Definition of bottom-up in English:

bottom-up

adjective

  • Proceeding from the bottom or beginning of a hierarchy or process upwards; non-hierarchical.

    ‘bottom-up decisions’
    • ‘Can you automate information collection and then rely on bottom-up participation to make it useful?’
    • ‘In technology the bottom-up open-source software movement is putting new pressure on Microsoft and database giant Oracle.’
    • ‘The bottom-up approach starts by detailing the metadata ‘facets’ used to describe content items.’
    • ‘Suddenly, the study of aging is switched from a top-down view of the effects of aging to a bottom-up approach, where causes can be determined.’
    • ‘I'm going to talk a lot about top-down versus bottom-up approaches to design.’
    • ‘Blogging is a bottom-up grass-roots kind of practice, not a top-down enterprise.’
    • ‘Shared awareness permits bottom-up self-synchronization; subteams form as needed.’
    • ‘Managers can gauge projected budgets against actual costs with top-down budgeting and bottom-up cost control.’
    • ‘But Clay is right that this calls into question the connection between bottom-up and top-down.’
    • ‘We traced its improbable development to the bottom-up dynamics of the Bazaar model of software engineering.’
    • ‘What's fascinating is that the contest could have only happened through top down means, but enabled bottom-up participation.’
    • ‘The advent of the Internet has made the bottom-up approach much more practical, too.’
    • ‘Formerly it had been a very bottom-up process, but there was no strategic framework.’
    • ‘The important behaviours are emergent, bottom-up, organic.’
    • ‘You can see your top-down processes at work best in situations where the bottom-up processes are weak.’
    • ‘Furthermore, to ensure effective management, the Mi'Kmaq are working to establish a bottom-up approach to management decision making.’
    • ‘But then the Board was set up to be at the apex of a consensus based bottom-up policy process, which is currently being stifled through an unrepresentative structure.’
    • ‘It strikes me that you could argue that podcasting now represents a potential bottom-up disruption in the same market.’
    • ‘Evidence from child language tends strongly to support category acquisition as a bottom-up process.’
    • ‘Beam robotics is about taking the bottom-up approach, to start from mastering the simple bug and moving up from there.’
    upturned, upended, bottom up, wrong side up, head over heels, inverted, reversed, overturned, capsized, upset, flipped
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Pronunciation

bottom-up