Definition of broccoli in English:



mass noun
  • A cultivated variety of cabbage bearing heads of green or purplish flower buds that are eaten as a vegetable.

    There are several kinds of broccoli, in particular those in the ‘Italica’ group, including sprouting broccoli, which bears small loose clusters of heads on several shoots, and the bright green dense-headed variety which is also called calabrese

    • ‘The only vegetables to avoid are any of the cole crops, such as cabbage, mustard or broccoli.’
    • ‘Lettuce is, for me, a pain in the neck if it must be done by hand; so are radishes, broccoli, and most herbs.’
    • ‘Seedlings for planting out now include cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower and celery.’
    • ‘A ten-foot row of broccoli will give you enough florets to feed a family of four with plenty left over to freeze.’
    • ‘On our small plot we are plagued by onion mildew and club root; we can no longer grow onions, leeks, cabbages or broccoli.’
    • ‘Plant seed for broccoli, cauliflower and cabbage transplants through mid-August.’
    • ‘The Cruciferae are any of a family of plants including cabbage, broccoli, turnip, and mustard.’
    • ‘It's also a good time to put in root crops as well as broccoli and cabbage, artichokes, asparagus and rhubarb.’
    • ‘The vegetable garden is doing quite well, with spuds, broccoli, onions, cabbage and garlic all starting to grow.’
    • ‘Sow purple-sprouting broccoli and winter cabbages in trays.’
    • ‘Sow cabbages, broccoli and other brassicas in a sheltered seed bed or in trays in the cold greenhouse.’
    • ‘Like the cauliflower, broccoli is a sort of cabbage in which flowers have begun to form but have stopped growing while still in bud.’
    • ‘This new brand of broccoli is right at home in southern climates where it has been so hot and dry the last couple of years.’
    • ‘Plant out winter greens, such as broccoli and Brussels sprouts, in the vegetable plot.’
    • ‘Flea beetles like this crop a lot and the best way for me to get broccoli and cauliflower is to start the seedling in flats.’
    • ‘Italian green sprouting or Calabrese broccoli is the most commonly grown heirloom type.’
    • ‘After plants stop producing, most people pull up their broccoli and toss it onto the compost pile.’
    • ‘A ten percent germination rate can leave a lot of bare soil in a flower bed, or lead to a disappointment of broccoli.’
    • ‘Another reason for rotation is to get rid of fungi which easily strike crops such as tomatoes, broccoli and cabbage.’


Mid 17th century: from Italian, plural of broccolo ‘cabbage sprout, head’, diminutive of brocco ‘shoot’, based on Latin brocchus, broccus ‘projecting’.