Definition of bond in English:

bond

noun

  • 1A thing used to tie something or to fasten things together.

    ‘she brushed back a curl which had strayed from its bonds’
    • ‘His father pushed his sleeve up and tied on a rubber bond.’
    • ‘The country was always an unstable equilibrium, artificially held together by the iron bonds of an authoritarian and brutal regime.’
    • ‘I am a link in a chain, a bond of connection between persons.’
    1. 1.1bonds Ropes, chains, or other restraints used to hold someone prisoner.
      ‘he stooped over the trussed man and tested his bonds’
      • ‘He flung himself against his bonds, and the chains scraped across the stone with a rattle.’
      • ‘Steel Fists cut the bonds holding the three prisoners.’
      • ‘He felt like a rabbit caged by a hunter's trap, unable to break free of the iron bonds.’
      • ‘The wolf yelped and fell into his bonds, the chains tugging at his sore shoulders.’
      • ‘She pulled off the rope bonds until she was completely free.’
      • ‘Glumly, Ichiro nodded as he struggled with his iron bonds even though he knew they had been done too skillfully to let him escape.’
      • ‘Ropes tightened against bonds with the swell of the sea.’
      • ‘Dergoul also described the use of what was known as the ‘short shackle’ - steel bonds pulled tight to keep the subject bunched up, while chained to the floor.’
      • ‘Rocking back and forth, he tightened every muscle in his body in an effort to break the bonds from the ropes.’
      • ‘When his sleepiness clears from his vision, he sees his naked body, floating but restrained by unseen bonds.’
      • ‘Her bonds were ropes on the hands, but her feet were chained together.’
      • ‘Then she took a tangle of rope, tied all their legs together, and wove a long cord through those bonds.’
      • ‘Two soldiers marched forward and restrained her with alloy bonds as three others came forward to take her suit.’
      chains, fetters, shackles, manacles, irons
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 A force or feeling that unites people; a shared emotion or interest.
      ‘there was a bond of understanding between them’
      • ‘Holidays like Thanksgiving give the opportunity to get together and celebrate familial bonds that are like no other.’
      • ‘People who trust one another share a bond of faith and understanding.’
      • ‘The bond between the trade union movement and the Labour Party is a century old and was forged at the latter's birth.’
      • ‘Yes, you can generate sales - but equally, you can generate goodwill or an emotional bond.’
      • ‘But community demands more than simply emotionally satisfying bonds between individuals.’
      • ‘The modern theme of friendship as with an emotional bond is brought into focus.’
      • ‘So the question becomes, do we want these rising powers to be tied to us by bonds of mutual economic interest and shared prosperity?’
      • ‘The three of us have a bond that results from our love of our sports and our friends.’
      • ‘If fans are pleased with the music they hear, they can provide feedback to works in progress, and form an emotional bond with the artist.’
      • ‘He thought this gesture was a harbinger of the good old days when the Hindu and Muslim communities shared a special bond.’
      • ‘The unskilled workers' contacts were with people whose common bonds were social rather than industrial in nature.’
      • ‘Conversations and bursts of laughter were tossed on the wind bringing them together in a common bond.’
      • ‘He added that he hoped the boy's death would help bind the community together in a shared bond of grief.’
      • ‘I think there's a special bond of friendship that crosses party lines.’
      • ‘The strange bond that we recognise as the human-animal bond has long been a subject of fascination to those who are not animal lovers.’
      • ‘He said stressed-out lawyers and Inuit communities share a common bond.’
      • ‘You understand friendship and very much respect its loyalty and bonds.’
      • ‘Yoga's most valuable boon may be its ability to promote the bond between mother and child, both during and after pregnancy.’
      • ‘A day may come when the courage of men fails, when we forsake our friends and break all bonds of fellowship.’
      • ‘It may also play a role in disorders such as autism, where people have difficulties forming social bonds.’
      friendship, relationship, fellowship, partnership, association, affiliation, alliance, coalition
      View synonyms
  • 2An agreement with legal force.

    • ‘The kiss was considered a legal bond necessary to seal all contracts.’
    • ‘A term of the peace bond was that Mr. R.L. not have any contact with C.T. except as supervised by the Society.’
    • ‘Marriage as a legal bond may become outdated, but I doubt it.’
    • ‘To guarantee this, the defendant must post a bond in the amount of the judgment.’
    • ‘If he doesn't live up to the conditions of the bond, then the jail sentence will be imposed.’
    • ‘It was basically a case of could we do business with these people and we liked the idea that their word was their bond.’
    • ‘Arsonists are responsible for many bushfires in the state and many Australians are unhappy about the penalties, which include bonds or light prison sentences.’
    • ‘It is logical because it is a legal bond, supposedly proof to the world that two people are in love, like a big advert.’
    • ‘In Korean American communities, the marriage bond has in some ways become stronger than filial piety.’
    • ‘However there is no allegation that any conduct of Mr. Goody in any way impacted on the obtaining of the peace bond in exchange for withdrawal of the charges.’
    • ‘At the time of the calls, the accused was on a common law peace bond and was to have no contact with the complainant.’
    • ‘In this case, the defendant, a dyer, had given a bond to the plaintiff not to exercise his trade in the same town for six months.’
    • ‘There, as in many states, a defendant has to post a bond in order to appeal a trial court judgement.’
    • ‘Their bond is purely legal, familial, and time bound.’
    • ‘His word was his bond, rarely was anyone disappointed.’
    • ‘He would not then be able to say he was sentenced to six months gaol rather than got a bond.’
    • ‘In came moral obligation bonds, in came lenient judges and cops, in came the most extravagant state government in the nation.’
    • ‘They locate the Boy, but things are complicated when they learn a circus owner has an immigration bond that grants him legal custody of the kid.’
    promise, pledge, vow, avowal, oath, word, word of honour, solemn word, guarantee, assurance
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1Law A deed by which a person is committed to make payment to another.
      • ‘Can they afford the interest payments on its convertible bonds?’
      • ‘Chiquita has recently cut dividend payments on its bonds and is negotiating a restructuring plan with its bond holders.’
      • ‘In the same period, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down state laws requiring payment of bond or tax by persons bringing immigrants into the United States.’
      • ‘But the spreads widened instead after Russia defaulted on its bond payments.’
      • ‘The central bank missed a $27 million interest payment on an international bond that was due in July.’
      • ‘The Government is disputing the payments under the bond transactions.’
      • ‘But in that event, in payment in full of the liability under the bond, the bank will have received 100% of that liability.’
      • ‘There is no restriction on the company's borrowing ability imposed by the bonds ' trust deed.’
      • ‘The four criteria of a demand bond identified by Paget are all present in this case.’
      • ‘There are no options under a payment bond except to pay on default by the principal.’
      • ‘Wisconsin will sell its portion of the next 25 years of payments to investors as bonds.’
      • ‘In November 1814 the federal government defaulted on its bond payments and was effectively bankrupt.’
      • ‘He said the first payment that could be ‘problematic’ was a $2bn payment on its bonds due early next year.’
      • ‘You can now buy bonds whose payments are tied to the occurrence of hurricanes or to the receipts of rock stars.’
      • ‘The contract is to be found in the terms of the Trust Deed and of the bonds.’
      • ‘Upon repayment of the bond, the tribes will then make annual payments to the state until 2030, when the compact expires.’
      • ‘They have also been instructed to provide a bond that will guarantee payment of the full amount of the award if the appeal is unsuccessful.’
      • ‘The numbers do not reflect the fact that the company is claiming some $244,000 in principal payment on bonds posted on this project.’
      • ‘Besides the modest income banks will receive in coupon payments on the bonds, banks have no other source of cash flow.’
      • ‘All vessels were released on payment of a bond to appear in the next sitting of Cork Circuit Court.’
    2. 2.2
      South African term for mortgage
      • ‘Naturally people with bonds, loans and the likes will have something left in their pocket.’
    3. 2.3 A certificate issued by a government or a public company promising to repay borrowed money at a fixed rate of interest at a specified time.
      • ‘The issuing city, county, or state bets that the borrowed money can be invested to earn more than the interest rate that the bonds must pay.’
      • ‘Typically, the security will be a bond, note, or other debt instrument.’
      • ‘Interest rates on government bonds of EMU member states have converged.’
      • ‘Governments and corporations issue bonds when they need to raise money.’
      • ‘Your money could be tied up in low-yielding, long-term bonds when interest rates rise.’
      • ‘So the government should not in any situation press financial institutions to buy government bonds.’
      • ‘Artists and cartoonists worked diligently to produce dozens of posters to exhort people to buy bonds, go without meat, and enlist in the army.’
      • ‘If a government, company or financial institution wants to borrow some money, one of its options is to issue a bond.’
      • ‘The government might issue new bonds to encourage a rise in interest rates in the bond market.’
      • ‘Generally, corporate and government bonds are low risk but that is not always the case.’
      • ‘Debt repayments have been funded in part by new issues of government bonds but the money markets are concerned that this cannot continue indefinitely.’
      • ‘It further contended that the government could save money by not issuing higher-yielding long bonds.’
      • ‘If you live in the state where the bond was issued, interest is free from state taxes, too.’
      • ‘Alternatively, the government may seek to borrow the money, by issuing Treasury bills and bonds to the public.’
      • ‘If the money comes up short, the government tries to issue bonds and get people to buy them.’
      • ‘And the interest rates on Japanese government bonds - already very low - could also fall further.’
      • ‘In the second case bond prices are low and falling as they would be in inflation.’
      • ‘Expected return on a stock is analogous to the interest rate on a bond.’
      • ‘Because the payments from bonds are fixed in advance, their value is quickly eroded by inflation.’
      • ‘It is apparent from correspondence that a number of investment products labelled bonds have performed in a manner which has surprised their owners.’
    4. 2.4 An insurance policy held by a company, which protects against losses resulting from circumstances such as bankruptcy.
      • ‘When loans and bonds are imperfect substitutes on the balance sheets of banks, a rise of the interest rate resulting in a liquidity squeeze may reduce the amount of bank loans.’
      • ‘We have received quite a few e-mails over recent weeks about pensions, investments and insurance bonds.’
      • ‘Instead of doing that, they signed up to an insurance bond.’
      • ‘Each union must buy an insurance bond to protect members against fraud on the part of its staff, and must also meet stringent solvency regulations.’
      • ‘‘Top-slicing’ is another method of mitigating tax liabilities on draw downs from offshore insurance bonds.’
      • ‘Insurance company capital-protected guaranteed equity bonds are life insurance-based and pay an amount of the increase in a specified stock market index.’
      • ‘He says the insurance bond provides deserved protection for employees who put a lot into the company.’
      • ‘Sparkes says the insurance bond was something very close to the workers' hearts.’
      security, surety, guarantee, guaranty, pledge, assurance, insurance, indemnity, indemnification, pawn, backing
      View synonyms
    5. 2.5US A sum of money paid as bail.
      • ‘Judge Mary Martin remanded the defendant on his own bond of £1,000 to the May 3 sitting.’
      • ‘He had to put up his truck against the bail bond, but there was just no way he was going to let them keep Blair in jail while he found the killer.’
      • ‘This caused the Plaintiffs to bring a motion to release the lien upon posting a bond.’
      • ‘To get the men out on bail, Immigration demanded bonds as high as $50,000 for some of the men.’
      • ‘He was released on a $100 cash bond, pending his April 14 arraignment.’
      • ‘I am 25 years old, and I underwrite bonds for a Bail Bonds company in Swartz Creek, Michigan.’
      • ‘Very rarely do you get a bond or bail if the death penalty is being sought.’
      • ‘And I suspect that it is money that has motivated Vollmann to include the bail bond chapter in The Royal Family.’
      • ‘In order to do so, Jasper had to post a lien bond in the amount of $40,031.38 as security.’
      • ‘As the police affidavit at their bond hearing made clear, the men seem to have been drifters, moving frequently from town to town.’
      • ‘Mr. Carroll was remanded on a cash bond of £500 to appear at the district court again in November, and was told to compensate the injured party for the damage done.’
      • ‘Judge Martin remanded him on his own bond of £1,000 to appear at the April 12 sitting and to make himself available for random blood and urine samples.’
      • ‘Sixty-four-year-old Spector will remain free on $1 million bond.’
      • ‘A Columbia University graduate, Rodriguez fell into bail bonds when he was looking to augment his salary from his printing business.’
      • ‘The defence was not only allowed to be put, but the sentencing judge released her on a bond.’
      • ‘He pleaded not guilty to one count each of fraud, conspiracy and making false statements, before he was released on $10 million bond.’
      • ‘They were, however, released on bond, pending appeal.’
      • ‘There was always bail bonds and second chances.’
      surety, security, collateral, assurance, indemnity, indemnification
      View synonyms
  • 3A strong force of attraction holding atoms together in a molecule or crystal, resulting from the sharing or transfer of electrons.

    ‘each carbon atom uses three electrons to form bonds with the adjacent atoms’
    • ‘When water is in the form of ice, the water molecules are moving very slowly and form strong bonds.’
    • ‘High temperatures are required, however, because the metal atoms grip the hydrogen with strong covalent bonds.’
    • ‘Pairs of electrons that are not shared in covalent bonds are lone pairs.’
    • ‘New compounds are formed when the atoms within the molecule form a chemical bond.’
    • ‘A chemical reaction is simply breaking bonds between atoms and making new ones.’
    • ‘To complete an octet, each oxygen must share two electrons in a covalent bond.’
    • ‘As a result, the orbitals become deformed, weakening the existing bond between molecules.’
    • ‘Central to his image of science were the arrangements of atoms in molecules, and the bonds that held them together.’
    • ‘For example, electrons in a covalent bond are assigned to the more electronegative atom.’
    • ‘A covalent bond is a bond formed when two atoms share a pair of electrons.’
    • ‘With the exception of hydrogen (blessed with a single electron), an atom cannot use all its electrons to form bonds.’
    • ‘At the heart of these intermolecular interactions are weak bonds between a hydrogen atom on one water molecule and an oxygen atom on another.’
    • ‘A polyatomic molecule with bonds which are polar is not necessarily polar itself.’
    • ‘Molecules have a definite structure, but the electron bonds that hold the atoms together are not rigid: they jiggle and wiggle and twist and stretch.’
    • ‘Less energy is required to melt a solid than is needed to break the bonds in the molecules.’
    • ‘To overcome the bonds that are present between the sodium and chloride ions and the bonds that are present between the water molecules, energy is needed.’
    • ‘The electrons that are shared by the atoms to form the bond belong to one of these molecular orbitals.’
    • ‘The moment of inertia is related to the mass of the molecule's atoms and to the bond distance.’
    • ‘In hydrolysis these two ions are forced into the bond between the large molecules.’
    • ‘Opposing this tendency is the covalent bond holding the HCl molecule together.’
  • 4Building
    with modifier A pattern in which bricks are laid in order to ensure the strength of the resulting structure.

    ‘stretcher bond’
    • ‘Like conventional bricks, adobes are laid in a running bond - an overlapping pattern - then mortared in place with adobe mud.’
    • ‘It is a welcome and thoughtful reprieve from endless stretcher bond, used in almost all other new buildings in the area.’
    • ‘Bricks shall be laid in running or stretcher bond with control joints as noted on drawings.’
    • ‘The walls of the pool enclosure are running bond brick with a three-brick corbel at the top of the parapet wall.’
    • ‘The job requires a master mason to set the first course, grout bond beams, and install and tension the post-tension tendons.’

verb

  • 1Join or be joined securely to something else, especially by means of an adhesive substance, heat, or pressure.

    with object ‘press the material to bond the layers together’
    no object ‘this material will bond well to stainless steel rods’
    ‘a bonding agent’
    • ‘Is the lower heat able to effectively bond the metals, or is welding the only option?’
    • ‘As the sheets are rolled with high pressure and heat, they bond to each other except in the areas where the graphite sits.’
    • ‘Tests produced adhesives that bonded to cloth, glass, leather, metal, paper, plastic, and other materials.’
    • ‘The first metal bonding adhesive was developed by Nicholas de Bruyne in 1941.’
    • ‘Today, joining aluminum is mainly fusion, resistance welding, and bonding.’
    • ‘Granulflex is a hydrocolloid dressing with a thin polyurethane foam sheet bonded onto a semipermeable film.’
    • ‘Many such implants were made of a polyurethane foam outer layer bonded to the conventional filled silicone shell.’
    • ‘A technique first used in the aerospace industry, weld bonding uses a structural adhesive film to reduce the number of spot welds.’
    • ‘The first step is usually the application of a bond coat - simply applying the undiluted polymer bonding agent liberally to the surface of the existing material.’
    • ‘If you do not have latex bonding agent, simply dampen the area well by spraying water with a spray bottle.’
    • ‘Fibro is perfectly safe if it's in good condition, with the asbestos fibres bonded firmly in the cement.’
    • ‘There is a thin strip of stainless steel bonded to the carbon fiber to give the 3-inch blade its edge.’
    • ‘We bonded them with an adhesive that cannot ever be destroyed.’
    • ‘The pressure forced the veneer to assume the shape of the mold and bonded the adhesive to it.’
    • ‘Silicone adhesive will bond the frame permanently to the mirror.’
    • ‘There are also bonding agents that increase the milk paint's ability to adhere to non-porous surfaces, as well as powdered milk paint removers.’
    • ‘Patching cements look darker than the color of the cement because the polymer bonding agents in them make the concrete denser.’
    • ‘The parts are made by pouring a glue and powered metal particles into a mold, heating it up so that the glue bonds the powdered metal, and then melts away.’
    • ‘When using adhesive to bond seams, don't insulate pipes while they are hot, and wait 36 hours before circulating hot water.’
    • ‘In conventional sand casting, the mold is formed around a pattern by ramming sand, mixed with the proper bonding agent, onto the pattern.’
    join, connect, fasten, fix, affix, attach, secure, bind, stick, glue, gum, paste, cement, fuse, weld, solder
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1no object Establish a relationship or link with someone based on shared feelings, interests, or experiences.
      ‘the failure to properly bond with their children’
      • ‘But victories over Turkey, Belgium, Sweden, Romania and Holland served as an adhesive, bonding the players as never before.’
      • ‘The horses also help campers bond with your camp.’
      • ‘Time with parents is critical to a child's development and allows a baby to learn to trust and bond with his mother and/or father.’
      • ‘They do not have the time to socialise and bond with family members, neighbours and friends.’
      • ‘And of course there was always football, the perfect male bonding activity.’
      • ‘Paternity leave is defined as a period of leave from employment which enables fathers to bond with the mother and newborn child.’
      • ‘Here we see Harry - who once ran and hid from the relationship - actively create more opportunities to bond with Mary.’
      • ‘Quinn told her husband she was going away with William to have time to bond with him.’
      • ‘Members can instantly bond with one another while using a pseudonym and staying anonymous.’
      • ‘You don't bond to others easily, but when you do it's long-lasting.’
      • ‘You were told all sorts of things - how to cure various ailments, how to listen and bond with horses and make them relax.’
      • ‘He suggested this could be designed as a programme for teachers to bond with the children in their schools.’
      • ‘And while the rest of the world is doing away with cooking, Latinos see it as a key time to bond with families.’
      • ‘In addition to health benefits, it is argued that suckling provides the kind of skin to skin contact that babies need to bond with mothers.’
      • ‘The groups would bond with people of similar race, similar class and similar status.’
      • ‘We all like people to treat us well, to acknowledge us, to talk to us, to bond with us.’
      • ‘A club or sports team you're into is also a great place to bond with people who share your interests.’
      • ‘Teams even use these holidays as good bonding exercises.’
      • ‘The purpose of these rituals is to enable young people to bond with others with whom they have undergone painful experiences.’
      • ‘I mean I see it as a real social adhesive that bonds the community towards a common goal.’
      • ‘The children are well loved in the institutions, making it easy for them to bond with their new families.’
      • ‘You expect to bond with your baby but do not really know what this means, it is hard to explain.’
  • 2Join or be joined by a chemical bond.

    no object ‘neutral molecules bond to the central atom’
    • ‘For example, companies bond an acetate or succinate molecule to Vitamin E to stabilize it.’
    • ‘The slow reaction will have the atoms bonding to form water very slowly.’
    • ‘Amino acids bond together to make long chains and those long chains of amino acids are also called proteins.’
    • ‘The cation and anion bonded together are known as an ion pair.’
    • ‘According to this structure, every water molecule is bonded to the surface, rather than half of them.’
    • ‘This destruction of molecules allows the free oxygen atoms to bond with other oxygen molecules and form more ozone.’
    • ‘The sodium is bonded to the hydroxide part of the compound with an ionic bond.’
    • ‘Complex ions are ions that have a molecular structure consisting of a central atom bonded to other atoms by coordinate covalent bonds.’
    • ‘Scientists came up with the name because the compounds have many carbon atoms bonded to hydroxide groups.’
    • ‘So when a jam mixture cools, the chainlike pectin molecules bond to form a network, holding the sugar solution and fruit pulp in what appears to be a solid mass.’
    • ‘Below this threshold, minerals occur as silicates, in that they are chemically bonded to silica.’
    • ‘Quantum dots can bond chemically to biological molecules, enabling them to trace specific proteins within cells.’
    • ‘The result are bond angles of approximately 120° for the three atoms bonded to each of the alkene carbons.’
    • ‘Silicon and carbon are perfectly happy to bond on the molecular level.’
    • ‘The pigments are chemically bonded to antibodies, which are then put into a solution of cells.’
    • ‘Bonds are still the result of electron pairs residing in bonding molecular orbitals.’
    • ‘The rocks and gravel are not chemically bonded to the cement.’
    • ‘The walls are made of sugar molecules bonded by amino acids, Tenover explains, and vancomycin attacks the amino acid links.’
    • ‘Because water molecules can bond only at certain angles, these lattices are full of empty space, and the solid takes up more room than the liquid.’
    • ‘While either of these will bond well with the silica and calcium in lime render, given the choice, their preference will be to bond with salt.’
  • 3usually as adjective bondingwith object Lay (bricks) in an overlapping pattern so as to form a strong structure.

    ‘a bonding course’
    • ‘The projecting bastions are drum-shaped, built of stone laced with horizontal bonding courses of red tile.’
    • ‘The user can change brick colors, bonding patterns, coursing, and mortar colors instantly.’
    • ‘An ingenious pattern of brickwork bonding was adopted to ensure satisfactory composite action.’
  • 4usually as noun bondingPlace (dutiable goods) in bond.

    ‘they want the introduction of bonding to guarantee that consignments will be properly handled’
    • ‘Among topics covered are how to organize a company, how to incorporate, insurance and bonding, and scheduling.’
    • ‘I speak specifically of lenders, bonding companies, etc.’
    • ‘Joint guarantee provided by several bonding companies are allowed.’
    • ‘We also provide marketing, insurance and bonding, and we handle all the paperwork.’
    • ‘Both States had huge, irresponsible tax cuts which they paid for in part by bonding and borrowing.’

Phrases

  • in bond

    • (of dutiable goods) stored in a bonded warehouse until the importer pays the duty owing.

      • ‘Alcoholic goods can lawfully be manufactured, sold, held or moved by the owner without payment of duty, provided that they remain in bond.’
      • ‘Sulmach executive assistant Ken Mtonga explained that goods that met the Zambian customs requirement would first be held in bond and later sold to the Zambian market.’
      • ‘And wine should ideally be bought in complete, original cases offered in bond, to avoid the additional expenses of paying duty and any value added tax.’
      • ‘Prices quoted are per case in bond, so expect to pay £14 of duty per case on top, plus £12 London delivery for three cases, and VAT.’
      • ‘Excisable products like cigarettes, liquor and fuel are subject to special rules and removal in bond is only allowed in exceptional cases and under strict Customs supervision.’
      • ‘They argued that it could prove detrimental by pumping up incipient bubbles in bond, stock, and housing prices.’

Origin

Middle English: variant of band.

Pronunciation

bond

/bɒnd/