One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
The trunk of a tree.
main stem, stockView synonyms
- ‘Ideally, avoid beehives, but be aware that Africanized bees often nest in boles of trees, old tires and junk.’
- ‘They were round, the size of a tangerine, and had apparently fallen from a large tree with a silvery bole.’
- ‘A few dead boles of tree stood scattered across the infertile land as the child faded from view, though not from distance.’
- ‘An arrow zipped over the horse's saddle to smack into the bole of a tree.’
- ‘Lichens colonize a broad spectrum of niches in the forest, including fallen boles, and mature trunks or branches of a variety of tree species.’
- ‘We idle into forest cul-de-sacs, where big cypress boles emerge from dark water.’
- ‘Having maneuvered through the boles of the blue trees of the grove and into the open plain beyond, Saffron and Hawk decided to head off in the direction of a grassy hillock they spotted about a kilometer away.’
- ‘The initial concentration of the rings varied with height within the bole and the age of the tree when the ring was initiated.’
- ‘Some support for this is seen in entombed trunks where individual trees have been partially buried and the trunk forms an expanded bole at the top of the new sediment surface.’
- ‘Wind-related mortality, resulting from broken or uprooted boles, accounted for less than 50% of the mortality in relatively intact stands.’
- ‘Many larger trees showed cankered boles and parasite-bloated boughs.’
- ‘However, these storms were also severe enough to snap the boles on apparently healthy and sound pines.’
- ‘The passage between the boles and branches closed about her.’
- ‘Statues of the Virgin were often enriched with gold leaf, her dark face surrounded with lace carved from ash and oak boles.’
- ‘The upper bole of the tree was examined for insects.’
- ‘Most of the identifiable woody debris was pine snags, stumps, boles, or branches.’
- ‘This may be the only alternative, because there usually are no trees that survive to record successive fires as fire scars within the bole.’
- ‘Here stand terrific chestnut trees with big boles of spiralled bark.’
- ‘Six long, spindly, purplish-black legs, thick like the boles of sapling trees, sprang forth and hauled up the rest of the foul thing.’
- ‘The neck in thickness equaled the bole of a moderate-sized tree.’
Middle English: from Old Norse bolr; perhaps related to balk.
A fine, smooth, reddish clay containing iron oxide, used especially as a ground for oil painting and gilding.
- ‘The earliest are a restrained palette of blues, whites, then a touch of sage-green, manganese purple, and finally the sealing-wax red of Armenian bole.’
- ‘Petrovich also makes frames out of lead, steel, iron or bole finishes.’
- ‘The windows of Bucchi's studio are streaked with horizontal brushstrokes of bole, for when he prepares this material he needs to test it to be certain it is the right consistency so that the gold leaf will burnish properly.’
- ‘This means adding depth to each cut so that after the application of gesso, bole, and gold leaf the carved elements still have crisp definition.’
- ‘After polishing to achieve a smooth skin, a reddish or pink bole is applied and this is polished again.’
Middle English: from late Latin bolus ‘rounded mass’ (see bolus).
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