Definition of bootstrap in English:



  • 1A loop at the back of a boot, used to pull it on.

    • ‘Her plucky exhortation that ‘with the help of God and some intestinal fortitude, many can change their lives, if they choose to do so’ made me want to wrap my bootstraps around her little neck.’
    • ‘Button up your bootstraps, tie on your bonnet, and throw your cabin door open wide for this wholesome tale from the heart of America's 18th-century homeland.’
    • ‘It was a formal visit that he made and so I tagged along on his bootstraps.’
    • ‘The Wellington may have a bootstrap.’
    • ‘He pulled two small daggers from his bootstraps and shrugged.’
  • 2Computing
    A technique of loading a program into a computer by means of a few initial instructions which enable the introduction of the rest of the program from an input device.

    • ‘Further work might include the more accurate estimation of distribution of our estimator, using bootstrap or jackknife techniques.’
    • ‘This latest virus attack then used a bootstrap effect: computers already infected with Sober.n or Sober.p were then updated with Sober.q.’
    • ‘We first used the model to estimate slippage rates and the bootstrap from statistics to compute confidence intervals.’
    • ‘This is a logical bootstrap, a loop: a network produces entities that create a boundary, which constrains the network that produced the boundary.’
    • ‘They also raise the possibility of bootstrapping the residuals from the model, but without being confident about how well it will work for any particular problem.’
    • ‘As a result, LinuxBIOS has a sequence of bootstraps, each bootstrap being invoked when additional CPU resources are activated.’
    • ‘The original program performed bootstraps, but we developed additional permutation and resampling options to improve statistical testing.’
    • ‘These results parallel the conservative bootstrap statistical analysis of Hubbard and Gilinsky, who also found only these same three unambiguous high extinction magnitudes in their analysis.’
    • ‘Windows users can download the bootstrap executable from here.’
    • ‘These distributions are critical as inputs to the bootstrap technique that will be used to perform the macro versus micro comparison.’
    • ‘The Flash EPROM disk selected for the project (M-Systems DiskOnChip) is provided with a Linux driver and can be used as a Linux bootstrap disk.’
    • ‘Percentage bootstrap values were computed over 2,000 replications.’
    • ‘‘It's the bootstrap index from one of our backup systems,’ I respond.’
    • ‘An estimator and the associated standard error may be computed by the bootstrap procedure: data are resampled randomly with replacement, and the mean and standard deviation then calculated.’
    • ‘It is likely that this, too, is a function of the incompleteness of certain taxa in the data matrix, which increases ambiguity under resampling techniques such as the bootstrap.’
    • ‘However, this magic always happened at the level of the bootstrap class loader.’
    • ‘Like the jackknife and the bootstrap, randomization methods are free from potentially unwarranted normal theory assumptions such as normally distributed populations.’
    • ‘The bootstrap analysis for this data set showed that most of the internal branches of the duplication tree are strongly supported.’
    • ‘The file ldlinux.sys is the bootstrap loader that loads the kernel (the file named linux) and initial root.lrp package into memory.’
    • ‘Another challenge was running Linux on client devices that don't contain application program-load memory, beyond a small ROM used for system bootstrap.’
  • 3usually as modifier The technique of starting with existing resources to create something more complex and effective.

    ‘we see the creative act as a bootstrap process’
    • ‘Consider how Cecelia Capture's rise from reservation poverty and the status of welfare mother to successful law student reads on the surface like an affirmation of classic American bootstrap values.’
    • ‘She is not alone in her commitment to bootstrapping as a way of life.’
    • ‘The spirit of bootstrap self-reliance is not a bad thing, but a political mindset that considers federally supported, affordable financial assistance for education to be an extravagance is myopic.’
    • ‘I greatly enjoyed your February article on bootstrapping.’
    • ‘In the '80s Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher said that there was no such thing as society; only individuals rising or falling by their own bootstraps.’
    • ‘Adventure racers bring bootstrapping to a new level.’
    • ‘Why don't we start with bootstrapping, which has been a critical part of the start-up process as you describe it.’
    • ‘If you are interested in startups and entrepreneurship, or if you just want to read a good business book about bootstrapping, forming partnerships, and giving relevant presentations, be sure to pick up a copy.’
    • ‘There are more pitfalls to the bootstrap mentality than just arrogance.’
    • ‘I need a bit of that bootstrap attitude sprinkled on me.’


[with object]
  • 1Computing

    fuller form of boot (sense 2 of the verb)
  • 2Start up (an Internet-based business or other enterprise) with minimal financial resources.

    • ‘So he has bootstrapped the project himself, aiming to prove his concept before going back to the VCs.’
    • ‘They're quietly plotting their next hit, bootstrapping now to conserve their equity for later, reasoning that when the economy does pick up, they'll be positioned to move fast.’
    • ‘While bootstrapping their economy with the fruits of Western labor and ingenuity, they gain the tools to prune democracy on the vine.’
    • ‘We can bootstrap emergent democracy by using the tools to develop the tools and create concrete examples of emergent democracy.’
    • ‘Depending on how we regulate activities of US entities, we can bootstrap a private property regime by only granting a single US entity the right to exploit a certain tract on Mars.’
    • ‘But corporate cards can be used in the general system, something Brill hopes will bootstrap that system.’
    • ‘I make some of my characters entrepreneurs and hide plausible business plans in my stories to show readers how to bootstrap a business.’
    • ‘He said the scam ‘isn't something I want to do long term… but if it can help bootstrap something nice for the community, I'm willing to let it run for a little while.’’
    • ‘What's more, do we have a sufficient number of critical solid-state devices safely stored away so that they can be used to bootstrap the production of new electronics should the unimaginable happen?’
    • ‘And that's all the more reason to keep bootstrapping now.’
    • ‘All other things being equal, is a check from his venture fund better than bootstrapping with no cash?’
    • ‘Autonomy in the adult state does not entail independence throughout the developmental course of a system, and one mechanism might bootstrap the second.’
    • ‘Villanueva also wants the government and people of Peru to have a software infrastructure that they can afford - to pull themselves out of poverty and bootstrap an e-commerce economy.’
    • ‘As to Kawasaki's actual business suggestions, they include bootstrapping a small business, obtaining funding, writing a business plan, PR and marketing.’
    • ‘While you're bootstrapping along, being all disciplined and staying small and trying to get your ducks in a row, your competitors are spinning like crazy, hiring like crazy, growing like crazy.’
    • ‘Therefore, he has a predilection for molesting, to bootstrap this one charge.’
    1. 2.1 Get (oneself or something) into or out of a situation using existing resources.
      ‘the company is bootstrapping itself out of a marred financial past’
      • ‘I make some of my characters entrepreneurs and hide plausible business plans in my stories to show readers how to bootstrap a business.’
      • ‘They both feature iron-age civilisations bootstrapping themselves up to starfaring capability or thereabouts.’
      • ‘So he has bootstrapped the project himself, aiming to prove his concept before going back to the VCs.’
      • ‘The story of Diller and QVC is in fact largely the story of Diller trying to bootstrap himself back into real media.’
      • ‘To the rest of us, someone capable of bootstrapping a whole world must appear a god or a monster.’
      • ‘The plaque was the club's idea, just one more way it has tried to bootstrap itself into instant glory.’
      • ‘The rest of the job is actual activism and bootstrapping more funding.’
      • ‘Stalin and Munzenberg tried to bootstrap a culture of self-hatred in the West.’
      • ‘The problem is, it's almost impossible to bootstrap a cliff business.’
      • ‘From that point on, any community may bootstrap their way into a viable situation without resorting to the money lender/debt trap.’
      • ‘Yet examples abound of companies that have bootstrapped their way to success.’
      • ‘While bootstrapping their economy, they gain the tools to prune democracy on the vine.’
      • ‘Great companies have always been bootstrapped.’
      • ‘They can bootstrap themselves into the 21st Century in a way other states either can't or won't.’
      • ‘The company is entirely bootstrapped meaning there are no outside investors, which also means a lot fewer headaches.’
      • ‘The classic case is, of course, the way that World War II apparently bootstrapped the United States out of the Great Depression.’
      • ‘He has bootstrapped his tiny business into the single largest, most influential voice in the entire book publishing industry.’
      • ‘This attempt appeals most fundamentally to the possibility that we might bootstrap ourselves out of our tribalisms by cultivating the moral imagination.’
      • ‘I believe that making it accessible to many people will really bootstrap the potential of the technology.’
      • ‘He plans to bootstrap it.’


  • pull (or drag) oneself up by one's (own) bootstraps

    • Improve one's position by one's own efforts.

      • ‘‘I want to congratulate the farmer-investors, showing they can pulls themselves up by their bootstraps,’ he said.’
      • ‘If this means pulling ourselves up by our own bootstraps and taking on historically new work, so be it.’
      • ‘Gee, good thing you learned to pull yourself up by your own bootstraps, but please have a little consideration for some who didn't quite make it to your neck of the woods.’
      • ‘The whole system being proposed by Ashcroft is actually the equivalent of pulling yourself up by your own bootstraps.’
      • ‘Aboriginal people have been housed in the cheapest, most inadequate shacks in over-crowded conditions for more than a century, and now they're being told to show a little initiative and pull themselves up by their own bootstraps.’
      • ‘And if I found myself wanting to have a pity party, I would let it last for maybe three or four minutes, and then I'd get up, and Grandma Fairchild would say to me, you pull your bootstraps up, girl, and keep going.’
      • ‘But he pulled himself up by his bootstraps to become a businessman.’
      • ‘From a human interest point of view, these are people pulling themselves up by their bootstraps.’
      • ‘And I remember Grandma saying that when I was a little girl, and I pulled myself up by my bootstraps and I marched right into the shopping center.’
      • ‘And besides, wealth disparity on campus can to a certain extent motivate students to work harder and pull themselves up by their bootstraps.’
      • ‘He is a wealthy man who became wealthy by pulling himself up by his bootstraps, working hard and having a better idea.’
      • ‘If you make it there - pull yourself up by your bootstraps and out of the projects - you can make it anywhere.’
      • ‘Why can't I just pull myself up by my bootstraps and do this living thing well, fitting in the good stuff effortlessly, being the person I want to, the parent (the only parent) my son so desperately needs?’
      • ‘I feel like we just walked out of a 90-minute commercial, an advertisement for the American dream: working hard, pulling yourself up by your bootstraps, not asking questions.’
      • ‘After listening to the presentations of my classmates, I became more aware of how what I had been taught about ‘pulling oneself up by one's bootstraps’ is not always an option for people of all races and ethnicities.’
      • ‘They believed you had to be born into greatness; we believe that people can pull themselves up by their bootstraps to a higher station in life.’
      • ‘In the meantime, I'm off to pull up my bootstraps and start slaughtering neighbourhood pets for food; I wouldn't want to shirk my duties by living off of governmental largesse.’
      • ‘It's a bleak view proposed by the Dardennes, and one that flies in the face of old homilies about pulling yourself up by your own bootstraps.’
      • ‘Those in poverty, and they were numerous, were buoyed up by constant evidence of people pulling themselves up by their own bootstraps.’
      • ‘As Cosby pointed out, at some point you have to pull up the bootstraps and take some responsibility for yourself and family.’