Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
An aquatic mollusc which has a compressed body enclosed within a hinged shell, such as oysters, mussels, and scallops.
- ‘Most shells were bivalves, especially clams and some mussels.’
- ‘Mussels, like other bivalves, obtain all their nutrients - including iron - by filtering them from the water.’
- ‘Many bivalves and brachiopods possess multilayered shells.’
- ‘This pattern was documented for both bivalves and gastropods and continued from the mid to late Paleocene until the early Eocene.’
- ‘It was thought that this behavior was an adaptation for desiccation resistance analogous to the closed shells of bivalves.’
- ‘Some sponges bore into the shells of bivalves, gastropods, and the colonial skeletons of corals by slowly etching away chips of calcareous material.’
- ‘Both species of crayfish readily ate native bivalves.’
- ‘There is no evidence for trans-Panthalassan dispersal of bivalves in low latitudes within the interval of Ladinian coral beds.’
- ‘Notable is the relative rarity of bivalves and gastropods, consistent with a deeper water environment.’
- ‘However, early calapids in the Cretaceous were smaller in size and are not considered as major predators of bivalves and gastropods.’
- ‘Shell fragments of bivalves and gastropods are common in Neogene shallow-water deposits.’
- ‘Marine invertebrates include ammonites, echinoderms, bivalves and crustaceans, but infaunal elements are rare.’
- ‘Despite their unusual features, it is generally believed that the closest relatives of scaphopods are the bivalves.’
- ‘Freshwater bivalves, snails, and branchiopod Crustacea were common.’
- ‘As in most bivalves, the shell is composed of three layers: the periostracum, the prismatic layer, and the nacre.’
- ‘Based on gastropods, bivalves, and planktonic foraminifera, Kilmer assigned this formation to the Turonian.’
- ‘Finally, there was disagreement over how many major subdivisions were recognized within the bivalves.’
- ‘A bivalve closes its shells by contracting its powerful adductor muscles.’
- ‘Many bivalves (such as clams or oysters) are used as food in places all over the world.’
- ‘Many modern gastropods and bivalves respond to increased temperature by increasing both shell and soft tissue growth rates.’
1(of a mollusc or other aquatic invertebrate) having a hinged double shell.
- ‘Generally fast-growing bivalved molluscs originated in near-shore environments, and later joined slower growing brachiopods offshore.’
- ‘These and other studies from native habitats have demonstrated that green crabs have a broad diet range, but that bivalve molluscs generally make up the largest part of their diet.’
- ‘Sea urchins, like bivalve molluscs, are cosmopolitan in their distribution and by selecting a range of species a regular supply of gametes can be obtained for laboratory testing purposes.’
- ‘The smaller waders will feed on the bivalve molluscs and the little worms and that that are actually in the mud and sand.’
- ‘In bivalve molluscs, growth rate of the shell tends to decelerate with growth and the shell generally becomes more inflated in the late growth stage.’
- ‘We continue to use these techniques for the isolation of new genes involved in physiological processes in fish and bivalve molluscs.’
- ‘Bradoriids are small bivalved arthropods, historically considered to be the oldest members of the Ostracoda.’
- ‘The only bivalve group having comparable hinge features is the Philobryidae (Arcoida, Limopsoidea).’
- ‘Large, relatively well-preserved bivalve shells, rhodoliths and nodular bryozoans (several centimetres in size) occur together with volcanic pebbles, at the front of the landward-dipping beds.’
- ‘In many bivalve shells, growth lines become closely spaced in the late growth stage, accompanied by prominent shell inflation and thickening of the shell.’
- ‘Thus, they are mechanically much weaker than other bivalve shells and are easily fragmented after break-down of the organic matter.’
- ‘The hinge ligament of bivalve shell is an example of a complex development.’
- ‘Many suspension-feeding marine bivalve molluscs live in variable environments such as estuaries and shallow coastal waters.’
- ‘However, as early as 1923 Collip reported finding insulin-like activity in a bivalve mollusc, Mya arenaria.’
- ‘The beach sands are dominated by shells of bivalve mollusks, mainly venerids, gastropods, and echinoderms.’
- ‘One of these is the bivalves (sometimes called pelecypods or lamellibranchs), an important group of bivalved molluscs familiar to all from the numerous shells that litter beaches.’
- ‘This makes brachiopods look superficially like bivalved molluscs (clams, oysters, etc.)’
- ‘Other species take refuge in a protective structure surrounding their body, such as polychaete tubeworms, caddis fly larvae, gastropod and bivalve mollusks, hermit crabs, barnacles, turtles, and armadillos.’
- ‘Additional studies are required to resolve questions of vitellogenin regulation and the role of estrogens in bivalve molluscs.’
- ‘This type of ornamentation is often found in crustaceans including Daphnia, many species of ostracodes, and other Cambrian bivalved arthropods such as Isoxys.’
Having two valves.
- ‘The bean seed grows in a bivalve pod called a legume.’
- ‘There is a large class of plants which have their seeds enclosed in a sort of bivalve pericarp, usually called a "pod."’
- ‘The soybean plant is called a legume because it produces a bivalve pod or fruit.’
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.
From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, discover surprising and intriguing language facts from around the globe.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.