Definition of bond in English:

bond

noun

  • 1A thing used to tie something or to fasten things together.

    ‘she brushed back a curl which had strayed from its bonds’
    • ‘The country was always an unstable equilibrium, artificially held together by the iron bonds of an authoritarian and brutal regime.’
    • ‘I am a link in a chain, a bond of connection between persons.’
    • ‘His father pushed his sleeve up and tied on a rubber bond.’
    1. 1.1Ropes, chains, or other restraints used to hold someone prisoner.
      ‘he stooped over the trussed man and tested his bonds’
      • ‘He felt like a rabbit caged by a hunter's trap, unable to break free of the iron bonds.’
      • ‘Ropes tightened against bonds with the swell of the sea.’
      • ‘She pulled off the rope bonds until she was completely free.’
      • ‘Rocking back and forth, he tightened every muscle in his body in an effort to break the bonds from the ropes.’
      • ‘The wolf yelped and fell into his bonds, the chains tugging at his sore shoulders.’
      • ‘When his sleepiness clears from his vision, he sees his naked body, floating but restrained by unseen bonds.’
      • ‘Her bonds were ropes on the hands, but her feet were chained together.’
      • ‘Steel Fists cut the bonds holding the three prisoners.’
      • ‘Dergoul also described the use of what was known as the ‘short shackle’ - steel bonds pulled tight to keep the subject bunched up, while chained to the floor.’
      • ‘Then she took a tangle of rope, tied all their legs together, and wove a long cord through those bonds.’
      • ‘Two soldiers marched forward and restrained her with alloy bonds as three others came forward to take her suit.’
      • ‘Glumly, Ichiro nodded as he struggled with his iron bonds even though he knew they had been done too skillfully to let him escape.’
      • ‘He flung himself against his bonds, and the chains scraped across the stone with a rattle.’
    2. 1.2A force or feeling that unites people; a shared emotion or interest.
      ‘there was a bond of understanding between them’
      • ‘But community demands more than simply emotionally satisfying bonds between individuals.’
      • ‘The strange bond that we recognise as the human-animal bond has long been a subject of fascination to those who are not animal lovers.’
      • ‘A day may come when the courage of men fails, when we forsake our friends and break all bonds of fellowship.’
      • ‘If fans are pleased with the music they hear, they can provide feedback to works in progress, and form an emotional bond with the artist.’
      • ‘Yes, you can generate sales - but equally, you can generate goodwill or an emotional bond.’
      • ‘The three of us have a bond that results from our love of our sports and our friends.’
      • ‘The modern theme of friendship as with an emotional bond is brought into focus.’
      • ‘He added that he hoped the boy's death would help bind the community together in a shared bond of grief.’
      • ‘The unskilled workers' contacts were with people whose common bonds were social rather than industrial in nature.’
      • ‘So the question becomes, do we want these rising powers to be tied to us by bonds of mutual economic interest and shared prosperity?’
      • ‘Yoga's most valuable boon may be its ability to promote the bond between mother and child, both during and after pregnancy.’
      • ‘Conversations and bursts of laughter were tossed on the wind bringing them together in a common bond.’
      • ‘It may also play a role in disorders such as autism, where people have difficulties forming social bonds.’
      • ‘People who trust one another share a bond of faith and understanding.’
      • ‘Holidays like Thanksgiving give the opportunity to get together and celebrate familial bonds that are like no other.’
      • ‘I think there's a special bond of friendship that crosses party lines.’
      • ‘The bond between the trade union movement and the Labour Party is a century old and was forged at the latter's birth.’
      • ‘You understand friendship and very much respect its loyalty and bonds.’
      • ‘He said stressed-out lawyers and Inuit communities share a common bond.’
      • ‘He thought this gesture was a harbinger of the good old days when the Hindu and Muslim communities shared a special bond.’
  • 2An agreement with legal force, in particular.

    • ‘A term of the peace bond was that Mr. R.L. not have any contact with C.T. except as supervised by the Society.’
    • ‘In this case, the defendant, a dyer, had given a bond to the plaintiff not to exercise his trade in the same town for six months.’
    • ‘There, as in many states, a defendant has to post a bond in order to appeal a trial court judgement.’
    • ‘The kiss was considered a legal bond necessary to seal all contracts.’
    • ‘However there is no allegation that any conduct of Mr. Goody in any way impacted on the obtaining of the peace bond in exchange for withdrawal of the charges.’
    • ‘Their bond is purely legal, familial, and time bound.’
    • ‘Marriage as a legal bond may become outdated, but I doubt it.’
    • ‘At the time of the calls, the accused was on a common law peace bond and was to have no contact with the complainant.’
    • ‘It is logical because it is a legal bond, supposedly proof to the world that two people are in love, like a big advert.’
    • ‘If he doesn't live up to the conditions of the bond, then the jail sentence will be imposed.’
    • ‘In Korean American communities, the marriage bond has in some ways become stronger than filial piety.’
    • ‘To guarantee this, the defendant must post a bond in the amount of the judgment.’
    • ‘They locate the Boy, but things are complicated when they learn a circus owner has an immigration bond that grants him legal custody of the kid.’
    • ‘Arsonists are responsible for many bushfires in the state and many Australians are unhappy about the penalties, which include bonds or light prison sentences.’
    • ‘In came moral obligation bonds, in came lenient judges and cops, in came the most extravagant state government in the nation.’
    • ‘He would not then be able to say he was sentenced to six months gaol rather than got a bond.’
    • ‘His word was his bond, rarely was anyone disappointed.’
    • ‘It was basically a case of could we do business with these people and we liked the idea that their word was their bond.’
    promise, pledge, vow, avowal, oath, word, word of honour, solemn word, guarantee, assurance
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1Law
      A deed by which a person is committed to make payment to another.
      • ‘You can now buy bonds whose payments are tied to the occurrence of hurricanes or to the receipts of rock stars.’
      • ‘There is no restriction on the company's borrowing ability imposed by the bonds ' trust deed.’
      • ‘In November 1814 the federal government defaulted on its bond payments and was effectively bankrupt.’
      • ‘There are no options under a payment bond except to pay on default by the principal.’
      • ‘The numbers do not reflect the fact that the company is claiming some $244,000 in principal payment on bonds posted on this project.’
      • ‘All vessels were released on payment of a bond to appear in the next sitting of Cork Circuit Court.’
      • ‘But in that event, in payment in full of the liability under the bond, the bank will have received 100% of that liability.’
      • ‘The Government is disputing the payments under the bond transactions.’
      • ‘Upon repayment of the bond, the tribes will then make annual payments to the state until 2030, when the compact expires.’
      • ‘Besides the modest income banks will receive in coupon payments on the bonds, banks have no other source of cash flow.’
      • ‘In the same period, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down state laws requiring payment of bond or tax by persons bringing immigrants into the United States.’
      • ‘Can they afford the interest payments on its convertible bonds?’
      • ‘Wisconsin will sell its portion of the next 25 years of payments to investors as bonds.’
      • ‘But the spreads widened instead after Russia defaulted on its bond payments.’
      • ‘He said the first payment that could be ‘problematic’ was a $2bn payment on its bonds due early next year.’
      • ‘They have also been instructed to provide a bond that will guarantee payment of the full amount of the award if the appeal is unsuccessful.’
      • ‘The central bank missed a $27 million interest payment on an international bond that was due in July.’
      • ‘Chiquita has recently cut dividend payments on its bonds and is negotiating a restructuring plan with its bond holders.’
      • ‘The four criteria of a demand bond identified by Paget are all present in this case.’
      • ‘The contract is to be found in the terms of the Trust Deed and of the bonds.’
    2. 2.2
      South African term for mortgage
      • ‘Naturally people with bonds, loans and the likes will have something left in their pocket.’
    3. 2.3A certificate issued by a government or a public company promising to repay borrowed money at a fixed rate of interest at a specified time.
      • ‘In the second case bond prices are low and falling as they would be in inflation.’
      • ‘Governments and corporations issue bonds when they need to raise money.’
      • ‘The government might issue new bonds to encourage a rise in interest rates in the bond market.’
      • ‘If you live in the state where the bond was issued, interest is free from state taxes, too.’
      • ‘Artists and cartoonists worked diligently to produce dozens of posters to exhort people to buy bonds, go without meat, and enlist in the army.’
      • ‘Generally, corporate and government bonds are low risk but that is not always the case.’
      • ‘It further contended that the government could save money by not issuing higher-yielding long bonds.’
      • ‘Debt repayments have been funded in part by new issues of government bonds but the money markets are concerned that this cannot continue indefinitely.’
      • ‘And the interest rates on Japanese government bonds - already very low - could also fall further.’
      • ‘Typically, the security will be a bond, note, or other debt instrument.’
      • ‘So the government should not in any situation press financial institutions to buy government bonds.’
      • ‘It is apparent from correspondence that a number of investment products labelled bonds have performed in a manner which has surprised their owners.’
      • ‘If the money comes up short, the government tries to issue bonds and get people to buy them.’
      • ‘Interest rates on government bonds of EMU member states have converged.’
      • ‘The issuing city, county, or state bets that the borrowed money can be invested to earn more than the interest rate that the bonds must pay.’
      • ‘If a government, company or financial institution wants to borrow some money, one of its options is to issue a bond.’
      • ‘Alternatively, the government may seek to borrow the money, by issuing Treasury bills and bonds to the public.’
      • ‘Because the payments from bonds are fixed in advance, their value is quickly eroded by inflation.’
      • ‘Expected return on a stock is analogous to the interest rate on a bond.’
      • ‘Your money could be tied up in low-yielding, long-term bonds when interest rates rise.’
    4. 2.4An insurance policy held by a company, which protects against losses resulting from circumstances such as bankruptcy.
      • ‘Each union must buy an insurance bond to protect members against fraud on the part of its staff, and must also meet stringent solvency regulations.’
      • ‘Sparkes says the insurance bond was something very close to the workers' hearts.’
      • ‘Instead of doing that, they signed up to an insurance bond.’
      • ‘‘Top-slicing’ is another method of mitigating tax liabilities on draw downs from offshore insurance bonds.’
      • ‘He says the insurance bond provides deserved protection for employees who put a lot into the company.’
      • ‘We have received quite a few e-mails over recent weeks about pensions, investments and insurance bonds.’
      • ‘Insurance company capital-protected guaranteed equity bonds are life insurance-based and pay an amount of the increase in a specified stock market index.’
      • ‘When loans and bonds are imperfect substitutes on the balance sheets of banks, a rise of the interest rate resulting in a liquidity squeeze may reduce the amount of bank loans.’
    5. 2.5US A sum of money paid as bail.
      • ‘He pleaded not guilty to one count each of fraud, conspiracy and making false statements, before he was released on $10 million bond.’
      • ‘He had to put up his truck against the bail bond, but there was just no way he was going to let them keep Blair in jail while he found the killer.’
      • ‘As the police affidavit at their bond hearing made clear, the men seem to have been drifters, moving frequently from town to town.’
      • ‘A Columbia University graduate, Rodriguez fell into bail bonds when he was looking to augment his salary from his printing business.’
      • ‘I am 25 years old, and I underwrite bonds for a Bail Bonds company in Swartz Creek, Michigan.’
      • ‘Judge Mary Martin remanded the defendant on his own bond of £1,000 to the May 3 sitting.’
      • ‘They were, however, released on bond, pending appeal.’
      • ‘To get the men out on bail, Immigration demanded bonds as high as $50,000 for some of the men.’
      • ‘There was always bail bonds and second chances.’
      • ‘Judge Martin remanded him on his own bond of £1,000 to appear at the April 12 sitting and to make himself available for random blood and urine samples.’
      • ‘The defence was not only allowed to be put, but the sentencing judge released her on a bond.’
      • ‘Very rarely do you get a bond or bail if the death penalty is being sought.’
      • ‘In order to do so, Jasper had to post a lien bond in the amount of $40,031.38 as security.’
      • ‘Mr. Carroll was remanded on a cash bond of £500 to appear at the district court again in November, and was told to compensate the injured party for the damage done.’
      • ‘And I suspect that it is money that has motivated Vollmann to include the bail bond chapter in The Royal Family.’
      • ‘Sixty-four-year-old Spector will remain free on $1 million bond.’
      • ‘This caused the Plaintiffs to bring a motion to release the lien upon posting a bond.’
      • ‘He was released on a $100 cash bond, pending his April 14 arraignment.’
  • 3A strong force of attraction holding atoms together in a molecule or crystal, resulting from the sharing or transfer of electrons.

    ‘each carbon atom uses three electrons to form bonds with the adjacent atoms’
    • ‘A chemical reaction is simply breaking bonds between atoms and making new ones.’
    • ‘Less energy is required to melt a solid than is needed to break the bonds in the molecules.’
    • ‘A covalent bond is a bond formed when two atoms share a pair of electrons.’
    • ‘In hydrolysis these two ions are forced into the bond between the large molecules.’
    • ‘With the exception of hydrogen (blessed with a single electron), an atom cannot use all its electrons to form bonds.’
    • ‘Opposing this tendency is the covalent bond holding the HCl molecule together.’
    • ‘Central to his image of science were the arrangements of atoms in molecules, and the bonds that held them together.’
    • ‘For example, electrons in a covalent bond are assigned to the more electronegative atom.’
    • ‘At the heart of these intermolecular interactions are weak bonds between a hydrogen atom on one water molecule and an oxygen atom on another.’
    • ‘New compounds are formed when the atoms within the molecule form a chemical bond.’
    • ‘As a result, the orbitals become deformed, weakening the existing bond between molecules.’
    • ‘The electrons that are shared by the atoms to form the bond belong to one of these molecular orbitals.’
    • ‘To complete an octet, each oxygen must share two electrons in a covalent bond.’
    • ‘A polyatomic molecule with bonds which are polar is not necessarily polar itself.’
    • ‘High temperatures are required, however, because the metal atoms grip the hydrogen with strong covalent bonds.’
    • ‘The moment of inertia is related to the mass of the molecule's atoms and to the bond distance.’
    • ‘To overcome the bonds that are present between the sodium and chloride ions and the bonds that are present between the water molecules, energy is needed.’
    • ‘When water is in the form of ice, the water molecules are moving very slowly and form strong bonds.’
    • ‘Pairs of electrons that are not shared in covalent bonds are lone pairs.’
    • ‘Molecules have a definite structure, but the electron bonds that hold the atoms together are not rigid: they jiggle and wiggle and twist and stretch.’
  • 4Building
    [with modifier] A pattern in which bricks are laid in order to ensure the strength of the resulting structure.

    ‘stretcher bond’
    • ‘The job requires a master mason to set the first course, grout bond beams, and install and tension the post-tension tendons.’
    • ‘The walls of the pool enclosure are running bond brick with a three-brick corbel at the top of the parapet wall.’
    • ‘Bricks shall be laid in running or stretcher bond with control joints as noted on drawings.’
    • ‘It is a welcome and thoughtful reprieve from endless stretcher bond, used in almost all other new buildings in the area.’
    • ‘Like conventional bricks, adobes are laid in a running bond - an overlapping pattern - then mortared in place with adobe mud.’

verb

  • 1Join or be joined securely to something else, especially by means of an adhesive substance, heat, or pressure.

    [with object] ‘press the material to bond the layers together’
    [no object] ‘this material will bond well to stainless steel rods’
    ‘a bonding agent’
    • ‘Fibro is perfectly safe if it's in good condition, with the asbestos fibres bonded firmly in the cement.’
    • ‘Many such implants were made of a polyurethane foam outer layer bonded to the conventional filled silicone shell.’
    • ‘Granulflex is a hydrocolloid dressing with a thin polyurethane foam sheet bonded onto a semipermeable film.’
    • ‘If you do not have latex bonding agent, simply dampen the area well by spraying water with a spray bottle.’
    • ‘In conventional sand casting, the mold is formed around a pattern by ramming sand, mixed with the proper bonding agent, onto the pattern.’
    • ‘The first metal bonding adhesive was developed by Nicholas de Bruyne in 1941.’
    • ‘A technique first used in the aerospace industry, weld bonding uses a structural adhesive film to reduce the number of spot welds.’
    • ‘When using adhesive to bond seams, don't insulate pipes while they are hot, and wait 36 hours before circulating hot water.’
    • ‘Today, joining aluminum is mainly fusion, resistance welding, and bonding.’
    • ‘There are also bonding agents that increase the milk paint's ability to adhere to non-porous surfaces, as well as powdered milk paint removers.’
    • ‘The pressure forced the veneer to assume the shape of the mold and bonded the adhesive to it.’
    • ‘Tests produced adhesives that bonded to cloth, glass, leather, metal, paper, plastic, and other materials.’
    • ‘There is a thin strip of stainless steel bonded to the carbon fiber to give the 3-inch blade its edge.’
    • ‘Patching cements look darker than the color of the cement because the polymer bonding agents in them make the concrete denser.’
    • ‘Silicone adhesive will bond the frame permanently to the mirror.’
    • ‘Is the lower heat able to effectively bond the metals, or is welding the only option?’
    • ‘We bonded them with an adhesive that cannot ever be destroyed.’
    • ‘The parts are made by pouring a glue and powered metal particles into a mold, heating it up so that the glue bonds the powdered metal, and then melts away.’
    • ‘The first step is usually the application of a bond coat - simply applying the undiluted polymer bonding agent liberally to the surface of the existing material.’
    • ‘As the sheets are rolled with high pressure and heat, they bond to each other except in the areas where the graphite sits.’
    join, connect, fasten, fix, affix, attach, secure, bind, stick, glue, gum, paste, cement, fuse, weld, solder
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1[no object]Establish a relationship or link with someone based on shared feelings, interests, or experiences.
      ‘the failure to properly bond with their children’
      ‘the film has some great male bonding scenes’
      • ‘I mean I see it as a real social adhesive that bonds the community towards a common goal.’
      • ‘Quinn told her husband she was going away with William to have time to bond with him.’
      • ‘They do not have the time to socialise and bond with family members, neighbours and friends.’
      • ‘The children are well loved in the institutions, making it easy for them to bond with their new families.’
      • ‘You don't bond to others easily, but when you do it's long-lasting.’
      • ‘Teams even use these holidays as good bonding exercises.’
      • ‘The horses also help campers bond with your camp.’
      • ‘In addition to health benefits, it is argued that suckling provides the kind of skin to skin contact that babies need to bond with mothers.’
      • ‘Members can instantly bond with one another while using a pseudonym and staying anonymous.’
      • ‘A club or sports team you're into is also a great place to bond with people who share your interests.’
      • ‘You were told all sorts of things - how to cure various ailments, how to listen and bond with horses and make them relax.’
      • ‘And while the rest of the world is doing away with cooking, Latinos see it as a key time to bond with families.’
      • ‘We all like people to treat us well, to acknowledge us, to talk to us, to bond with us.’
      • ‘Here we see Harry - who once ran and hid from the relationship - actively create more opportunities to bond with Mary.’
      • ‘He suggested this could be designed as a programme for teachers to bond with the children in their schools.’
      • ‘The purpose of these rituals is to enable young people to bond with others with whom they have undergone painful experiences.’
      • ‘You expect to bond with your baby but do not really know what this means, it is hard to explain.’
      • ‘The groups would bond with people of similar race, similar class and similar status.’
      • ‘Time with parents is critical to a child's development and allows a baby to learn to trust and bond with his mother and/or father.’
      • ‘And of course there was always football, the perfect male bonding activity.’
      • ‘But victories over Turkey, Belgium, Sweden, Romania and Holland served as an adhesive, bonding the players as never before.’
      • ‘Paternity leave is defined as a period of leave from employment which enables fathers to bond with the mother and newborn child.’
  • 2Join or be joined by a chemical bond.

    [no object] ‘neutral molecules bond to the central atom’
    • ‘So when a jam mixture cools, the chainlike pectin molecules bond to form a network, holding the sugar solution and fruit pulp in what appears to be a solid mass.’
    • ‘The pigments are chemically bonded to antibodies, which are then put into a solution of cells.’
    • ‘Quantum dots can bond chemically to biological molecules, enabling them to trace specific proteins within cells.’
    • ‘Silicon and carbon are perfectly happy to bond on the molecular level.’
    • ‘Complex ions are ions that have a molecular structure consisting of a central atom bonded to other atoms by coordinate covalent bonds.’
    • ‘The cation and anion bonded together are known as an ion pair.’
    • ‘Amino acids bond together to make long chains and those long chains of amino acids are also called proteins.’
    • ‘According to this structure, every water molecule is bonded to the surface, rather than half of them.’
    • ‘While either of these will bond well with the silica and calcium in lime render, given the choice, their preference will be to bond with salt.’
    • ‘Below this threshold, minerals occur as silicates, in that they are chemically bonded to silica.’
    • ‘The sodium is bonded to the hydroxide part of the compound with an ionic bond.’
    • ‘The result are bond angles of approximately 120° for the three atoms bonded to each of the alkene carbons.’
    • ‘Bonds are still the result of electron pairs residing in bonding molecular orbitals.’
    • ‘This destruction of molecules allows the free oxygen atoms to bond with other oxygen molecules and form more ozone.’
    • ‘The rocks and gravel are not chemically bonded to the cement.’
    • ‘The slow reaction will have the atoms bonding to form water very slowly.’
    • ‘For example, companies bond an acetate or succinate molecule to Vitamin E to stabilize it.’
    • ‘The walls are made of sugar molecules bonded by amino acids, Tenover explains, and vancomycin attacks the amino acid links.’
    • ‘Scientists came up with the name because the compounds have many carbon atoms bonded to hydroxide groups.’
    • ‘Because water molecules can bond only at certain angles, these lattices are full of empty space, and the solid takes up more room than the liquid.’
  • 3[with object] Lay (bricks) in an overlapping pattern so as to form a strong structure.

    ‘a bonding course’
    • ‘An ingenious pattern of brickwork bonding was adopted to ensure satisfactory composite action.’
    • ‘The projecting bastions are drum-shaped, built of stone laced with horizontal bonding courses of red tile.’
    • ‘The user can change brick colors, bonding patterns, coursing, and mortar colors instantly.’
  • 4Place (dutiable goods) in bond.

    ‘they want the introduction of bonding to guarantee that consignments will be properly handled’
    • ‘I speak specifically of lenders, bonding companies, etc.’
    • ‘Joint guarantee provided by several bonding companies are allowed.’
    • ‘Both States had huge, irresponsible tax cuts which they paid for in part by bonding and borrowing.’
    • ‘We also provide marketing, insurance and bonding, and we handle all the paperwork.’
    • ‘Among topics covered are how to organize a company, how to incorporate, insurance and bonding, and scheduling.’

Phrases

  • in bond

    • (of dutiable goods) stored in a bonded warehouse until the importer pays the duty owing.

      • ‘Sulmach executive assistant Ken Mtonga explained that goods that met the Zambian customs requirement would first be held in bond and later sold to the Zambian market.’
      • ‘Excisable products like cigarettes, liquor and fuel are subject to special rules and removal in bond is only allowed in exceptional cases and under strict Customs supervision.’
      • ‘Prices quoted are per case in bond, so expect to pay £14 of duty per case on top, plus £12 London delivery for three cases, and VAT.’
      • ‘Alcoholic goods can lawfully be manufactured, sold, held or moved by the owner without payment of duty, provided that they remain in bond.’
      • ‘And wine should ideally be bought in complete, original cases offered in bond, to avoid the additional expenses of paying duty and any value added tax.’
      • ‘They argued that it could prove detrimental by pumping up incipient bubbles in bond, stock, and housing prices.’

Origin

Middle English: variant of band.

Pronunciation:

bond

/bɒnd/