Definition of bony in English:



  • 1Of or like bone.

    ‘the bony plates that protect turtles and tortoises’
    • ‘Where other fish have scales, the sturgeon has an armour of bony plates with a few lines of these protruding scutes running down the length of the fish.’
    • ‘Their scaleless body is covered in hard bony plates.’
    • ‘These whales force seawater through baleen plates (combs of bony material that form in the place of teeth) to filter out the tiny sea creatures.’
    • ‘Maybe the Stegosaur loaned the seahorse its bony plate of armour.’
    • ‘The carapace is closed behind the dorsal fin; bony plates surround the entire dorsal fin base.’
    • ‘The water is strained through a series of bony plates that trap the small creatures making up the baleen whale's main diet.’
    • ‘Unlike other turtles, the leatherback has no visible shell; instead, it has a carapace made up of hundreds of irregular bony plates, covered with a leathery skin.’
    • ‘The bony plates are absorbed within a few weeks after the fish settle to the bottom.’
    • ‘A number of types of armor have been found with it, indicating that primitive as well as advanced titanosaurs possessed bony plates in the skin.’
    • ‘As early vertebrates grew larger and developed bony scales or plates between their tissues and the water, they developed gills for taking up oxygen from the water.’
    • ‘Like all placoderms, they lacked teeth, instead using the sharpened edges of a bony plate as a biting surface.’
    • ‘What's more, they were only scattered bony scales and plates.’
    • ‘Neither of these jawless fish has a bony skeleton, but most of the fossil groups listed on the cladogram had a fairly extensive covering of bony plates.’
    • ‘The dome of the skull, for example, is made of bony plates, which must be immovable to protect the brain.’
    • ‘However, its skull also shows the characteristic osteoderms, or bony plates in the skin, that distinguish crocodiles from their dinosaur relatives.’
    • ‘The bony plates on the armadillos' back serves as protective armour from predators.’
    • ‘Dermal bone consists of bony structures (plates and scales) that develop in the skin.’
    • ‘Their slender bodies are covered with rows of bony plates.’
    • ‘Their skin is covered with non-overlapping scales composed of the protein keratin and often studded with bony plates called scutes.’
    • ‘The head contains bony plates with short spines at the tip of the snout and anterior to the eye.’
    1. 1.1 (of a fish eaten as food) having many bones.
      • ‘Alewives have not seriously been exploited as a fishery in the Great Lakes since these are small and too bony to eat.’
      • ‘They were tough, bony, slightly burnt and very difficult to eat.’
      • ‘Steamed fish or bony kippers don't feature much in today's childhood diets.’
      • ‘The meat from these fish is white, flaky, and sweet, but bony.’
      • ‘This shark feeds primarily on bony fishes such as parrot, trigger, squirrel, surgeon, damsel and goat fishes as well as eels.’
      • ‘Their diet consists primarily of bony fishes and small sharks, including young bull sharks, but they have been known to feast on everything from seabirds to dogs.’
      • ‘For the most part, bull sharks dine on bony fishes or smaller sharks - but they sometimes aggressively tackle much larger prey.’
      • ‘The grayling were somewhat bony, but they finished off the three fish without complaint and supplemented their meal with a handful of the dried berries.’
      • ‘But only eat sardines between May and October - they're too bony the rest of the year.’
    2. 1.2 (of a person or part of the body) so thin that the bones can be seen.
      ‘he held up his bony fingers’
      • ‘Without looking, Monty pointed a thin bony finger across the narrow inlet where soldiers were pulling a limp, but responding living human from the water.’
      • ‘The girl had a slim, almost bony body that was even more obvious under the tight black trousers and tops.’
      • ‘For I wasn't even really there, just a bit of my mind was left in my bony body.’
      • ‘The bony woman waved one gangly arm at another set of double doors that Sam hadn't noticed before.’
      • ‘How else could I have hurt my knee if not from my impact against that bony body of yours?’
      • ‘Doctor Conrad wrapped his arms around the boy's bony body and held him as close as he would his own son.’
      • ‘Dark marks ringed the boy's bony wrist, livid against pale flesh.’
      • ‘She was bony and it was plain to see that she hadn't been eating regularly.’
      • ‘One tall, bony girl pushed forward through the people around me.’
      • ‘They worry that they're too bony, awkward, lanky or boyish.’
      • ‘Sure enough, an extremely tall and bony man descended from the spiral staircase to their right, dressed exquisitely in a solid black suit and tie.’
      • ‘The small cup was shoved gently into her hands by the silent guy and then when she looked up again the bony man lay on the floor gripping his side in anguish.’
      • ‘She is very bony and slim; she is unhealthy skinny for being only twenty-eight.’
      • ‘Patten, a tall, bony man with a balding dome of a forehead, makes his living loaning money to ranchers.’
      • ‘Leana turned her head to see the bony woman standing near them.’
      • ‘Dodd and Benton looked to the rear at the speaker, a small, bony man with a grizzled face that spoke of hard, long days in the saddle.’
      • ‘In the crowded wards of African hospitals, coughs and bony bodies tell the story of a deadly return.’
      • ‘One by one, shadowy, transparent figures of skinny, bony people appeared all around.’
      • ‘Rags clung to a frail and bony body, one that did not look like it'd had any nourishment for quite some time.’
      • ‘He was a bony child of twelve, wearing nothing but baggy trousers tied with rope and the bits on his wrists.’
      gaunt, angular, hollow-cheeked, skinny, thin, thin as a rake, lean, spare, raw-boned, skin-and-bones, skeletal, cadaverous, size-zero
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