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Proceeding from the bottom or beginning of a hierarchy or process upwards; non-hierarchical.‘bottom-up decisions’
upturned, upended, bottom up, wrong side up, head over heels, inverted, reversed, overturned, capsized, upset, flippedView synonyms
- ‘Can you automate information collection and then rely on bottom-up participation to make it useful?’
- ‘In technology the bottom-up open-source software movement is putting new pressure on Microsoft and database giant Oracle.’
- ‘The bottom-up approach starts by detailing the metadata ‘facets’ used to describe content items.’
- ‘Suddenly, the study of aging is switched from a top-down view of the effects of aging to a bottom-up approach, where causes can be determined.’
- ‘I'm going to talk a lot about top-down versus bottom-up approaches to design.’
- ‘Blogging is a bottom-up grass-roots kind of practice, not a top-down enterprise.’
- ‘Shared awareness permits bottom-up self-synchronization; subteams form as needed.’
- ‘Managers can gauge projected budgets against actual costs with top-down budgeting and bottom-up cost control.’
- ‘But Clay is right that this calls into question the connection between bottom-up and top-down.’
- ‘We traced its improbable development to the bottom-up dynamics of the Bazaar model of software engineering.’
- ‘What's fascinating is that the contest could have only happened through top down means, but enabled bottom-up participation.’
- ‘The advent of the Internet has made the bottom-up approach much more practical, too.’
- ‘Formerly it had been a very bottom-up process, but there was no strategic framework.’
- ‘The important behaviours are emergent, bottom-up, organic.’
- ‘You can see your top-down processes at work best in situations where the bottom-up processes are weak.’
- ‘Furthermore, to ensure effective management, the Mi'Kmaq are working to establish a bottom-up approach to management decision making.’
- ‘But then the Board was set up to be at the apex of a consensus based bottom-up policy process, which is currently being stifled through an unrepresentative structure.’
- ‘It strikes me that you could argue that podcasting now represents a potential bottom-up disruption in the same market.’
- ‘Evidence from child language tends strongly to support category acquisition as a bottom-up process.’
- ‘Beam robotics is about taking the bottom-up approach, to start from mastering the simple bug and moving up from there.’
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