Definition of biota in English:



mass nounEcology
  • The animal and plant life of a particular region, habitat, or geological period.

    ‘the biota of the river’
    • ‘Because of the fragility of the island's biota, access to the islands is tightly regulated, and most tourist expeditions only stay for three or four days.’
    • ‘This negatively affects them, resulting in reduced recruitment, reduced food availability, and lower survival of indigenous biota.’
    • ‘Species introduced to control one pest have driven other native biota to extinction.’
    • ‘These two factors will influence the spectral dose of UV radiation received by covered biota.’
    • ‘Most clades expand from the larger, more diverse biota.’
    • ‘Much is now known about the stratigraphy and palaeobiogeography of this biota through current interest in the definition of the base of the Cambrian System.’
    • ‘Moreover, they are homogenizing the earth's biota, leading to biodiversity losses and changes in ecosystems.’
    • ‘And then there are those who don't care about the impacts on native biota, the fundamental ecosystem providers to life on Earth.’
    • ‘And if that's the case, perhaps there's a whole biota, a whole subsurface biota, that we have yet to discover.’
    • ‘The river has its own regulatory adjustments and its own dependent biota.’
    • ‘The Macaronesian flora has traditionally been suggested to represent the relictual fragment of a subtropical Tertiary plant biota once widespread in Europe and northern Africa.’
    • ‘Homeostasis arises as a natural consequence of biota - environment interactions.’
    • ‘In the end, the sustainability of the aquaculture industry will benefit from a description of the gastrointestinal biota of aquatic organisms.’
    • ‘Roots may also be closely associated with other organisms, such as soil biota or symbionts, and differ in their degree of lignification.’
    • ‘There is little question that the uniqueness of the habitat and biota was greater before the causeway was built.’
    • ‘These creatures were a fully alien biota, and it is time to confess: I am a neophile, an inordinate lover of the new, of diversity for its own sake.’
    • ‘Congruence is interpreted to mean that a widespread ancestral biota was fragmented by a series of successive vicariant events.’
    • ‘Accurate descriptions of such patterns can be informative of past vicariant events that have had an impact on the evolution of diverse biota.’
    • ‘As much as 73 percent of the island's original biota (flora and fauna) has been extirpated.’
    • ‘And if you're looking at biota and you're thinking of the environment, you're more likely to do that maybe.’


Early 20th century: modern Latin, from Greek biotē ‘life’.