Definition of biennial in English:

biennial

adjective

  • 1Taking place every other year.

    ‘the first of a series of biennial exhibitions’
    Compare with biannual
    • ‘This biennial festival took place in late June, beginning in 1961 and ran for 28 years.’
    • ‘But it was far less than previous years when the biennial gala featured as many as 500 silent auction items.’
    • ‘It's understandable that speculation ran high as to what kind of biennial exhibition he would assemble.’
    • ‘Last month, the society held its third biennial conference in Washington, D.C.’
    • ‘Dedicated art-world globetrotters will have to plan their biennial jaunts wisely this year.’
    • ‘The biennial showpiece underlines Aberdeen as a significant energy capital and as a centre of excellence for such technology.’
    • ‘Established in 1998, this biennial exhibition award honors Tremaine, a life-long collector of contemporary art, who formed the foundation prior to her 1987 death.’
    • ‘Cosmopolitan Johannesburg has a thriving art scene with a number of its top artists making names for themselves at international biennial exhibitions.’
    • ‘It is only seven months until the country's biennial ratings are released for national garden cities.’
    • ‘Since then, her roughly biennial exhibitions of paintings have been one of the not-so-guilty pleasures of the art world.’
    • ‘As a featured artist in the Museum's biennial exhibition this month, he has reason to smile.’
    • ‘It continues to promote major biennial exhibitions, featuring both Brazilian and international contemporary art.’
    • ‘One of the reasons for holding the biennial exhibition is to raise funds through the sale of works by renowned artists to support Women's Crisis Centers in the country.’
    • ‘The girls were in Belgium for a week for the biennial championships and took part in a series of friendly relays and events as well as the main races.’
    • ‘Always a lively forum for esthetic debate and value judgments, the Museum's biennial exhibition surveys the latest trends in American art.’
    • ‘Approximately 2,400 individuals are randomly selected from each senior year cohort for biennial follow-up via mailed questionnaires.’
    • ‘Fifteen contemporary artists working in the realm of public art were selected by a jury to create site-specific sculptures for this third biennial exhibition.’
    • ‘In one cohort women undergo biennial screening over 10 years and in the other cohort they do not.’
    • ‘While building his huge mansion in New York City, he loaned paintings from his collection to the museum, and in 1907 he provided prize money for the museum's first biennial exhibition.’
    • ‘The biennial exhibition in Venice has an obligation to test the present, to challenge it, says the director of this year's massive event.’
  • 2(of a plant) taking two years to grow from seed to fruition and die.

    Compare with annual, perennial
    • ‘Lettuce is an annual or perhaps a biennial herb and as such is by far the most popular edible herb in Ireland.’
    • ‘Lesquerella mendocina plants remained vegetative, showing a biennial habit, when sown in the field in late spring even when artificially vernalized, or in a glasshouse at similar temperatures to those of late sowings in the field.’
    • ‘In a nutshell, biennial plants are just like annual and perennial plants except that it takes them two years to complete their life cycles.’
    • ‘In this and many other annual and biennial species, bolting is the earliest manifestation of the transition to reproduction.’
    • ‘Italian ryegrass, a biennial species, also may be used to increase productivity of older stands.’
    • ‘Gramoxone should not be used for control of perennial or biennial weeds, legumes, or cool-season grasses.’
    • ‘Burdock, also known as Cockle Burr, is a biennial plant which can grow to nine feet in height.’
    • ‘For example, during the second year of their biennial life cycle, sprouting red beet plants require the mobilization of vacuolar sucrose from the underground hypocotyl.’
    • ‘Roundup can be used if thistles, Johnsongrass, or other perennial or biennial weeds are present in the small grain stubble.’
    • ‘Different taxa are shrubs, dwarf shrubs and perennial, biennial or annual herbs, and they are found in different habitats including cultivated fields, sand dunes or mountain rocks at high altitudes.’

noun

  • 1A biennial plant.

    • ‘So what kind of plants are classified as biennials?’
    • ‘The group includes annuals, biennials and perennials.’
    • ‘They can be either annuals, biennials, or perennials, depending on their species.’
    • ‘You should plant spring-flowering hardy annuals and biennials as soon as you can.’
    • ‘Plant out hardy biennials such as foxgloves and wallflowers in their flowering positions.’
    • ‘The plant is a biennial; and there are two principal varieties, white and purple.’
    • ‘A total of 441 are annuals, biennials, and herbaceous perennials; 97 are woody and suffrutescent taxa.’
    • ‘Primroses are members of the genus Primula and can be perennials, biennials, or tender annuals.’
    • ‘Then there's the biennial; a plant that grows leaves one year, then flowers, seeds and dies the next.’
    • ‘Violas are low - growing perennials often treated as biennials or annuals, depending on the climate in which they are grown.’
    • ‘Wildflowers and native plants also may be classified as annuals, biennials or perennials.’
    • ‘Dig up and store tender bulbs from your summer garden, and cut back the worn-out perennials and biennials.’
    • ‘Border carnations are those varieties typically grown outdoors by gardeners either as perennials, biennials, or annuals.’
    • ‘You can also sow biennials, such as forget-me-nots.’
    • ‘Most people treat them as annuals or biennials, removing plants when flowering declines.’
    • ‘Some of our favorite vegetables (carrots, radishes, etc.) are biennials, meaning they take two seasons to complete their life cycles and produce seeds.’
    • ‘Given that these plants appear to be biennials, the time frame is actually closer to only 30 generations.’
    • ‘Wildflowers are either self-sowing annuals, biennials or perennials.’
    • ‘I supplement them with annuals, biennials, vines, bulbs, and a few flowering shrubs.’
    • ‘Plan on replanting parsley every spring; as a biennial, it goes to seed and dies the second year.’
  • 2An event celebrated or taking place every two years.

    ‘the top antiques fairs are the Milan and Florence biennials’
    • ‘He was featured in the last company design biennial.’
    • ‘This new event is Australia's second international biennial, the Sydney Biennale having established itself since 1973 as one of the world's leading exhibitions of this genre.’
    • ‘Two years ago, that script made him the youngest-ever recipient of Canada's biennial Playwriting Prize.’
    • ‘It's ski racing's biggest biennial bonanza, a snow-sport event for Alpine purists, and this year it's coming to Italy.’
    • ‘The $800,000 bill for this year's show, at a time of economic difficulty, has attracted criticism, but the co-curator insists the biennial is value for money.’
    • ‘During the two years between biennials, the committee ensures the participation of venues by continuously meeting with curators, artists and other organizers.’
    • ‘Regardless, the party will keep biennial sessions because there is no significant interest in changing them.’
    • ‘While most installations at this year's event are serious explorations of profound themes, the biennial also celebrates unadulterated creativity.’
    • ‘The national gymnasts are calling for more overseas tryouts in their training program prior to the biennial sporting event in September.’
    • ‘All are under the age of 50 and, according to the planner, they are sophisticated and accomplished, compared to the young artists who participated in the biennial.’
    • ‘His work found immediate and continued international success in prestigious festivals, symposia, broadcasts, biennials, museums and gallery exhibitions.’
    • ‘As with the previous biennial, Berlin's gallery-strewn Mitte district will be the event's principal setting.’
    • ‘The Foundation celebrates its 12th biennial competition this year.’
    • ‘The biennial will open with a downtown celebration, including exhibitions, music, performances and large-scale projections.’
    • ‘The role of the gallery is being radically transformed by the surging number of fairs, biennials and contemporary auctions.’
    • ‘The issue was brought up at the recent biennial convention, where there was lengthy discussion on a proposed policy.’
    • ‘The official line on the biennial declared it ‘a major event in the cultural program of the government.’’
    • ‘As event planners seek to position benefits and biennials and clear dates for auctions, openings and galas, they need to know what else is happening and when and where.’
    • ‘Thanks to his patronage of events such as the biennial, the city is the cultural capital of this nation made wealthy by oil, shipbuilding and business.’
    • ‘For our non-UK readers, this is an biennial charity event set up by leading comedians to provide funds for developing countries.’

Usage

Biennial and biannual are often confused. Biennial means 'occurring every two years' (the biennial Ryder Cup tournament), while biannual means 'twice a year' (the solstice is a biannual event). See also bi-

Origin

Early 17th century: from Latin biennis (from bi- ‘twice’ + annus ‘year’) + -al.

Pronunciation

biennial

/bʌɪˈɛnɪəl/