Definition of Beth Din in English:

Beth Din

(also Beit Din)

noun

  • A Jewish court of law composed of three rabbinic judges, responsible for matters of religious law and the settlement of civil disputes.

    ‘four rabbis were assigned to her case for a Beth Din’
    • ‘The community should feel confident that the Sydney Beth Din will investigate the matter fully.’
    • ‘The Beth Din holds a large collection of material relating to marriages, divorces and some other material.’
    • ‘Further questions should be directed to the Beth Din of America at 807-9042.’
    • ‘And if beit dins fail a victim, there is no appeal.’
    • ‘He acted as head of the Los Angeles Beth Din or Orthodox Jewish rabbinical court.’
    • ‘A great challenge for the Beth Din of America were those missing husbands whose remains were not found.’
    • ‘The arbitrator of questions regarding the operation of the mikvah is the Beth Din of San Jose and the South Bay.’
    • ‘The beit din operates in conformance with California arbitration statutes and legal codes.’
    • ‘Due to the slow and expensive process of the civil courts, the alternative of going to a beit din is attractive.’
    • ‘Although she did not include them as defendants in this action she testified that she has instituted proceedings against them before a Beth Din, a rabbinical court, to recover her losses.’
    • ‘It is the role of beit din to reinforce Torah values and to sanctify the name of Heaven in the process.’
    • ‘In addition there can even be a certain degree of power politics amongst some rabbis as to the standing and acceptability of different orthodox beit dins which can impact on those who are most vulnerable and who have no defences - those who are converting.’
    • ‘The Beth Din will therefore strive for a dignified approach to resolution of difficulties within our community.’
    • ‘The actual Get procedure is relatively straightforward and the Beth Din will advise the couple regarding each step.’
    • ‘Orthodox Jews go to the Beth Din to settle their disputes - they believe it is a religious obligation to go there’
    • ‘The excommunication that the Beth Din is now free to implement contains, among others, these restrictions.’
    • ‘It is virtually impossible for an outsider to draw accurate conclusions about the closeted and tightly knit world of Chabad Hasidism that is governed by its own religious courts known as Beth Dins.’
    • ‘Rabbi Fisher quickly stood up and told me that he was going to call in a beit din, an impromptu court comprised of three rabbis.’
    • ‘He views the new beit din as a substantial move in the right direction.’
    • ‘He is also Av Beth Din of the Chicago Rabbinical Council and chairs the RCA Halakhic Commission.’
    • ‘What this means is that in the next generation, many marriages made by Orthodox Beth Dins that employ governmental pressure on a husband to give a GET will produce children.’
    • ‘For instance, rabbinical courts or Beth Dins dealing with business and matrimonial issues have been functioning for some time in North America.’
    • ‘Will children born from such Gittin, and from the Gittin of such Beth Dins that permit fiscal coercion be considered mamzerim or doubtful mamzerim?’
    • ‘Among them were proceedings of rabbinical courts, Beth Dins, dated 1443, 1468, and 1472, marriage contracts, ketubahs, from 1482 and 1487, a Biblical fragment in Aramaic, another with a portion of Exodus printed in double columns of Hebrew.’
    • ‘In the event that any Beth Din accesses this proof they will invalidate the ‘get’.’
    • ‘The ruling of the beit din is carried out soon after the verdict.’
    • ‘She was afraid to go to a beit din because the folk wisdom in her community was that it would refuse her custody of the children.’
    • ‘As complete description as possible of dealing with Beth Dins and their faults in modern times.’
    • ‘And we believe, for example, that if you have a communal institution like the Beth Din under the community's auspices, there should be one central authority for providing Kosher supervision.’

Origin

From Hebrew bēṯ dīn, literally ‘house of judgement’.

Pronunciation

Beth Din

/beɪt ˈdiːn/