Definition of biological in English:

biological

adjective

  • 1Relating to biology or living organisms.

    • ‘It is, in fact, their infectious nature which makes them useful as vectors to introduce alien genes into biological organisms.’
    • ‘First of all, it has proven difficult if not impossible to establish a definition of intelligence, as a biological property of an organism, that is free of value judgment.’
    • ‘Mark Isaak has an interesting site entitled Curiosities of Biological Nomenclature that explains how biological organisms are named.’
    • ‘Durkheim thinks modern society resembles a biological organism, where duties and functions are distributed to different organs.’
    • ‘Biomarkers are indicators or measures of change in biological function of an organism.’
    • ‘Chapters four through seven feature biological aspects of organisms living in, above, and below snow.’
    • ‘Instead, they've argued, companies are more like biological organisms - living things that learn, evolve, and eventually die.’
    • ‘Lipid-protein interactions are vital for the organization and function of biological membranes.’
    • ‘This heavy metal has no known biological function in living organisms.’
    • ‘It will be particularly useful for those practicing integrated pest management or just studying pests and other biological organisms in nature.’
    • ‘It seems almost a truism that the array of beneficial fitness effects must depend idiosyncratically on the biological details of an organism and its environment.’
    • ‘Ozone absorbs much of the high energy ultraviolet radiation from the sun that is harmful to biological organisms.’
    • ‘Our sense organs are part of our biological organism, living organism.’
    • ‘She added that volcanoes also are a source of many of the essential chemicals that may be necessary for the evolution of biological organisms.’
    • ‘Biotechnology is the use of living organisms or biological substances to discover or produce therapeutic remedies.’
    • ‘IBM has unveiled an ambitious initiative to develop technologies that share the basic biological abilities of living organisms.’
    • ‘In recent years, similar scenarios have been used to model the growth of cells in biological organisms.’
    • ‘And what is the biological function of an organism?’
    • ‘Our view of the structural organization of biological membranes has recently evolved.’
    • ‘Both are important research organisms in biological laboratories.’
    biotic, biologic, organic, living
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1(of a detergent or other cleaning product) containing enzymes to assist the process of cleaning.
      • ‘STCD-Dry Plus: Is a Natural Biological Septic Tank, Cesspool and Grease Trap Cleaner Digester and Deodorizer, using a safe and effective beneficial micro-organism enzyme catalyst blend.’
      • ‘Accepta 7101 is an innovative biological and enzyme treatment product which has been specifically developed for the reactivation of poorly performing septic tanks.’
      • ‘The pre-treatment and/or post-treatment baths are compatible with the biological cleaning bath and during operation of the system, the used pre-treatment and/or post-treatment baths are recycled to the biological cleaning solution for biodegradation.’
      • ‘Use biological washing powder to clean your roasting tins: sprinkle in a cup of powder, add warm water and leave to soak for an hour’
      • ‘Biological cleaning solutions, being natural and generally harmless, are very safe to use meaning cleaning staff are protected during general use and in the event of accidental spillages’
    2. 1.2Relating to or involving the use of microorganisms or toxins of biological origin as weapons of war.
      • ‘Chemical toxins differ from biological weapons in that they are nonliving pathogens and require direct infection and contact with the victim.’
      • ‘Dum-dum bullets, chemical and biological weapons are banned outright on the basis that the military benefits of their use can never be proportionate to the suffering caused.’
      • ‘This element is the presence of weapons of mass destruction, WMD, which includes chemical, toxin, biological, and nuclear weapons.’
      • ‘Knowledge that the threat is in place; that nuclear, biological, or chemical weapons are armed and ready to be used.’
      • ‘And chemical and biological weapon toxins have a certain shelf life.’
      • ‘Such preparation serves to deter the use of biological weapons, because the opponent's original asymmetric advantage has been reduced.’
      • ‘These inspectors will render an accounting of all nuclear, chemical and biological weapons programs and will help oversee their elimination.’
      • ‘They can not be used for biological weapons like anthrax, which are destroyed by the missile's impact.’
      • ‘Further, ballistic missiles may not be the preferred delivery method for biological weapons.’
      • ‘Even the use of chemical or biological weapons is problematic.’
      • ‘Chemical and biological weapons were perceived to be as devastating as a nuclear weapon at a fraction of the cost and technical expertise.’
      • ‘There will be a lot more drills on how to deal with the possible use of chemical or biological weapons.’
      • ‘Because bullets, bombs, and biological weapons don't distinguish between human and non-human animals.’
      • ‘Some in the West even believe these weapons can use biological models.’
      • ‘To reduce the severity and extent of war if it does break out, for example by limiting possession and use of nuclear and chemical and biological weapons.’
      • ‘For a long time terrorists had drawn the line at using nuclear, biological and chemical weapons.’
      • ‘The use of children as weapons of war should be put on the same moral and legal footing as the use of landmines or biological weapons - simply beyond the pale.’
      • ‘Also, the governments have to think seriously about the threat of chemical weapons and biological toxins.’
      • ‘The Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome epidemic in China is a modest measure of what might occur after serious biological weapon attack in the United States.’
      • ‘Like chemical and biological weapons, cyber weapons can target large masses of people in both military and civilian communities.’
  • 2(of a member of a person's family) genetically related; related by blood.

    ‘his biological mother’
    • ‘The bill does differentiate between natural guardians - the biological parents - and appointed guardians.’
    • ‘But what can be said about families that are missing one parent, typically the biological father who has either left or died?’
    • ‘When the fire-fighter dies, her parents - the biological grandparents - refuse to hand over the infant boy to his other mother.’
    • ‘She knew that she was not the biological daughter of her parents, she knew all along.’
    • ‘The man who wreaked violence on Marlene's home right throughout her youth was not her biological father but her mother met him when she was still just a young child.’
    • ‘He had always been her parent, even more so than her own biological mother and father.’
    • ‘It is simply a stronger version of the relation between any child and biological parent.’
    • ‘The first time he calls for her, he pretends to the nuns that he is her father and to the girl that her biological parent (who in fact has fled the country) sent him.’
    • ‘As for that, my biological parents, my mother and father are dead.’
    • ‘Parenting is separated from sexuality in a way that it is not for heterosexual parents with biological children.’
    • ‘And the mother and father, the biological parents of this baby were in the wind but the grandparents lived in New Jersey.’
    • ‘She says that she and her husband explained to their biological children about fostering and that the children are happy with it.’
    • ‘At the moment, it is uncertain as to who is the biological mother and biological father of the children.’
    • ‘They also say they hoped to avoid custody battles between adoptive parents and biological fathers who step forward too late.’
    • ‘The phrase ‘parent of grandchildren’ includes the grandmothers' biological children and their spouses.’
    • ‘He claims that his mother also revealed his biological father's identity and urged that he seek him out.’
    • ‘Experts suggested that if any legal dispute arose between the two couples over who should be considered the twins' parents, then the biological mother would have a strong case.’
    • ‘Scientists are to carry out the first British experiments on human embryos that would create a baby with three biological parents - two mothers and a father.’
    • ‘It could mean that donors would lose their right to anonymity once their offspring turn 18, allowing children to trace their biological mothers and fathers.’
    • ‘One father who had biological children separated by four months with two different mothers, both living in the same town, was interviewed.’

noun

  • A substance of biological origin used as a drug, vaccine, pesticide, etc.

    ‘a wide spectrum of biologicals are produced from animal cells in culture’
    • ‘Don't get me wrong - I have nothing but gratitude for chemotherapy regimens and biologicals that do eliminate a legion of malignancies right here today.’
    • ‘‘Our second generation of biologicals is better than the first because they fight those existing infections,’ says Wilson.’
    • ‘Pass-Through Codes are temporary codes for which hospital outpatient departments receive payments in addition to the APC rate for certain biologicals, drugs, and innovative medical devices.’
    • ‘Bayer's primary biologicals facility in Worthington, Minnesota, produces vaccines for horses, cattle, and swine.’
    • ‘The information has been found to be updated and well documented for the manufacturing and quality control testing of biologicals.’
    • ‘The cost of advanced wound care dressings, drugs, devices, and biologicals will prove to be cost-effective to the department, the payers, and the patients when the wound management outcomes are documented and promoted.’
    • ‘The Merck index: an encyclopedia of chemicals, drugs & biologicals.’
    • ‘Medicare pays for devices and biologicals with passthrough codes when they are used in the outpatient wound care clinic.’
    • ‘The MMA changed the payment rates for many drugs, biologicals, and services.’
    • ‘Bayer Animal Health division's sale of its equine and livestock biologicals business in the United States and Canada to Intervet Inc. will not affect production of equine health products Legend and Baycox.’
    • ‘Treated with biologicals derived from large pools of donated blood, many became infected with HIV and later died of complications from AIDS.’
    • ‘The cost of patents on biologicals used in healthcare and medicines would be even higher and more horrific.’
    • ‘The standing committees will deal with biologicals and vaccines, pharmacovigilance, and pharmacy and standards.’
    • ‘Treatment options comprise analgesics, non-steroidal inflammatory drugs, disease modifying drugs such as methotrexate, steroids, and the new biologicals (for example, anti-tumour necrosis factor agents).’
    • ‘Safety of biologicals including vaccines from bovine spongiform encephalopathies has been assured if working cell bank or working bacterial or viral seeds had been reconstituted with bovine material from countries without BSE.’
    • ‘ICH S6 states that genotoxicity studies normally conducted for pharmaceuticals are not applicable or needed for biologicals, such as peptides, which are considered unlikely to react directly with DNA.’
    • ‘The loss is more noticeable with expensive procedures and biologicals.’
    • ‘William Hasletine, Human Genome Sciences's chairman and chief executive, thinks he knows the answer: biologicals.’
    • ‘Is the Medicare reimbursement for biologicals that much better than the reimbursement for advanced wound care dressings?’
    • ‘These machines also reduce chemical exposure to employees and are capable of applying current and future products that may include both chemicals and biologicals.’

Pronunciation:

biological

/bʌɪə(ʊ)ˈlɒdʒɪk(ə)l/