Definition of broth in English:

broth

noun

  • 1Soup consisting of meat or vegetables cooked in stock, sometimes thickened with barley or other cereals:

    ‘mutton broth’
    • ‘There are many different types of soups out there, ranging from consommés and broths to chowders and stews.’
    • ‘The soup is a vegetable broth that tastes eerily of chicken, with overcooked tomatoes, carrots, zucchini and celery.’
    • ‘Bring to a boil, reduce to a simmer, and let cook about 25 minutes, until vegetables are tender and broth smells lightly of the cheese.’
    • ‘To serve, spoon some clams and broth into a soup bowl, and garnish with mint and lemon zest.’
    • ‘Surprised by the quality, we came back for a lunch, this time big bowls of chunky vegetable broth flavoured with tarragon and dessert pancakes cooked to order.’
    • ‘The daily soup was a healthy vegetable broth containing rice, onion, celery, carrot and turnip.’
    • ‘Ladle the broth, chicken and vegetables into four warm soup bowls, and scatter with parsley leaves.’
    • ‘Bouillon soup, a thin vegetable-based broth, is also a good source of vitamins and minerals (including salt and potassium), to top up the body's depleted resources.’
    • ‘This was rice, sausage, fresh herbs and broth cooked in the oven as you would prepare paella at home.’
    • ‘There's even a very basic tortilla soup, which is little more than a stout chicken broth floating with softened tortilla strips.’
    • ‘A vast white bowl of broth thickened with very finely processed but still perceptible vegetables, interspersed with chunky meatballs and big pasta shells.’
    • ‘To serve, place some rice and dashi broth into a soup bowl and top with some nori, Japanese leeks, and sesame seeds.’
    • ‘Slide them into the thick broth and let them cook until opaque - a few minutes, but at any rate less than 10.’
    • ‘Mash some of the beans with a potato masher to thicken the broth.’
    • ‘Professor Kidunae Ikeda comes home from the physics faculty at the Tokyo Imperial University and sits down to eat a broth of vegetables and tofu prepared by his wife.’
    • ‘Spoon the broth with vegetables into soup bowls.’
    • ‘This is a sophisticated clear broth with sliced fresh vegetables added at the end.’
    • ‘It had a dark broth, cooked vegetables and small chunks of meat.’
    • ‘Citron grills octopus until it's sultry and smoky, then adds opaline orbs of cod cheeks to soak up a rich black-currant-and-caper broth.’
    • ‘I opted for the soup of the day, a vegetable and lentil broth, and a ham, cheese, tomato and Dijon mustard panini.’
    1. 1.1 Meat or fish stock:
      ‘the pig made five pots of broth’
      [count noun] ‘she made a broth from the bones’
      • ‘In another bowl, whisk together vinegar, broth, oregano, garlic powder, salt and pepper to make the dressing.’
      • ‘The chicken broth thickened as it cooked and provided body without cholesterol or fat.’
      • ‘Clarify the cool broth by whisking the egg whites and stirring them and their shells into it, then heating over very low heat just to a simmer.’
      • ‘Combine okra with reserved broth and remaining ingredients.’
      • ‘For a vegetarian version, substitute soy ham for regular and vegetable broth for chicken broth.’
      • ‘Ours is pretty simple: just a few ingredients (typically chicken, carrot, green onion, and mitsuba herb) in a light fish broth.’
      • ‘Lisa arrived just as the vegetable broth on the back of the stove began to simmer.’
      • ‘Instead of using water, cook rice in chicken, beef or vegetable broth for savory side dishes that don't need gravy or sauce.’
      • ‘Discard the vegetables from the broth, but keep the broth for making minestrone-type soups - it will freeze well for use another day.’
      • ‘A little more than an hour later there will be a gorgeous, clear, rich broth, the meat falling off the bones.’
      • ‘In a large saucepan, bring 3 cups of broth and 2 tablespoons of butter to a boil.’
      • ‘Usually, it doesn't take more than five minutes for the food to get cooked in the chicken and vegetable broth.’
      • ‘The first tablet has 21 recipes for meat broth and four for vegetable.’
      • ‘You needn't brown the meat (so no spatters); just simmer it gently with a few herbs and spices in broth until it's tender.’
      • ‘After that came a tranche of wild king salmon in fish broth with lemongrass and a dollop of herb butter.’
      • ‘I had never heard of it, but a little research indicated that it is traditionally served with clams in Sardinia, and can be used in shellfish broth, in soups, or like regular pasta.’
      • ‘Pour chicken broth into a large pot, Dutch oven, or stockpot.’
      • ‘Filling is minced meat with a cube of jellied broth.’
      • ‘I mean, I have vegetable broth put away, so we can try making it with that.’
      • ‘When she becomes hungry, offer her vegetable broth or vegetable soup, herb tea, fruit juice, grains, or light crackers.’
  • 2Microbiology
    A liquid medium containing proteins and other nutrients for the culture of bacteria:

    ‘in vitro cultures were established in MG3 broth’
    [as modifier] ‘broth cultures of intestinal tissue’
    • ‘Depending on the chemical added to the bacterial broth, the proteins of one gene would effectively be deactivated, disabling that gene.’
    • ‘Although both these studies used selective broth media, culture sites did not include the anorectum and this might have lowered the yield of positive cultures.’
    • ‘By examining microscopically a drop of this broth culture the bacilli are seen in active movement, swarming at the margins of the drop, interspersed with the spiral threads, which are also apparently mobile.’
    • ‘The entire swab sticks were then placed in a brain-heart infusion broth and cultured for another 72 hours under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions.’
    • ‘Respiratory specimens were examined with radiometric broth medium cultures and with the AMPLICOR assay for M tuberculosis.’
    stock, broth, bouillon, juice, gravy, liquid, infusion, extract, concentrate, decoction
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1 A liquid mixture for the preservation of tissue.
      • ‘We have shown that the cryoprotective broth maintains the viability of fecal organisms for a period of 3 wk (Kleessen et al., 1995).’

Phrases

  • a broth of a boy

    • Used approvingly to refer to a very lively boy or young man.

      • ‘You're right, my jewel; there's not such a broth of a boy to be picked up every day in the week.’
      • ‘Ambrose too had a long reign as a minor - a broth of a boy.’
      • ‘But he's much more of a broth of a boy now, right enough.’
      • ‘After dinner we were waiting on the Balcony sipping our coffee to see a procession when in came some of the other Officers of the North Star from their boating excursion among whom was a broth of a boy a Marine a friend of Chambers.’

Origin

Old English, of Germanic origin; related to brew.

Pronunciation

broth

/brɒθ/