Main definitions of bound in English

: bound1bound2bound3bound4

bound1

verb

[NO OBJECT]
  • 1 Walk or run with leaping strides.

    ‘Louis came bounding down the stairs’
    figurative ‘shares bounded ahead in early dealing’
    • ‘As I sloshed into the house, Bobby came bounding down the stairs.’
    • ‘We do not know who won the high jump or the triple jump except that a couple of Swedes have gone bounding down the track in delight.’
    • ‘As soon as we got back outside, she came bounding down the street, being pursued by another dog.’
    • ‘I was still lying in bed, trying to force my eyes open, when he bounded up to me like a kid on his 12th birthday.’
    • ‘She came bounding down the hallway from the kitchen shouting at him.’
    • ‘Nick practically bounded ahead of me, the concept of pace eluding him.’
    • ‘Valentine sensed the relaxed atmosphere and bounded up to Aimée, jumping up on her.’
    • ‘Sally bounded up to him when he walked into the building alone the next morning.’
    • ‘A moment later I was bounding down the stairs to tell my mom.’
    • ‘A girl in a ruffled jean miniskirt with a colourfully striped v-neck, her light hoodie zip-up flying behind her, came bounding down the stairs.’
    • ‘He bounded up to me and started to interrogate me as to whom I knew at the party and why I was here.’
    • ‘As I sat, Eleanor came bounding down the stairs.’
    • ‘A small rabbit came bounding down the path at one point.’
    • ‘Over the past five years, productivity has bounded ahead to an annual rate of almost three percent, after spending 20 years at an average of less than half that level.’
    • ‘A pot of tea, thankfully, was on the kitchen table, and I slumped over to it eagerly, flopping down in my battered chair as Mom came bounding down the stairs, my three bags in hand.’
    • ‘A young child out with her family was terrified by a couple of unruly dogs when they bounded up to her.’
    • ‘It was just as I was getting distracted by this odd train of thought that the door at the top of the staircase flew open and Rachel Marie began bounding down the stairs.’
    • ‘As if on cue, Alisha came bounding down the stairs.’
    • ‘‘Bye,’ he nearly whispered, before bounding down the hallway to meet up with the group of friends that had called for him.’
    • ‘As she was climbing the stairs, Joel came bounding down, dressed in khaki pants and a blue button down shirt that practically made his eyes, which were the exact same color, pop out of his head.’
    leap, jump, spring, bounce, hop, vault, hurdle
    skip, bob, dance, prance, romp, caper, cavort, sport, frisk, frolic, gambol, gallop, hurtle
    curvet, rollick, capriole
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1(of an object) rebound from a surface.
      ‘bullets bounded off the veranda’
      • ‘The ball bounded off the wall and Jeter went into second standing up.’
      • ‘Painter Henri Matisse had rooms overlooking the market, and you could see where he got his inspiration as the sunlight bounded off ochre walls in these tall, narrow streets.’
      • ‘I didn't glance up from my plate until a roll bounded off the side of my head.’
      • ‘The sun bled stark white light over the court and it bounded off pasty nets that fluttered a little.’

noun

  • A leaping movement towards or over something.

    ‘I went up the steps in two effortless bounds’
    • ‘I hope that his mission will continue, and his death is seen as reason to work harder, to stand taller, to leap all these cultural obstacles with a single bound.’
    • ‘Then science made some astonishing leaps and bounds, and it became possible to construct a theory of consciousness that involved nothing more complex than the physical brain.’
    • ‘Water was run across, buildings were leapt in a single bound, swords made appropriately dramatic sounds as they were sliced through the air.’
    • ‘Able to leap tall silos in a single bound, this animated environmental advocate uses her ground-scan radar vision to detect on-farm perils.’
    • ‘Since the winter break, however, he has come into the side, proving that his game has come on leaps and bounds, and in recent weeks the way he has been hogging the headlines has seemed nothing short of selfish.’
    • ‘In a single bound, he leaped over a Texas blocker to force a game-sealing interception earlier this year.’
    • ‘He will come on leaps and bounds for today's run and has proved he is a leading contender.’
    • ‘I think my sketchbook diary is leaps and bounds beyond any of my other work.’
    • ‘The tall building could be leapt in a single bound in lunar gravity.’
    • ‘Our tour has come on leaps and bounds in the past four or five years.’
    • ‘With a bound, he leapt free of the car and nearly knocked the poor boy over.’
    • ‘They leap by bounds, twirl their bodies this way and that, delighting in this opportunity to torment me!’
    • ‘Now, they're called super shoplifters, and while they can't leap a building in a single bound, they probably could steal most of what was in it.’
    • ‘His temperature leaps by bounds, his cheeks are flushed crimson, his pulse beats fast, and his eyes wear an altogether unearthly aspect.’
    • ‘I work with him every week and he's come on leaps and bounds lately.’
    • ‘While Mills has yet to prove that he can leap tall buildings in a single bound, there's no doubt that he is one of the most important and influential DJs in the history of the world.’
    • ‘These gents leap over buildings in a single bound, folks!’
    • ‘It's taken considerable leaps and bounds since then.’
    • ‘But only recently have videogames started making leaps and bounds towards a unified interactive product.’
    • ‘One way or another, it galloped in great leaps and bounds.’
    leap, jump, spring, bounce, hop, vault, hurdle
    curvet, capriole
    View synonyms

Origin

Early 16th century (as a noun): from French bond (noun), bondir (verb) resound, later rebound, from late Latin bombitare, from Latin bombus humming.

Pronunciation:

bound

/baʊnd/

Main definitions of bound in English

: bound1bound2bound3bound4

bound2

noun

  • 1A territorial limit; a boundary.

    ‘the ancient bounds of the forest’
    • ‘He commands 45,000 police and civilians, and is responsible for a massive slice of territory stretching far beyond the bounds of what most people think of as London.’
    • ‘I do not need to take it any further than to merely say there is a broad power and it can operate beyond the bounds of the Territory.’
    • ‘And yet within the bounds of each paragraph, the writing is extremely cogent, even sometimes quite strictly disciplined’
    • ‘Curious as always, we walked beyond the bounds of the current development, into the rock of the desert.’
    • ‘But there is ample evidence that they are erecting the bounds of their political playpen far beyond the confines of Westminster.’
    • ‘Once within its bounds, I notice a winding single-story caretaker building to our immediate right.’
    • ‘The chance to purchase a site of this critical mass and significance within the bounds of the National Park make it unprecedented in recent years.’
    • ‘Townspeople of all ages have taken part in the historic beating of the bounds tradition to observe the boundaries of Malmesbury.’
    • ‘The bounds of the territorium, described topographically, match the present Llangors parish.’
    • ‘We elves patrol throughout the Black Wood, and well into the bounds of the ancient elf kingdom, including the Marshes where you are from.’
    • ‘Built heritage experts concede that the most severely damaged buildings were not the most elegant, stylish or historic within the bounds of Edinburgh's World Heritage Site.’
    borders, boundaries, confines, limits, outer limits, extremities, margins, edges, fringes, marches
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1A limitation or restriction on feeling or action.
      ‘it is not beyond the bounds of possibility that the issue could arise again’
      ‘enthusiasm to join the union knew no bounds’
      • ‘Questions linger about how the government will deal with contractors who may have exceeded their contractual authority - and the bounds of the law’
      • ‘My lamb may not have been the most tender I've ever tasted, but it fell well within the bounds of acceptability, and the lentil sauce was a grainy delight, especially when combined with the dark, thick garlic jus.’
      • ‘Capable of great inspiration and idealism, they are often accused of lacking realism and being too trusting in the conviction that the power of belief, hope, or love can transcend all bounds and borders.’
      • ‘Confined within proper bounds, such measures need not pose a threat to civil liberties in general or to academic freedom in particular.’
      • ‘By contrast, hoarding of a non-monetary commodity is kept within bounds by declining marginal utility.’
      • ‘Mikala's clothing and personal belongings clattered to the floor, their owner's body no longer confined within the bounds of the materials and armor.’
      • ‘Such statements are entirely within the bounds of ‘tolerance’ and ‘civility,’ and they need no apology.’
      • ‘His mother appeared to be extremely happy and her happiness seemed me to have no bounds.’
      • ‘It's within bounds to distribute it by a hybrid, such as these passes - but the owners would be well-advised to pay attention to the social dynamics of hybrid systems.’
      • ‘His ambition for approbation sets bounds and limits to his ambition, so to speak.’
      • ‘My only limits are the bounds of good taste, what I consider good taste.’
      • ‘If the precedent established at Nuremberg has any contemporary relevance, the entire strategy elaborated in this document proceeds outside the bounds of international law.’
      • ‘Yet even the members of this excellent Cambridge team sometimes fail to confine themselves within the narrow bounds of testimony.’
      • ‘They are musicians for the 21st Century, where there are no borders and no bounds.’
      • ‘But his views are neither racist nor extremist; they fall within the bounds of legitimate scholarly debate.’
      • ‘It's fascinating to see how income tax law has been changed over the years in order to continue misleading people while staying technically within the bounds of the Constitution.’
      • ‘Therefore, the question of having a navy and of its parameters far transcends the bounds of military tasks alone for any state.’
      • ‘The Crown sets a finite limit and says that is the bounds within which it will negotiate, and if that is not accepted, then it will not be able to negotiate.’
      • ‘And, of course, such systems have a way of refusing to be contained within bounds or borders.’
      • ‘Even within these tolerant bounds, however, Nicolas Roeg was a limit tester.’
    2. 1.2technical A limiting value.
      ‘an upper bound on each modulus’
      • ‘Also, our upper bounds may be too high, but how will we ever prove it?’
      • ‘The elementary method described in the present article can be refined to yield a quantitative upper bound.’
      • ‘He gave bounds for the least quadratic residues modulo a prime, and for the least primitive root for a prime.’
      • ‘The program gives the lower and upper bounds on the confidence interval as well as the length of the interval, obtained by subtracting the lower from the upper bound.’
      • ‘Ninety-five percent confidence bounds were calculated using the standard normal distribution.’
      • ‘Researchers can therefore use calibrated and uncalibrated models to provide upper and lower bounds to capture true values.’
      • ‘For example, the usual definition of least upper bound is impredicative, since it characterizes a number in terms of a collection of upper bounds, and the defined number is a member of that collection.’
      • ‘Instead, therefore, one tries to find upper and lower bounds.’
      • ‘Using the entropy framework, a prior, or expected value, and upper and lower bounds are needed for each estimated coefficient and error term.’
      • ‘The fit results and the mechanical stability conditions allow us to determine bounds to the values of some elastic moduli.’
      • ‘Instead, simulations are employed to test how different upper bounds limit the rate of false inclusions across a range of reasonable conditions.’
      • ‘Weinstein's method was developed to give accurate bounds for eigenvalues of plates and membranes.’
      • ‘However, the fact that they can prove bounds for their alternate algorithms suggests that maybe this is a line of attack to take when analyzing Lloyd's method.’
      • ‘This suggests that researchers can use calibrated and uncalibrated values as upper and lower bounds for true values.’
      • ‘Thus the energy barriers estimated this way are lower bounds for the true barriers.’
      • ‘What is known is that all techniques used so far to prove lower bounds on computational models reside in a specific low fragment of Peano arithmetic.’
      • ‘If the tiling problem for monotiles with finitely many vertices and edges is undecidable, then there is no finite upper bound on Heesch numbers.’
      • ‘Schofield and then McKelvey and Schofield obtained some bounds on k values.’
      • ‘The 2.5th and 97.5th percentiles of the resulting distributions served as the upper and lower bounds of the confidence limit.’
      • ‘Clearly, as we have already seen, the key size provides an upper bound of an algorithm's cryptographic strength.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1 Form the boundary of; enclose.

    ‘the ground was bounded by a main road on one side and a meadow on the other’
    • ‘Old City, bounded by stone walls which once formed part of a fortress, is divided into four quarters.’
    • ‘On the bit of garden outworks bounded by the wall is a little group of rowans and lilac, and beneath them grow more daffodils, which we have never noticed particularly.’
    • ‘The little area now covered by the shed was once a favorite play spot bounded by the hedge and pecan tree on the north, the rock wall on the east, and the alley on the south.’
    • ‘After a short rest I turned off down Smithyard Lane - a dirt road, single track, running between open fields and bounded by high hedges.’
    • ‘After laying and during the washing, we had problems getting rid of the water (all but one side of the house is bounded by walls).’
    • ‘When the game starts, your selected object is presented in the center of a spherical space bounded by fractal walls.’
    • ‘Mosses, ferns and green and white lichens sprawled all over the wet rock wall that bounded the inner curve of the levada.’
    • ‘The east-facing back garden of number 26 is bounded by granite walls and laid in lawn with flower borders.’
    • ‘The long back garden is bounded by walls, mature trees and hedging.’
    • ‘It is 120 feet long and 45 feet wide, is enclosed by cut stone granite walls and bounded by mature trees.’
    • ‘Outside, the front lawn is bounded by walls and contains a selection of plants and shrubs as well as a cobblelock driveway providing parking for two cars.’
    • ‘Oval in plan, the enclosure is bounded by a single stone wall 2.7 m. thick.’
    • ‘He may be telling an unfortunate tale, but one still infused with the vitality of childhood, even bounded by the walls of a tiny flat.’
    • ‘He was told that the City Council had just received approval from the Health Service Executive to move back the wall bounding the hospital and that work would be done in April.’
    • ‘The drive is steep, and narrow, and bounded by high stone walls.’
    • ‘The site is bounded by natural limestone walls.’
    • ‘The site is bounded by fencing, hedges and trees, and fences divide most of the plots.’
    • ‘The outer hair cell has a liquid core bounded by a composite wall.’
    • ‘The next image zooms in on the area bounded by the gray circle.’
    • ‘The immediate grounds of the house are bounded by a wall and a gate, and then the ‘wilderness,’ a wooded and wilder area.’
    enclose, surround, encircle, circle, ring, circumscribe, border
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Place within certain limits; restrict.
      ‘freedom of action is bounded by law’
      • ‘All these people are bound within an institutional culture of hate and degradation.’
      • ‘Freedom in this context is bounded entirely by reference to the law.’
      • ‘The limits of your imagination are bounded only by your budgets, so think creative.’
      • ‘Passion and compassion are, thankfully, not bounded by the cumbersome fences of nationalism.’
      • ‘The only legitimate and productive political action must be bounded by the limits of the status quo and the Democrats who protect it.’
      • ‘It is bounded exclusively by our belief and the limits we place on ourselves.’
      • ‘In terms of the product continuum, they have enabled users to personalise their trainers, creating designs and patterns within a tightly bounded shoe design.’
      • ‘Symphonic music was, and still is, bounded only by the limits of the imagination.’
      • ‘It's easy to see that the way you define or bound a problem points you strongly in the direction of one - or another - strategic choice.’
      • ‘The body is a part of the physical world, and diseases are bounded disorders that must be treated within this realm.’
      • ‘The relevant function here was to perform those legal obligations which bound the Council to comply with the laws so far as nuisance and potentially negligence were concerned.’
      • ‘Parents tell us what to do and how to act, then teachers and of course we all live in a world bounded by rules and regulations enforced by the law or religion and morality.’
      • ‘Isn't it bad enough that everyday existence is bounded by laws and conventions, without art feeling that it has to follow suit?’
      • ‘Both parties are bound by mutual confidentiality restrictions, and I really can't comment.’
      • ‘Your reputation, however that may be defined, is clearly not bounded by these shores.’
      • ‘All behavior would therefore be caused and bounded by the laws relating to chemistry and physics.’
      • ‘And what forms that apparatus takes are bounded only by our imagination and the laws of physics.’
      • ‘Secondary categories are not strictly bounded, and their limits are constantly redefined through practice.’
      • ‘The Act can be seen as a good start, but with the restrictions bounded upon it the government have been criticised for ‘not doing better’.’
      • ‘This could be a pointer to many new writers who are bound by geographical limits.’

Phrases

  • in bounds

    • Inside the part of a sports field or court in which play is conducted.

      • ‘Why shouldn't replay help decide whether he didn't land in bounds because of the tackle or because of his own momentum?’
      • ‘The passer immediately steps in bounds, preferably on the block.’
      • ‘You throw the ball in bounds safely, and your player hugs the basketball and awaits the foul.’
      • ‘This way, when I pass the ball in bounds, the defense has to find their man and react to the situation.’
      • ‘If he makes a mistake in the previous game, such as running a route short of its proper depth or not getting both feet in bounds, he'll be cognizant of it during practice the following week.’
      • ‘When someone has to throw the ball in bounds, they only have 5 seconds to do so, or the other team gets the ball.’
      • ‘Proehl leaped, caught it, and kept both feet in bounds.’
      • ‘The official on the field ruled the catch good, but TV replays showed Johnson's elbow landed out of bounds before his second foot came down in bounds.’
      • ‘Replays showed Johnson landed two feet in bounds.’
      • ‘As long as any portion of the ball is in bounds, you can play this shot.’
  • out of bounds

    • 1Outside the part of a sports field or court in which play is conducted.

      ‘he hit his third shot out of bounds at the 17th’
      • ‘Instead, the former quarterback sprinted all the way back across the field and out of bounds right at the first-down marker.’
      • ‘She then appeared to lose a step, dropping four straight games during a stretch when she double-faulted three times and saw her long ground strokes carry out of bounds on the clay court.’
      • ‘Kicks and punts angled to the comers invariably seem to go out of bounds, which costs the team in field position.’
      • ‘Once a basket is scored, the ball passes to the opposition who start play out of bounds at the end of the court and pass it in-bounds.’
      • ‘Unfortunately, her shot hit the goal post and bounced out of bounds.’
      • ‘He fields the kick and instantly stumbles out of bounds.’
      • ‘Blocked shots almost always go out of bounds or result in a foul.’
      • ‘He blocked a shot out of bounds and lobbied for possession.’
      • ‘I see a kid get the ball out of bounds, come down the court going between his legs and behind his back repeatedly without reason.’
      • ‘Trying for more yardage after a reception instead of calling a timeout or going out of bounds, he ran out the dock, costing his team an attempt at a game-winning field goal.’
    • 2Outside the limits of where one is permitted to be.

      ‘his kitchen was out of bounds to me at mealtimes’
      • ‘As a result of suspected malicious damage to the water fountain at Riverside Park the fountain is out of bounds to all comers to the park.’
      • ‘The main car park at the 900-acre Bishop Wood, near Selby, is now out of bounds to motorists.’
      • ‘He invited me into the section out of bounds to the public.’
      • ‘This not only provides a circular reservoir walk but also allows access to views of the water from areas that were previously out of bounds to the public.’
      • ‘None of them could watch anything because the day room was put out of bounds to them.’
      • ‘A quarter of the playground is still out of bounds to children until resurfacing work, at an estimated cost of £1, 000, is carried out.’
      • ‘It was feared that up to 80 square miles of the park would have to be put out of bounds to climbers and walkers following the recent dry weather and the danger of two fires that raged last week.’
      • ‘The Bellary Road, which has been earmarked for the parking of VIP vehicles, has become a restricted area, out of bounds to other commuters.’
      • ‘Large areas of the countryside were out of bounds to both city and rural dwellers today as Government officials tried to halt the spread of foot-and-mouth disease.’
      • ‘All of these, he says, are part of the ‘common wealth’ that needs to be protected from being sold off and becoming out of bounds to those who won't pay the entrance fee.’
      off limits, restricted, reserved, closed off
      forbidden, banned, proscribed, vetoed, interdicted, ruled out, not allowed, not permitted, illegal, illicit, unlawful, impermissible, not acceptable, taboo
      verboten
      no go
      non licet
      View synonyms
      1. 2.1Beyond what is acceptable.
        ‘Paul felt that this conversation was getting out of bounds’
        • ‘For him, all personal experience is grist to the writer's mill; nothing is taboo or out of bounds.’
        • ‘But I think this clearly qualifies as way, way out of bounds.’
        • ‘And I bet you'll see tonight members of the audience ask questions that, you know, just four or eight years ago would have frankly seemed a little out of bounds.’
        • ‘I didn't like it, but it wasn't completely out of bounds.’
        • ‘I don't think it's out of bounds to say that that last comment that she made that was very controversial.’
        • ‘Do you consider anything out of bounds anymore?’
        • ‘There's something fantastically liberating in the licence she gives you to laugh at subjects usually out of bounds.’
        • ‘I am more comfortable about talking about what I think is definitely out of bounds than in coming up with a theory that would provide answers to all or maybe even most legal questions.’
        • ‘For the busy lady this posed something of a nightmare as sandwiches were forbidden and a nice plate of pasta with sauce was out of bounds.’
        • ‘Another possibility is that the rhetoric reframes the debate entirely, making it impossible to mount a defense of an issue without seeming to be out of bounds.’

Origin

Middle English (in the senses ‘landmark’ and ‘borderland’): from Old French bodne, from medieval Latin bodina, earlier butina, of unknown ultimate origin.

Pronunciation:

bound

/baʊnd/

Main definitions of bound in English

: bound1bound2bound3bound4

bound3

adjective

  • 1Going or ready to go towards a specified place.

    ‘an express train bound for Edinburgh’
    [in combination] ‘the three moon-bound astronauts’
    • ‘He shouted at a handful of passengers, who boarded another bus bound for the same destination, and forced them to alight, leaving all their belongings in the bus.’
    • ‘Suitcases, once bound for holidays abroad in Mexico and the USA, were left strewn across all four lanes of the carriageway.’
    • ‘Two experienced Spaniards, inseparable partners, were bound for Ancohuma.’
    • ‘Once again the lorry left Ramsgate aboard the Sally Star bound for Dunkirk.’
    • ‘They made sure that they were on the next flight bound for Toronto.’
    • ‘We in the hardboat were bound for Mumbles Pier, the others for more distant destinations.’
    • ‘Two planes carrying 89 people took off from Moscow's Domodedovo airport yesterday around an hour apart and bound for two different destinations.’
    • ‘The group was bound for Greece and other European destinations in the hope of earning a livelihood to support their families back home.’
    • ‘The only discomfort was sharing space with at least a couple of passengers bound for the same destination.’
    • ‘Much to my delight, the traffic was heading in the other direction and I had the northern bound freeway to myself.’
    • ‘On December 3, he checked out again and jumped on a plane bound for Hawaii.’
    • ‘That where he is bound come April 5, when he will attempt to better his brave fourth place in last year's National.’
    • ‘The container was loaded onto a ship at Zeebrugge bound for Ireland and police believe that is the most likely place for them to have stowed away.’
    • ‘Oh sure, she was bound for a very good college and was fairly certain that he wasn't, but was it worth it?’
    • ‘Servants bound for less desirable colonial destinations also received shorter terms.’
    • ‘The strike also delayed trains bound for destinations on the European mainland.’
    • ‘But how many minutes will the bench - bound Italian with the stylised facial hair play against the Koreans?’
    • ‘A passenger, who just arrived at the station and asked for anonymity, was forced by several bus brokers to board a bus which is not bound for his destination.’
    • ‘So he fled that very night, running many miles away from his master, and jumped onto a ship bound for Britain.’
    • ‘Although the initial stay was only six months, after returning to France it wasn't long before they were bound for Bulgaria once again.’
    1. 1.1Destined or very likely to have a specified experience.
      ‘they were bound for disaster’
      • ‘Although we can see that it is bound for failure, it is fascinating to follow its journey.’
      • ‘And so any strategy that's based on going after the leadership alone is bound for failure.’
      • ‘While these students are likely not bound for careers in music, they are the future core of the volunteer choir, the town band and the community orchestra.’
      • ‘Any attempt at explaining higher meanings to be derived from Judo is bound for failure.’
      • ‘Obviously, by definition, the destination of education bound trips is always an education centre, which may be situated in a nearby area or at the nearest market centre or town.’
      • ‘Surely many world records are bound to be broken, they think.’

Origin

Middle English boun (in the sense ‘ready, dressed’), from Old Norse búinn, past participle of búa get ready; the final -d is euphonic, or influenced by bound.

Pronunciation:

bound

/baʊnd/

Main definitions of bound in English

: bound1bound2bound3bound4

bound4

verb

  • past and past participle of bind

adjective

  • 1[with infinitive] Certain to be or to do or have something.

    ‘there is bound to be a change of plan’
    certain, sure, very likely, guaranteed, destined, predestined, fated
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Obliged by law, circumstances, or duty to do something.
      ‘I'm bound to do what I can to help Sam’
      ‘I'm bound to say that I have some doubts’
  • 2[in combination] Restricted or confined to a specified place.

    ‘his job kept him city-bound’
    1. 2.1Prevented from operating normally by the specified conditions.
      ‘blizzard-bound Boston’
      • ‘Then you're duty bound to do the right thing so you just do what you're told and get on with it.’
      • ‘The Department was duty bound to protect the interests of the members who had contributed to this amount.’
      • ‘Traditionally, they are duty bound to defer to the wishes of their parents.’
  • 3[in combination] (of a book) having a specified binding.

    ‘fine leather-bound books’
  • 4(of a grammatical element) occurring only in combination with another form.

    • ‘Not only this, but word formation in English, generally, consists in the addition of a bound affix to the end of a stem, with the affix functioning as the head of the complex form.’
    • ‘And that left a lot of people feeling anxiously that they were never allowed to use ‘they’ as a bound pronoun even when they needed to.’
    • ‘Pidginization can entail loss of all bound morphology, many free grammatical morphemes, and even a large part of the vocabulary.’
    1. 4.1In Chomskyan linguistics, (of a reflexive, reciprocal, or other linguistic unit) dependent for its reference on another noun phrase in the same sentence.
      • ‘Thus, the pronouns in both conditional and relative clause donkey sentences cannot be understood as referring expressions nor as bound variables.’
      • ‘In two studies in which readers' eye movements were recorded, we examined the processing of pronouns bound by universal quantifiers.’
      • ‘All nouns are bound by referents, and it is healthier to one's linguistic development to keep things less solid and grounded.’
      • ‘This has the consequence that where a coreferential or bound zero anaphor may occur, the use of an overt pronoun will tend to be taken to solicit disjoint reference.’
      • ‘Long-distance reflexivization refers to the phenomenon whereby a reflexive can be bound outside its local domain.’
      • ‘Thus, pronouns in discourse anaphora are not variables bound by their quantifier antecedents.’
      • ‘In these languages, first and second-person pronouns are used instead as bound anaphors.’

Phrases

  • bound up in

    • Focusing on to the exclusion of all else.

      ‘she was too bound up in her own misery to care that other people were hurt’
  • bound up with (or in)

    • Closely connected with or related to.

      ‘democracy is bound up with a measure of economic and social equality’
      • ‘Let me warn you to remember that the salvation of your soul, and nothing less, is closely bound up with the subject.’
      • ‘It's too big a subject - too bound up with who I was, who I wanted to be and who I've become.’
      • ‘An individual's sense of identity is closely bound up with roles he or she plays at home and work.’
      • ‘These properties are closely bound up with the unique cultural role and status of books.’
      • ‘This unbridled opportunism is closely bound up with their own political past.’
      • ‘The outcome of an act of discipline is closely bound up with how a child experiences that relationship.’
      • ‘In Papua New Guinea the past remains closely bound up with the present.’
      • ‘The collections are therefore closely bound up with one another and, to some degree, interdependent.’
      • ‘The fortunes of Surrey were naturally closely bound up with the fortunes of London.’
      • ‘We are internationalists, and we know very well that our fate is bound up with that of the rest of the world.’
      connected with, linked with, tied up with, united with, allied to, attached to, dependent on, reliant on
      View synonyms
  • i'll be bound

    • Used to emphasize that one is sure of something.

      ‘she's hatching more little plots, I'll be bound!’
      • ‘She wasn't picked for the band for her singing talents, I'll be bound.’
      • ‘Drunk or asleep or bribed or all three, I'll be bound.’
      • ‘Too busy eating Turkey Twizzlers, I'll be bound.’
      • ‘But in ‘Bridgwater Fair,’ Sharp has effectively collated and rewritten two texts and cut out such dubious but enjoyable lines as ‘You'll get so drunk now I'll be bound / You'll roll and tumble on the ground.’’
      • ‘It's the only time I'll be making that comparison tonight, I'll be bound.’
      • ‘Something to do with the English, I'll be bound.’
      • ‘There's some reward from his majesty, I'll be bound!’

Pronunciation:

bound

/baʊnd/