Main definitions of browning in English

: browning1Browning2

browning1

noun

mass noun
  • 1The process or result of making something brown, typically by cooking or burning.

    ‘the browning on the plants’
    • ‘It could also cause color bleeding, shrinkage, and browning.’
    • ‘Determine Degree of Compaction: Foot-worn areas, rapid browning in dry weather, slow drainage, and waterlogging after rain or watering are signs of soil compaction.’
    • ‘A uniform yellowing or browning of the edges of leaves on broadleaf plants or the tips of evergreen needles is a symptom of a condition called scorch.’
    • ‘Eventually, the small amount of oxygen induces browning and other physiological processes that turn crisp green lettuce to brown stinky soup.’
    • ‘The degree of flesh browning also increased, but was minimal after 1 or 2 weeks of storage, suggesting that changes in free juice occur early in the mealiness process and browning occurs later.’
    • ‘Danisco recently developed a new enzyme, DairyHox, that minimizes cheese browning during baking.’
    • ‘Therefore, not all the changes of peroxidase activity during cold storage or the growth season could be attributed to tissue browning and deterioration.’
    • ‘The correlation between the reducing sugar content of tubers and the extent of browning during processing has been documented.’
    • ‘If using a sauce, apply it during the last 15 to 30 minutes of smoking to prevent excess browning or burning.’
    • ‘They serve as excellent emulsifiers, whipping agents and water-binders, and also aid in gelation, thickening and browning.’
    • ‘The leaf edges often show some browning or burning due to heat and sunlight, and is a genetic factor.’
    • ‘To encourage browning, brush with cooking oil.’
    • ‘Look for healthy plants having dark green leaves with no browning or wilting, and also choose those that appear rootbound.’
    • ‘Carpets can experience browning, shrinkage, and rot.’
    • ‘They also require more processing to remove sugars, reduce browning during frying, and achieve the right texture.’
    • ‘Fred's steak was completely undercooked (he's more of a medium guy than a rare one, and had ordered it to his preference) and so he had to send it back to the kitchen for some extra browning.’
    • ‘So we fried eggs using just a wipe of oil to check for sticking and burning, then assessed evenness of browning by cooking pancakes with no oil at all.’
    • ‘We know that browning of the skin under the cancerous rays of UV light is dangerous, Browning semi-automatics may cause lead poisoning and recently we learned browning of food could be hazardous to your health.’
    • ‘They were interested in reducing tissue browning, which happens when plant tissue is cut during processing.’
    • ‘A very common cause of browning is a more complicated reaction known as sugar-amine browning.’
  • 2British Darkened flour, typically with other additives, for colouring gravy.

    • ‘In contrast, the mixture of gravy browning and ginger beer dripping down the cupboard wall smelled quite tasty.’
    • ‘I make gravy as per Delia's suggestions and like to add the browning solely to get an attractive dark colour.’
    • ‘An old-fashioned product still sometimes met is gravy browning, a concentrated caramel syrup which can be made at home from sugar and water.’

Pronunciation

browning

/ˈbraʊnɪŋ/

Main definitions of browning in English

: browning1Browning2

Browning2

noun

  • 1A type of water-cooled automatic machine gun.

    • ‘As an example, a left-handed shooter carrying a Browning Hi-Power will need an ambidextrous safety.’
    • ‘The Sabres were often used to attack rebel encampments and the usual tactic was to come in at very low altitude and catch the rebels by surprise, strafing the area with the six .50-caliber Brownings.’
    • ‘From an engineering viewpoint, many of his mechanical solutions have been recognized as precursors to later designs as modern as the BAR, the Browning machine gun, M1 rifle and M1 carbine.’
    • ‘Day after day, the 384th's industrious and skilled mechanics had, one by one, stripped each B - 17 of the accouterments of war: .50-cal Brownings, most turrets, armor plate, and oxygen systems.’
    • ‘Conversations become stilted and whispered, the drinks were poured stronger, they removed the tarps disguising the twin Brownings and walked the deck with revolvers in their belts.’
    • ‘Young Vallegrande residents are eager extras on the film set and march the town's warren of streets carrying wooden cut-outs of Browning machine guns and M1 rifles as they pretend to be Captain Prado Salmon and his battalion.’
    • ‘In 1943, each American infantry division was issued 157.30-caliber and 236.50-caliber Browning machine guns.’
    • ‘Also, a dorsal turret was retained but modified to handle four .50-caliber Brownings.’
    • ‘By the time the Allies liberated Herstal, the German occupying forces had had to resort to forced labor, and the guns they were producing were the worst Brownings of all time, with ugly finishes and often poor fit.’
    • ‘The Army wanted the aircraft carry the stunning armament of either eight 20 mm cannon or twelve .50-cal Brownings and fly at over 450-mph - truly amazing requirements for the time.’
    • ‘Freddy and his mates were flying the Curtiss P - 40E Warhawk which was well-armed with six .50-cal Browning machine guns and provided the pilot with ample protective armor.’
    • ‘Since the aircraft was relatively small in size, armament was initially restricted to four .50-caliber air-cooled Browning machine guns with 1200 rounds of ammunition.’
    • ‘The use of the FEG clone can save you money because the cost of a new gun is considerably less than current prices for a Browning - when you can find one.’
    • ‘If you liked the pre-'64 model 70 and the FN Mauser Brownings so much, why didn't you buy them?’
    • ‘The P - 51A would be fitted with four .50-caliber Brownings (two in each wing panel) and associated magazines to carry 1260 rounds of ammunition.’
    • ‘With the slightly shorter redesigned nose, which destroyed the shark-like contours of the earlier P - 40s, the P - 40D's nose guns were eliminated, hut the wing was modified to hold four .50-cal Browning machine guns.’
    • ‘I have often wondered what fate would have met the Luftwaffe over England had the RAF fighters been armed with .50-cal Brownings instead of the .303-cal weapons since the .50-cal had so much more hitting power.’
    • ‘Yes, the guns are replica .50-cal Brownings done by Aero Trader and are very nice.’
    • ‘Because of the turn and power change, I pulled ahead of Hippe and opened fire with the four .50 caliber Browning machine guns.’
    • ‘A 37 - US gallon forward wing fuel tank was also dropped while the remaining four .50-cal Brownings had their ammunition reduced by 70 rounds per gun.’
    • ‘However, when this heavily loaded, the ammunition per gun had to be reduced from 425-to 267-rpg and on some aircraft the number of Brownings was reduced to six.’
    • ‘The aircraft's tail turret still had its two Brownings installed, their barrels adorned with a bouquet of yellow sponges.’
    1. 1.1 A type of automatic pistol.
      • ‘Two masked gunmen fired a total of 14 shots from a .38 revolver and a 9mm Browning automatic pistol, all of which hit Finucane.’
      • ‘Traditionally, I open the season with an old and reliable favorite, a Browning Twelvette Double Auto.’
      • ‘They had a switch blade, a Browning BDM, and a Colt.’
      • ‘He was asked for the weapon by a senior UDA officer whose name is well known to the police and who rejected Stobie's original weapon (a six gun) and asked for a Browning capable of discharging 13 shots.’
      • ‘The gunman, who used a 9mm Browning automatic pistol, has killed before and was brought in from Tyrone to kill O'Hagan.’
      • ‘Arms comprising 7.62 self-loading rifles, a mini Uzi and various pistols including a Glock, a Browning, a Baretta, and an AR - 180 5.56 automatic rifle were also found.’
      • ‘The Brownings are long out of production, however, the .44 Magnum is alive and well in Rossi, Winchester, and especially Marlin leverguns.’
      • ‘Matt Del Fatti of Del Fatti Leather who I see as one of the finest leather craftsmen to ply the trade, cut and sewed a mahogany-colored holster with two magazine scabbards, custom fit to this Browning.’
      • ‘First we will stop by the armory where you will choose from the Barettas, Brownings, and Magnums.’
      • ‘GOE operators have a liberal personal weapons policy, so it is not unusual to see team members carrying pistols that range from Brownings to SIG Sauers to Glocks.’
      • ‘Glocks, Brownings and Berettas are joining flags and banners as top sales items and ammunition sales are doubling and tripling.’
      • ‘Another of the Palace Barracks guns, a Browning automatic pistol, was used to assassinate Belfast solicitor Pat Finucane.’
      • ‘Being a distinctly heavier pistol than, say, a Browning Hi-Power, the 1911 transmits only a gentle bump to the shooter when it spits a 9mm Parabellum round.’
      • ‘I had the opportunity to shoot scads of quality target pistols, including the S&W Model 41, various High Standards, Brownings and exotic European models.’
      • ‘To test the Adjuster, we retrieved a Browning Hi-Power from the gun safe and began to fiddle with the two adjustment screws.’

Origin

Early 20th century: named after John M. Browning (1855–1926), American designer of the weapons.

Pronunciation

Browning

/ˈbraʊnɪŋ/