.

    ‘new blood vessels bud out from the vascular bed’
    • ‘Mitochondria are dynamic structures, constantly changing shape, budding and fusing.’
    • ‘Spring growth was budding on the shrubs around the front porch, the weather vane atop one of the turrets facing out to the lake.’
    • ‘Additionally, the coil has bioactive properties to promote healing of the aneurysm ‘neck’ where it buds from the blood vessel.’
    • ‘The tips of these aerial hyphae swell to form a vesicle, and layers of cells bud off of the vesicle.’
    • ‘It buds late and therefore avoids devastation by most spring frosts but is an irregular yielder.’
    • ‘In the absence of growth inhibition cells are smaller and follow the normal axial budding pattern of haploid cells, in which new cells bud adjacent to the previous site of cytokinesis.’
    • ‘Spring has come to Shanghai and we can again see flowers blooming and trees budding.’
    • ‘A dancer's career is in any case as brief as that of a spring flower - it buds, it blooms, it fades, leaving behind just the fleet fragrance of memories.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, bulbs and seeds sprout, trees bud, and insects emerge and start consuming the tender foliage.’
    • ‘The virion of MuLV classifies it as a C-type virus, which assembles at the surface of infected cells, and acquires a plasma membrane envelope as it buds from a cell.’
    • ‘Many of the carpets use flowers and wheels, both suggestive of a cyclical life: flowers bud, bloom, and then die, and their beauty is only ephemeral.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, corals bud on, and both their sexual and asexual activities provide evidence of reproductive success and hybrid forms that continue to puzzle geneticists.’
    • ‘Moreover, tetraploid cells do not bud or show abnormal mitotic spindles when placed in water.’
    • ‘Inland, willows are budding and azaleas are blooming.’
    • ‘Egg chambers bud off from the germarium, although they are abnormal.’
    • ‘At one point the temperature was up to 11C; nature has been knocked out of kilter, with adders emerging from hibernation and plants budding.’
    • ‘No harm will come to your rose if it has already started to bud up and grow and you prune it back during that stage.’
    • ‘When the limits of the substrate have been reached, a Hydractinia colony will bud reproductive polyps called gonozooids from the stolonal mat.’
    • ‘One effect is that flowers are now budding 19 days earlier as spring moves forwards.’
    • ‘The squirrels and the chipmunks frolicked in the interlacing tree branches that budded with new life.’
    sprout, shoot, develop buds, form buds, send out shoots, germinate, burgeon, swell, vegetate, mature
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1with object Graft a bud of (a plant) on to another plant.
      • ‘Most plants that were imported from France and Israel, were budded onto Rosa indica major (referred to as ‘Indica’) selections.’
      • ‘It is something of a myth that only roses that have been budded on to a rootstock by a nurseryman will grow.’
      • ‘Most roses are budded onto a hardy rootstock, so there will be a ‘neck’ that's about 4 inches long just above the roots.’
      • ‘Rather than having been budded onto a rootstock, shrublets grow on their own roots, making these plants less susceptible to the ravages of winter.’
      • ‘The most vulnerable point on most rose plants is the bud union - the point at which the rose variety was budded onto a rootstock.’

Phrases

  • in bud

    • (of a plant) having newly formed buds.

      ‘pale pink flowers which are of deeper colour in bud’
      • ‘A suburban landscape, neatly mowed lawns, trees in bud, faces I have known all or the better part of my life, the backdrop of my childhood.’
      • ‘This spring-flowering species has elegant slender stems, suspended from which are pendulous bell-shaped flowers, very green in bud, opening to cream, crisscrossed with green and maroon netted markings.’
      • ‘The late spring blossom is pink in bud, opening white, and the ovoid fruits, which are brilliant orange-red, deepening to crimson, last extremely well despite their appetising colouring.’
      • ‘Only a few flowers of Utricularia cornuta, normally abundant at this season, were noted; and Lophiola aurea, another plant normally in good bloom at this date, was in bud only.’
      • ‘About 10 percent of the population was in bud or early flower on that date, but many plants were still in a pre-bud stage.’
      • ‘Aromatic oils are most concentrated when herb plants are in bud, so that's a good time to harvest, although you can certainly take cuttings here and there during the growing season.’
      • ‘Spring bulbs and wild flowers are in bud, some in bloom.’
      • ‘Oil is strongest when the plant is in bud but before flowers open.’
      • ‘You can buy the bulbs and pot them up or plants will be available in bud.’
      • ‘During a field visit the following spring, approximately 100 plants were observed, mostly in bud, on a seasonally moist, sandy substrate with vegetation mowed on a regular basis.’

Origin

Late Middle English: of unknown origin.

Pronunciation

bud

/bʌd/

Main definitions of bud in English

: bud1bud2

bud2

noun

North American
informal
  • A friendly form of address from one boy or man to another.

    ‘I'll tell you what, bud’
    • ‘Well, I'll tell ya, bud, until you find yourself a prince who will take you away from all this, it's not about you.’
    • ‘And don't bring up Liz again tonight, all right, bud?’
    • ‘I've only got enough Spaghettio's for my family, bud.’
    • ‘He dragged his bags past us, and giving a distasteful look at me said, ‘Want some advice, bud?’’
    • ‘Ariela smiled slyly, ‘Thanks, bud,’ she said and ran towards it.’
    • ‘But I can still give you a run for your money, bud.’
    • ‘They just wanted to get together for one more night and bid my son farewell - to say, ‘We love you, bud, and we're going to miss you.’’
    • ‘‘Because she's as head over heels as you are, bud,’ James answered.’
    • ‘Not verbally, but I could just tell, it was a feeling, bud.’
    • ‘That's a very interesting theory there, bud.’

Origin

Mid 19th century: abbreviation of buddy.

Pronunciation

bud

/bʌd/