Definition of Bengali in English:

Bengali

noun

  • 1A native of Bengal.

    • ‘‘What you see today is a result of the initiative of the families resettled here,’ said a group of Bengalis.’
    • ‘Then there was the ‘Gajan Dance’ that signifies the year-end for the Bengalis and is meant to be a tribute to goddess Durga in the month of Chaitra (March-April).’
    • ‘With the creation of Bangladesh in 1971, official records were of emigration from that country, separate from that of Indians and Bengalis.’
    • ‘This perception refers to the fact that Bengal was the first imperial bridgehead in India and Bengalis the first group of Indians who took to English education.’
    • ‘The Indian Bengalis and the Bengali expatriates all over the world would pay almost anything to have Hilsha in their plate.’
    • ‘In the north, Bengalis, Kashmiris, Punjabis, Gujaratis, Rajputs, and Marathas are among the prominent groups.’
    • ‘The Hindu Bengalis were the first Indians to master the English language and to learn their master's ways, the first to flatter him by emulation, and the first to earn his distrust by unbidden demonstrations of wit and industry.’
    • ‘I am a Bengali and the centre really helped me because all kinds of people mix here, Bengalis and Pakistanis and other Asians.’
    • ‘Expatriates from the Indian subcontinent staff stores, Bengalis cut hair in countless barbershops, and groups of Somali youth offer to wash your car at busy urban parking lots.’
    • ‘We have come a long way from 1978, when violence against Asians was so alarming that 10,000 Bengalis marched from Whitechapel to Whitehall to protest against the murder of a garment worker near Brick Lane.’
    • ‘Then, in varying degrees, came the turn of the Bengalis, the Mohajirs and the Sindhis, and the Baloches.’
    • ‘Today, it is estimated that there are 240 Bengalis in the city, around 80 families, with a majority of them employed at the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre.’
    • ‘As with other Hindus, Bengalis cremate the dead.’
    • ‘Some of the most populous Indian groups within the United States are Gujaratis, Bengalis, Punjabis, Marathis, and Tamils.’
    • ‘Many homesick Bengalis in Bangalore have discovered a small restaurant tucked away in the heart of the Majestic area that gives them a taste of home-cooked food.’
    • ‘We had Bengalis, Pakistanis, Somalis and, of course, white working class people.’
    • ‘Though Dhaka, a chaotic megacity with a population uncountably north of 10 million, dominates the political life of the nation, 80 percent of Bengalis still live in rural areas.’
    • ‘Following the demolition, there was a gradual migration north to the Commercial Road area and, by the middle of the 1960s, many Bengalis were settling around Brick Lane.’
    • ‘They raise their family in the Massachusetts suburbs, where they form a close circle of friends with other émigré Bengalis.’
    • ‘Today, I can't make films only for the Bengalis, it must be for a wider audience, not only at home but also people spread across the world in these globalised times.’
  • 2[mass noun] The Indic language of Bangladesh and West Bengal, spoken by some 200 million people. It is written in a script similar to the Devanagari script.

    • ‘He is a linguist and fluently speaks in Urdu, Persian, Tamil, Nepali, Bengali, Hindi and Assamese, besides English and Khasi languages.’
    • ‘Information will be given out either through audio or visual means in languages including Urdu, Mirpuri Punjabi, Bengali, Gujerati and Chinese.’
    • ‘Directions are given in English, Gujarati, Urdu or Bengali, depending on which card the user is carrying.’
    • ‘Thus Tagore never wrote fiction or poetry in any language other than Bengali.’
    • ‘Though English continues to be a strong second language in Bangladesh, Bengali is the official language of government and education.’
    • ‘We meet children who speak Bengali, English, and Welsh, reminding us that, in fact, 70% of the world is multilingual; it is only in England where this seems unusual.’
    • ‘Clearly Hasina is writing in Bengali, her mother tongue.’
    • ‘His works have been translated into numerous Indian languages including Hindi, Bengali and Malayalam.’
    • ‘She could read and write Bengali, Gujarati, English and Hindi of course was her natural medium of expression.’
    • ‘Italian and German don't even make it into the top ten of world languages - unlike Arabic, Malay or Bengali.’
    • ‘Raised in Seattle, she remembers Bengali simply as the language her parents argued in.’
    • ‘But in recent years, store signs in Polish have been joined by signs written in Bengali and Arabic.’
    • ‘The community researchers translated the tapes in Punjabi, Urdu, Bengali, and Sylheti into English.’
    • ‘They speak mainly Nepali but also understand Hindi, Bengali and English.’
    • ‘This polyglot is not only fluent in these two languages but also in Bengali, Hindi, Tamil (his mother tongue) and English.’
    • ‘Though Begum Azad has sung in other languages including Bengali, Hindi, Urdu and Telugu, it is her mother-tongue that she is most comfortable with.’
    • ‘An additional 439,239 people reported speaking other Indic languages, such as Punjabi, Bengali and Malayalam.’
    • ‘The children are expected to know everything in two languages - Bengali and English.’
    • ‘But one or two were very intelligent and any that could talk could speak at least English and Bengali - some could speak up to 5 languages.’
    • ‘The charity has staff who can speak various languages including Punjabi, Hindi, Urdu, Bengali, Gujarati and Chinese.’

adjective

  • Relating to Bengal, its people, or their language.

    • ‘The 34-year-old Bengali beauty with the voice of a nightingale, started her career as a music teacher.’
    • ‘There is a huge market for Bengali cinema in other states.’
    • ‘To ensure that the girls know and understand their own Bangladeshi culture local Bangladeshi artists and musicians conduct classes in drawing, singing, dancing and recitation of Bengali poems.’
    • ‘The restaurant specialises in northern Indian and Bengali cooking, and tries to offer a mixture of traditional favourites and new takes on old dishes, all made with locally sourced ingredients.’
    • ‘These two will be followed by the launch of four specialised channels in all the four southern languages, and also a Bengali channel.’
    • ‘She developed a fascination with the sub-continent while teaching Bengali children at a school and had twice been to Bangladesh teaching on working delegations with her friend.’
    • ‘In doing this, he was also aware of our limited film stock and the budgetary constraints anyone working in Bengali films then had to be careful about.’
    • ‘The collection is impressive, ranging from relics of the Gandhara colony established by Alexander the Great, through ancient Bengali sculpture, Moghul paintings to Hindu sculpture.’
    • ‘During the course of the event, the conversation between Tagore and Einstein will be broadcast, Baul and Bengali songs will be preformed and there will be a virtual string quartet.’
    • ‘The restaurant offers the usual range of balti and Bengali dishes and curries, as well as a comprehensive selection of house specialities and chef's recommendations.’
    • ‘The aim is to offer traditional Bengali cuisine.’
    • ‘Bangladesh, which means the ‘Land of the Bengalis’ in the Bengali language, is a republic located in Southeast Asia.’
    • ‘I have done a lot of art films in the past and have signed two more Bengali period films.’
    • ‘They also played some Bengali songs low in the background.’
    • ‘And the Bangladeshi channels now have to be helped by all quarters to provide more entertaining programs, which represent Bengali culture and uphold our interest.’
    • ‘The most striking thing of the show was that there were Bengali folk songs playing in the background which blended extremely well with the festivity.’
    • ‘Having shot into prominence when it seemed that Bengali cinema too was going the Bollywood way, Ghosh managed to stay in the commercial realm and made films with living, breathing characters a success.’
    • ‘The six-storey complex houses a plethora of Bengali community associations, a mosque, two boys' schools, a gym, several lecture halls.’
    • ‘The play centres around two Bengali lovers, Ela and Atindra.’
    • ‘But it will also depend on how you see the people living in Bengali villages.’

Origin

From Hindi baṅgālī.

Pronunciation:

Bengali

/bɛŋˈɡɔːli/