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[mass noun] A bitter yellow compound of the alkaloid class, obtained from barberry and other plants.
- ‘The staining pattern was similar to that obtained with berberine - aniline blue.’
- ‘In an uncontrolled trial of 137 children ranging from five months to 14 years, berberine was administered in one of four regimens.’
- ‘The glucose-lowering effect of berberine decreased as the glucose concentration increased.’
- ‘Berberine hemi-sulphate is an acid salt of the alkaloid berberine, which has been used supposedly to confirm the presence of suberin in plant roots.’
- ‘Goldenseal is rich in an antibiotic compound called berberine.’
Early 19th century: from berberis + -ine.
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