Main definitions of bone in English

: bone1Bône2

bone1

noun

  • 1Any of the pieces of hard whitish tissue making up the skeleton in humans and other vertebrates.

    ‘his injuries included many broken bones’
    ‘a shoulder bone’
    • ‘In addition to the embryos and eye, the fossil find includes portions of a snout plus jawbones, skull bones, cheekbones, and teeth.’
    • ‘There are no fish bones in Norse archeological remains, Diamond concludes, for the simple reason that the Norse didn't eat fish.’
    • ‘It gets even smaller if the bone and tissue around it grow.’
    • ‘Direct injury to the spine may cause a bone fracture anywhere along your vertebral column.’
    • ‘The spinal cord is protected by bones stacked one upon the other.’
    • ‘Xrays easily pick out surgical tools and hard tissues such as bones.’
    • ‘Lifting weights strengthens the muscles, bones and connective tissue.’
    • ‘Weightlifting is known to strengthen tissue, including muscles, bones, ligaments, and tendons.’
    • ‘Bone marrow is found in soft fatty tissue inside bones, where red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets are produced and developed.’
    • ‘The ligaments are tissues that connect the bones at the joints.’
    • ‘The fact is, broken bones, or fractures, are common in childhood and often happen when kids are playing or participating in sports.’
    • ‘The spine is made up of many small bones called vertebrae.’
    • ‘When the eardrum vibrates, tiny bones within the middle ear transmit the sound signals to the inner ear.’
    • ‘In this condition, the spinal cord and the bones of the spinal column may fail to develop normally.’
    • ‘Years ago we realized that if we combined all our accidents, there was hardly a bone in the human skeleton we hadn't broken.’
    • ‘These lesions may affect any organ system but most commonly occur in the skin, mucous membranes, and bones.’
    • ‘They tried to give her a bone marrow transplant but her bones rejected every bone tissue that was given to her.’
    • ‘Your spine is a long column of bones that stretch from the base of your skull to your tailbone.’
    • ‘Archaeologists have found the crushed remains of an amphora, a large ceramic jar, containing hundreds of fish bones.’
    • ‘Bone marrow is a spongy tissue inside certain bones of the body that produces blood cells.’
    1. 1.1one's bones One's body.
      ‘he hauled his tired bones upright’
      • ‘Sighing, he pulled his weary bones to their feet and decided coffee was the best option.’
      • ‘He lowered his aching bones to the floor after a harder day's work than he'd ever done.’
      • ‘I dragged my tired bones to the bathroom to shave.’
      body, figure, form, shape, physique, build, size, proportions
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2bones A corpse or skeleton.
      ‘the discovery of the bones of Richard III’
      • ‘Rampaging Christian knights and soldiers remove the bones of St John Chrysostom and St Gregory Nazianzen.’
      • ‘The post excavation procedure included the removal of all mud and adhering material from the bones and placing of the remains in a cabinet where they were allowed to dry out slowly.’
      • ‘Just ahead, in the wider section of the pass, the dried bones and carcasses of men and pack animals lay strewn about.’
      • ‘A spirit then gradually materialized from the bones of the long dead corpse.’
      • ‘A mile to the south, in the glen of the Allt nan Uamh, the bones of prehistoric man were found in a series of caves.’
      • ‘The prefectural police told reporters the remains contained the bones of two persons.’
      • ‘It includes remains such as Aboriginal bones, regarded as stolen goods by Aborigine communities in Australia today.’
      • ‘Now, more than ever before, the study of battles will involve a literal trampling upon dead men's bones.’
      • ‘Inside, an exhibition of pictures of mutilated corpses and glass cases containing the bones of the victims concludes with a visitors' book.’
      • ‘In centuries past, graves would be exhumed, and any bones remaining would be collected and buried deeper down, thereby allowing fresh graves on top.’
      • ‘We are still unburying the bones, the remains, of the people who got killed.’
      • ‘But I'd still like to dig up the bones of the man who condemned it, and bang them together so hard his ghost gets a migraine.’
      corpse, dead body, body, cadaver, carcass
      View synonyms
    3. 1.3 A bone of an animal with meat on it fed to a dog.
      ‘dogs yelping over a bone’
      • ‘With the bones of the pork chops, the shiitake mushrooms, and some left-over chicken stock, I also made a hot & sour soup.’
      • ‘Beef bones usually cost about $1 per pound and yield a rich stock.’
      • ‘I got him a package of big beef bones as a present, and he's been snacking quite happily on them every afternoon for the past few days.’
      • ‘Remove bones from tray and place in a large - 10 litre - stock pot.’
      • ‘It's easy to fillet and the bones make good stock.’
      • ‘What they actually think happened is that some animal had the bone in his or her burrow and just now decided to toss it.’
      • ‘We first put about 5,697 pots of different cereals, lentils, meats, bones and spices on different pots to warm.’
      • ‘Then she wouldn't be here with this idiot gnawing on chicken bones.’
      • ‘So, I've already had to add more water to re-thin it to properly boil down the bones and meat.’
  • 2mass noun The calcified material of which bones consist.

    ‘an earring of bone’
    • ‘‘Jacks date back to ancient Rome, when they were carved from ivory or bone,’ she says.’
    • ‘The material would be gradually replaced by healthy, newly grown bone and blood vessels.’
    • ‘A cheaper and readily available material which is often passed off as ivory is bone.’
    • ‘Bones are made up of two types of material - compact bone and cancellous bone.’
    • ‘Any suitable material may be used, including quill, parchment, wood, ivory, bone, horn, tortoiseshell, and plastic.’
    • ‘My grandpa used to carry a big folding Stockman knife, with old fashioned bone handles and blades worn thin from sharpening.’
    • ‘This canoe-style knife measures 3.75 inches long, and has bone handles.’
    • ‘Chinese dominoes are longer than Western ones and are divided into two types and were originally carved from bone or ivory with the indented pips made of ebony.’
    • ‘The caves at Creswell Crags are known to have been occupied in palaeolithic times because hunters left behind bone and flint stone tools.’
    • ‘However, in recent years he has turned his skill and artistry to the crafting of artefacts wrought from ancient native woods, bone, gold, bronze and steel.’
    • ‘This involves the use of ivory, bone, and pieces of wood to create geometric patterns.’
    • ‘Bears resorb their bone material during hibernation, but they constantly form new bone material as well.’
    • ‘Fine details carved in boxwood, bone, ivory, brass and ebony.’
    • ‘Ornaments and utensils in precious metals, bronze, bone and horn had also been uncovered.’
    • ‘‘You have to be confident to be able to distinguish ivory from bone, and new ivory from old,’ said Mr Judson.’
    • ‘The hilt was made of fine bone and ivory, carved into the shape of a dragon.’
    • ‘The spongy bone material was then used for DNA extraction.’
    • ‘My latest cut-down bone handled table knives have a near quadrant at the tip and cut unbelievably.’
    • ‘In contrast, fossilized bone is believed to be completely mineralized, meaning no organics are present.’
    • ‘Some Yoruba woodcarvers also work in bone, ivory, and stone.’
    1. 2.1 A substance similar to bone, such as ivory or whalebone.
      • ‘What's more, treasured wood was decorated with bone, jade, gold, bronze and shells adding to the value.’
      • ‘The earliest example of European poetry about a stranded whale is an Anglo-Saxon inscription on a whale bone casket of about 700 AD.’
      • ‘Mining activity has been a constant source of bone and ivory artifacts over the last several decades.’
      • ‘The conservation of bone artefacts mainly concerns objects made of ivory, camel bone, elephant tusks and horn.’
      • ‘A stylish box made from bone and accented in brass – both exotic and elegant.’
    2. 2.2often bones A thing made or formerly made of bone, such as a strip of stiffening for a foundation garment.
      • ‘The quality of the needlework, particularly around the bodice's bone inserts, makes this unlikely.’
      • ‘Farthingales sells corset supplies including bone casing tape for corset bones.’
    3. 2.3usually bones (in southern Africa) one of a set of carved dice or bones used by traditional healers in divination.
      • ‘Traditionally Shamans threw the bones into the air or on the ground and observed how the bones landed and what configurations they formed after landing.’
      • ‘No one is certain when or how bones came to be used to divine the future, cast spells, or influence the outcome of events.’
  • 3bonesThe basic or essential framework of something.

    ‘you need to put some flesh on the bones of your idea’
    • ‘Everything you need to know about who this man is can be summed up by the opening minutes of the interview that put meat on the bones of this article.’
    • ‘As it turned out, it wasn't much, but it was enough to put a few scraps of meat on the bones of my suspicions.’
    • ‘That's the basic bones of the argument, and there's lots of detail in and around it.’
    • ‘Under the new law, the government is given the task of issuing at least 12 regulations to put meat on the bones of the law.’
    • ‘It is a basic bare bones work on the battle of Chattanooga.’
    • ‘The bill sets out only the very bare bones of the framework on which the criteria for the process will be hung.’

The substance of bones is formed by specialized cells (osteoblasts) which secrete around themselves a material containing calcium salts (which provide hardness and strength in compression) and collagen fibres (which provide tensile strength)

Main definitions of bone in English

: bone1Bône2

Bône2

proper noun

Phrases

  • bone of contention

    • A subject or issue over which there is continuing disagreement.

      ‘the examination system has long been a serious bone of contention’
      • ‘The city's educational system continues to be a bone of contention for Burns and other residents.’
      • ‘This was a bone of contention with residents and business owners.’
      • ‘Sometime ago, the first point was a serious bone of contention with some opponents of Australian government policy on East Timor.’
      • ‘Bank charges are a continual bone of contention between bankers and depositors.’
      • ‘Bonus payments have a nasty habit of being bones of contention in the football domain.’
      • ‘Road safety and pollution issues were the main bones of contention, with frequent tailbacks of lorries billowing fumes into people's homes, he said.’
      • ‘The issue has become a serious bone of contention between the union and the management.’
      • ‘The issue has been a bone of contention for several years between Mid West farmers and State Government authorities.’
      • ‘The zebra crossing outside the library in Pickwick Road, Corsham, has been a serious bone of contention among residents for a number of years.’
      • ‘Control of the few viable roads is another bone of contention among various warlords who exercise their authority by blocking delivery of aid items.’
      • ‘Race relations in the USA continue to be a hot topic and a bone of contention for many American writers.’
      • ‘This matter has always been a bone of contention with councillors but on this occasion no one objected to the proposal by council management.’
      • ‘Their two Schnauzers were the original bones of contention.’
      • ‘This has been a bone of contention for many years and I am sure it will continue to be so for many more.’
      • ‘Footwear, even for the five-year-olds, can be a serious bone of contention within families at this time of year.’
      • ‘School prizes have always been bones of contention.’
      • ‘The community group said although they are no strangers to the struggle for technology, equality remains a major bone of contention.’
      • ‘However, the latter is the main bone of contention in this argument.’
      • ‘In the last century the same conflicts led to the First World War and continued to be a bone of contention throughout the Second.’
      • ‘Since its completion, the new pier has been a bone of contention with tour boat operators over the issue of safety in mooring their boats.’
      matter, matter in question, affair, business, subject, topic, question, point, point at issue, item, thing, case, concern, theme
      View synonyms
  • close to (or near) the bone

    • 1(of a remark) penetrating and accurate to the point of causing discomfort.

      ‘the headmaster was getting a little too close to the bone for my liking’
      • ‘What I like about Bill's take here is its combination of a temperate tone in a discussion that doesn't hesitate to cut close to the bone.’
      • ‘The funny thing about that is that the film is about a man who gets into trouble for writing books that cut too close to the bone, other people's bones in this case.’
      • ‘Again, this is coming pretty close to the bone for me, having once had a double-glazed bedroom window smashed by a rock.’
      • ‘The plot for the movie cut close to the bone of reality.’
      • ‘This play is so insightful, cuts so close to the bone.’
      • ‘I've no doubt it ruffled feathers in Charlestown at the time, it was so close to the bone.’
      • ‘But it is so near the bone that it would make you weep.’
      • ‘I also saw a satirical film last night - quite close to the bone for the Minister, wasn't it?’
      • ‘It is a story all too believable, all to real and close to the bone for many living in rural Ireland.’
      • ‘This list can go on and on, and hearing these stories cuts rather close to the bone: suffering is everywhere and also infinite in its variety.’
      • ‘As a fundamentalist Bible-believing Christian, I sometimes find your articles a bit close to the bone, but in fairness you reflect accurately the nature of the Internet.’
      • ‘The movie cuts pretty close to the bone with characters who are less than likable and certainly less than redeeming.’
      1. 1.1(of a joke or story) likely to cause offence because near the limit of decency.
        • ‘Well, your old pal Jean is big enough to take a joke, but this one seemed a bit too close to the bone.’
        • ‘The humour is raw, and always close to the bone.’
        • ‘For all his undeniable artistic significance, the biography feels too close to the bone to be in good taste.’
        • ‘Perhaps her understanding and explorations of homegrown evil cut too close to the bone.’
        • ‘The joke isn't funny any more - it's too close to home, too near the bone, and besides you've heard it so many times before.’
        • ‘Some of his material cut close to the bone, but he was never in danger of overstepping the boundary.’
        • ‘It is during the exchanges that the vitality of the pack can best be savoured, even if some of the jokes run close to the bone, and feel a little obvious and outdated.’
        • ‘As a frequent comedy night visitor, I am well used to jokes that are close to the bone and believe I have a liberal attitude to most areas.’
        • ‘It's a little too close to the bone for my liking.’
        • ‘It won't be to everyone's taste, the humour at times being dark and the jokes occasionally a little close to the bone, but it's funny because it's true.’
        vulgar, rude, risqué, suggestive, racy, earthy, off colour, colourful, indecent, bawdy, obscene, offensive, lewd, salacious, licentious, ribald, rabelaisian, boorish, coarse, uncouth, indelicate, crass, tasteless, sordid, smutty, dirty, filthy, pornographic, x-rated, scatological
        View synonyms
  • cut (or pare) something to the bone

    • Reduce something to the bare minimum.

      ‘costs will have to be cut to the bone’
      • ‘However, premiums have been cut to the bone, and life companies are looking to improve their margins and profits.’
      • ‘Add to that the fact that labor has been cut to the bone.’
      • ‘We just managed to pay our way this year by cutting costs to the bone, but we will be in the red this year unless we do something about it.’
      • ‘As usual, we had cut our military to the bone and had a standing army of less than 200,000.’
      • ‘The concept is simple: cut operating costs to the bone and pass on the savings to customers.’
      • ‘Exploration budgets were cut to the bone during the quiet years, and it takes upwards of seven years to bring a known deposit to production.’
      • ‘On top of this long-term drop, consumers indulged themselves in the occasional periods in which prices were cut to the bone to drive competitors out of business.’
      • ‘Corporate planning, accounting, research, and technical staffs are cut to the bone, if not disbanded at corporate level.’
      • ‘To prevent the crash he cut rates to the bone and allowed consumers to fill the gap left by the collapse in manufacturing in the US.’
      • ‘By paring components to the bone, Martin showed that even the smallest urban space can be a haven of tranquillity.’
      • ‘Many firms are unable to think beyond cutting costs to the bone.’
      • ‘But, with hindsight, we can already see that the company achieved spectacular growth by cutting premiums to the bone, and possibly under-reserving.’
      • ‘Most have cut their expenses to the bone and the consumers are not prepared to pass on the price increases.’
      • ‘Health, education and welfare services have been cut to the bone to pay for the war and for huge financial incentives to investors.’
      • ‘Transport manifesto commitments have been pared to the bone.’
      • ‘Education, training, and rehabilitation programs have been cut to the bone.’
      • ‘So there is a war on, with each side cutting prices to the bone.’
      • ‘The only way to make it viable was to cut it to the bone.’
      • ‘They want to cut the service to the bone and cut the best fire service in the world.’
      • ‘All have cut their costs to the bone and many have diversified their businesses.’
  • have a bone to pick with someone

    • informal Have reason to disagree or be annoyed with someone.

      ‘she has a bone to pick with the council’
      • ‘I had a bone to pick with him during his comments, because he seemed to imply that a golf course was something great for the environment.’
      • ‘Perhaps I have always had a bone to pick with her because I believe that she stole my thunder.’
      • ‘Someone could have a bone to pick with you soon, and they'll lay it on thick as sauce.’
      • ‘I don't have any complaints on the movie, but I do have a bone to pick with the film studio.’
      • ‘The other passenger in the car, Lenny, has a bone to pick with Vince, because the latter got his daughter pregnant years before.’
      • ‘I remembered something, ‘Drew, I have a bone to pick with you.’’
      • ‘It's not like she's had a bone to pick with her lately.’
      • ‘‘You know, I actually have a bone to pick with you about that,’ she said between bites.’
      • ‘What I'm getting at is that you seem have a bone to pick with me of late, and we should thrash it out before it becomes a problem.’
      • ‘I don't have a bone to pick with them and vice versa.’
      • ‘He could be gruff and if he had a bone to pick with you, he picked it.’
      • ‘Father came into the kitchen, looking like he had a bone to pick with me, then skidded to a halt.’
      • ‘Don Pedro tells Benedick that Beatrice has a bone to pick with him.’
      • ‘Looking at his father, Daniel recalled that he had a bone to pick with him.’
      • ‘And he said he's all ready for the interview, and I said to him, I have a bone to pick with you first.’
      • ‘Just make the horse move so much or else somebody is gonna have a bone to pick with you,’ I said.’
      • ‘‘I have a bone to pick with you,’ I suddenly remembered, hitting him in the chest lightly, and totally ignoring his request.’
      • ‘She didn't even have anything against those other guys, but she did have a bone to pick with Heero Yuy.’
  • in one's bones

    • Felt, understood, or believed very deeply or instinctively.

      ‘something good was bound to happen; he could feel it in his bones’
      • ‘I always thought this war was a bad idea, right from the start I felt it deep in my bones.’
      • ‘But they know, in their bones so to speak, that there are no more Saladin-like saviors out there.’
      • ‘Wood can no longer see him - but as an insurance man you cannot help but believe he felt the risk in his bones.’
      • ‘We believe in our bones that what we are doing is the right thing.’
      • ‘Deep in their bones and their hearts, they expect to win, an assumption borne of talent, experience, and mental toughness.’
      • ‘If we care deeply enough, if we feel it in our bones, then we won't take this sitting down.’
      • ‘I could feel it in my bones that he was up against something stronger than his will and his prodigious intellect.’
      • ‘The Albanian people who make up a good part of our parish understood this in their bones; many of the Americans seemed not to.’
      • ‘You know, in your bones, that this is what you're supposed to be doing.’
      • ‘Park status confirms what the locals already felt in their bones, that their home and environs are special places, worth getting excited about.’
      • ‘It's not something medical… I can just feel it in my bones, just instinct.’
      • ‘I said I felt in my bones that it would be different than after previous European trips.’
      • ‘Russell said that he couldn't quite understand what Wittgenstein was saying, but he felt in his bones that he must be right.’
      • ‘If there's one thing about Native people, one thing we've always had in our bones,’ she says, ‘it's community.’’
      • ‘The magic is certainly there - you can feel it in your bones.’
      • ‘In the end, they will have to feel it in their bones and smell it in the air, finding the words that ring true.’
      • ‘You either feel it in your heart, in your bones, in your gut, or you don't.’
      • ‘Tocqueville understood this milieu in his bones.’
      • ‘You know how you get a feeling in your bones that everything's coming up roses?’
      • ‘Surely, when it is over you know it in your bones, and why would a manager have reason to thank you?’
  • make no bones about

    • Have no hesitation in stating or dealing with (something), however unpleasant or awkward it is.

      ‘he makes no bones about his feelings towards the militants’
      • ‘So the making of this documentary was clearly a journey of discovery for Moore himself, who makes no bones about not having the answers.’
      • ‘For starters, I liked April Fool's Day because the film makes no bones about what it is.’
      • ‘‘We knew that there would be tickets available every day and we made no bones about that,’ he said.’
      • ‘The performance was disappointing, make no bones about that, and the 50-30 scoreline reflected Barrow's superiority on the day.’
      • ‘‘She makes no bones about not liking journalists,’ says one.’
      • ‘My parents were wonderful parents to me - make no bones about that - but I have no truck with the idea that in some sense society was better 40 or 50 years ago.’
      • ‘I feel we have some good referees and I make no bones about that but I'm not so sure we have that many good assistant referees.’
      • ‘R.L. Trask makes no bones about what sort of world he thinks is beautiful, and to that sort of world he's a splendidly knowledgeable, thought-provoking guide.’
      • ‘She is proud of her unusual occupation and appears to make no bones about who knows it.’
      • ‘A strange chemistry forms when the pair meets at the interview and Grey makes no bones about how boring the job will be.’
      • ‘Labour is pragmatic in what it does, it makes no bones about that sometimes it will lean left sometimes right.’
      • ‘White made no bones about how they would seek to beat the Welsh yesterday.’
      • ‘The solicitor told the court: ‘Her behaviour was dreadful and she makes no bones about that.’’
      • ‘And his wife made no bones about why she ran off to France with their son, Eddie.’
      • ‘And I make no bones about that or no apology for that.’
      • ‘Westwood has made no bones about how unprepared he was for the media attention which accompanied his early success.’
      • ‘Well, we do pay for exclusive information and documents, and we make no bones about that, as long as we can verify it's true.’
      • ‘Definitely not for the squeamish, the article makes no bones about where the responsibility for the massacre lay.’
      • ‘Here is a movie that makes no bones about what it is - a horror sequel that knows its place in line.’
      • ‘He makes no bones about what others perceive as his abrasive manner.’
  • make old bones

    • with negativeReach an advanced age.

      ‘he knew he would never make old bones’
      • ‘Only the selfish and messy will make old bones.’
  • not have a — bone in one's body

    • Have not the slightest trace of the specified quality.

      ‘she hasn't got a sympathetic bone in her body’
      • ‘Darren is not a racist - he doesn’t have a racist bone in his body.’
      • ‘Charlotte claims Katie was never interested in either her or her siblings and the mother-of-two ‘doesn't have a maternal bone in her body’.’
      • ‘It doesn't matter if you haven't got an artistic bone in your body, we can show you very simple ways to achieve a masterpiece!’
      • ‘I know that he doesn't have a judgemental bone in his body.’
      • ‘I just do want to stress that we didn't have a political bone in our body.’
  • off (or on) the bone

    • (of meat or fish) having had the bone or bones removed (or left in) before being cooked, served, or sold.

      ‘they supply hams in the traditional way, on the bone’
      • ‘I remove the day-old leftover chicken from the cold, sealed Tupperware and tear the meat off the bone by hand.’
      • ‘This dish, a carp packed in salt and baked, is served off the bone with a simple mix of olive oil and herbs but without any sauce.’
      • ‘To make a proper-tasting meat curry, always cook your lamb, chicken or fish on the bone.’
      • ‘When you buy fish on the bone, you can easily tell how fresh it is.’
      • ‘It specialises in fresh meat, which is supplied by a live stock market in Halesham, and the meat is cut off the bone and hung between 14 and 21 days.’
      • ‘Simplicity was again the order of the day, with the grilled turbot cooked on the bone, and served with garlic parsley and lemon butter for €22.’
      • ‘The obligatory fish, curried on the bone, is served alongside the peculiarly fat rice common to the region.’
      • ‘The display ensured that the fish you were eating had been cooked on the bone and was therefore succulent and fresh.’
      • ‘They don't even know that a duck is not just a suprême, that it can be cooked on the bone.’
      • ‘This year, we will be sitting down at least once to a joint of pork cooked on the bone, its pan juices seasoned with garlic.’
      • ‘Lovers of the duck must plump for the braised on the bone option served on a bed of rice or noodles and Chinese leaves.’
      • ‘A Belarussian speciality, Borshch is cooked beef and pork on the bone, potato and diced beets boiled in water and vinegar.’
      • ‘After all those years being strictly vegetarian, I'm still unhappy about handling meat or poultry on the bone.’
      • ‘Oily fish like mackerel and salmon are cooked to an internal temperature of 45 degrees Celsius and fish on the bone are cooked to 55 degrees.’
      • ‘When I ordered my lemon sole the waiter kindly asked if I would like it filleted, and it duly arrived cooked on the bone and then filleted.’
      • ‘Cooked to perfection on the bone and not over-embellished, the truffle oil was a curious addition, which nonetheless worked for me.’
      • ‘The veal Valdostana was a mid-sized piece of tender meat served Flintstones-style on the bone.’
      • ‘The huge, tender perfectly cooked chop was served on the bone, next to fresh sauerkraut with a mustardy tang.’
      • ‘Other popular cuts are the chateau-briand for two, the heavy-cut sirloin and prime ribs served on the bone.’
      • ‘When duck legs are cooked, cool slightly and take all meat off the bone.’
  • on the bones of one's arse

    • vulgar slang Short of money.

      ‘there's not a lot of money in that, and I didn't want to live on the bones of my arse’
  • point the bone at

    • 1(of an Aborigine) cast a spell on (someone) so as to cause their sickness or death.

      • ‘A native shepherd was murdered as he was suspected of having pointed the bone at the man who had stolen his Lubra’.’
      • ‘He was successful in stopping their practice of ‘bone-pointing’ by allowing them to point the bone at him.’
      • ‘These statements suggest that the government and its key advisers may not yet be pointing the bone at root source of the problem.’
      • ‘Lady Bridget gathered that Oola's husband was a medicine man, and that he had 'pointed a bone at his faithless wife and her lover.’
      curse, cast a spell on, put the evil eye on, hoodoo, bewitch
      View synonyms
      1. 1.1Openly accuse or blame someone.
  • throw someone a bone

    • informal Do something to appease someone, typically by making a minor concession or helping them in a small way.

      ‘the finance minister also threw first-time buyers a bone’
      • ‘I would like to point out, if you read the next paragraph in the judge's finding, he seemed to throw a bone to each side.’
      • ‘Why not target middle incomes and throw a bone to low incomes with an occasional promotion?’
      • ‘Sometimes it's nice when life throws you a bone.’
      • ‘So I still think it's worthwhile to throw a bone to the staid investment class.’
      • ‘I bet this was already obsolete in design and technology some years back, and they wanted to throw a bone to the public.’
      • ‘And I believe that his policies sometimes reflect a political need to throw a bone to that constituency to keep them happy.’
      • ‘The new regime has thrown him a bone of sorts: convenorship of the health committee.’
      • ‘The company has decided to throw viewers a few bones by tacking on a couple of extra features to this disc.’
      • ‘Finally, Lady Luck threw him a bone.’
      • ‘What you see here is a case where the campaign felt they could throw a bone to the conservatives.’
  • to the bone

    • 1(of a wound) so deep as to expose a person's bone.

      ‘his thigh had been axed open to the bone’
      figurative ‘his contempt cut her to the bone’
      • ‘One of the operations was to repair his left hand and stitch up stab wounds, which cut through to the bone.’
      • ‘His shoulder is cut to the bone, and he is flung to the wall.’
      • ‘And it cuts us to the bone when people dismiss our musings as the products of ego and petty hatreds.’
      • ‘This time the ankle was cut through to the bone and Scales had to have internal and external stitches inserted to repair the damage.’
      • ‘I walked back to my house and my arm was open down to the bone.’
      • ‘It caught Maiden square beneath the jaw, cutting to the bone.’
      • ‘A teenager who cut a former friend's arm to the bone with an axe during a street fight was warned he faces being locked up.’
      • ‘She did not wince as blades sunk deeper to the bone.’
      • ‘She ran into a fence and the sharp wire cut to the bone.’
      • ‘Jessie felt drained, the bickering with Phoebe had cut her to the bone.’
      • ‘But his wit is more likely to scratch than cut to the bone.’
      • ‘Albion's shoulder was cut to the bone, but besides a few bruises and scratches, the trio was unhurt.’
      • ‘It was a deep wound, not quite to the bone but not just skin either.’
      • ‘After breakfast I would go to the house matron who would paint ghastly looking stuff on my chilblains which were open almost to the bone.’
      • ‘An accidental challenge by the Newcastle defender slit his knee open to the bone, necessitated 38 stitches and forced him to the sidelines for two months.’
      • ‘David Sanborn's alto saxophone caresses the flesh as it cuts to the bone.’
      • ‘He also inflicted deep cuts to his face, on one occasion scoring the bridge of his nose so severely that he cut it down to the bone.’
      • ‘No, it's too steep for me, especially after Clarence had his leg cut to the bone in a rock slide.’
      • ‘They can be superficial or very deep, extending to the bone.’
      • ‘The wound went straight to the bone; she could see a sliver of white among the blood whenever she painfully flexed her fingers.’
      1. 1.1(especially of cold) affecting a person in a penetrating way.
        ‘he was cold to the bone’
        • ‘She noticed people running from the other end of the school, they were soaking wet, deep down to the bone.’
        • ‘Her entire body was stiff and sore, and she was cold to the bone.’
        • ‘The room seemed to have lost all its warmth and the torch's fire seemed to be diffusing only cold, chilling to the bone.’
        • ‘The blue-green sky of Pomen was partly cloudy, and although the afternoon sun tried to warm the proceedings below, it was a cold day that chilled to the bone.’
        • ‘Neko woke up, freezing cold, soaked to the bone with sweat.’
  • to one's bones (or to the bone)

    • Used to emphasize the essential nature of a specified quality.

      ‘he's a cop to the bone’
      • ‘Although he is a Democrat to his bones, he has disarmed Republicans.’
      • ‘He would not, however, feel any divided loyalties were his team to come up against Italy in the knock-out stages of the finals in Greece: ‘I am Australian to my bones.’’
      • ‘But, anyone who thinks that careerist social climbers aren't liberals to their bones just doesn't know what he's talking about.’
      • ‘Shaunelle Curry is a teacher through to her bones.’
      • ‘A salesman down to his bones, he took to selling stock, especially penny stocks.’
      • ‘He knew that she was Indian to her bones, and he knew that even after her death her soul would linger, waiting for a glimpse of her son.’
      • ‘Jeremiah was a patriot down to his bones and wrote an entire book lamenting the fall of his nation.’
      • ‘A civil servant to his bones, he is also diplomatic because he thinks the fight against climate change needs long-term support from all sides of politics.’
      • ‘She was from an upper-class background and although she was a shrewd political player, Mrs. Randolph was also a Southern lady to her bones.’
      • ‘Rhenisch, a poet to his bones, is a new world essayist with an old world sensibility.’
  • work one's fingers to the bone

    • Work very hard.

      ‘Auntie can work her fingers to the bone, but it's Miss Green that gets the thanks’
      • ‘There are people working their fingers to the bone every day for less than this proposed salary.’
      • ‘The man she had hated so was the man she worked her fingers to the bone to save.’
      • ‘It was just the 5th movement that had lately been keeping her up all night, working her fingers to the bone.’
      • ‘She makes her grandson Shiro work his fingers to the bone to keep this place in top shape, and then tricks the neighborhood kids into doing the rest.’
      • ‘I work my fingers to the bone, and get precious little gratitude for it, and all you can do is treat me like some glorified gofer who's wet behind the ears?’
      • ‘‘We lived in a tiny little flat, and had no money, and my mother had to work her fingers to the bone,’ Carol says.’
      • ‘I've worked my fingers to the bone, cleaning, organizing and even releasing to the trash bin things I no longer need.’
      • ‘In India, some kids are forced to toil in cotton fields while others work their fingers to the bone weaving silk.’
      • ‘His mom, who is kind and good and true, works her fingers to the bone, running the inn.’
      • ‘We are working our fingers to the bone to try and rescue our comrades, but at the moment we have yet to locate where their screams were coming from.’
      work hard, labour, work one's fingers to the bone, work like a trojan, work like a dog, work day and night, exert oneself, keep at it, keep one's nose to the grindstone, grind away, slave away, grub away, plough away, plod away
      View synonyms

Origin

Old English bān, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch been and German Bein.

Pronunciation

Bône

/bəʊn/

verb

  • 1with object Remove the bones from (meat or fish) before cooking, serving, or selling.

    ‘ask your butcher to bone the turkey for you’
    • ‘Clean and bone the fish, leaving their heads in place.’
    • ‘Unless you are a dab-hand with the boning knife, ask the butcher to bone the chicken legs for you.’
    • ‘It is then boned and the meat is allowed to ‘age’ or mature for up to 14 days.’’
    • ‘Have the turkey thighs boned and skinned at the meat market.’
    • ‘All biologists should eat kippers because it is quite impossible to bone one without thinking about development.’
    • ‘Head butcher Paul Nicholson helped to choose the birds and bone the smaller ones before they could be stuffed inside the turkey.’
    • ‘The school's culinary dean recalls being hung from a meat hook for improperly boning veal during one of his 14-hour days as an apprentice in 1949 Germany.’
    • ‘In recent years, although the name has almost disappeared, many butcher shops and supermarkets still sell boned shoulders of lamb complete with stuffing.’
  • 2bone up oninformal no object Study (a subject) intensively, typically in preparation for something.

    ‘she boned up on languages she had learned long ago’
    • ‘So where - and how - are young voters boning up on issues and ideas?’
    • ‘I've allowed myself to get lazy about following what's going on nationally and I've got to bone up on a lot of stuff.’
    • ‘There's nothing like a stroll immediately before an interview for a spot of last minute boning up on your subject.’
    • ‘I've noticed that a lot of the nicer websites are incorporating cascading style sheets so I've spent the past couple of days boning up on how to use them.’
    • ‘To bone up on the subject, he read the works of a professor at the University of Pennsylvania whose area of research was deceptive political advertising.’
    • ‘Anyone who thinks these people play anything remotely original needs to bone up on their musicology.’
    • ‘Anyway, I've boned up on it overnight, and I'm sad to report that the NT's proposed laws are a bit of a disappointment.’
    • ‘This stuff was actually quite easy after I boned up on my HTML.’
    • ‘Unless you're willing to bone up on the subject, you're better off to assess his technical ability by asking for references and checking them out.’
    • ‘She turned her love of the jungle into yet another career, by boning up on African bird life in order to take visitors on horseback birding safaris.’
    • ‘Those firms which bone up on the latest thinking will reap the benefits.’
    • ‘I have many things to do, including boning up on current events - I'm auditioning for a spot on a quiz show tomorrow, and I don't want to make a fool of myself.’
    • ‘So I'm finally doing some actual academic reading for my ‘Reading Elective,’ trying to bone up on some anesthesia basics before I switch residencies in July.’
    • ‘Each actor studied their real-life counterpart, boning up on their life stories to get a keener, truer sense of how they would have behaved and talked.’
    • ‘Now in order to do my job properly, I had to bone up on what was required when giving a professional opinion about a document.’
    • ‘In preparation, I began to bone up on my cooking skills, already a hobby of mine, and pored over What to Expect When You're Expecting.’
    • ‘And it's just as well that she had boned up on Treasure Island - the only book she appears to have read - as it seems to have impressed the judges.’
    • ‘Some of them may have put more effort into interpersonal skills than the graduate who has been boning up on portfolio optimisation and office politics.’
    • ‘So if you are wondering about what to bone up on if you want to be a security screener don't ask me.’
    • ‘She's probably already boning up on the biography of Nelson Mandela.’
    go over, reread, run through, study, memorize
    View synonyms
  • 3US vulgar slang with object (of a man) have sexual intercourse with (someone).

Phrases

  • bone of contention

    • A subject or issue over which there is continuing disagreement.

      ‘the examination system has long been a serious bone of contention’
      • ‘The city's educational system continues to be a bone of contention for Burns and other residents.’
      • ‘This was a bone of contention with residents and business owners.’
      • ‘Sometime ago, the first point was a serious bone of contention with some opponents of Australian government policy on East Timor.’
      • ‘Bank charges are a continual bone of contention between bankers and depositors.’
      • ‘Bonus payments have a nasty habit of being bones of contention in the football domain.’
      • ‘Road safety and pollution issues were the main bones of contention, with frequent tailbacks of lorries billowing fumes into people's homes, he said.’
      • ‘The issue has become a serious bone of contention between the union and the management.’
      • ‘The issue has been a bone of contention for several years between Mid West farmers and State Government authorities.’
      • ‘The zebra crossing outside the library in Pickwick Road, Corsham, has been a serious bone of contention among residents for a number of years.’
      • ‘Control of the few viable roads is another bone of contention among various warlords who exercise their authority by blocking delivery of aid items.’
      • ‘Race relations in the USA continue to be a hot topic and a bone of contention for many American writers.’
      • ‘This matter has always been a bone of contention with councillors but on this occasion no one objected to the proposal by council management.’
      • ‘Their two Schnauzers were the original bones of contention.’
      • ‘This has been a bone of contention for many years and I am sure it will continue to be so for many more.’
      • ‘Footwear, even for the five-year-olds, can be a serious bone of contention within families at this time of year.’
      • ‘School prizes have always been bones of contention.’
      • ‘The community group said although they are no strangers to the struggle for technology, equality remains a major bone of contention.’
      • ‘However, the latter is the main bone of contention in this argument.’
      • ‘In the last century the same conflicts led to the First World War and continued to be a bone of contention throughout the Second.’
      • ‘Since its completion, the new pier has been a bone of contention with tour boat operators over the issue of safety in mooring their boats.’
      matter, matter in question, affair, business, subject, topic, question, point, point at issue, item, thing, case, concern, theme
      View synonyms
  • close to (or near) the bone

    • 1(of a remark) penetrating and accurate to the point of causing discomfort.

      ‘the headmaster was getting a little too close to the bone for my liking’
      • ‘What I like about Bill's take here is its combination of a temperate tone in a discussion that doesn't hesitate to cut close to the bone.’
      • ‘The funny thing about that is that the film is about a man who gets into trouble for writing books that cut too close to the bone, other people's bones in this case.’
      • ‘Again, this is coming pretty close to the bone for me, having once had a double-glazed bedroom window smashed by a rock.’
      • ‘The plot for the movie cut close to the bone of reality.’
      • ‘This play is so insightful, cuts so close to the bone.’
      • ‘I've no doubt it ruffled feathers in Charlestown at the time, it was so close to the bone.’
      • ‘But it is so near the bone that it would make you weep.’
      • ‘I also saw a satirical film last night - quite close to the bone for the Minister, wasn't it?’
      • ‘It is a story all too believable, all to real and close to the bone for many living in rural Ireland.’
      • ‘This list can go on and on, and hearing these stories cuts rather close to the bone: suffering is everywhere and also infinite in its variety.’
      • ‘As a fundamentalist Bible-believing Christian, I sometimes find your articles a bit close to the bone, but in fairness you reflect accurately the nature of the Internet.’
      • ‘The movie cuts pretty close to the bone with characters who are less than likable and certainly less than redeeming.’
      1. 1.1(of a joke or story) likely to cause offence because near the limit of decency.
        • ‘Well, your old pal Jean is big enough to take a joke, but this one seemed a bit too close to the bone.’
        • ‘The humour is raw, and always close to the bone.’
        • ‘For all his undeniable artistic significance, the biography feels too close to the bone to be in good taste.’
        • ‘Perhaps her understanding and explorations of homegrown evil cut too close to the bone.’
        • ‘The joke isn't funny any more - it's too close to home, too near the bone, and besides you've heard it so many times before.’
        • ‘Some of his material cut close to the bone, but he was never in danger of overstepping the boundary.’
        • ‘It is during the exchanges that the vitality of the pack can best be savoured, even if some of the jokes run close to the bone, and feel a little obvious and outdated.’
        • ‘As a frequent comedy night visitor, I am well used to jokes that are close to the bone and believe I have a liberal attitude to most areas.’
        • ‘It's a little too close to the bone for my liking.’
        • ‘It won't be to everyone's taste, the humour at times being dark and the jokes occasionally a little close to the bone, but it's funny because it's true.’
        vulgar, rude, risqué, suggestive, racy, earthy, off colour, colourful, indecent, bawdy, obscene, offensive, lewd, salacious, licentious, ribald, rabelaisian, boorish, coarse, uncouth, indelicate, crass, tasteless, sordid, smutty, dirty, filthy, pornographic, x-rated, scatological
        View synonyms
  • cut (or pare) something to the bone

    • Reduce something to the bare minimum.

      ‘costs will have to be cut to the bone’
      • ‘However, premiums have been cut to the bone, and life companies are looking to improve their margins and profits.’
      • ‘Add to that the fact that labor has been cut to the bone.’
      • ‘We just managed to pay our way this year by cutting costs to the bone, but we will be in the red this year unless we do something about it.’
      • ‘As usual, we had cut our military to the bone and had a standing army of less than 200,000.’
      • ‘The concept is simple: cut operating costs to the bone and pass on the savings to customers.’
      • ‘Exploration budgets were cut to the bone during the quiet years, and it takes upwards of seven years to bring a known deposit to production.’
      • ‘On top of this long-term drop, consumers indulged themselves in the occasional periods in which prices were cut to the bone to drive competitors out of business.’
      • ‘Corporate planning, accounting, research, and technical staffs are cut to the bone, if not disbanded at corporate level.’
      • ‘To prevent the crash he cut rates to the bone and allowed consumers to fill the gap left by the collapse in manufacturing in the US.’
      • ‘By paring components to the bone, Martin showed that even the smallest urban space can be a haven of tranquillity.’
      • ‘Many firms are unable to think beyond cutting costs to the bone.’
      • ‘But, with hindsight, we can already see that the company achieved spectacular growth by cutting premiums to the bone, and possibly under-reserving.’
      • ‘Most have cut their expenses to the bone and the consumers are not prepared to pass on the price increases.’
      • ‘Health, education and welfare services have been cut to the bone to pay for the war and for huge financial incentives to investors.’
      • ‘Transport manifesto commitments have been pared to the bone.’
      • ‘Education, training, and rehabilitation programs have been cut to the bone.’
      • ‘So there is a war on, with each side cutting prices to the bone.’
      • ‘The only way to make it viable was to cut it to the bone.’
      • ‘They want to cut the service to the bone and cut the best fire service in the world.’
      • ‘All have cut their costs to the bone and many have diversified their businesses.’
  • have a bone to pick with someone

    • informal Have reason to disagree or be annoyed with someone.

      ‘she has a bone to pick with the council’
      • ‘I had a bone to pick with him during his comments, because he seemed to imply that a golf course was something great for the environment.’
      • ‘Perhaps I have always had a bone to pick with her because I believe that she stole my thunder.’
      • ‘Someone could have a bone to pick with you soon, and they'll lay it on thick as sauce.’
      • ‘I don't have any complaints on the movie, but I do have a bone to pick with the film studio.’
      • ‘The other passenger in the car, Lenny, has a bone to pick with Vince, because the latter got his daughter pregnant years before.’
      • ‘I remembered something, ‘Drew, I have a bone to pick with you.’’
      • ‘It's not like she's had a bone to pick with her lately.’
      • ‘‘You know, I actually have a bone to pick with you about that,’ she said between bites.’
      • ‘What I'm getting at is that you seem have a bone to pick with me of late, and we should thrash it out before it becomes a problem.’
      • ‘I don't have a bone to pick with them and vice versa.’
      • ‘He could be gruff and if he had a bone to pick with you, he picked it.’
      • ‘Father came into the kitchen, looking like he had a bone to pick with me, then skidded to a halt.’
      • ‘Don Pedro tells Benedick that Beatrice has a bone to pick with him.’
      • ‘Looking at his father, Daniel recalled that he had a bone to pick with him.’
      • ‘And he said he's all ready for the interview, and I said to him, I have a bone to pick with you first.’
      • ‘Just make the horse move so much or else somebody is gonna have a bone to pick with you,’ I said.’
      • ‘‘I have a bone to pick with you,’ I suddenly remembered, hitting him in the chest lightly, and totally ignoring his request.’
      • ‘She didn't even have anything against those other guys, but she did have a bone to pick with Heero Yuy.’
  • in one's bones

    • Felt, understood, or believed very deeply or instinctively.

      ‘something good was bound to happen; he could feel it in his bones’
      • ‘I always thought this war was a bad idea, right from the start I felt it deep in my bones.’
      • ‘But they know, in their bones so to speak, that there are no more Saladin-like saviors out there.’
      • ‘Wood can no longer see him - but as an insurance man you cannot help but believe he felt the risk in his bones.’
      • ‘We believe in our bones that what we are doing is the right thing.’
      • ‘Deep in their bones and their hearts, they expect to win, an assumption borne of talent, experience, and mental toughness.’
      • ‘If we care deeply enough, if we feel it in our bones, then we won't take this sitting down.’
      • ‘I could feel it in my bones that he was up against something stronger than his will and his prodigious intellect.’
      • ‘The Albanian people who make up a good part of our parish understood this in their bones; many of the Americans seemed not to.’
      • ‘You know, in your bones, that this is what you're supposed to be doing.’
      • ‘Park status confirms what the locals already felt in their bones, that their home and environs are special places, worth getting excited about.’
      • ‘It's not something medical… I can just feel it in my bones, just instinct.’
      • ‘I said I felt in my bones that it would be different than after previous European trips.’
      • ‘Russell said that he couldn't quite understand what Wittgenstein was saying, but he felt in his bones that he must be right.’
      • ‘If there's one thing about Native people, one thing we've always had in our bones,’ she says, ‘it's community.’’
      • ‘The magic is certainly there - you can feel it in your bones.’
      • ‘In the end, they will have to feel it in their bones and smell it in the air, finding the words that ring true.’
      • ‘You either feel it in your heart, in your bones, in your gut, or you don't.’
      • ‘Tocqueville understood this milieu in his bones.’
      • ‘You know how you get a feeling in your bones that everything's coming up roses?’
      • ‘Surely, when it is over you know it in your bones, and why would a manager have reason to thank you?’
  • make no bones about

    • Have no hesitation in stating or dealing with (something), however unpleasant or awkward it is.

      ‘he makes no bones about his feelings towards the militants’
      • ‘So the making of this documentary was clearly a journey of discovery for Moore himself, who makes no bones about not having the answers.’
      • ‘For starters, I liked April Fool's Day because the film makes no bones about what it is.’
      • ‘‘We knew that there would be tickets available every day and we made no bones about that,’ he said.’
      • ‘The performance was disappointing, make no bones about that, and the 50-30 scoreline reflected Barrow's superiority on the day.’
      • ‘‘She makes no bones about not liking journalists,’ says one.’
      • ‘My parents were wonderful parents to me - make no bones about that - but I have no truck with the idea that in some sense society was better 40 or 50 years ago.’
      • ‘I feel we have some good referees and I make no bones about that but I'm not so sure we have that many good assistant referees.’
      • ‘R.L. Trask makes no bones about what sort of world he thinks is beautiful, and to that sort of world he's a splendidly knowledgeable, thought-provoking guide.’
      • ‘She is proud of her unusual occupation and appears to make no bones about who knows it.’
      • ‘A strange chemistry forms when the pair meets at the interview and Grey makes no bones about how boring the job will be.’
      • ‘Labour is pragmatic in what it does, it makes no bones about that sometimes it will lean left sometimes right.’
      • ‘White made no bones about how they would seek to beat the Welsh yesterday.’
      • ‘The solicitor told the court: ‘Her behaviour was dreadful and she makes no bones about that.’’
      • ‘And his wife made no bones about why she ran off to France with their son, Eddie.’
      • ‘And I make no bones about that or no apology for that.’
      • ‘Westwood has made no bones about how unprepared he was for the media attention which accompanied his early success.’
      • ‘Well, we do pay for exclusive information and documents, and we make no bones about that, as long as we can verify it's true.’
      • ‘Definitely not for the squeamish, the article makes no bones about where the responsibility for the massacre lay.’
      • ‘Here is a movie that makes no bones about what it is - a horror sequel that knows its place in line.’
      • ‘He makes no bones about what others perceive as his abrasive manner.’
  • make old bones

    • with negativeReach an advanced age.

      ‘he knew he would never make old bones’
      • ‘Only the selfish and messy will make old bones.’
  • not have a — bone in one's body

    • Have not the slightest trace of the specified quality.

      ‘she hasn't got a sympathetic bone in her body’
      • ‘Darren is not a racist - he doesn’t have a racist bone in his body.’
      • ‘Charlotte claims Katie was never interested in either her or her siblings and the mother-of-two ‘doesn't have a maternal bone in her body’.’
      • ‘It doesn't matter if you haven't got an artistic bone in your body, we can show you very simple ways to achieve a masterpiece!’
      • ‘I know that he doesn't have a judgemental bone in his body.’
      • ‘I just do want to stress that we didn't have a political bone in our body.’
  • off (or on) the bone

    • (of meat or fish) having had the bone or bones removed (or left in) before being cooked, served, or sold.

      ‘they supply hams in the traditional way, on the bone’
      • ‘I remove the day-old leftover chicken from the cold, sealed Tupperware and tear the meat off the bone by hand.’
      • ‘This dish, a carp packed in salt and baked, is served off the bone with a simple mix of olive oil and herbs but without any sauce.’
      • ‘To make a proper-tasting meat curry, always cook your lamb, chicken or fish on the bone.’
      • ‘When you buy fish on the bone, you can easily tell how fresh it is.’
      • ‘It specialises in fresh meat, which is supplied by a live stock market in Halesham, and the meat is cut off the bone and hung between 14 and 21 days.’
      • ‘Simplicity was again the order of the day, with the grilled turbot cooked on the bone, and served with garlic parsley and lemon butter for €22.’
      • ‘The obligatory fish, curried on the bone, is served alongside the peculiarly fat rice common to the region.’
      • ‘The display ensured that the fish you were eating had been cooked on the bone and was therefore succulent and fresh.’
      • ‘They don't even know that a duck is not just a suprême, that it can be cooked on the bone.’
      • ‘This year, we will be sitting down at least once to a joint of pork cooked on the bone, its pan juices seasoned with garlic.’
      • ‘Lovers of the duck must plump for the braised on the bone option served on a bed of rice or noodles and Chinese leaves.’
      • ‘A Belarussian speciality, Borshch is cooked beef and pork on the bone, potato and diced beets boiled in water and vinegar.’
      • ‘After all those years being strictly vegetarian, I'm still unhappy about handling meat or poultry on the bone.’
      • ‘Oily fish like mackerel and salmon are cooked to an internal temperature of 45 degrees Celsius and fish on the bone are cooked to 55 degrees.’
      • ‘When I ordered my lemon sole the waiter kindly asked if I would like it filleted, and it duly arrived cooked on the bone and then filleted.’
      • ‘Cooked to perfection on the bone and not over-embellished, the truffle oil was a curious addition, which nonetheless worked for me.’
      • ‘The veal Valdostana was a mid-sized piece of tender meat served Flintstones-style on the bone.’
      • ‘The huge, tender perfectly cooked chop was served on the bone, next to fresh sauerkraut with a mustardy tang.’
      • ‘Other popular cuts are the chateau-briand for two, the heavy-cut sirloin and prime ribs served on the bone.’
      • ‘When duck legs are cooked, cool slightly and take all meat off the bone.’
  • on the bones of one's arse

    • vulgar slang Short of money.

      ‘there's not a lot of money in that, and I didn't want to live on the bones of my arse’
  • point the bone at

    • 1(of an Aborigine) cast a spell on (someone) so as to cause their sickness or death.

      • ‘A native shepherd was murdered as he was suspected of having pointed the bone at the man who had stolen his Lubra’.’
      • ‘He was successful in stopping their practice of ‘bone-pointing’ by allowing them to point the bone at him.’
      • ‘These statements suggest that the government and its key advisers may not yet be pointing the bone at root source of the problem.’
      • ‘Lady Bridget gathered that Oola's husband was a medicine man, and that he had 'pointed a bone at his faithless wife and her lover.’
      curse, cast a spell on, put the evil eye on, hoodoo, bewitch
      View synonyms
      1. 1.1Openly accuse or blame someone.
  • throw someone a bone

    • informal Do something to appease someone, typically by making a minor concession or helping them in a small way.

      ‘the finance minister also threw first-time buyers a bone’
      • ‘I would like to point out, if you read the next paragraph in the judge's finding, he seemed to throw a bone to each side.’
      • ‘Why not target middle incomes and throw a bone to low incomes with an occasional promotion?’
      • ‘Sometimes it's nice when life throws you a bone.’
      • ‘So I still think it's worthwhile to throw a bone to the staid investment class.’
      • ‘I bet this was already obsolete in design and technology some years back, and they wanted to throw a bone to the public.’
      • ‘And I believe that his policies sometimes reflect a political need to throw a bone to that constituency to keep them happy.’
      • ‘The new regime has thrown him a bone of sorts: convenorship of the health committee.’
      • ‘The company has decided to throw viewers a few bones by tacking on a couple of extra features to this disc.’
      • ‘Finally, Lady Luck threw him a bone.’
      • ‘What you see here is a case where the campaign felt they could throw a bone to the conservatives.’
  • to the bone

    • 1(of a wound) so deep as to expose a person's bone.

      ‘his thigh had been axed open to the bone’
      figurative ‘his contempt cut her to the bone’
      • ‘One of the operations was to repair his left hand and stitch up stab wounds, which cut through to the bone.’
      • ‘His shoulder is cut to the bone, and he is flung to the wall.’
      • ‘And it cuts us to the bone when people dismiss our musings as the products of ego and petty hatreds.’
      • ‘This time the ankle was cut through to the bone and Scales had to have internal and external stitches inserted to repair the damage.’
      • ‘I walked back to my house and my arm was open down to the bone.’
      • ‘It caught Maiden square beneath the jaw, cutting to the bone.’
      • ‘A teenager who cut a former friend's arm to the bone with an axe during a street fight was warned he faces being locked up.’
      • ‘She did not wince as blades sunk deeper to the bone.’
      • ‘She ran into a fence and the sharp wire cut to the bone.’
      • ‘Jessie felt drained, the bickering with Phoebe had cut her to the bone.’
      • ‘But his wit is more likely to scratch than cut to the bone.’
      • ‘Albion's shoulder was cut to the bone, but besides a few bruises and scratches, the trio was unhurt.’
      • ‘It was a deep wound, not quite to the bone but not just skin either.’
      • ‘After breakfast I would go to the house matron who would paint ghastly looking stuff on my chilblains which were open almost to the bone.’
      • ‘An accidental challenge by the Newcastle defender slit his knee open to the bone, necessitated 38 stitches and forced him to the sidelines for two months.’
      • ‘David Sanborn's alto saxophone caresses the flesh as it cuts to the bone.’
      • ‘He also inflicted deep cuts to his face, on one occasion scoring the bridge of his nose so severely that he cut it down to the bone.’
      • ‘No, it's too steep for me, especially after Clarence had his leg cut to the bone in a rock slide.’
      • ‘They can be superficial or very deep, extending to the bone.’
      • ‘The wound went straight to the bone; she could see a sliver of white among the blood whenever she painfully flexed her fingers.’
      1. 1.1(especially of cold) affecting a person in a penetrating way.
        ‘he was cold to the bone’
        • ‘She noticed people running from the other end of the school, they were soaking wet, deep down to the bone.’
        • ‘Her entire body was stiff and sore, and she was cold to the bone.’
        • ‘The room seemed to have lost all its warmth and the torch's fire seemed to be diffusing only cold, chilling to the bone.’
        • ‘The blue-green sky of Pomen was partly cloudy, and although the afternoon sun tried to warm the proceedings below, it was a cold day that chilled to the bone.’
        • ‘Neko woke up, freezing cold, soaked to the bone with sweat.’
  • to one's bones (or to the bone)

    • Used to emphasize the essential nature of a specified quality.

      ‘he's a cop to the bone’
      • ‘Although he is a Democrat to his bones, he has disarmed Republicans.’
      • ‘He would not, however, feel any divided loyalties were his team to come up against Italy in the knock-out stages of the finals in Greece: ‘I am Australian to my bones.’’
      • ‘But, anyone who thinks that careerist social climbers aren't liberals to their bones just doesn't know what he's talking about.’
      • ‘Shaunelle Curry is a teacher through to her bones.’
      • ‘A salesman down to his bones, he took to selling stock, especially penny stocks.’
      • ‘He knew that she was Indian to her bones, and he knew that even after her death her soul would linger, waiting for a glimpse of her son.’
      • ‘Jeremiah was a patriot down to his bones and wrote an entire book lamenting the fall of his nation.’
      • ‘A civil servant to his bones, he is also diplomatic because he thinks the fight against climate change needs long-term support from all sides of politics.’
      • ‘She was from an upper-class background and although she was a shrewd political player, Mrs. Randolph was also a Southern lady to her bones.’
      • ‘Rhenisch, a poet to his bones, is a new world essayist with an old world sensibility.’
  • work one's fingers to the bone

    • Work very hard.

      ‘Auntie can work her fingers to the bone, but it's Miss Green that gets the thanks’
      • ‘There are people working their fingers to the bone every day for less than this proposed salary.’
      • ‘The man she had hated so was the man she worked her fingers to the bone to save.’
      • ‘It was just the 5th movement that had lately been keeping her up all night, working her fingers to the bone.’
      • ‘She makes her grandson Shiro work his fingers to the bone to keep this place in top shape, and then tricks the neighborhood kids into doing the rest.’
      • ‘I work my fingers to the bone, and get precious little gratitude for it, and all you can do is treat me like some glorified gofer who's wet behind the ears?’
      • ‘‘We lived in a tiny little flat, and had no money, and my mother had to work her fingers to the bone,’ Carol says.’
      • ‘I've worked my fingers to the bone, cleaning, organizing and even releasing to the trash bin things I no longer need.’
      • ‘In India, some kids are forced to toil in cotton fields while others work their fingers to the bone weaving silk.’
      • ‘His mom, who is kind and good and true, works her fingers to the bone, running the inn.’
      • ‘We are working our fingers to the bone to try and rescue our comrades, but at the moment we have yet to locate where their screams were coming from.’
      work hard, labour, work one's fingers to the bone, work like a trojan, work like a dog, work day and night, exert oneself, keep at it, keep one's nose to the grindstone, grind away, slave away, grub away, plough away, plod away
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