Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
1A score of one stroke over par at a hole:[as modifier] ‘he walked off the green with a bogey four’
- ‘Three bogeys in four holes from the ninth saw him subside to five-under-par for the tournament, which is where he finished.’
- ‘His round included two birdies, four bogeys, a double-bogey and a triple-bogey.’
- ‘I remember I had to make an eight-foot putt for bogey on the first hole.’
- ‘Stuart Appleby struggled on the home stretch, registering three bogeys in four holes before an out-of-bounds drive on the last cost him three points.’
- ‘After a bogey on the first hole, I hit into the woods on the par - 5 second and had to punch out.’
- ‘On his way to victory, Patel had four birdies in the first 18 holes, marred by a bogey and one double-bogey and four more birdies coming in, a round also spoiled by a couple of one-over par holes.’
- ‘When you're trying to break 100 for the first time, a bogey is a great score, and it should be your goal.’
- ‘Having had a poor run of three bogeys in four holes from the seventh, she had the consolation of a strong finish.’
- ‘He was six over after the first seven holes after a run of four bogeys compounded by a double bogey on the sixth.’
- ‘Just as quickly, two bogeys and a double bogey cost him the lead.’
- ‘She fell three behind after 10 holes before Bob Mucha wobbled to three bogeys and a double bogey over the final six holes.’
- ‘She struggled in the second round, leading Ochoa by just a stroke after two bogeys and four birdies.’
- ‘He got back into contention with a level par 71 containing six birdies, four bogeys and one double bogey.’
- ‘Then I made a triple bogey and two double bogeys in the last five holes.’
- ‘But his round fell apart when he carded a double bogey on the 15th and a bogey on the final hole.’
- ‘He played an inconsistent round comprising six birdies, two bogeys and a double bogey.’
- ‘He had just six bogeys and one double bogey in the first three rounds.’
- ‘DiMarco, tied for the lead after the first round, had an inconsistent round that included an eagle, four birdies, three bogeys and a double bogey.’
- ‘But a bogey on that hole meant all I needed on the par - 4 18th was a 5 and I would break 90.’
- ‘McGinley had been in touch with the leaders since day one but two bogeys and a double bogey in four holes proved his undoing.’
- 1.1‘with a handicap of 17, Jones receives an allowance against bogey of 13 strokes’old-fashioned term for par
Play (a hole) in one stroke over par.
- ‘Evans, who missed out on last year's play-off by bogeying the final hole at Muirfield, took full advantage of his favourable early start to finish with a level par 71.’
- ‘She bogeyed her third hole of the day, then birdied seven of her final 13 holes.’
- ‘Though Walton bogeyed the hole, Haas lost the match, and Europe won the Ryder Cup.’
- ‘Brewer told a story about Rosburg leading a tournament in Portland, but then the next day bogeying the first hole, double-bogeying the second before walking off the course in disgust.’
- ‘I hobbled into the clubhouse after bogeying the hole and shooting my first 79.’
Late 19th century: perhaps from Bogey, denoting the Devil (see bogey), regarded as an imaginary player.
1An evil or mischievous spirit:‘bogeys and other unpleasant denizens of the night’
evil spirit, bogle, ghost, spectre, phantom, hobgoblin, ogre, troll, demon, devil, fiend, sprite, witch, warlock, apparitionView synonyms
- ‘Surely there can be no better way to interest young children in science than talking bogeys.’
- ‘I hereby promise to donate £5 to the campaign fund of anyone prepared to stand in Worcester as the Pants Candidate and pursue him round his constituency with supporters dressed as bogies and toilet turtles.’
- ‘There were Ghosts, plain and simple: mere bogies, fully conscious of their own decay, who had accepted the traditional role of the spectre, and seemed to hope they could frighten someone.’
- ‘Umm Ba'ula, the mother of bogeys, is a supernatural figure in warning stories told to small children.’
- ‘Like most Class 2 bogies, Theys attack singly or in groups, and only ever attack when their prey is alone.’
- ‘But at the Reformation, this interpretation was forbidden, and a bogey henceforth could only be a bogey, never a ghost.’
- ‘And another chapter concerns the various demonic figures that acted as bogeys, especially for Greek women.’
- 1.1 A person or thing that causes fear or alarm:‘the bogey of recession’
bugbear, pet hate, bane, anathema, abomination, nightmare, horror, dread, curse, thorn in one's flesh, thorn in one's side, bane of one's life, bugabooView synonyms
- ‘Do not let the bogy of behaviourism scare you off observing these features; I am not asking you to believe that ‘to see’ is itself a word for a kind of behaviour.’
- ‘Proliferation of nuclear weapons may be the big bogey, but the proliferation of copying machines will do the job just as well.’
- ‘He surprised the Labor movement with his exploitation of the communist bogey.’
- ‘Do you know the difference between real bad guys and the bogies leaders use to try and hoax your liberties away?’
- ‘Laughter and derision are in many ways the deadliest bogies in politics.’
- ‘The early period of the Hawke government saw real if flawed attempts to wrestle with the unemployment bogey.’
- ‘Deforestation, soil erosion, overstocking of cattle are no longer seen as bogeys or as inevitable consequences of population increase.’
- ‘This is where the vulgar ‘intellectuals’ and slogan-mongers start talking about the bogy of ‘economic rationalism’.’
- ‘Of course, any such attempt is constrained by the spectre of a nuclear war, whose bogey is very calculatingly turned off and on by the country's government officials.’
- ‘Prions, the rogue proteins that also cause BSE, have come to be an ultra-modern bogey, a sinister by-product of urbanisation.’
- ‘Old bogeys that should have been buried years ago have been needlessly reinvigorated.’
- ‘Pagans mocked the notion as a bogy to frighten people into the Church.’
- ‘The Court of Appeal decision did not raise any bogeys.’
- ‘Although, as we shall see, Ryle says a good deal more about our mental concepts, it cannot be said that he seriously addresses this question and thereby slays the bogy of mechanism.’
- ‘While behaviour disturbance, depression, extreme anxiety, and other psychiatric conditions might become manifest, post traumatic stress is the bogey.’
- ‘Italian poets, in any case, have different bogies to contend with than those of American poets.’
- ‘The bogey of community in peril was falsely raised to keep the constituency within the preserve of male candidates.’
- ‘Eliminating the need for external adjusters saved weight, cost and complexity, and helped the three automakers easily surpass their durability bogeys.’
- ‘So Ryle's fundamental target is not the Cartesian hypothesis of the ghost in the machine: it is ‘the bogy of mechanism’, mistaken fear of which leads people to embrace the Cartesian hypothesis.’
- 1.2US military slang An unidentified aircraft.
- ‘In fact, I can't even recall hearing them called Soviets or Russians or anything that would identify them; all we get are references to MiGs and bogies.’
- ‘They were called in to intercept incoming bogies and succeeded in downing two PAF F86s out of four that were attacking the airfield.’
- ‘In the 1970s the Texas Guard, part of the North American Air Defense Command, also regularly scrambled fighters to intercept unknown bogies headed toward the US over the Gulf of Mexico.’
- ‘When escorting, maintain a tight weave over your formation when bogies are sighted.’
- ‘We show a sixty percent chance of bogies being Iraqi MIG - 23's.’
2British informal A piece of nasal mucus.
- ‘Amidst the resulting squeals of disgust, it slid slowly down the frosted pane, leaving a trail of what appeared to be jellied pink bogies in its wake.’
- ‘He shouldn't be in a job that doesn't largely involve counting his bogies as the main task.’
- ‘Had Scarlett been an adult satirist, I would have taken the chance to inflict more wounds upon her and maybe said ‘Your house is fashioned from a mixture of sweat and bogeys.’’
- ‘30 minutes of watching a retard pick his nose and eat his own bogies would have been far more entertaining.’
- ‘Well anyway my dears, that's enough about snot, sneezing, mucus, bogies and phlegm.’
- ‘We had joy, we had fun, flicking bogies at the sun.’
Mid 19th century (as a proper name applied to the Devil): of unknown origin; probably related to bogle.
An act of swimming or bathing.
Mid 19th century: from Dharuk bu-gi to swim.
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