Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
1A person who performed services as a condition of feudal tenure.
- ‘These bondagers were allowed to grow vegetables and keep a cow to provide food for their children, yet life was difficult.’
- ‘The life of a bondager was no rural idyll, but one of long hours and hard work born with patient dignity.’
- ‘Nacy Thompson is a bondager, a farm laborer forced to live in virtual slavery, her life dictated by the cruel and barbaric whims of her masters.’
- 1.1 (in southern Scotland and NE England) a female outworker supplied to a proprietor by a tenant.
- ‘Based on interviews with four women who worked in agriculture in Midlothain during the early twentieth century, this volume reveals the hard work of the bondager.’
- ‘A bondager was a female worker provided by an agricultural worker as a condition of his employment.’
- ‘The bondagers were women hired at the annual hiring fairs by farm hands who were required to bring female workers with them when they themselves were hired.’
- ‘This photo shows a group of bondagers at Hilltown Farm, Newton, Midlothian.’
- ‘The use of such female bondagers as agricultural labourers was especially prevalent in south east Scotland and extended into north Northumberland.’
- ‘Deals where struck whereby men provided a female worker, or bondager, to labor on demand for the employer in exchange for such things as the cottage rent.’
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.
From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, discover surprising and intriguing language facts from around the globe.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.