Definition of bougie in English:



  • A thin, flexible surgical instrument for exploring or dilating a passage of the body.

    • ‘Bougienage was defined as advancement of a bougie dilator from the mouth to the stomach in an upright, nonsedated patient.’
    • ‘The anesthesia care provider takes special care to ensure the removal of all esophageal tubes during insertion of sizing tubes, such as bougie dilators.’
    • ‘A rigid bronchoscopy was performed under general anaesthesia, and the trachea was serially dilated with bougies until it was large enough to accommodate a 6.5 mm uncuffed tracheal tube.’
    • ‘Staining was present on many of the other instruments they examined as well, including four of five bougie tips and three of five Magill forceps.’
    • ‘The anesthesia care provider removed the bougie dilator.’
    • ‘Foreign bodies lodged in the esophagus should be removed endoscopically, but some small, blunt objects may be pulled out using a Foley catheter or bougie.’
    • ‘After the diverticulum is removed or suspended, the anesthesia care provider removes the bougie.’
    • ‘The use of bougies to remedy dysphagia caused by oesophageal stricture has been a standard treatment for centuries.’
    • ‘In perioperative and gastroenterology settings, nurses can lobby to replace mercury-containing bougies.’
    • ‘Patients are placed under local or general anesthesia and the stricture is dilated using a flexible gastroscope and Savary bougies.’
    • ‘In practice, I try to present myself as a resource they can use, for example using a bougie at a difficult intubation, where their protocols do not allow them such, or using ketorolac (unavailable to paramedics) for analgesia.’
    • ‘In the past, surgeons used a rectal bougie to identify the rectum; however, this instrument no longer is used routinely.’


Mid 18th century: from French, literally wax candle, from Arabic Bijāya, an Algerian town which traded in wax.