Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
Proceeding from the bottom or beginning of a hierarchy or process upwards; non-hierarchical:‘bottom-up decisions’
upturned, upended, bottom up, wrong side up, head over heels, inverted, reversed, overturned, capsized, upset, flippedView synonyms
- ‘We traced its improbable development to the bottom-up dynamics of the Bazaar model of software engineering.’
- ‘It strikes me that you could argue that podcasting now represents a potential bottom-up disruption in the same market.’
- ‘Managers can gauge projected budgets against actual costs with top-down budgeting and bottom-up cost control.’
- ‘Furthermore, to ensure effective management, the Mi'Kmaq are working to establish a bottom-up approach to management decision making.’
- ‘You can see your top-down processes at work best in situations where the bottom-up processes are weak.’
- ‘Suddenly, the study of aging is switched from a top-down view of the effects of aging to a bottom-up approach, where causes can be determined.’
- ‘But then the Board was set up to be at the apex of a consensus based bottom-up policy process, which is currently being stifled through an unrepresentative structure.’
- ‘I'm going to talk a lot about top-down versus bottom-up approaches to design.’
- ‘Blogging is a bottom-up grass-roots kind of practice, not a top-down enterprise.’
- ‘Shared awareness permits bottom-up self-synchronization; subteams form as needed.’
- ‘What's fascinating is that the contest could have only happened through top down means, but enabled bottom-up participation.’
- ‘Beam robotics is about taking the bottom-up approach, to start from mastering the simple bug and moving up from there.’
- ‘In technology the bottom-up open-source software movement is putting new pressure on Microsoft and database giant Oracle.’
- ‘Evidence from child language tends strongly to support category acquisition as a bottom-up process.’
- ‘The bottom-up approach starts by detailing the metadata ‘facets’ used to describe content items.’
- ‘But Clay is right that this calls into question the connection between bottom-up and top-down.’
- ‘The important behaviours are emergent, bottom-up, organic.’
- ‘The advent of the Internet has made the bottom-up approach much more practical, too.’
- ‘Can you automate information collection and then rely on bottom-up participation to make it useful?’
- ‘Formerly it had been a very bottom-up process, but there was no strategic framework.’
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.
From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, discover surprising and intriguing language facts from around the globe.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.