Definition of berberine in English:



mass nounChemistry
  • A bitter yellow compound of the alkaloid class, obtained from barberry and other plants.

    • ‘The staining pattern was similar to that obtained with berberine - aniline blue.’
    • ‘Goldenseal is rich in an antibiotic compound called berberine.’
    • ‘The glucose-lowering effect of berberine decreased as the glucose concentration increased.’
    • ‘Berberine hemi-sulphate is an acid salt of the alkaloid berberine, which has been used supposedly to confirm the presence of suberin in plant roots.’
    • ‘In an uncontrolled trial of 137 children ranging from five months to 14 years, berberine was administered in one of four regimens.’


Early 19th century: from berberis + -ine.