Definition of bind in English:



[with object]
  • 1Tie or fasten (something) tightly together.

    ‘logs bound together with ropes’
    ‘they bound her hands and feet’
    • ‘Pack them in your travel cover, binding them with packing tape so they won't rattle around.’
    • ‘My hands and ankles were bound together by coarse rope so there was no way I could run.’
    • ‘Those eyes locked instantly on his own and both of them felt a strange pull towards each other, a connection that was subtle and yet firm, something like being bound with silk.’
    • ‘His wrists were bound together and were resting on his stomach.’
    • ‘It was a sword that was bound in chains to a chunk of limestone.’
    • ‘For Gabriella, men and money are forever bound together.’
    • ‘It is bound together by kinship ties of blood and especially brotherhood.’
    • ‘For Greene, as for many Vatican II Catholics, theology, politics, and economics were tightly bound together.’
    • ‘Her feet were covered with sandal clad tabi and her arms were adorned with long white zouri that were bound at the elbow by a red ribbon.’
    • ‘Within a few seconds, its forelegs were bound together tightly, and its tail was fastened to its hind legs.’
    • ‘The next morning the young girl is gone, but she has left a bound bundle of sticks in her place; she is returning home.’
    • ‘Prometheus is bound in writhing shackles that reach up and clasp his arms.’
    • ‘Religion and art are tightly bound together, interpenetrating each other.’
    • ‘He pulled the bound sticks in the form of a Y from his back pocket.’
    • ‘But the answer is to be found in the fact that the advantages and disadvantages of parenthood are inextricably bound together.’
    • ‘Two hands in an attitude of prayer are bound together with twine.’
    • ‘The four steel rods were bound together at the top to form a pyramid, and the netting was draped and then wired to the rods and loosely sewn shut with string.’
    • ‘After the corpse has been washed and dressed, its hands and feet are bound together to stop them inadvertently springing apart.’
    • ‘Dominick's hands and feet were bound together by thick rope and he could not stand up or attempt to escape.’
    • ‘Even then, we pressed the outer limits of what in fact could be bound without falling apart, or even what students could carry.’
    tie, tie up, fasten, fasten together, hold together, secure, make fast, attach
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    1. 1.1 Restrain (someone) by tying their hands and feet.
      ‘the raider then bound and gagged Mr Glenn’
      • ‘I was bound, gagged, and thrown over a horse's back.’
      • ‘She was bound and gagged into the chair, and her eyes were wild with fright.’
      • ‘His father was bound, gagged and unconscious in a chair, next to the bed.’
      • ‘Viewers have often wondered where the kids are bound and gagged while she whips up her divine culinary creations and who washes the mountains of dishes she leaves in her wake.’
      • ‘No chains, no ropes, no shackles bound him, not even so much as a door blocked either of the two exits.’
      • ‘She tried to scream but found that someone had gagged and bound her.’
      • ‘Shackles bind him at the wrists and ankles, stretching his body long across the table.’
      • ‘Lionel wrenched him to his feet and cut the wires binding him.’
      • ‘When we arrived there, I felt as if I was bound and gagged.’
      • ‘Michael was bound, but not gagged, thankfully, and looked slightly beat up.’
      • ‘He was bound and gagged with rope and tape and suspended from the roof of the van.’
      • ‘Two medical personnel had just shot her mother with a tranquilizer dart and had bound her with restraining cloth.’
      • ‘My friend and I were bound, gagged, and dragged onto the ship that carried us here.’
      • ‘It was Maria and she was bound, gagged and blindfolded!’
      • ‘They had sat through some horrific details, hearing how the brave security guard was bound, gagged and beaten to death.’
      • ‘She was bound from head to foot, her mouth gagged.’
      • ‘When he awakens, he realizes that he is bound and gagged in a dark confined place.’
      • ‘Personally I'd like to see him go the whole hog - bind him, gag him and chuck him into the Thames wearing a pair of concrete boots.’
      • ‘He was bound and gagged in the same manner as her.’
      • ‘It was rather weak at first, but grew so rapidly that, had he been able to do anything other then feel pain, he might have ripped himself free from the restraints that bound him.’
    2. 1.2 Wrap (something) tightly.
      ‘her hair was bound up in a towel’
      • ‘Viviane's deep red hair was bound up into a bun, although some of her hair was free anyway and very curly.’
      • ‘She had black hair that was bound in a neat ponytail and was a foot taller than Joshua, which was tall for a girl.’
      • ‘In doing so he referred to the evidence of the pathologist and concluded that it was pure speculation to suggest that the deceased was bound with the bed sheet.’
      • ‘Briskly quartered tomatoes lay on the chopping board next to a sprig of spring onions with wispy, soiled roots and fresh green stalks, bound by a blue elastic band.’
      • ‘Her first letter had appeared other-worldly among the drab envelopes of the evening mail call, a grand parchment rolled like a diploma and bound in a single red ribbon.’
      • ‘To prevent fluid buildup, she used bandages to bind her legs tightly, from toe to thigh, for 10 hours a day.’
      • ‘Two individuals had probably been bound with their legs pulled tightly into their chests, a position not commonly found on archaeological sites.’
      • ‘I feel attached, as if our souls were bound with the same thread.’
      • ‘Pulling a length of gleaming silver ribbon out of her white robe with the other, she wrapped Alex's hand, binding it around the sword hilt.’
      • ‘She raised one foot without turning, and he saw it was bound with cloth to make a sort of padded footwear.’
      • ‘The long black hair bound back in a single braid secured with a strip of cloth.’
      • ‘She was swathed in white, bound from head to toe in that mother of all hues, immaculate and true.’
      • ‘I walked to the library slowly, as if shambling, for my heart is bound with iron bands like the faithful servant in that old tale.’
      • ‘Some bundles of cardboard are bound in a way that airlines can use them as ballast, an extra weight required when the plane doesn't have enough cargo or passengers.’
      • ‘The artificial limb, in a white sock and brown flat shoe, was bound in a heavy material like canvas and ended in an ugly jointure where it was attached to the stump.’
      • ‘Her flaxen hair was drawn back in a single plait bound with cord.’
      • ‘Her thick black hair has been bound into a single ponytail.’
      • ‘But the traditional way of attaching them to the wreath ring is to bind them with one long piece of twine, wrapping it three times around the ring for each sprig.’
      • ‘It was a cheap, nylon carpet with a rubber back and was bound with white plastic string.’
      • ‘Neston Church was bound in a huge banner as part of a global campaign to wrap up world poverty last week.’
      wrap, envelop, swaddle, bandage, bundle up, muffle up, cover, cloak, shroud, drape, wind, enfold, bedeck, overlay, encase, sheathe
      View synonyms
    3. 1.3 Bandage (a wound)
      ‘Shelley cleaned the wound and bound it up with a clean dressing’
      • ‘At the same time, compress the area with an elastic bandage without binding it too tightly (you should be able to slide your finger under the bandage).’
      • ‘After getting her wounds bound, Razi led Asher and Iola to the dungeons to inform Daniel and his crew of the victory.’
      • ‘He dealt with that first, smearing salve over the bandage with which he bound the wound, and then attended to the many bruises.’
      • ‘It was better than keeping it bound in bandages.’
      • ‘He is always ready to bind up our wounds and strengthen us.’
      • ‘Soon she was applying the medicine and ripping off more of her dress to bind the more nasty slashes.’
      • ‘Soon, she had cleaned the wounds, and bound them with bandages.’
      • ‘Gail seems to have tried to bind up the wound with strip of material or something but was too much in agony to take off her t-shirt first.’
      • ‘As a Blue Hawk, she was the best medic available, and with neat motions she tore her tunic into bandages and bound the wounded limbs tightly to staunch the bleeding.’
      • ‘The stock tie and pin worn are useful to bind up wounds on the trail.’
      • ‘She noticed that she was wearing what appeared to be a long, white dress, and her arm was bound up tightly and placed in a sling.’
      • ‘They described how to treat fractures, they would use splints bound with bandages.’
      • ‘She finally grabbed a piece of cloth and tightly bound up the cut.’
      • ‘Uttering a muttered curse, I yank off my shirt and rip it into strips, which I bind tightly over the wounds.’
      • ‘He staggered to his home where his family bound up the wound with rags.’
      • ‘She looked at her chest and noticed the bandages that bound her chest were gone.’
      • ‘Our congregations will offer their practical and pastoral resources to bind up the wounds of the nation.’
      • ‘The Samaritan provided for the care of the injured man by digging into his own pockets to pay the price for his care. He bound up his wounds and poured oil on him.’
      • ‘A passing taxi driver saw him, stopped to bind his wounds with bandages from his first aid kit, thus saving his life, and called an ambulance.’
      • ‘The remains of his shirt had been removed to get at the wound, which was thickly bound in white bandages.’
      • ‘All of them needed their cuts disinfecting, some needed deep wounds cleaning and binding and some were just beyond my comprehension and ability to treat.’
      bandage, dress, cover, wrap, swathe, swaddle
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    4. 1.4be bound with (of an object) be encircled by something, typically metal bands, so as to have greater strength.
      ‘an ancient oak chest bound with brass braces’
      • ‘The protruding scimitar handle was bound with some kind of dark twine with a dark stone mounted on the pommel, set in silver.’
      • ‘Built on a solid concrete foundation, the house is bound together with vertical and horizontal steel rods.’
      • ‘It is less tapered than earlier Boston tankards and is visually bound by applied ridged hoops.’
      • ‘The metal doors were bound with lock and chain but they were also partially unhinged from the wall.’
      • ‘The handle and hilt were bound with thick black material.’
      • ‘Also, they were bound with several bands of intricately carved bronze.’
  • 2Stick together or cause to stick together in a single mass.

    with object ‘mix the flour with the coconut and enough egg white to bind them’
    • ‘Combine ingredients in a bowl, bind together with an egg; take a large spoonful of mixture, roll it in a ball, flatten it & then coat with breadcrumbs.’
    • ‘In such areas, herbicide binds loosely to soil particles, meaning less chemical can be used.’
    • ‘Stir in the sugar and ground mastic, then rub the butter into the flour and bind with the milk.’
    • ‘Stir in the parmesan and bind with a little cold water to form a dough.’
    • ‘The body of the dish is pure cocoa bound only with egg white.’
    • ‘The roots of the cover crop bind the soil and resist the flowing water.’
    • ‘Soya is used to ‘bulk out’ and bind many processed foods, such as sausages, lasagne, beefburgers and chicken nuggets and it allows food firms to claim a higher protein content on the label.’
    • ‘Set aside to cool, then stir in the egg whites to bind together.’
    • ‘Stir in enough milk to bind and knead the dough until it is soft and smooth.’
    • ‘The meat will bind itself when it is mixed with the rest of the ingredients.’
    • ‘Organic matter tends to bind up some soil pesticides, reducing their effectiveness.’
    • ‘Mix in the chopped spinach and spicy mushroom mix, then bind together with the egg white.’
    • ‘Beat the egg and add gradually through the feeder tube, then add enough oil to bind - about 1 tbsp.’
    • ‘The salad was bound with pomegranate molasses, avocado oil, and a platoon of toasted pecans, and the trout turned out to be pinkish and meaty, like salmon, with a light, freshwater taste.’
    • ‘Only dense grass cover would bind soil effectively and give effective protection against raindrop impact and thus effective protection against erosion.’
    • ‘For example, EPIC calculates the amount of phosphorus and organic nitrogen that binds with the soil and is lost off the fields through erosion.’
    • ‘You may need to use a little bit of cold water to get it to bind together.’
    • ‘Nearing says the powdered tracers bind well to the gravelly, sandy-loam soils typical of the Southwest's rugged rangelands.’
    • ‘Sift the icing sugar and stir into the flour, then bind together with egg yolk and milk.’
    stick, cohere
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    1. 2.1 Cause (painting pigments) to form a smooth medium by mixing them with oil.
      • ‘However, the steady-state equilibrium between bound and free pigment was largely in favor of the free form.’
      • ‘The same applies to bones, to cloth and paper and animal fat used to bind pigments in cave paintings.’
      • ‘Flesh paint contained egg tempera alone as medium, whilst a dark green glaze (confirmed as ‘copper resinate’) was bound in drying oil.’
      • ‘The label did not modify the spectral properties of the bound pigments and was probably reacting with residues exposed at the hydrophilic surfaces.’
      • ‘PsbS provides an essential function in plant photoprotection, with only minimal pigment binding.’
      • ‘In its broadest sense this term denotes painting done in pigments bound with a medium (generally gum arabic) which is soluble in water.’
    2. 2.2 Hold by chemical bonding.
      ‘a protein in a form that can bind DNA’
      • ‘The dye can therefore be considered as being mostly bound with membrane structures and only partly with proteins within cells.’
      • ‘The restriction enzyme bound on DNA at the first site binds its second site to a remote DNA sequence and then dissociates from the first one.’
      • ‘The vitamin is then bound by intrinsic factor, a protein secreted by parietal cells of the stomach, and carried to the ileum where it is absorbed.’
      • ‘On the other hand, myosin containing LC3 binds only through the heavy chain.’
      • ‘ABL is a member of a group of proteins, which bind the Thomsen-Friedenreich antigen selectively and with high affinity.’
      • ‘These results are in keeping with our analysis of the polymerase and DNA binding assay for this mutant.’
      • ‘In bread applications, whey proteins that are chemically bound and interacting with starch could reduce the extent of staling during bread storage.’
      • ‘Processivity is defined as the number of deoxyribonucleotides incorporated each time a DNA polymerase binds its template-primer.’
      • ‘The chemical is bound directly to the fabric and said to remain effective through 25 washings.’
      • ‘Protein DNA binding involves a diverse range of noncovalent associations and solvent contributions.’
      • ‘Extensive research has focused on the effect of protein binding on DNA.’
      • ‘Legume lectins are a group of oligomeric proteins that bind carbohydrates reversibly and specifically.’
      • ‘The new study is the first demonstration that binding a chemical to only CB2 receptors has an analgesic effect, Fink says.’
      • ‘In contrast to most previously proposed models, chloride must not be bound for GABA translocation to occur.’
      • ‘Since both domains of riboflavin synthase can bind ligand molecules, one would expect to observe separate sets of signals for ligands bound to each respective domain.’
      • ‘The proteins are assumed to be bound over the course of the simulation.’
      • ‘So far we have assumed that a myosin head can bind anywhere on the actin filament with equal probability.’
      • ‘It is a result of the interplay of the DNA binding and protein degradation kinetics.’
      • ‘That is, the protein releases a number of protons when binding the positively charged peptide.’
      • ‘Surprisingly, the dye molecules seem to be bound predominantly to the outer surface of the lipid bilayer.’
    3. 2.3bind tono object Combine with (a substance) through chemical bonding.
      ‘these proteins have been reported to bind to calmodulin’
      • ‘The RNA polymerase binds to DNA with the help of other proteins called transcription factors.’
      • ‘Being a lipophillic compound, it can inhibit or bind to several regulatory enzymes and proteins.’
      • ‘An extreme example is the fact that the enzyme can bind to membrane carbohydrates and protein receptors.’
      • ‘Some steroid hormones, such as glucocorticoids, bind to a cytoplasmic receptor protein that is then translocated into the nucleus.’
      • ‘However, none of the above chromatin remodelling factors binds to specific DNA sequences.’
      • ‘How can one explain the action of proteins that bind to the DNA far away from their point of action?’
      • ‘We used several methods to change the strength of the histone binding to DNA.’
      • ‘Within cells both retinol and retinoic acid bind to specific receptor proteins.’
      • ‘This is much lower than the typical cooperativity parameters reported for protein binding to DNA.’
      • ‘Capture antibodies that revealed binding to non-cognate antigens were removed or replaced with suitable alternatives.’
      • ‘Recent studies have shown that oestrogen metabolites can bind to DNA and trigger damage.’
      • ‘Lectins are carbohydrate-binding proteins which potentially bind to cell surface glycoconjugates.’
      • ‘It has been reported that lanthanides are able to bind to DNA, RNA and nucleotides in vitro.’
      • ‘Plasminogen binds to both fibrinogen and fibrin, thereby being incorporated into a clot as it is formed.’
      • ‘It also binds to retinol-binding protein that in turn associates with vitamin A.’
      • ‘This enabled us to probe the ability of the protein to bind to different phospholipid molecules.’
      • ‘The cation binding has been explained in terms of specific chemical binding to these negatively charged groups.’
      • ‘The skeleton is anchored to the bilayer via binding to integral proteins.’
      • ‘Tropomyosin binds to actin by occupying seven consecutive monomers.’
      • ‘This is due to an affinity to bind to DNA bases, particularly pyrimidine bases.’
    4. 2.4 (of a food or medicine) make (someone) constipated.
      • ‘And she soon learned not only that eating only bananas and sticky rice will bind you up tighter than a drum, but that the bitter leafy vegetables had better be eaten as well to make you go, like them or not.’
      • ‘Less bananas and rice they bind you up.’
      • ‘Most of the time if you are prescribed a medication that could bind you up the doctor or pharmacist will let you know in advance of that possibility.’
      • ‘Fiber can bind you up if you suddenly add a lot of it to your diet.’
      • ‘My doctor told me one time that apple juice can sometimes bind them up too!’
  • 3Cause (people) to feel united.

    ‘the comradeship that had bound such a disparate bunch of lads together’
    • ‘Speechless and inarticulate, they are bound together forever in their sense of loss and love for a young woman, whom they never really knew nor understood.’
    • ‘After all, one cannot bind together Europe's diversity in any meaningful way if one ignores the one thing that has enriched the continent for 2,000 years.’
    • ‘However, the ties which bind the United States and Turkey together as important allies remain.’
    • ‘Our nations are bound together by history, culture, language and genealogy.’
    • ‘They are bound together by a vow their hearts did cast’
    • ‘Our lives were bound together now, despite the freedom he had wanted for us both.’
    • ‘The desire to share information with others in the framing industry binds those who join guilds and clubs.’
    • ‘The two communities are bound together in a powerful and in Duelke's account ambivalent relationship.’
    • ‘This points to a siege mentality as the Aberdeen chief executive is trying to suggest that his club are bound together by adversity and will see off detractors.’
    • ‘I heard somewhere that if two people see a falling star at the same time they are bound together for life.’
    • ‘I agree with those who underscore the complementarity of both interests and values that increasingly bind the United States and India.’
    • ‘Our two countries are bound together historically by common values and experience.’
    • ‘The group is bound together and linked with three generations of ancestors through a ceremony called Shraddha.’
    • ‘This is a time for communities to bind together.’
    • ‘For the community the tragedy raises questions and in search of answers the community will have to be strong and bind together to build on the strong sense of community that exists in the town.’
    • ‘The groundbreaking project is aimed at identifying the movers and shakers who bind together the community and ensure important projects are carried forward.’
    • ‘We empathise and share in your pain, but we know the mettle you are made of, and we are sure you will bind together and be a force to be reckoned with in Panorama 2006 and beyond.’
    • ‘They are bound together by a joy of playing and a sense of decency.’
    • ‘This is why we must bind together to overcome them, as we pursue happiness, seek to improve our lives, and develop the ideal society of which we are capable.’
    • ‘Not at all, it will help explain the contemporary military ethos: Alexander's Companions were bound together by ties of blood and courage honed in the heat of battle.’
    unite, join, bond, knit together, draw together, yoke together
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    1. 3.1bind someone to Cause someone to feel strongly attached to (a person or place)
      ‘touches like that had bound men to him for life’
      • ‘The ties that bind Martin O'Neill to Celtic may have been, in reality, loosened by the Irishman's decision to sign only a 12-month rolling contract with the club last month.’
      • ‘The fields, ponds and rivers of his childhood bound Tagore to the earth and its beauty.’
      • ‘The ties binding them to their homeland exist only to be cut.’
      • ‘I love to write and free my mind off all the ties life binds me to.’
      • ‘His solution was to ‘break all ties that bind us to America’.’
      • ‘With commitments to friends and work groups within the League, it's just another tie that binds me to the outside world and keeps me from retreating into a shell on the couch.’
      • ‘Not merely would it hit the flow of new projects, it would undermine the tax planning of existing American operations in Ireland, loosening the ties that bind them to what is, in economic terms at least, the 51st state of the union.’
      • ‘Ultimately, it is her sense of place that crowns her book - her ability to summon up the African vistas that bound Finch Hatton to the continent.’
      • ‘The ultimate result of this transmigration from one body to the next is that we have tied one more knot in the rope of attachment which binds us to this material world.’
      • ‘Ties beyond trade and commerce bound Alabama to Havana.’
      • ‘The ties that bind us to everyone else are weaker now than for a very long time, and there is little sense that society is moving forward to a better future.’
      • ‘Other commonalities in law, language and economics bind England to America.’
      • ‘The length of the filmmaker's relationship to his documentary subjects permits the film to illuminate the social and political complexity of the Korean national trauma through individual lives and the ties that bind them to others.’
      • ‘In some ways you could read Cast Away as a tale of escape from the ties that bind us to systems, technologies, and other people, though the character's desperation to get home seems to tell us otherwise.’
      • ‘You are part of the greatest tradition, the greatest inheritance one generation can pass to the next, the umbilical chord that forever binds so many of us to our dads, their dads and their dads.’
      • ‘What if the practical experience of the Scottish parliament does quite the reverse: strengthens the ties that bind Scotland to the Union?’
      • ‘They are the strongest threads that bind him to the past.’
      • ‘And our government, who we are bound to by the fact that we elected them (if we even did) does not seem to care one bit at all.’
      • ‘In many ways, then, this is a book about how a person can come to define himself as much through the cultural artefacts he absorbs in his formative years as through the people he is bound to, or bonds with, along the way.’
      • ‘He had never understood what had bound Madeleine to him for so long - love was just a word to cover ignorance, he had always assumed.’
  • 4Impose a legal or contractual obligation on.

    ‘a party who signs a document will normally be bound by its terms’
    • ‘This method was cheaper than importing additional workers that could no longer be contractually bound.’
    • ‘Less bound by legal procedure, such a commission can more quickly document a greater number of victims of authoritarian repression than the courts.’
    • ‘The answer, I submit, is that the U.S. considers itself bound by those international obligations it has undertaken.’
    • ‘However, the family considered their contractual obligations binding.’
    • ‘All member States of the European Union are members of the Council of Europe and bound by the terms of the European Convention on Human Rights.’
    • ‘After all, even if the community were not to approve its word is not legal and binding.’
    • ‘A petition presented by a person who is contractually bound not to present a petition will be struck out’
    • ‘She is a landed immigrant in Canada and bound by bail terms imposed Dec. 18.’
    • ‘It would be a very different matter if the question was reconsidered on a purely Western European basis, in which case a text might be elaborated which would be binding in the legal sense.’
    • ‘Emerson is clearly bound by a legal lease that it can't get out of unless Yamanouchi voluntarily seeks to surrender the lease, which it has not offered to do.’
    • ‘Could a defendant sued in tort rely on an exclusion clause in the contract when sued by a person who was not a party, and therefore traditionally not bound by its terms?’
    • ‘Now that the case is more or less settled, I no longer feel bound by legal considerations to keep silent on important details.’
    • ‘The adjudication terms apply equally both to the contractor and employers: both are bound by the terms.’
    • ‘Neither is it bound by any legal constraints since it is impersonal and can be practiced without a formal declaration of war.’
    • ‘She also pointed out that the legal contract is binding in the language of the country you are buying in.’
    • ‘He is told that it is a regulated credit agreement and that he should sign it only if he wants to be legally bound by its terms.’
    • ‘Both objections mean that Iceland is not bound by the terms of those conventions as they apply to those species.’
    • ‘So anybody who joined up had notice of that provision and was contractually bound by it.’
    • ‘The Borrower also warrants that it has obtained all other necessary consents to ensure that obligations that it has assumed under the Agreement are legal, valid, binding and enforceable.’
    • ‘Most other developed nations have ratified Kyoto, however, and are bound by its terms - at least in theory.’
    1. 4.1 Indenture (someone) as an apprentice.
      ‘he was bound apprentice at the age of sixteen’
      • ‘This relationship explains why domestic slaves, even after they had been manumitted, invariably remained with their master at whose death they often bound themselves to his heir or sought the protection of another master.’
      • ‘They also worked for others as apprentices, or as bound labor paying off a debt, or because they were put out to work by county officials as paupers or orphans.’
      • ‘Though the people were spared a life of slavery, many of them ultimately came to the Americas as indentured servants, bound by contract to a specific term of unfree labor.’
      • ‘Besides being the colour of pants worn during training and performing, red trousers symbolize the indentured servitude of children who were bound by contract and often forced to live and train at these schools.’
    2. 4.2bind oneselfformal Make a contractual or enforceable undertaking.
      ‘the government cannot bind itself as to the form of subsequent legislation’
      • ‘Collusion is prohibited by Article 81 of the EC Treaty, which means (among other things) that firms cannot sign legally enforceable contracts to bind themselves to collusive understandings.’
      • ‘It is not possible to conceive of a practice whereby Government binds itself as a matter of law to consult before introducing primary legislation.’
      • ‘A man, though agent, may very well intend to bind himself; and he does bind himself if he contracts without restrictive words to shew that he does not do so personally.’
      • ‘The parties may ‘contract to make a contract’, that is to say, they may bind themselves to execute at a future date a formal written agreement containing specific terms and conditions.’
      • ‘By signing the Taillories declaration, we have bound ourselves to making Environmental Programming a priority.’
      • ‘These new American states bound themselves into a revolutionary alliance that worked first through the Continental Congress and then, beginning in 1781, the Articles of Confederation.’
      • ‘The European Union and Japan ratify the Kyoto protocol on climate change, binding themselves to cut greenhouse-gas emissions - by eight per cent from 1990 levels by 2008-12 in Europe, and by six per cent in Japan.’
      • ‘The two parties did indeed initially bind themselves to a strict business contract, with Coutts supplying Albeniz with a large income in return for setting his poetry and opera librettos.’
      • ‘Those reports are a rich and intelligent source, but under the old Convention parties bound themselves only to conform to the final judgments of the Court and the decisions of the Committee of Ministers.’
      • ‘Well, I have no problem whatever if people want to bind themselves to a particular form of partnership voluntarily, perhaps because of their particular religious beliefs.’
      • ‘In my view, there is no reason that a person who does not bother to obtain a copy of all agreements to which they have agreed to be bound should be in any better position than a person who has bound themselves to the agreement and read the terms.’
      • ‘And yet the deciding court is free to consider cases from other courts authoritative (the court of last resort if you will), in other words, to freely bind itself.’
      • ‘‘The original jurisdiction of the court is constituted under a national law by the ability of the participating countries to bind themselves by agreement to constitute and recognise a regional court,’ he said.’
      • ‘This is because in the non-statutory scheme the financial institution has bound itself in contract to accept the ombudsman's decision as final.’
      • ‘Let's really know what we are doing before bind ourselves to a huge tax increase that we cannot afford.’
      • ‘Under congressional dicta, an individual must meet specific criteria to be a member of the U.S. Armed Forces and binds himself, via contract, to certain obligations.’
      • ‘But the general rule is clear: where parties have bound themselves by an exclusive jurisdiction clause effect should ordinarily be given to that obligation in the absence of strong reasons for departing from it.’
      • ‘It is by entering into contracts that we bind ourselves to each other.’
      • ‘What he contractually bound himself to do was something which, if he had done it directly, without any contractual obligation, would have left the devisee or legatee vulnerable to a claim under the Act.’
      • ‘One obvious issue is the nature of the duties to which a bank has contractually bound itself.’
      commit oneself, undertake, give an undertaking, pledge
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    3. 4.3 (of a court of law) require (someone) to fulfil an obligation, typically by paying a sum of money as surety.
      ‘he was bound over to keep the peace by magistrates’
      • ‘If the evidence at the preliminary hearing supports a new or different charge, the court may bind the case over to the appropriate court on the new or different offense.’
      • ‘But Samantha Leigh, prosecuting, said trouble started in 1998 when Henson received a bind over from magistrates for a common assault on Mrs Williams.’
      • ‘It can be inferred from the decision which he made to seek a bind over at that time that he had concluded, at that point at least, that there was still a risk of a continued breach of the peace.’
      • ‘The Magistrates' Court may bind you over to keep the peace for a specified period in a number of different circumstances.’
      • ‘Where the State meets its burden of proof at the preliminary examination on the charged crime, the court lacks authority to dismiss the charged crime and bind defendant over to stand trial on a lesser degree of the charged crime, all as more fully set forth in the opinion.’
      require, compel, make, constrain, obligate, force, put under an obligation, leave someone no option, impel, coerce, pressure, pressurize
      View synonyms
    4. 4.4be bound by Be hampered or constrained by.
      ‘Sarah did not want to be bound by a rigid timetable’
      • ‘But what they have in common is the desire to express themselves musically in new ways, not being bound by what they have done in the past or what the audience may expect of them.’
      • ‘I came to understand this is a system within which one is bound by respect - for the old people, their stories, the dead and the land.’
      • ‘Even if of goodwill towards the others, they felt conflicting obligations, were bound by tradition to avenge insults and to assist others of their group.’
      • ‘The medieval cathedrals were bound by the necessities of load-bearing walls to be narrow, to push in as they pulled up.’
      • ‘The parties will be bound by and comply with any decision of the expert.’
      • ‘Back then we were bound by a sense of self-selected minority identity, sociological martyrs united in spirit against the misguided mainstream.’
      • ‘One would hope that they'd bring the same disciplines to the process of politics that they should have in the legal profession and are bound by similar ethics.’
      • ‘The study sees the challenge confronting rural communities' responses to this restructuring, in both the country and regional centres, being bound by two dominant ideological forces.’
      • ‘The Trotskyites, on the other hand, were bound by no such constraints.’
      • ‘A specification ought to be an epitome of the ideal because it should describe what is required without being bound by what currently exists.’
      • ‘The sixty people had relatives and these relatives were bound by Islamic rules of blood redemption.’
      • ‘Mr Proctor said the staff involved were bound by guidelines which meant the decision on whether to break the child's confidence would depend on assessment of their competence and whether they were in danger.’
      • ‘The groom's folks were bound by custom to be even more critical of her appearance and her dowry than were the neighborhood women.’
      • ‘We are not going to be bound by whether they should have decided this or that.’
      • ‘Both lord and vassal were bound by honor to abide by the oath of loyalty.’
      • ‘An author of fiction can invent people, places, and happenings, whereas a historian is bound by what the evidence will support.’
      • ‘Doyle said the local police station was isolated on Jones Rd and he would like it to be on the section owned by police on Tennyson St in Rolleston but said police were bound by finances.’
      • ‘I do not see why he should not be entitled to do so, nor why he should not be bound by that.’
      • ‘Until then, it's brilliant that Jackson has the option to release a more indulgent cut on DVD while being bound by theatrical constraints he can do nothing about.’
      • ‘Unlike now when love is bound by how much one can offer in terms of sustenance and outings, the romance of the time was real.’
      constrain, restrict, confine, restrain, tie hand and foot, tie down, shackle
      View synonyms
  • 5Fix together and enclose (the pages of a book) in a cover.

    ‘a small, fat volume, bound in red morocco’
    • ‘The pages were then passed on to the next artist who worked on them and participants didn't see their work until the finished pages were bound into books.’
    • ‘A blue cover with silver letters bound the AP Stylebook.’
    • ‘Finally, the quires of pages are bound between two wooden covers and the spine is tied with damp leather.’
    • ‘Pre 19th century books were issued without covers, bound by either the bookseller or the buyer.’
    • ‘The sizes of the pages were inconsistent and some had clearly been damaged or written on long before being bound into the book.’
    • ‘The Times itself has its 14,000 word explainer that could be bound into a book.’
    • ‘She explains that she's bound the pages in red because to the Cherokee the colour symbolises wisdom through wounding.’
    • ‘Tatty covers can bind the most inspiring literature.’
    • ‘The book, which is bound for the first time, features a mustard-yellow cover with artwork of an ape contemplating a baseball.’
    • ‘I signed several thousand sheets of blank paper, often drawing things on them, which were bound into books, which were only for sale through Borders.’
    • ‘Hard-to-find craft materials, including a three-panel nature press, are bound into the book.’
    • ‘But there is another serious problem with this book - it seems to be two different books bound together in one cover.’
    • ‘In his will, Michele d' Alessio stipulated that any unbound volumes should be bound, and that each book should be annotated on its flyleaf with his name as donor.’
    • ‘She handed the girl the diary she had been reading from, a small book bound in red leather that was at once very much worn and carefully preserved.’
    • ‘That one had a colour cover and was properly bound etc.’
    • ‘On top lay a large book, bound in red leather, the word Travels embossed on the cover.’
    • ‘You can always choose to have your pages bound into a book by professionals too.’
    • ‘Considering the fragility of paper, this is miraculous, and probably due to many of these pages having been bound as notebooks.’
    • ‘In a year spent reading manuscripts, it was always good to get stuck into something that was bound, between covers, and somebody else's baby.’
  • 6Trim (the edge of a piece of material) with a decorative strip.

    ‘a frill with the edges bound in a contrasting colour’
    • ‘Each had a felt square, edges bound in leather, simple stirrups dangling - but there was nothing in the way of a girth to tie the pad onto the horse.’
    • ‘Fancier edge stitches could include binding with lycra, blanket stitch, pinking, overcast with the serger, or turning under and stitching.’
    • ‘His shoes were strange contraptions bound in metal strips and leather ties.’
    • ‘It's a sort of oblong, flattish, wooden basket with a carrying handle, made for at least the last two centuries in the same way, using strips of split chestnut, bound in willow or hazel.’
    • ‘She used a piece of fabric, bound by a leather strip as a top, covering the front, and exposing the black dragon tattoo on her back.’
    • ‘The collar parted slightly at the top and was bound with a leather cord and the sleeves were long.’
    trim, hem, edge, border, fringe, rim, band
    View synonyms
  • 7Logic
    (of a quantifier) be applied to (a given variable) so that the variable falls within its scope. For example, in an expression of the form ‘For every x, if x is a dog, x is an animal’, the universal quantifier is binding the variable x.

    • ‘Thus, pronouns in discourse anaphora are not variables bound by their quantifier antecedents.’
    • ‘In two studies in which readers' eye movements were recorded, we examined the processing of pronouns bound by universal quantifiers.’
    • ‘The formula may contain bound variables of any level.’
    • ‘That's also my excuse for not explaining anaphora or bound variables here, either.’
    • ‘When variables are specified to belong to a particular set, we say that these variables are bound.’
  • 8Linguistics
    (of a rule or set of grammatical conditions) determine the relationship between (coreferential noun phrases).

    • ‘The natural language determiner binds with a noun to form a noun phrase, and the result binds with a verb phrase to form a sentence.’
    • ‘On the other hand, they may be bound by a topic in the previous discourse; that is to say, they need not necessarily be bound in their matrix sentence.’
    • ‘The reflexive appears in the lowest clause, yet it binds with the subject in the highest clause.’
    • ‘If this is the case, then the question of why and how a long-distance reflexive must normally be bound needs an explanation.’
    • ‘This has the consequence that where a coreferential or bound zero anaphor may occur, the use of an overt pronoun will tend to be taken to solicit disjoint reference.’
    • ‘The answer is that they don't escape at all, but are free variables that are bound by operators outside of the island.’
    • ‘The antecedent VP is derived as a VP with a λ-operator and a variable bound by that λ-operator.’


  • 1A problematical situation.

    ‘he is in a bind that gets worse with every passing minute’
    • ‘Russia is in a political bind of its own creation, specifically over the Anti-Ballistic Missile treaty.’
    • ‘The states are plotzing right and left, caught in hideous binds - whether it is better to release dangerous prisoners or cut back the schools, cut back health care for kids or nursing homes for old folks.’
    • ‘This puts him in a bit of a bind because the politically-unspeakable answer here is that there are no good solutions anymore.’
    • ‘Agreed, women politicians are caught in a vicious bind.’
    • ‘After spending nine years there, he, like many refugees in a tight bind, made a deal that he is now regretting.’
    • ‘What they have got going for them is that our maladroitness politically and diplomatically has put us in a real bind.’
    • ‘Lawson-Remer was in a bind; she didn't want them to carry out this threat, but she believed the turnout was in the 50,000 to 75,000 range.’
    • ‘That's why I sort of - you know, I was in a bind, and I cut corners.’
    • ‘So I think they really were in a bind, and I don't think they meant to offend their - the people, but they knew that if that was going to happen, they would take that chance.’
    • ‘But that admiration sometimes gets him in a bind.’
    • ‘With accountability so popular, however, the unions and their allies found themselves in a political bind.’
    • ‘This is the difficult bind in which TNA finds itself - there are ramifications regardless of which direction it chooses to go in.’
    • ‘It has put the administration ‘in a serious political bind.’’
    • ‘Mr. Jordan says he and others similarly situated were in a bind.’
    • ‘It seems to me that he is in a bind, where he's essentially either a paper tiger or he's responsible for these things; either he can't stop the bombing or he can and refuses to.’
    • ‘Two months into his second term, he is in one of the toughest political binds of his presidency.’
    • ‘Politicians will no doubt find themselves in a bind.’
    • ‘Get-tough recommendations like this so dominate the mainstream policy debate on welfare that the binds faced by low-income workers with children receive little attention.’
    • ‘The regional forest agreements have just set this off and so it's simply that and on top of that we've had farmers now caught in various other kinds of binds, needing more water.’
    • ‘A third point is that parents find it difficult to articulate their disappointment (and sometimes their anger) because they are caught in an emotional bind.’
    predicament, awkward situation, quandary, dilemma, plight, difficult situation, cleft stick, mess, quagmire
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1British informal A nuisance.
      ‘the travelling can be a bit of a bind’
      ‘I know being disturbed on Christmas Day is a bind’
      • ‘It makes you wonder when something goes from being a bit of fun that you add to every now and again to something that becomes a bit of a bind.’
      • ‘That's when having a business is a bind, but it needn't be like that!’
      • ‘Seven days in a hotel can be a bit of a bind sometimes, but there is a feeling of excitement about this tour, a buzz: we all know something special is just around the corner.’
      • ‘Life since I left work is such a bind - now I have to have two more hangovers in my remaining six days here.’
      • ‘All tackle is provided, which avoids the bind of lugging rods and tackle around airports.’
      • ‘Work is a bit of a bind at the mo ’, seem to be suffering from a bad case of post festive season wind up.’
      • ‘The travel can be a bit of a bind but then you get days like one at Catterick recently when it was five-hour round trip for one ride - but it won!’
      • ‘First things first, ordering in Oscars is a bit of a bind.’
      • ‘I know my kids well enough and am confident enough about my own opinions that writing them isn't too much of a bind.’
      • ‘As I drink about a gallon a day at home if not more, this is a bit of a bind.’
      • ‘This is becoming almost as much of a bind as those haikus.’
      • ‘Number 8 I would probably take my laptop computer even though it would be a bit of a bind but it would make keeping in touch with the family easier.’
      • ‘I am rapidly coming to the opinion that driving, one of the things I love most in my life, is getting to be a complete bind.’
      • ‘This process can be a bind, and content is limited to select file types, but with the right search engine, you could watch the latest shows from across the Atlantic before they make an appearance on E4.’
      • ‘As a dial-up user having to download a 700 kb word document is quite a bind.’
      • ‘Most airlines however ask that you carry them in your hand luggage which can be a bit of a bind.’
      • ‘While I agree that finding somewhere to park is sometimes a bind, we have never had to pay for it.’
      • ‘In York it really is a bind having to dodge those disabled drivers trying to have as good a quality of life as those lucky able-bodied shoppers.’
      nuisance, annoyance, inconvenience, bore, bother, source of irritation, irritant, problem, trial
      View synonyms
  • 2formal A statutory constraint.

    ‘the moral bind of the law’
    • ‘It's just that the bind is to conditions that assure the code remains free.’
    • ‘Following the logic of social control theory, it is predicted that workers would have to neutralize the bind of the law, the prohibitions against theft.’
    • ‘Local authorities, whilst remaining under the bind of the law, are increasingly being left to manage the industry alone, resulting in different policies across the country.’
    • ‘The mother in relation to the father is a prior untraceable trace, indeed a form of guiltless credit, which supports and underpins a moral economy developed through the property bind of the law of the father.’
  • 3Music

    another term for tie
    • ‘In old music a dot was sometimes placed at the beginning of a bar, having reference to the last note of the preceding bar; this method of writing was not convenient, as the dot might easily escape notice, and it is now superseded by the use of the bind in similar cases.’
    • ‘If the notes are in a descending scale, the bind descends, and vice versa.’
    • ‘The employment of the bind is a necessity whenever a sound is required to be of a duration which cannot be expressed by any single note, as for example five or seven quavers.’
    • ‘When binds are used, the stem has to be lengthened as much as may be necessary to reach the bind.’
    • ‘The beat on which the bind begins is also indicated explicitly.’
  • 4

    another term for bine

Phrasal Verbs

  • bind off

    • Cast off in knitting.

      • ‘I just bound off some stitches for the armholes… so it is coming along as well.’
      • ‘The shoulders have been short-rowed shaped and bound off using 3 needle bind-off.’
      • ‘She scans the Craigslist Arts Forum for advice about casting on and binding off and the other unfathomable stuff you do with yarn.’
      • ‘Draw the first stitch up and over the sec­ond stitch and completely off the needle. You have now bound off one stitch.’
      • ‘I did just enough rounds to get the size I wanted, bound off, knit a second one, and stitched them together (don't ask me what stitch I used because I stink at finishing and I just sort of looped the stitches along all around the outside).’


Old English bindan, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch and German binden, from an Indo-European root shared by Sanskrit bandh.