One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A thin, flexible surgical instrument for exploring or dilating a passage of the body.
- ‘Staining was present on many of the other instruments they examined as well, including four of five bougie tips and three of five Magill forceps.’
- ‘The use of bougies to remedy dysphagia caused by oesophageal stricture has been a standard treatment for centuries.’
- ‘In practice, I try to present myself as a resource they can use, for example using a bougie at a difficult intubation, where their protocols do not allow them such, or using ketorolac (unavailable to paramedics) for analgesia.’
- ‘Foreign bodies lodged in the esophagus should be removed endoscopically, but some small, blunt objects may be pulled out using a Foley catheter or bougie.’
- ‘Patients are placed under local or general anesthesia and the stricture is dilated using a flexible gastroscope and Savary bougies.’
- ‘In perioperative and gastroenterology settings, nurses can lobby to replace mercury-containing bougies.’
- ‘In the past, surgeons used a rectal bougie to identify the rectum; however, this instrument no longer is used routinely.’
- ‘A rigid bronchoscopy was performed under general anaesthesia, and the trachea was serially dilated with bougies until it was large enough to accommodate a 6.5 mm uncuffed tracheal tube.’
- ‘Bougienage was defined as advancement of a bougie dilator from the mouth to the stomach in an upright, nonsedated patient.’
- ‘The anesthesia care provider removed the bougie dilator.’
- ‘The anesthesia care provider takes special care to ensure the removal of all esophageal tubes during insertion of sizing tubes, such as bougie dilators.’
- ‘After the diverticulum is removed or suspended, the anesthesia care provider removes the bougie.’
Mid 18th century: from French, literally ‘wax candle’, from Arabic Bijāya, an Algerian town which traded in wax.
Exhibiting qualities attributed to the middle class, especially pretentiousness or conventionality.‘the candlelit cocktail party was pretty bougie’
- ‘This bar and tapas place is just steps away from the more bougie wine-tasting spots that have popped up in the last few years.’
- ‘Neighbors will wonder how you can afford your home and new acquaintances may assume you're bougie.’
- ‘We always felt underdressed and that the crowd in there just seemed a little too bougie for our taste.’
- ‘All this does is reinforce my impression of the fashion industry as one filled with vapid, self-centered, bougie hipsters who think they're artists.’
- ‘I wonder whether my daughters will install carpeting in their townhomes because hardwood floors are bougie and lame.’
- ‘Now he's a comfortable bourgie college administrator, but he had some great stories.’
- ‘Dad didn't like it 'cause it was too bougie and gentrified and full of tourists and rich hippies.’
- ‘Your audience here and in general is necessarily a pack of bourgie overeducated striver types.’
1960s (originally in African-American usage): from bourgeois.
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