Definition of Benedictine in English:



  • 1A monk or nun of a Christian religious order following the rule of St Benedict and established c.540.

    • ‘Displaying enormous missionary zeal, he heard confessions from the convicts, and sought to remedy the shortage of priests by attracting other English Benedictines to join his ministry.’
    • ‘Next came the Benedictines, or black monks, with some 130 houses and over 60 nunneries.’
    • ‘The family estate was confiscated by Henry VIII from the Benedictines at the time of the dissolution of the monasteries.’
    • ‘The Benedictines helped spread Christianity throughout western Europe.’
    • ‘The Benedictines, whose order founded the school, were vastly outnumbered on the faculty by lay teachers of all denominations.’
    • ‘‘We took our meals in the refectory and questioned the monks about their decisions to become Benedictines,’ said Schlaht.’
    • ‘Although austerity and asceticism were the aims of the order, in contrast to the luxury and ostentation of the Benedictines, the Cistercians, often through donations, became rich and important landowners.’
    • ‘The Benedictines of Monte Cassino in Italy were the original Black Monks.’
    • ‘Until the early twelfth century the Benedictines all but monopolised Western monasticism.’
    • ‘Both these books present the spirituality of the Benedictine monastic tradition, for both Benedictines and Cistercians live according to that same Rule.’
    • ‘Orders of monks and nuns multiplied over the years: Benedictines, Dominicans, Cistercians, Augustinians, Carmelites and others.’
    • ‘Beyond the village lay the Priory of the Black Monks, as we called the raven-clothed Benedictines.’
    • ‘The Benedictines and Franciscans were also represented by both priests and nuns.’
    • ‘The earliest monasteries in England were set up by the Benedictines, an order created by the sixth-century Italian monk St Benedict.’
    • ‘Having withdrawn from the world, the new Benedictines, the new Cistercians, the new Pilgrims would no longer put off others with their sanctimonious, judgmental presences.’
    • ‘Between the ninth and eleventh centuries the Benedictines and other monastic orders expanded across Europe.’
    • ‘Scholarship and high culture were the preserve of monastic communities like Ripoll, Gerona, and Tarragona in the north, which were receptive to the influence of French orders such as the Benedictines and Cistercians.’
    • ‘When established in the tenth century by the Benedictines (it is thought as a sanctuary from the Romans), the abbey was an island refuge surrounded by Rhone marsh lands.’
    • ‘In particular, most of the religious foundations were by the old orders such as the Benedictines.’
    • ‘At the end of his papacy, Europe may again be as un-Christian as it was when St Benedict, one of the patron saints of Europe, founded his pioneering monastic order, the Benedictines, 15 centuries ago.’
  • 2trademark mass noun A liqueur based on brandy, originally made by Benedictine monks in France.

    • ‘He keeps an array of old bitters bottles behind the bar, each one filled with highly flavored liqueurs such as Pernod, Benedictine, Chartreuse and the like.’
    • ‘If you are tempted to try Benedictine after reading this but find it too sweet for your taste, mix it half-and-half with brandy.’
    • ‘Trucks loaded with illegal liquor pulled through the gates, met by laborers who spent hours hauling crates of Scotch, bourbon, rum, and Benedictine into the building.’
    • ‘A classic Rolls Royce cocktail is made with gin, French and Italian vermouth and Benedictine.’
    • ‘There were quite a few bottles gathering dust in the liquor cabinet - Benedictine, framboise, aquavit - and he decided he might as well try them all.’
    • ‘Add the wine, Benedictine, blueberries, cranberries, chocolate, ginger, juniper berries, and caraway seeds.’
    • ‘At Town restaurant in New York City, bartender Albert Trummer creates his own bitters concoction out of Grand Marnier, Benedictine and Angostura bitters, and he infuses rum with vanilla beans.’
    • ‘Traditional proprietary brands include Grand Marnier, Drambuie, Benedictine / B&B, Irish Mist, Southern Comfort, Cointreau and more.’
    • ‘Mix bitters, Benedictine and Glenfiddich with lots of ice.’
    • ‘There is debate as to whether Benedictine should be added, if still water or soda should be used as a mixer.’


  • Relating to St Benedict or the Benedictines.

    • ‘The role of the prioress in a Benedictine community is to be a guide in the seeking of God.’
    • ‘A pair of Benedictine friars riding on mules and wearing dust-goggles, (as well-off travelers at this time did), appear ahead on the road.’
    • ‘The similarities and differences in the traditions they describe manifest the rich variety of Benedictine experience.’
    • ‘Seven hundred miles to the northwest along the rugged isles of Scotland's western coast, a restored Benedictine abbey is home to the Iona Community.’
    • ‘I have stayed in a couple of Benedictine monasteries and know how important hospitality and service to visitors is in monastic life.’
    • ‘Crucial to the prosecution was the willingness of other Benedictine sisters to testify against them.’
    • ‘An additional letter of support came from nuns in twenty-two other Benedictine communities.’
    • ‘Polding hoped initially that Australian Catholicism would be shaped above all by Benedictine monasticism, but his vision faded before missionary realities of a scattered population and the absence of recruits.’
    • ‘The Norman cathedral, previously St Peter's Benedictine abbey church, was partly transformed in perpendicular style, reputedly the earliest example, by the inflow of money from pilgrims to the shrine of Edward II.’
    • ‘She is now happily married to a man who had been a Benedictine priest for as long.’
    • ‘With a renewed appeal to Benedictine austerity, the new institution arose near Citeaux, about 12 miles from Dijon.’
    • ‘In a time of deep shadows, the Benedictine movement sparked the spiritual, cultural, and moral rejuvenation of Europe.’
    • ‘His father joins a Benedictine community and eventually becomes a priest.’
    • ‘In England, for example, Cardinal Francis Aidan Gasquet, a great Benedictine historian, was both a bad workman and not entirely scrupulous about what he said.’
    • ‘It was painted by a Cloistered Benedictine Sister of Calvary in Israel.’
    • ‘Even this brief overview of St. Benedict's life and teaching can help us see why so many thousands of persons who do not live in monasteries are embracing aspects of Benedictine spirituality today.’
    • ‘Today, there are eighteen Benedictine nuns in Kylemore Abbey.’
    • ‘Perhaps the best-designed experiment I've seen took place in a small woodland chapel at a Benedictine monastery in Massachusetts.’
    • ‘Viator was a canon of the Benedictine abbey church at Toul and secretary to Louis XI.’
    • ‘Gertrude of Helfta was a nun at the convent of Helfta, a centre of Benedictine learning and piety, from the age of 26 until her death.’


From French bénédictine or modern Latin benedictinus, from the name Benedictus (see Benedict, St).