Definition of broth in English:

broth

noun

mass noun
  • 1Soup consisting of meat or vegetables cooked in stock, sometimes thickened with barley or other cereals.

    ‘mutton broth’
    • ‘The soup is a vegetable broth that tastes eerily of chicken, with overcooked tomatoes, carrots, zucchini and celery.’
    • ‘Slide them into the thick broth and let them cook until opaque - a few minutes, but at any rate less than 10.’
    • ‘This is a sophisticated clear broth with sliced fresh vegetables added at the end.’
    • ‘There's even a very basic tortilla soup, which is little more than a stout chicken broth floating with softened tortilla strips.’
    • ‘Bring to a boil, reduce to a simmer, and let cook about 25 minutes, until vegetables are tender and broth smells lightly of the cheese.’
    • ‘Surprised by the quality, we came back for a lunch, this time big bowls of chunky vegetable broth flavoured with tarragon and dessert pancakes cooked to order.’
    • ‘A vast white bowl of broth thickened with very finely processed but still perceptible vegetables, interspersed with chunky meatballs and big pasta shells.’
    • ‘Bouillon soup, a thin vegetable-based broth, is also a good source of vitamins and minerals (including salt and potassium), to top up the body's depleted resources.’
    • ‘It had a dark broth, cooked vegetables and small chunks of meat.’
    • ‘The daily soup was a healthy vegetable broth containing rice, onion, celery, carrot and turnip.’
    • ‘There are many different types of soups out there, ranging from consommés and broths to chowders and stews.’
    • ‘Mash some of the beans with a potato masher to thicken the broth.’
    • ‘This was rice, sausage, fresh herbs and broth cooked in the oven as you would prepare paella at home.’
    • ‘To serve, spoon some clams and broth into a soup bowl, and garnish with mint and lemon zest.’
    • ‘Citron grills octopus until it's sultry and smoky, then adds opaline orbs of cod cheeks to soak up a rich black-currant-and-caper broth.’
    • ‘Spoon the broth with vegetables into soup bowls.’
    • ‘I opted for the soup of the day, a vegetable and lentil broth, and a ham, cheese, tomato and Dijon mustard panini.’
    • ‘Professor Kidunae Ikeda comes home from the physics faculty at the Tokyo Imperial University and sits down to eat a broth of vegetables and tofu prepared by his wife.’
    • ‘To serve, place some rice and dashi broth into a soup bowl and top with some nori, Japanese leeks, and sesame seeds.’
    • ‘Ladle the broth, chicken and vegetables into four warm soup bowls, and scatter with parsley leaves.’
    1. 1.1 Meat or fish stock.
      ‘the pig made five pots of broth’
      count noun ‘she made a broth from the bones’
      • ‘Ours is pretty simple: just a few ingredients (typically chicken, carrot, green onion, and mitsuba herb) in a light fish broth.’
      • ‘The first tablet has 21 recipes for meat broth and four for vegetable.’
      • ‘Filling is minced meat with a cube of jellied broth.’
      • ‘I had never heard of it, but a little research indicated that it is traditionally served with clams in Sardinia, and can be used in shellfish broth, in soups, or like regular pasta.’
      • ‘I mean, I have vegetable broth put away, so we can try making it with that.’
      • ‘You needn't brown the meat (so no spatters); just simmer it gently with a few herbs and spices in broth until it's tender.’
      • ‘After that came a tranche of wild king salmon in fish broth with lemongrass and a dollop of herb butter.’
      • ‘For a vegetarian version, substitute soy ham for regular and vegetable broth for chicken broth.’
      • ‘Discard the vegetables from the broth, but keep the broth for making minestrone-type soups - it will freeze well for use another day.’
      • ‘Clarify the cool broth by whisking the egg whites and stirring them and their shells into it, then heating over very low heat just to a simmer.’
      • ‘When she becomes hungry, offer her vegetable broth or vegetable soup, herb tea, fruit juice, grains, or light crackers.’
      • ‘Usually, it doesn't take more than five minutes for the food to get cooked in the chicken and vegetable broth.’
      • ‘In a large saucepan, bring 3 cups of broth and 2 tablespoons of butter to a boil.’
      • ‘In another bowl, whisk together vinegar, broth, oregano, garlic powder, salt and pepper to make the dressing.’
      • ‘Instead of using water, cook rice in chicken, beef or vegetable broth for savory side dishes that don't need gravy or sauce.’
      • ‘Pour chicken broth into a large pot, Dutch oven, or stockpot.’
      • ‘The chicken broth thickened as it cooked and provided body without cholesterol or fat.’
      • ‘Combine okra with reserved broth and remaining ingredients.’
      • ‘A little more than an hour later there will be a gorgeous, clear, rich broth, the meat falling off the bones.’
      • ‘Lisa arrived just as the vegetable broth on the back of the stove began to simmer.’
  • 2Microbiology
    A liquid medium containing proteins and other nutrients for the culture of bacteria.

    ‘in vitro cultures were established in MG3 broth’
    as modifier ‘broth cultures of intestinal tissue’
    • ‘By examining microscopically a drop of this broth culture the bacilli are seen in active movement, swarming at the margins of the drop, interspersed with the spiral threads, which are also apparently mobile.’
    • ‘The entire swab sticks were then placed in a brain-heart infusion broth and cultured for another 72 hours under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions.’
    • ‘Depending on the chemical added to the bacterial broth, the proteins of one gene would effectively be deactivated, disabling that gene.’
    • ‘Although both these studies used selective broth media, culture sites did not include the anorectum and this might have lowered the yield of positive cultures.’
    • ‘Respiratory specimens were examined with radiometric broth medium cultures and with the AMPLICOR assay for M tuberculosis.’
    stock, bouillon, juice, gravy, liquid, infusion, extract, concentrate, decoction
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1 A liquid mixture for the preservation of tissue.
      • ‘We have shown that the cryoprotective broth maintains the viability of fecal organisms for a period of 3 wk (Kleessen et al., 1995).’

Phrases

  • a broth of a boy

    • Used approvingly to refer to a very lively boy or young man.

      • ‘After dinner we were waiting on the Balcony sipping our coffee to see a procession when in came some of the other Officers of the North Star from their boating excursion among whom was a broth of a boy a Marine a friend of Chambers.’
      • ‘Ambrose too had a long reign as a minor - a broth of a boy.’
      • ‘You're right, my jewel; there's not such a broth of a boy to be picked up every day in the week.’
      • ‘But he's much more of a broth of a boy now, right enough.’

Origin

Old English, of Germanic origin; related to brew.

Pronunciation

broth

/brɒθ/