Main definitions of bore in English

: bore1bore2bore3bore4

bore1

verb

  • 1with object Make (a hole) in something with a tool or by digging.

    ‘bore a hole in the wall to pass the cable through’
    no object ‘the drill can bore through rock’
    figurative ‘his eyes bored into hers’
    • ‘They ripped out the palace walls to lay electrical wiring, and they bored holes for the aerial cables.’
    • ‘It bored four holes from the top of the hill to its base to allow sensitive recording equipment to be lowered inside the mound to provide a 3D image of the hill.’
    • ‘It was said that the train bored a hole in the mountain's stomach and rushed through it.’
    • ‘It bores a hole through armor with so much energy, because it is so heavy, that it spews inside the tank or armored personnel carrier all kinds of bits and pieces of that armor in a ‘spalling’ or shotgun effect.’
    • ‘Pipis have to keep an eye out for Didymus, who wants to bore a hole in their shell using both an implement and some acid.’
    • ‘He has a story for each tool he demonstrates, be it a drill that bores square holes or a spill plane.’
    • ‘It bored two drill holes within the licence area but some distance from the Rob Roy field, hoping to find oil which would have been in a new field, but without success.’
    • ‘In the cooler confectionery room Jay bored holes into oranges with a root-cutter.’
    • ‘Two years ago Christopher had a pallidotomy, where a hole was bored in his skull and brain cells were cauterised.’
    • ‘Anything—a drill or any other digging tool—that is not secured by a strong anchor into the surface may just be pushed away before the drill actually bores a hole.’
    • ‘Your theory is that it might have been a whistleblower on the staff who did not break and enter the premises, was lawfully on the premises, but bored a hole, which you say may or may not be a break and enter.’
    • ‘Feric adapted a drill so that it could bore two holes allowing the probe to seat.’
    • ‘A restoration company removed all the carpets in the single-story, ranch-style home, and holes were bored to dry out the walls.’
    • ‘I always thought it was like neutron star material—it would bore a hole completely through you if you got in contact with it.’
    • ‘Your teacher will now help you, by inventing some contraption of hot bits of coat-hanger wire, to bore deep holes up from the base of the candle.’
    • ‘He was staring at a tree that the rock had bored a hole through.’
    • ‘A hole was bored through the shell of a large surf clam and a thick rope passed through it.’
    • ‘Just below it, an eight-inch hole was bored through the door and a ventilation fan installed.’
    • ‘Unfortunately, the head was attached to his body, which as a unit had rented the apartment under hers and had bored a hole in the ceiling for stalking purposes.’
    • ‘To give a more vivid demonstration of the accuracy of his painting, he bored a small hole in the panel with the baptistery painting at the vanishing point.’
    drill, pierce, perforate, puncture, punch, cut
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Hollow out (a gun barrel or other tube)
      ‘an 1100 cc road bike bored out to 1168 cc’
      • ‘The barrel is bored out and threaded at breech and muzzle to accept a 17-cal. barrel liner.’
      • ‘The cork is moved up and down on the rotating mandrel to get the cork bored out to the correct size.’
      • ‘It should do well in traditionally bored barrels and less so in over-bored barrels.’
      • ‘They used a microchip etching process to bore channels just 20 micrometres wide.’
      • ‘Preparations were made to use a 50 million baht budget to bore pipes to drain off the water into the sea.’
      • ‘The barrel is cut off just behind the integral front sight boss and the cut off sight with integral boss is bored out and press fit over the shortened barrel's muzzle.’
      • ‘When it arrived, I discovered that every other chamber was bored wrong and would not accept a round.’
  • 2no object (of an athlete or racehorse) push another competitor out of the way.

    • ‘Keane's mastery of the holding role in midfield gave the Reds the chance to go out and attack Olympiakos, contradicting the notion that they will have to bore in order to succeed.’
    • ‘As the frontrunners sprinted home, Miller's horse bore out just enough to allow Brickell to fit between.’
    • ‘"Once we caught up with Keyed Entry, that horse bore out really badly and took us out of the race."’
    • ‘That's it: a comfortable victory for Chelsea, against a Porto side who are a shadow of the side that bored all before them last season.’
    • ‘The accident occurred when another horse bore out badly on the first turn, causing Lavoy’s mount to clip heels and fall.’

noun

  • 1The hollow part inside a gun barrel or other tube.

    • ‘Being parallel to the bore, the rails offered a mounting solution that aimed the light perfectly.’
    • ‘Even a small amount of snow, mud, excess lubricant, or grease in the bore can dangerously increase pressure and cause the barrel to bulge or burst when firing.’
    • ‘Put the gel on a brass or bristle brush and the inside of the bore is quickly coated with the cleaner, which stays in place without running.’
    • ‘The first thing after playing is to mop through the bore of an instrument with one of several special devices that prevent the build-up of humidity.’
    • ‘Cylinder alignment is checked by running a special tool called a range rod through the bore and into the cylinder throat.’
    • ‘By that time, the dissolving wad residue should make the bore look like the inside of a brick chimney.’
    • ‘Woodwind instrument bores were redesigned to extend their range and improve their tone-quality.’
    • ‘The bore of the Browning barrel was mirror smooth from one end to the other.’
    • ‘To get a revolver to shoot heart-shaped groups involves a complex relationship of bullets to throats to barrel bores and crowns.’
    • ‘The reasoning behind this is that the bores of even the finest match barrels, no matter how smooth they appear, contain surface pores that need to be carefully filled with jacket material.’
    • ‘Plus, the perfect bore of the new barrel would assure topnotch accuracy.’
    • ‘Gun-action was wonderful to watch, but best from a distance, because on three occasions a wire-bound barrel burst when water entered the bore before firing.’
    • ‘Most of the accidents I've seen involve a simple bulged barrel due to shooting with an obstruction in the bore.’
    • ‘The oboe, with its narrower bore, redesigned reed, and more refined sound, was developed in France during the mid-17th century.’
    • ‘The first, made in 1976, is a vertical cardboard tube surmounted by another with a smaller bore.’
    • ‘Pistol or revolver barrels sometimes have a small ring in the bore caused by getting a bullet stuck and then shooting again.’
    • ‘This is a local narrowing of the bore of the tube.’
    • ‘The Ithaca company did the most extensive development of shotgun slug barrels a number of years ago, and concluded the best accuracy was obtained from cylinder-choked barrels with highly polished bores.’
    • ‘The inside bore might be 12 in, but the barrels are well over a metre in diameter at the base.’
    • ‘In addition the barrel bore is hardchrome plated for resistance to corrosion.’
    • ‘Barrels have ventilated ribs, hard-chromed bores, interchangeable choke tubes (three provided) and lengthened forcing cones to reduce recoil.’
    1. 1.1often in combination The diameter of a bore; the calibre.
      ‘a small-bore rifle’
      • ‘Gastric lavage should be performed with a large bore orogastric tube.’
      • ‘Only around 10 centimetres in diameter, the clay pigeon is shot at with 12-bore shotguns.’
      • ‘The most popular caliber seems to be the 54-bore or about .45 caliber.’
      • ‘He has spoken honestly about the damage a lifetime of shooting big bore handguns has done to his body.’
      • ‘Two 0.315 bore country-made pistols and two cartridges each were recovered.’
      • ‘It can serve as a shotgun, an accurate big bore rifle, a handgun, and even as a flare gun.’
      • ‘In recent days, they have been peppered with them as if they were buckshot from a 12-bore.’
      • ‘Called simply Big-Bore Handguns it has to do with, you guessed it, big bore handguns—which are near and dear to his heart.’
      • ‘One of the hunters crouched in the bow with a 12 - bore shotgun ready to bring down one of the mallard or teal that flew up at our approach.’
      • ‘It is also available as a shotgun in 12 and 20 gauge, and .410 bore.’
      • ‘The secret, they say, is to pull the trigger of the 12-bore shotgun the instant the bird is spotted.’
      • ‘The traditional .22 rifle has been replaced by a choice of Browning automatic handgun or sawn-off 12 bore shotgun.’
      • ‘The 12-bore shotgun was taken during the break-in at the house on March 30.’
      • ‘He allegedly claimed he had a 12-bore shotgun and threatened officers, a bailiff and officials after they turned up to throw him out.’
      • ‘Both are very large, stainless-steel, semi-auto big bore handguns.’
      • ‘In its shotgun line, it has added a 28 gauge and .410 bore to its series.’
      • ‘At some point he armed himself with a 12-bore pump action shotgun which was capable of holding up to 5 cartridges, and loaded the gun.’
      • ‘Let's just say a 12-bore is a noisy weapon in a confined space.’
      • ‘He retreated to bed, lying in the foetal position for hours before heading off to the woods at the back of his house with his 20-bore shotgun.’
      • ‘In patients recovering from a stroke who need feeding, a fine bore, soft feeding tube can be passed down under radiological guidance.’
      calibre, diameter, gauge
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2in combination A gun of a specified bore.
      ‘he shot a guard in the leg with a twelve-bore’
  • 2

    short for borehole
    • ‘The debris including the bags and the timber was obstructing a good two-thirds of the bore of the culvert.’
    • ‘The firm wanted to eliminate building mandatory escape cross tunnels between bores, a job requiring tricky ground freezing, says Harnois.’
    • ‘It was taken to Ilam to pump water for domestic supply from an artesian bore near the water wheel to a water tank on a tower beside the homestead.’
    • ‘The chairman, Senator Moylan, proposed that the board carry out some test bores to establish that ground conditions are favourable for construction work.’
    • ‘Last summer BT began legal action in the US against six companies concerning patents for blowing fibre optic cables down bores and conduits.’
    • ‘Despite all the difficulties the two ends of the tunnel bore met as planned in 1916.’
    • ‘Lighting control panels are being installed in the portal equipment rooms, in niches along the length of the tunnel, and in the passageways connecting the bores.’
    borehole, hole, well, shaft, pit, passage, tunnel
    View synonyms

Origin

Old English borian (verb), of Germanic origin; related to German bohren.

Pronunciation

bore

/bɔː/

Main definitions of bore in English

: bore1bore2bore3bore4

bore2

noun

  • 1A person whose talk or behaviour is dull and uninteresting.

    ‘he can be a crashing bore’
    • ‘But she became too demanding and, if never a bore, tedious and peremptory in her behaviour.’
    • ‘The film's main character, Mr. Hundert, might or might not be a great teacher (in any case, the film thinks he is), but he's a bore.’
    • ‘Earl is so enmeshed in his youngest son's identity that he becomes a bore.’
    • ‘It seemed every woman he went out with was a dud, a bore or just plain stupid.’
    • ‘Sure, he's likable, but he's a bore.’
    • ‘At the risk of being a complete bore I feel a strong urge to recount our recent experience as a babysitting tag-team.’
    • ‘Robert Crumb he isn't, but that's too bad because watching this obnoxious bore becomes tedious long before the film's 77 minutes run out.’
    • ‘I've already lost the will to live, so taking out a few geeky bores really won't trouble me one bit.’
    • ‘The days of desperately trying to escape the clutches of some crashing bore in the corner of a nightclub are long gone.’
    • ‘I think he has simply demonstrated once again why he has become such a crashing bore.’
    • ‘She sings like a bore, acts like a bore, is a bore.’
    • ‘You always were a headache and you always were a bore.’
    • ‘She on the other hand is a complete washout and a complete bore.’
    • ‘Those who have a nice car and go to a club are usually a bore.’
    • ‘At a deeper level, it seems to me that he is a world-class crashing bore.’
    • ‘When there, I risked being a real bore by showing some Bowie video clips while we ate and got through two bottles of appallingly horrible wine.’
    • ‘Give him a gun and a hot little sports car, and he's a bore just the same.’
    • ‘Yes, Matt can sometimes be a bore, but he usually knows when he is boring, and this lends complexity to his character as the series develops.’
    • ‘The woman who at first so impressed you now seems like a bore who won't let anyone else get a word in edgewise.’
    tedious thing, tiresome thing, nuisance, bother, pest, annoyance, trial, vexation, thorn in one's flesh
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1in singular A tedious or annoying situation or activity.
      ‘it's such a bore cooking when one's alone’
      • ‘Quite simply, the film is a bore.’
      • ‘The rest of the school day was a bore, so I won't bother going into detail about it.’
      • ‘Monotony soon becomes a bore to anyone, so the music teacher should guard against the class period becoming mere routine.’
      • ‘With all of the reality shows that make TV watching a complete bore, I was glad to finally see something new, fresh, absorbing and entertaining.’
      • ‘My enthusiasm was gone; everything became a bore, a chore, a nightmare.’
      • ‘Too bad attending them can be a complete and utter bore.’
      • ‘It's a chore and a bore and it makes me sore not to mention poor!’
      • ‘It's like reading the same book over and over again: it becomes a bore.’
      • ‘Will's columns can sometimes be a bore, ripping a social healthcare program here and our educational system's shortcomings there.’
      • ‘The course can sometimes be a bore but I find the major subjects quite interesting.’
      • ‘While in this day of $1 billion building buys, $60 million seems like a bore, this transaction is eye-catching for a couple of reasons.’
      • ‘Levels are well planned out, and the fighting, which can sometimes be a bore, is one of the best things about this game.’
      • ‘What is it about household work that makes people regard it as an utter bore?’
      • ‘That notion of filmmaking seemed like a bore then and seems like a bore now.’
      • ‘Instead, it's a tedious and meretricious bore, and those are the worst kind.’
      • ‘But life itself becomes a bore, a drudge, a grind.’
      • ‘I seem to have these spurts of wanting to update everything that's going on and then times when life seems like a bore or a little to overwhelming to update about.’
      tedious thing, tiresome thing, nuisance, bother, pest, annoyance, trial, vexation, thorn in one's flesh
      View synonyms

verb

[with object]
  • Cause (someone) to feel weary and uninterested by dull talk or behaviour.

    ‘she is too polite to bore us with anecdotes’
    with object and complement ‘timid women quickly bore her silly’
    • ‘For the same reason detailed descriptions of food rather bore me: either be there, doing it, having it, eating it, or get a life.’
    • ‘Cancer and Virgo would both find it hard to cope with your aloofness, whilst Aries would quickly bore you once the superficial attraction had passed.’
    • ‘The story went that their daughter was bored silly after a couple of days at the resort and cried to get back home to her friends.’
    • ‘Of course, it should be known that the scene will bore me quickly.’
    • ‘Both quickly bored me, although one generated views realistic enough to cause car sickness.’
    • ‘I was bored, and those silly ninnies you call scullery maids are no fun at all.’
    • ‘She was rather bored with her life in a small town in East Anglia and there and then decided to sell her house and join her son in New Zealand.’
    • ‘Consequently, when I first worked with David at the Royal Court on his play Under the Blue Sky, I probably bored him silly about this film.’
    • ‘It was a personal experience and would probably bore you silly and I don't want to leave you in charge of a computer whilst you're asleep.’
    • ‘Even if it can't kill you, too much niceness can still bore you silly.’
    • ‘As a sociological experiment, I'm not sure what this showed, other than that I was really bored and sometimes do silly things.’
    • ‘I've ranted merrily about this in the past, and regular readers are doubtless bored silly by my views.’
    • ‘I can't put my finger on a single reason but I am rather bored of the whole media bias trip that so many US bloggers are on as well the shouty style adopted.’
    • ‘It made no sense and I was bored silly, just waiting for it to end so we could get on with the scheduled video.’
    • ‘I'll give it a go next week, but imagine that this will quickly bore me.’
    • ‘Whenever a person tries to bore you with endless talk on dull topics and unrelated ones, silence him to encore again by inserting cotton into your ears or listening to songs from a walkman.’
    • ‘His education hasn't started yet, so he has some kind of notion that life could be more interesting, but no idea of how, and meanwhile he is rather bored.’
    • ‘He became quickly bored by their talk.’
    • ‘Oh please, Damion, your insults are so dull it bores me.’
    • ‘It's a pretty good story, actually, though I get bored by cards very quickly.’
    be tedious to, pall on, stultify, stupefy, weary, tire, fatigue, send to sleep, exhaust, wear out, leave cold
    View synonyms

Phrases

  • bore someone to death (or to tears)

    • Make someone feel extremely bored.

      ‘he would bore everyone to death with tales about his wonderful daughter’
      • ‘If you find that your job is boring you to death or you find a better opportunity, you can quit your job and change with no problems.’
      • ‘It's about getting you from here to there without scaring you to death, boring you to tears, or intimidating your socks off.’
      • ‘The most relevant fact about reporters on that plane is that they are bored to death.’
      • ‘And despite the fact I have seen many wonders, the likes of which you can only dream about, I'll not be boring you to death with them.’
      • ‘She is really a nice lady and I know she is bored to death.’
      • ‘The children might not learn very much, and they might be bored to tears, but at least they would be safe.’
      • ‘American politics—at least the election cycle—bores me to tears.’
      • ‘‘If we were bored to death, honestly I don't think we would do it,’ he said.’
      • ‘Many of our old friends have admitted that since the war they have found it hard to settle down to the old routine and that there are often times when they are bored to tears.’
      • ‘I guess I've avoided this hot topic until now mostly because it bores me to tears.’
      • ‘So, have I bored you to tears yet, with all this talk about weather?’
      • ‘I've purposely stayed away from reading much about postmodern theory, and most everything I have read just bored me to tears.’
      • ‘He talked a lot about how the money markets work, but kept checking that he wasn't boring me to death.’
      • ‘Please, you're boring me to tears here: wrap that ring in a performing pigeon and maybe we'll have a deal.’
      • ‘And lately most of my arguments have been with like-minded friends, and this bores me to tears.’
      • ‘I've logged on and tried a couple of chat rooms but they were boring me to tears.’
      • ‘If all of you have not been bored to death and fallen asleep on the keyboard by now, I really do admire your resilience.’
      • ‘That way you can skip stuff that bores you to tears and get straight to the meaty heart of my writerly goodness.’
      • ‘How do you extol the value of hard work and personal sacrifice to today's kids without boring them to tears?’
      • ‘I don't like doing it, it bores me to tears, and the money, which is good, still isn't worth the time it takes.’

Origin

Mid 18th century (as a verb): of unknown origin.

Pronunciation

bore

/bɔː/

Main definitions of bore in English

: bore1bore2bore3bore4

bore3

noun

  • A steep-fronted wave caused by the meeting of two tides or by the constriction of a tide rushing up a narrow estuary.

    • ‘The longtime Brazilian bore aficionado achieved an unbelievable record of surfing non-stop for 10.1 km (6.3 miles) down Brazil's famous river bore wave, called the Pororoca.’
    • ‘The bore corresponds to a tidal wave that appears at the same time that the tide comes up.’
    • ‘The Severn Bore is one of Britain's few truly spectacular natural phenomena.’
    • ‘On the Shubenacadie River, the tidal bore and rapidly rising tide results in extremely turbulent waters.’
    • ‘The largest bores occur on 25 days a year, in the morning and evening, with biggest bores on tides over 32’.’
    • ‘Experiments in a laboratory wave tank show that interactions between bores refracted by a prowlike beach can produce jets in which the velocity is nearly twice the bore's phase speed.’

Origin

Early 17th century: perhaps from Old Norse bára ‘wave’; the term was used in the general sense ‘billow, wave’ in Middle English.

Pronunciation

bore

/bɔː/

Main definitions of bore in English

: bore1bore2bore3bore4

bore4

Pronunciation

bore

/bɔː/